World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

John Melcher

Article Id: WHEBN0000915866
Reproduction Date:

Title: John Melcher  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: United States Senate election in Montana, 1982, United States Senate election in Montana, 1976, United States Senate election in Montana, 1988, United States Senate election in Tennessee, 1988, United States Senate elections, 1988
Collection: 1924 Births, American Veterinarians, Democratic Party Members of the United States House of Representatives, Democratic Party United States Senators, Living People, Mayors of Places in Montana, Members of the Montana House of Representatives, Members of the United States House of Representatives from Montana, Montana Democrats, Montana State Senators, People from Sioux City, Iowa, Politicians from Sioux City, Iowa, Recipients of the Bronze Star Medal, Recipients of the Purple Heart Medal, United States Senators from Montana, University of Minnesota Alumni
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

John Melcher

John Melcher
United States Senator
from Montana
In office
January 3, 1977 – January 3, 1989
Preceded by Mike Mansfield
Succeeded by Conrad Burns
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Montana's 2nd district
In office
June 24, 1969 – January 3, 1977
Preceded by James Battin
Succeeded by Ron Marlenee
Personal details
Born (1924-09-06) September 6, 1924
Sioux City, Iowa, U.S.
Political party Democratic Party
Alma mater University of Minnesota, Twin Cities
Iowa State University

John Melcher (born September 6, 1924) is an American politician of the Democratic Party who represented Montana as a member of the United States House of Representatives, and as a United States Senator from 1977 until 1989.

Early life

Melcher was born in Sioux City, Iowa. He attended the University of Minnesota before joining the military. He served in the United States Army during World War II, serving with the 76th Infantry Division in Europe during World War II. He was wounded in action in Germany and awarded the Purple Heart, Combat Infantryman's Badge and the Bronze Star.[1]

He graduated from Iowa State University in 1950.

Later he moved to Forsyth, Montana and established a veterinary clinic.

Political career

He became mayor of Forsyth in 1955, and served three terms. In 1960, he was elected state representative for Rosebud County.[1]

In 1962 he was elected State senator. He was elected as a Democrat to the 91st Congress by special election, June 24, 1969, to fill a vacancy created when the incumbent, Republican James F. Battin, resigned to accept an appointment to the Federal bench. Melcher was reelected to the three succeeding Congresses and served from June 24, 1969, to January 3, 1977.[2]

In 1976 he was elected to the United States Senate for the term commencing January 3, 1977. Melcher ran and was reelected in 1982 for the term ending January 3, 1989. A highlight of the latter campaign was the "moo cows for Melcher" ad. Melcher had been targeted by National Conservative Political Action Committee (NCPAC) as potentially vulnerable, and he was subjected to attack ads depicting him as "too liberal for Montana". Melcher's response became a classic of campaign advertising, featuring a shot of an "out-of-stater" carrying a briefcase full of money, followed by a conversation among several cows deploring their intervention in the race.[3]

His campaign for re-election in 1988 was unsuccessful; he was defeated by Republican Conrad Burns.[2]

On April 2, 2008 Melcher endorsed Senator Barack Obama for President of the United States.

References

  1. ^ a b Guide to the John Melcher Papers at the University of Montana
  2. ^ a b "John Melcher". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. U.S. Congress. Retrieved 29 January 2015. 
  3. ^ O'Reilly, Jane (1982-11-15). "No Thunder from the Right".  
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
James Battin
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Montana's 2nd congressional district

1969–1977
Succeeded by
Ron Marlenee
United States Senate
Preceded by
Mike Mansfield
United States Senator (Class 1) from Montana
1977–1989
Served alongside: Lee Metcalf, Paul Hatfield, Max Baucus
Succeeded by
Conrad Burns
Preceded by
James Abourezk
Chairperson of the Senate Indian Affairs Committee
1979–1981
Succeeded by
William Cohen
Preceded by
John Heinz
Chairperson of the Senate Aging Committee
1987–1989
Succeeded by
David Pryor
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.