World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed Deer

Article Id: WHEBN0024832890
Reproduction Date:

Title: Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed Deer  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Washington State Route 4, Columbian white-tailed deer, Julia Butler Hansen
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed Deer

Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed Deer
Map of the United States
Location Clatsop, Columbia counties, Oregon,
Wahkiakum County, Washington, United States
Nearest city Longview, Washington

46°14′50″N 123°24′49″W / 46.24722°N 123.41361°W / 46.24722; -123.41361Coordinates: 46°14′50″N 123°24′49″W / 46.24722°N 123.41361°W / 46.24722; -123.41361

Area 5,600 acres (23 km2)
Established 1972
Governing body U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Official website

Located in southwestern Washington and northwestern Oregon, the Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed Deer was established in 1972 specifically to protect and manage the endangered Columbian white-tailed deer. The refuge contains over 5,600 acres (23 km2) of pastures, forested tidal swamps, brushy woodlots, marshes, and sloughs along the Columbia River in both Washington and Oregon.

The valuable habitat the refuge preserves for the deer also benefits a large variety of wintering birds, a small herd of Roosevelt elk, river otter, various reptiles and amphibians including painted turtles and red-legged frogs, and several pairs of nesting bald eagles and osprey. Today, about 300 Columbian white-tailed deer live on the refuge.

Another 300-400 live on private lands along the river. The areas upstream from the refuge on Puget Island and on the Oregon side of the river are vital to reestablishing and maintaining viable populations of the species. The refuge works with private and corporate landowners to maintain and reestablish deer on their lands.

The refuge is named for Julia Butler Hansen, a former member of the United States House of Representatives for Washington state.

In April, 2012, high river flow levels coupled with a collapsing dike, that keeps the Columbia River from flooding the Julia Butler Hansen Refuge, was reported to be a threat to the resident population of Columbian White-tailed Deer.[1]


  • Refuge profile
  • Refuge website

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.