World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Katyayana (Buddhist)

Article Id: WHEBN0003524578
Reproduction Date:

Title: Katyayana (Buddhist)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kaccānagotta Sutta, Supratisthitacaritra, Nettipakarana, Prabhutaratna, List of Buddhists
Collection: Disciples of Gautama Buddha
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Katyayana (Buddhist)

Illustration of Mahākātyāyana

Kātyāyana was a disciple of Gautama Buddha. In Sanskrit his name is Kātyāyana (कात्यायन) or Mahākātyāyana (महाकात्यायन); in Pāli Kaccāna (or Kaccāyana), or Mahākaccāna; and in Japanese 迦旃延 Kasennen.

Contents

  • Life 1
  • Attributed texts 2
  • In the Lotus Sutra 3
  • Kaccānagotta Sutta 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6

Life

Kātyāyana was born in a Brahmin family at Ujjayini (Ujjain) and received a classical Brahminical education studying the Vedas. Katyayana studied assiduously under Asita on Mount Vindhya, who had predicted that Prince Siddharta would become either a cakravartin, a great worldly ruler, or a Buddha. With a group of seven friends he invited the Buddha to visit, and gained enlightenment (bodhi) while listening to him preach. He was ordained, and made numerous converts in the state of Avanti.[1] He is known as Phra Sangkajai in Thai Buddhism and portrayed as extremely portly.

Kātyāyana is listed as one of the "ten principal disciples" of Gautama Buddha. [(1) Mahākassapa, 2) Ānanda, 3) Sāriputta, 4) Subhuti, 5) Purna(Punna), 6) Mahāmoggallāna, 7) Mahākātyāyana, 8) Anuruddha, 9) Upali and 10) Rāhula.] He was foremost in explaining Dharma.

Attributed texts

Statue of Mahākātyāyana in Thai tradition

Tradition attributes to Katyāyana the authorship of two late Pāli canonical texts Nettipakarana, a commentary on Buddhist doctrine; and peṭakopadesa, a treatise on exegetical methodology. However it may be more accurate to think of these texts being composed by a school descended from him.

In the Lotus Sutra

In Lotus Sutra Chapter 6, "Bestowal of Prophecy", the Buddha bestows prophecies of enlightenment on the disciples Mahakashyapa, Subhuti, Mahākātyāyana, and Mahamaudgalyayana.

Kaccānagotta Sutta

Nāgārjuna cites the a text which he calls kātyāyanavavāda "Advice to Kātyāyana", in his Mūlamadhyamakakārika (15.7). The text he cites appears to have been a Sanskrit version of the Pāli Kaccānagotta Sutta (Saṃyutta Nikāya ii.16-17). This has given rise to the idea that Nāgarjuna might not have been a Mahāyānist.[2]

Notes

  1. ^ Malalasekera, G. P. (1973). Dictionary of Pali Names. Pali Text Society. 
  2. ^ Kalupahana, David J. (1986). Nāgārjuna: The Philosophy of the Middle Way. State University of New York Press. 

References

  •  
  •  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.