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John R. Crawford

John Randolph (Johny) Crawford[1] (August 4, 1915 – February 14, 1976) was an American bridge and backgammon player.

In bridge, he was a member of United States teams that won the first three Bermuda Bowls, or world teams championships, in 1950, 1951 and 1953; a wholly new team represented the US in 1954. In backgammon, Crawford is known as the inventor of the "Crawford rule", a regulation that restricts use of the doubling cube in match play.


  • Life 1
  • Books 2
  • Bridge accomplishments 3
    • Honors 3.1
    • Awards 3.2
    • Wins 3.3
    • Runners-up 3.4
  • References 4
  • External links 5


Crawford was born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania and died in Manhattan at age 60. He was married to Carol Crawford.[2]


  • Canasta (New York: JCS Associates, 1950; London: Faber, 1951)
  • Samba, three-deck canasta (Doubleday, 1951)
  • How to be a consistent winner in the most popular card games (Doubleday, 1953); revised 1961
  • Contract bridge (Grosset & Dunlap, 1953), Crawford assisted by Fred L. Karpin
  • Calypso: how to play and win the fascinating new card game (Doubleday, 1955)
  • The backgammon book (Viking Press, 1970), Oswald Jacoby and Crawford

The latter was soon translated.

  • Das Backgammonbuch, German transl. by Jens Schmidt-Prange and Suzanne Gangloff (Munich: Keyser, 1974)
  • Le livre du backgammon, French transl. by René Orléan, 1975

Bridge accomplishments






  1. ^ "Sport: Four Other Bridge Masters". TIME. September 29, 1958. (subscription required)
  2. ^
  3. ^ "Induction by Year". Hall of Fame. ACBL. Retrieved 2014-12-22.
  4. ^ "Crawford, John". Hall of Fame. ACBL. Retrieved 2014-12-22.

External links

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