World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres

Des Barres

Colonel Joseph Frederick Wallet Des Barres (22 November 1721 – 27 October 1824 (or 24 October 1824)) was a

  • Dictionary of Canadian Biography OnlineBiography at the
  • Archaeological excavations of his home, Castle Frederick
  • The Atlantic Neptune

External links

  • Robert J, Morgan, "Des Barres the Founder"
  • Stephen B. MacPhee, "Des Barres and His Contemporary Mapmakers"
  • Douglas B. Foster, "Des Barres the Town Planner"
  • Lois K. Kernaghan, "'A Most Excentric Genius': The Private Life of J. F. W. Des Barres"
  • Mary Ellen Wright, "'You come late Monsieur le'Governor. Why you not come before?'"
  • Stephen J. Horns. Surveyors of Empire: Samuel Holland, J.F.W. Des Barres, and the Making of The Atlantic Neptune. McGill/ Queen's University Press. 2011.
  • LD Kernaghana. A Man and his Mistress: J.F.W. Des Barres and Mary Cannon. Acadiensis. 1981
  • Evans, G.N.D, Uncommon Obdurate: The several public careers of J. F. W. Des Barres, Boston/Toronto: Peabody Museum/University of Toronto Press, 1969
  • Bird, Will, an Earl Must Have a Wife, Toronto: Clarke Irwin, 1969
  • The Nova Scotia Historical Quarterly, Volume 5, Number 2, 1985, contains several articles about Des Barres:

Further reading

  1. ^ R. J. Morgan. "Des BARRES, JOSEPH FREDERICK WALLET". University of Toronto/Université Laval. Retrieved October 21, 2013. 
  2. ^ The Atlantic Neptune Lloyd A. Brown The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography Vol. 67, No. 4 (Oct., 1943), pp. 377-381 Published by: The Historical Society of Pennsylvania
  3. ^ a b c d e f Jerry Lockett. Captain James Cook in Atlantic Canada. The adventurer & Map Maker's Formative Years. Formac Publishing Company Limited, Halifax, NS. 2011.
  4. ^ Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
  5. ^ Douglas B. Foster, "Des Barres the Town Planner" The Nova Scotia Historical Quarterly, Volume 5, Number 2, 1985
  6. ^ http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/cannon_mary_6E.html

References

See also

  • Des Barres St., Sydney, Nova Scotia

Legacy

Publications He died at the age of 102, and his date of death is variously given as 24 and 27 October. Colonel Des Barres is buried

To accommodate the arrival of the United Empire Loyalists, Cape Breton was created as a separate colony from Nova Scotia (as was New Brunswick) and Desbarres served as the lieutenant governor of Cape Breton Island from 1784 to 1787. He laid out the original plan of the capital, Sydney.[5] He was later governor of Prince Edward Island from 1804 to 1812. Dalhousie University has a number of items of Colonel Des Barres in one of its archive collections.

Governor

Des Barres made many maps of the Atlantic, mapping the coast of North American from Newfoundland to New York. His survey of the coast of Nova Scotia took approximately ten years due its length and intricacy. Des Barres was exasperated with the work stating "There is scarcely any known shore so much intersected with Bays, Harbours, and Creeks as this is" "and the Offing of it is so full of Islands, Rocks, and Shoals as are almost innumerable."[3]:115 The survey work was carried out in the summer and in the winter he would retire to his estate, Castle Frederick, in Falmouth, Nova Scotia to complete his charts and drawings. His most notable work is the Atlantic Neptune. In 1774 under direction for the British Admiralty, Des Barres compiled and edited his and many others' charts and maps of eastern North America. The completed work was published in 1777, having cost the Admiralty an estimated £100,000.[3]:187

Atlantic Neptune

In 1756 Des Barres sails to North America and is with Edward Boscawen's fleet when it attacks the Fortress of Louisbourg in 1758. He distinguishes himself by capturing a French entrenchment at Kennington Cove.[3]:54 Soon he is put to work charting the Gulf of St. Lawrence and approaches to Quebec, information that will be used the following year in Wolfs's assault on the City of Quebec. In 1760 he is at Halifax to prepare plans for the city's defences and naval yard. By 1762 he is sent to Newfoundland to survey Harbour Grace and Carbonear to draw up plans for new harbour defences to replace those destroyed by the French. James Cook was sent as his assistant. (Des Barres may have met Cook earlier at either Louisbourg or Halifax.)[3]:111

Seven Years' War

Des Barres, who is seen as having lived through important changes in Nova Scotia's history, is thought to have been born in Basel, Switzerland, and was a member of a Huguenot family. His parents were Joseph-Leonard Vallet Des Barres and Anne-Catherine Cuvier and he was the eldest of their three children. Des Barres read mathematics and art at the University of Basel, studying under John and Daniel Bernoulli. Upon the completion of his studies he left for England.[3]:112 There he enrolled at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich. It was there that Des Barres trained to become a military officer, and studied military surveying. His training would also benefit him later in life for surveying, map making, and coastal charting. In 1756 he was commissioned into the Royal Americans (the 62nd Foot later known as the 60th Foot).[4][3]:112

Early life

  • Early life 1
    • Seven Years' War 1.1
  • Atlantic Neptune 2
  • Governor 3
  • Publications 4
  • Legacy 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • Further reading 8
  • External links 9

Contents

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.