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John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer

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Title: John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer  
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Subject: Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire, Spencer family, George Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer, Mayors of St Albans, London Transport/Selected articles/29
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John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer

The Right Honourable
The Earl Spencer
The Earl Spencer, by Thomas Gainsborough
Personal details
Born John Spencer
(1734-12-19)19 December 1734
Althorp, Northamptonshire, England
Died 31 October 1783(1783-10-31) (aged 48)
Bath, Somerset, England
Resting place Great Brington, Northamptonshire, England
Nationality British
Political party Whig

John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer (19 December 1734 – 31 October 1783) was a British peer and politician.

Spencer was born in 1734, at his family home, 3rd Earl of Sunderland.

Spencer was On 20 December 1755, Spencer privately married

[1] (1757–1806), married William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire, and had issue.

  • George John Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758–1834)
  • Lady Henrietta Frances Spencer (1761–1821), married Frederick Ponsonby, 3rd Earl of Bessborough, and had issue.
  • Lady Charlotte Spencer (1765–1766), died in infancy.
  • Lady Louisa Spencer (b. & d. 1769), died in infancy.
  • He was the great-great-great-great-grandfather of Diana, Princess of Wales.

    Spencer died in 1783, aged 48 in Bath, and was buried in the family vault at St Mary's Church, Great Brington, Northamptonshire.


    Arms of John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer
    A Coronet of an Earl
    Out of a Ducal Coronet Or a Griffin's Head Azure gorged with a Bar Gemelle Gules between two Wings expanded of the second
    Quarterly Argent and Gules in the 2nd and 3rd quarters a Fret Or over all on a Bend Sable three Escallops of the first
    Dexter: A Griffin per fess Ermine and Erminois gorged with a Collar Sable the edges flory-counterflory and chained of the last and on the Collar three Escallops Argent; Sinister: A Wyvern Erect on his tail Ermine similarly collared and chained
    Dieu Defend Le Droit (God defend the right)


    • Spencer, Charles (1999). Althorp: The Story of an English House. London: Viking. ISBN 978-0-312-20833-2.
    • Battiscombe, Georgina (1984). The Spencers of Althorp. London: Constable. ISBN 978-0-09-465700-7.


    1. ^ Burke, John (1833). A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. London: H. Colburn and R. Bentley. p. 466. 
    Parliament of Great Britain
    Preceded by
    Henry Archer
    Wills Hill
    Member of Parliament for Warwick
    With: Henry Archer
    Succeeded by
    Henry Archer
    Viscount Dungarvan
    Peerage of Great Britain
    New creation Earl Spencer,
    Viscount Althorp

    Succeeded by
    George Spencer
    New creation Viscount Spencer,
    Baron Spencer of Althorp

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