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Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau

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Title: Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau  
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Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau

Joint declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Portuguese Republic on the Question of Macau
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 中葡聯合聲明
Simplified Chinese 中葡联合声明
Alternative Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 中華人民共和國政府和葡萄牙共和國政府關於澳門問題的聯合聲明[1]
Simplified Chinese 中华人民共和国政府和葡萄牙共和国政府关于澳门问题的联合声明
Portuguese name
Portuguese Declaração Conjunta Do Governo Da República Portuguesa e Do Governo Da República Popular Da China Sobre a Questão De Macau[2]

The Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau, or Sino–Portuguese Joint Declaration, was a treaty between Portugal and the People's Republic of China over the status of Macau. The full name of the treaty is Joint Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Portuguese Republic on the question of Macao. Signed in March, 1987 the Declaration established the process and conditions of the transfer of the territory from Portuguese rule to the People's Republic of China.[3] The process was similar to the transfer of Hong Kong to Chinese sovereignty by the United Kingdom in 1997.

Background

By the 17th century, Portugal had established colonial rule over Macau after gaining concessions from various Chinese governments. In 1887, Portugal and the Qing dynasty signed the Sino–Portuguese Draft Minutes and the Sino–Portuguese Treaty of Peking, in which China ceded to Portugal the right to "perpetual occupation and government of Macau"; conversely, Portugal pledged to seek China's approval before transferring Macau to another country. Colonial rule continued until 1974, when the Carnation revolution installed a democratic regime in Portugal that sought to end colonialism. Bilateral talks between China and Portugal led to the status of Macau being established as Chinese territory under Portuguese administration. The full framework of transfer of sovereignty was decided in 1987 with the Sino–Portuguese Joint Declaration.[3]

Provisions

The Declaration provided for Portuguese administration to officially end on 20 December, 1999. Although it would become a full part of the People's Republic of China, Macau would enjoy the status of a National People's Congress would enact a "Basic Law" that would formalise the respecting of some basic principles of Chinese government in Macau, but leaving other areas untouched.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ 中華人民共和國政府和葡萄牙共和國政府關於澳門問題的聯合聲明 (in Chinese). Government Printing Bureau, Macau Special Administrative Region. Retrieved 2007-12-11. 
  2. ^ "Declaração Conjunta Do Governo Da República Portuguesa e Do Governo Da República Popular Da China Sobre a Questão De Macau" (in Portuguese). Government Printing Bureau, Macau Special Administrative Region. Retrieved 2007-12-11. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Joint declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China and The Government of the Republic of Portugal on the question of Macao". Government Printing Bureau (Macao SAR). 1987. Retrieved 2010-04-26. 
  4. ^ a b c "What are the main contents of the Sino–Portuguese Joint Declaration on the Question of Macao?". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China. 2000-11-15. Retrieved 2010-04-26. 
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