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Kane County, Illinois

Kane County, Illinois
Seal of Kane County, Illinois
Seal
Map of Illinois highlighting Kane County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded January 16, 1836
Named for Elias Kane
Seat Geneva
Largest city Aurora
Area
 • Total 524 sq mi (1,357 km2)
 • Land 520 sq mi (1,347 km2)
 • Water 4.1 sq mi (11 km2), 0.8%
Population
 • (2010) 515,269
 • Density 991/sq mi (383/km²)
Congressional districts 6th, 8th, 11th, 14th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .orgcountyofkane
Footnotes: [1]

Kane County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 515,269,[2] making it the fifth-most populous county in Illinois. Its county seat is Geneva,[3] and its largest city is Aurora.

Kane County is one of the collar counties of the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
    • Adjacent counties 2.2
    • Forest preserves 2.3
  • Demographics 3
  • Education 4
  • Infrastructure 5
    • Health care 5.1
    • Transportation 5.2
      • Airport 5.2.1
      • Major highways 5.2.2
  • Communities 6
    • Cities 6.1
    • Villages 6.2
    • Unincorporated communities 6.3
    • Townships 6.4
  • See also 7
  • Notes 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

History

Kane County was formed out of LaSalle County in 1836. The County was named in honor of Elias Kane, United States Senator from Illinois, and the first Secretary of State of Illinois.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 524 square miles (1,360 km2), of which 520 square miles (1,300 km2) is land and 4.1 square miles (11 km2) (0.8%) is water.[5] Its largest cities are situated along the Fox River.

Climate

Geneva, Illinois
Climate chart ()
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.6
 
 
29
10
 
 
1.5
 
 
35
16
 
 
2.6
 
 
46
26
 
 
3.9
 
 
59
36
 
 
3.9
 
 
71
46
 
 
4.3
 
 
81
56
 
 
4.4
 
 
84
61
 
 
4.4
 
 
82
58
 
 
3.5
 
 
75
50
 
 
2.7
 
 
63
38
 
 
3.2
 
 
47
28
 
 
2.4
 
 
34
16
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Geneva have ranged from a low of 10 °F (−12 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 111 °F (44 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.52 inches (39 mm) in February to 4.39 inches (112 mm) in July.[6]

Adjacent counties

Forest preserves

Kane County has an extensive forest preserve program, with numerous nature preserves, historic sites, and trails.[7]

Demographics

2000 census age pyramid for Kane County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 515,269 people, 170,479 households, and 128,323 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 990.8 inhabitants per square mile (382.6/km2). There were 182,047 housing units at an average density of 350.1 per square mile (135.2/km2).[5] The racial makeup of the county was 74.6% white, 5.7% black or African American, 3.5% Asian, 0.6% American Indian, 13.0% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 30.7% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 24.3% were German, 13.0% were Irish, 7.9% were Polish, 7.4% were Italian, 7.1% were English, and 2.4% were American.[14]

Of the 170,479 households, 42.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.7% were non-families, and 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.45. The median age was 34.5 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $67,767 and the median income for a family was $77,998. Males had a median income of $53,833 versus $39,206 for females. The per capita income for the county was $29,480. About 7.0% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.5% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Education

Infrastructure

Health care

There are several hospitals serving the county:

Transportation

Airport

Major highways

Communities

Cities

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Townships

See also

Notes

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kane County, Illinois
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 172. 
  5. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County".  
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Geneva, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  7. ^ http://www.kaneforest.com/findPreserve.aspx. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 16, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data".  
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates".  
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates".  

References

  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division.  

External links

  • Kane County official government website
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