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Juliaca

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Title: Juliaca  
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Subject: PeruRail, Inca Manco Cápac International Airport, Puno, Tourism in Peru, Provinces of Peru
Collection: Cities in Peru, Populated Places in the Puno Region
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Juliaca

Juliaca - Puno Perú
Flag of Juliaca - Puno Perú
Flag
Coat of arms of Juliaca - Puno Perú
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Ciudad de Los Vientos (The Windy City)
Juliaca - Puno Perú is located in Peru
Juliaca - Puno Perú
Location in Peru
Coordinates:
Country Peru
Region Puno
Province San Román
District Juliaca
Founded 1826
City since 1908
Government
 • Type Democracy
 • Mayor David Mamani Paricahua (2011–2014)
Elevation 3,825 m (12,549 ft)
Population (2007)
 • Total 225,146
 • Estimate (2015)[1] 273,882
 • Density 422.6/km2 (1,095/sq mi)
Time zone PET (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) PET (UTC-5)
Area code(s) +51
Website MuniJuliaca.gob.pe

Juliaca (Spanish: Juliaca, Quechua: Hullaqa, Aymara: Hullaqa) is the capital of San Roman Province in the Puno Region of southeastern Peru. It is the region's largest city with a population of 225,146 inhabitants (2007).[2] On the Altiplano, Juliaca is 3,825 metres (12,549 ft) above sea level, is located on the Collao Plateau and is northwest of Lake Titicaca (45 km). It is the largest trade center in the Puno region.

Juliaca is near Chacas lagoon, the Maravillas river, and near the ruins of Sillustani.

The city hosts Juliaca's Carnival each year between February and March. During this very popular event participants, dressed in colorful costumes, gather on the streets to dance in the style of the Collao Plateau. Saint Sebastian's feast occurs on January 20 of every year.

Juliaca's citizens rely on cars, trains, and bicycles. It is a major transit point in the region and has strong ties with Peru's southern cities, including Arequipa, Puno, Tacna, Cuzco, Ilo, and with La Riconada and Bolivia.

Like Chicago, Illinois, it is nicknamed "The Windy City", because of the city's location on the windy Collao Plateau. It is also called the "Sock City" or "Knitting City" because Juliaca was a major center of sock, sweater, and handicraft production. Now the production of clothes, wool and fabrics are industrial processes.

It is also home to Inca Manco Capac Airport, the region's main airport.

Contents

  • Economy 1
  • Climate 2
  • Picture gallery 3
  • References 4

Economy

Juliaca is a large trade center for goods and services, and is considered the financial capital of the Puno region. Trade is its principal economic activity, comprising 26.5% of the Labor force. In 2008, Juliaca had 15,439 commercial establishments,[3] which amounts to 41% of trade done in the Puno region. It is the commercial hub for the La Rinconada high-altitude city of informal gold mining.[4]

The city of Juliaca has become a center of capital investment. As a result, poverty has been reduced, and increased per capita income has come to some of its residents.

Climate

Juliaca has a subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb) bordering on an alpine tundra climate with cool to cold temperatures most of the year. The average annual precipitation is 610 mm. Winters are dry with very cold nights and mornings, and warm afternoons.

Santa Catalina church.
La Merced church.
Climate data for Juliaca, Peru (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
16.7
(62.1)
16.5
(61.7)
16.8
(62.2)
16.6
(61.9)
16.0
(60.8)
16.0
(60.8)
17.0
(62.6)
17.6
(63.7)
18.6
(65.5)
18.8
(65.8)
17.7
(63.9)
17.08
(62.76)
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.15
(50.27)
10.1
(50.2)
9.85
(49.73)
8.7
(47.7)
6.4
(43.5)
4.5
(40.1)
4.25
(39.65)
5.8
(42.4)
8.1
(46.6)
9.45
(49.01)
10.15
(50.27)
10.35
(50.63)
8.15
(46.672)
Average low °C (°F) 3.6
(38.5)
3.5
(38.3)
3.2
(37.8)
0.6
(33.1)
−3.8
(25.2)
−7.0
(19.4)
−7.5
(18.5)
−5.4
(22.3)
−1.4
(29.5)
0.3
(32.5)
1.5
(34.7)
3.0
(37.4)
−0.78
(30.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 133.3
(5.248)
108.7
(4.28)
98.5
(3.878)
43.3
(1.705)
9.9
(0.39)
3.1
(0.122)
2.4
(0.094)
5.8
(0.228)
22.1
(0.87)
41.1
(1.618)
55.3
(2.177)
85.9
(3.382)
609.4
(23.992)
Source: Hong Kong Observatory,[5]

Picture gallery

References

  1. ^ Perú: Población estimada al 30 de junio y tasa de crecimiento de las ciudades capitales, por departamento, 2011 y 2015. Perú: Estimaciones y proyecciones de población total por sexo de las principales ciudades, 2012-2015 (Report) (Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática). March 2012. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  2. ^ Peruvian Census
  3. ^ Peruvian government figures
  4. ^ William Finnegan, "Tears of the Sun: The Gold Rush at the Top of the World." The New Yorker, April 20, 2015: 55-65
  5. ^ "Climatological Information for Juliaca, Peru". Hong Kong Observatory. 
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