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Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani

Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani الشيخ خليفة بن حمد آل ثاني
Emir of Qatar
Reign 22 February 1972 – 27 June 1995
Predecessor Ahmad ibn 'Ali Al Thani
Successor Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani
Born (1932-09-17) 17 September 1932
Rayyan, Qatar
House House of Thani
Father Hamad bin Abdullah Al Thani
Mother Hissa Bint Khalifa Al Suwaidi
Religion Sunni Islam

Emir Sheikh Khalifa bin Hamad bin Abdullah bin Jassim bin Muhammed Al Thani GCMG[1] (born 1932; Arabic: خليفة بن حمد آل ثاني‎) was the Emir of Qatar from 27 February 1972 until he was deposed by his son Hamad bin Khalifa on 27 June 1995.[2] He is the grandfather of the current Emir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani

Contents

  • Early years 1
  • Career 2
  • Coup 3
  • Marriages and children 4
  • References 5

Early years

Sheikh Khalifa was born in Rayyan in 1932.[3][4] He was the son of Hamad bin Abdullah Al Thani and grandson of Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani.

Career

In 1957, Khalifa was named as the minister of education.[5] Then he was appointed the deputy Emir.[5] He was named as the heir apparent on 24 October 1960.[6] In the 1960s he also served as the prime minister and the minister of finance.[5]

On 22 February 1972, Sheikh Khalifa became the Emir of

Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani
Born: 1932
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Ahmad ibn 'Ali Al Thani
Emir of Qatar
1972–1995
Succeeded by
Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani
  1. ^ "Qatar: The Al-Thani Dynasty". The Royal Ark. p. 7. 
  2. ^ "Thani, Sheikh Khalifa bin Hamad al-". Hutchinson Encyclopedia. Farlex. 
  3. ^ "Qatar rulers". Rulers. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "Line of succession: The Al Thani rule in Qatar". Gulf News. 24 June 2013. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c Kamrava, Mehran (Summer 2009). "Royal Factionalism and Political Liberalization in Qatar". The Middle East Journal 63 (3): 401–420.  
  6. ^ a b c Helem Chapin Metz, ed. (1993). "The Al Thani". Persian Gulf States: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress. 
  7. ^ "Qatar PM seizes power from cousin". Ottawa Citizen (Beirut). AP. 23 February 1972. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  8. ^ Al-Kubaisi, Mohammed Ali M. (1984). Industrial development in Qatar: a geographical assessment (PDF). Durham E-Theses, Durham University. p. 77. 
  9. ^ "Sheikh Khalifa Bin Hamad Al Thani (1972–1995)". Qatar News Agency. 
  10. ^ "Prince deposes father in Qatar". Deseret News. 27 June 1995. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 

References

  • Sheikha Amna bint Hassan bin Abdulla Al Thani
  • Sheikha Aisha bint Hamad Al Attiyah
    • Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa, Emir of Qatar from 1995 to 2013.
    • Sheikha Hissa bint Khalifa
    • Sheikha Amina bint Khalifa
    • Sheikha Jafla bint Khalifa
    • Sheikha Amal bint Khalifa
  • Sheikha Rudha bint Jassim bin Jabr Al Thani
    • Sheikh Abdullah bin Khalifa, Prime Minister (1996–2007)
    • Sheikh Muhammed bin Khalifa
    • Sheikha Aisha bint Khalifa
    • Sheikha Mouza bint Khalifa
    • Sheikha Maryam bint Khalifa
  • Sheikha Mouza bint Ali bin Saud Al Thani
    • Sheikh Jassim bin Khalifa
    • Sheikha Al Anud bint Khalifa
    • Sheikha Nouf bint Khalifa

Sheikh Khalifa has five sons and ten daughters from four wives.

Marriages and children

While Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani was staying in Geneva, Switzerland, in July 1995, his son Hamad bin Khalifa took the throne.[10] Khalifa lived in France until he returned to Qatar in 2004.

Coup

The state revenue from oil sector had increased as the result of the rising of a number of production sharing agreements with foreign oil companies. Two production-sharing agreements were signed with the Standard Oil Company of Ohio in January 1985 and Amoco in February 1986. In January 1989, another production sharing agreement was signed between Qatar and the France State owned oil company Elf Aquitaine. In the middle of 1991, production of gas in the Qatar North Field, the world's largest single field of non-associated gas commenced, which has proven gas reserves of around 250 trillion cubic feet and probable reserves of 500 trillion cubic feet. While the search for finding more oil deposits in Qatar continued, Qatar built an industrial base in order to reduce dependence on the oil sector.

On 18 July 1989, the cabinet was reshuffled for the first time, replacing most of the previous ministers and making it consist of 15 ministers. The Cabinet was again reshuffled under his premiership on 1 September 1992, expanding it to 17 members.[9]

Khalifa's reorganization of the system of government saw a dramatic shift in the hierarchy of authority. He immensely reduced the traditional powers afforded to the heir-apparent while projecting all of the power onto himself.[8]

On 19 April 1972, he amended the Constitution and expanded the Cabinet by appointing more ministers. Diplomatic relations were also established with a number of the foreign countries at ambassadorial level. [4] Next, he appointed a foreign minister and an adviser to himself regarding the day-to-day affairs.[6] He also limited the financial privileges of members of the ruling family.[4]

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