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Kenya (Commonwealth realm)

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Kenya (Commonwealth realm)

Kenya
Commonwealth realm

1963–1964
Flag Coat of arms
Motto
"Harambee" (Swahili)
"Let us all pull together"
Anthem
Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu
O God of All Creation

Capital Nairobi
Languages English
Swahili
Government Constitutional monarchy
Monarch
 -  1963–1964 Elizabeth II
Governor-General
 -  1963–1964 Malcolm John Macdonald
Prime Minister
 -  1963–1964 Jomo Kenyatta
Legislature National Assembly
 -  Lower House House of Representatives
 -  Upper House Sentate
Historical era Cold War
 -  Independence 12 December 1963
 -  Republic 12 December 1964
Currency East African shilling

The Commonwealth realm of Kenya, officially known as "Kenya", was a predecessor to the modern-day Republic of Kenya. It existed between 12 December 1963 and 12 December 1964.

When British rule ended in 1963, the Kenya Colony was given independence as a Commonwealth realm in which form the state existed until the proclamation of the Republic of Kenya came into existence on 12 December 1964. During this time, the British monarch (Elizabeth II) remained head of state. Kenya shared the Sovereign with the other Commonwealth realms. The monarch's constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Kenya:

  1. Malcolm John Macdonald (12 December 1963 – 12 December 1964)

The royal succession was governed by the English Act of Settlement of 1701.

Jomo Kenyatta held office as prime minister (and head of government). Despite being head of state of Kenya throughout this period; Queen Elizabeth II never visited Kenya in her capacity as 'Queen of Kenya', though she did visit:

  • 1952 (6 February), before independence
  • 1972 (26 March), after Kenya's transition to a republic
  • 1983 (10–14 November)
  • 1991 (7 October)

Following the abolition of the monarchy, Jomo Kenyatta became the first President of Kenya.

References

  • http://www.worldstatesmen.org/kenya
  • http://www.archontology.org/nations/kenya/
  • http://www.archontology.org/nations/kenya/00_1963_1964_s.php
  • http://www.archontology.org/nations/kenya/00_1963_1964_gg.php
  • http://www.archontology.org/nations/kenya/00_1964_td_s.php
  • http://www.archontology.org/nations/kenya/01_polity.php
  • http://www.archontology.org/nations/kenya/01_sources.php
  • http://www.theyworkforyou.com/debates/?id=1965-02-01a.823.0
  • http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1965/feb/01/kenya-republic-bill
  • http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/lords/1965/feb/23/kenya-republic-bill
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