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John R. Hodge

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Title: John R. Hodge  
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Subject: 43rd Infantry Division (United States), XXIV Corps (United States), 23rd Infantry Division (United States), Battle of Okinawa, Jang Il-soon
Collection: 1893 Births, 1963 Deaths, Air Corps Tactical School Alumni, American Military Personnel of World War I, American Military Personnel of World War II, Korea–united States Relations, People from Pope County, Illinois, Recipients of the Air Medal, Recipients of the Distinguished Service Medal (United States), Recipients of the Legion of Merit, Recipients of the Purple Heart Medal, Southern Illinois University Alumni, United States Army Generals, United States Army War College Alumni, University of Illinois Alumni
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John R. Hodge

John Reed Hodge
LTG John Reed Hodge
Born (1893-06-12)June 12, 1893
Golconda, Illinois
Died November 12, 1963(1963-11-12) (aged 70)
Washington, DC
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch United States Army seal United States Army
Years of service 1917–1953
Rank General
Commands held

World War I

World War II

Korean War
Awards Army Distinguished Service Medal

General John Reed Hodge (June 12, 1893 – November 12, 1963) was a general in the United States Army.


  • Early life and Career 1
  • Between the Wars 2
  • World War II 3
  • Korean War 4

Early life and Career

Born in Golconda, Illinois, Hodge attended Southern Illinois Teachers College and the University of Illinois. After completing U.S. Army Officer Candidate School at Fort Sheridan, he entered military service as a Second Lieutenant of Infantry in 1917. He served in World War I in France and Luxembourg.

Between the Wars

Remaining in the Army following the end of the war, he taught military science at Mississippi State University from 1921–1925 and graduated from the Infantry School in 1926. After a posting to Hawaii, he graduated from the Command and General Staff School, the Army War College, and the Air Corps Tactical School.

World War II

At the beginning of World War II, Hodge was part of the staff of VII Corps. Being appointed Brigadier General, he started his combat career as part of the staff of General Joseph Lawton Collins in the Guadalcanal campaign. He then participated in the Bougainville campaign in 1943–1944. He was promoted to Major General during the Philippines Campaign in 1944. In 1945 he served on Okinawa, and he was promoted to Lieutenant General in August, becoming the commander of the XXIV Corps of the U.S. Tenth Army.

Korean War

From 1945 to 1948, Hodge was the military governor of South Korea under the United States Army Military Government in Korea (USAMGIK). He took his corps to Korea under orders of General MacArthur,

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