World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Khangchendzonga National Park

 

Khangchendzonga National Park

Khangchendzonga National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Map showing the location of Khangchendzonga National Park
Location North Sikkim, Sikkim
Nearest city Chungthang
Coordinates
Area 1,784 km2 (689 sq mi)
Established 1977
Visitors NA (in NA)
Governing body Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India

Khangchendzonga National Park (previously named Kanchenjunga National Park) also Kanchenjunga Biosphere Reserve is a National Park and a Biosphere reserve located in Sikkim, India.The park gets its name from the mountain Kanchenjunga (alternative spelling Khangchendzonga) which is 8,586 metres (28,169 ft) tall, the third-highest peak in the world. The total area of this park is 849.5 km2 (328.0 sq mi). There are many glaciers in the park including the Zemu glacier. Animals like musk deer, snow leopard and Himalayan tahr all make their home in this park.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Human history 2
  • Geography 3
  • Flora 4
  • Fauna 5
    • Avifauna 5.1
  • Park specific activities 6
    • Trekking 6.1
    • Lodging 6.2
    • Approach 6.3
    • General Information 6.4
  • External links 7
  • References 8

History

The park was established on 26 August 1977 and was named as a Biosphere reserve.

Human history

There are a few Lepcha tribal settlements inside the park.

Geography

Map of the Indian protected areas of the Kangchenjunga Biosphere Reserve and National Park

The Kanchenjunga Park is situated in the North and West Sikkim districts in the Indian state of Sikkim. It has an elevation of 1,829 metres (6,001 ft) to over 8,550 metres (28,050 ft) and has an area of 849.50 km2 (327.99 sq mi). It is one of the few high altitude National parks of India.

Flora

The vegetation of the park include temperate broadleaf and mixed forests consisting of oaks, fir, birch, maple, willow etc. The vegetation of the park also includes alpine grasses and shrubs at higher altitudes along with many medicinal plants and herbs.

Fauna

The park contains many mammal species including musk deer, snow leopard, Himalayan tahr, wild dog, sloth bear, civet, Himalayan black bear, red panda, Tibetan wild ass, Himalayan blue sheep, serow, goral and takin, as well as reptiles including rat snake and Russell's viper.

A recent study revealed, that the Asiatic wild dog has become very rare in the area. The wild dogs in the Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve are believed to belong to the rare and genetically distinct subspecies C. a. primaevus.[1]

Avifauna

About 550 species of birds are found inside the park including blood pheasant, satyr tragopan, osprey, Himalayan griffon, lammergeier, Tragopan pheasant, green pigeon, Tibetan snowcock, snow pigeon, impeyan pheasant, Asian emerald cuckoo, sunbird and eagle.

Park specific activities

Trekking

Most of the trekking routes starts from Dzongri (4,050 metres (13,290 ft)) and other places. The popular trek routes are:

  • Yuksom - Tshoka - Dzongri
  • Bakim - Dzongri - Thangshing - Samuteng - Goechala
  • Dzongri Base Camp - Rathong – Khangerteng
  • Thangshing - Lam Pokhari - Kasturi Orar - Lapdong - Tashiding.

Another popular trekking point includes trekking to the Green Lake with Lachen, a village in North Sikkim as the starting point. Foreign nationals would require a restricted area permit from the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, Delhi to visit the park and the associated region. Indian nationals are required to obtain an Inner-Line Permit from the State Home Department. Permission of the State Chief Wildlife Warden is also mandatory for everybody visiting the park. The important and popular routes are:

  • Lucanes Jakchen-Yabuk-Rest Camp (Marco Polo Camp) - Green Lake
  • Lachen-Thasngu (13,695 feet (4,174 m)) - Muguthang (16,000 feet (4,900 m)) - Thay La (17,000 feet (5,200 m)) - Khyoksa La (18,000 feet (5,500 m)) - Rest Camp - Green Lake.

Most of these trekking routes pass through the Khangchendzonga National Park.

Lodging

Lodging can be done at the Range office where there are four rest houses with about 20 beds.

Approach

General Information

The best season to visit the Kanchenjunga national park is between April to May. Snowfall is heavy during the winter months and monsoon showers occur from May to mid October.

Foreign nationals would require a restricted area permit from the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, Delhi to visit the park and the associated region. Indian nationals are required to obtain an Inner-Line Permit from the State Home Department. Permission of the State Chief Wildlife Warden is also mandatory for everybody visiting the park.

External links

  • Goecha La : In search of Kangchenjunga by George ThengummoottilDocumentary on Goechala Trek inside Kangchenjunga National Park

References

  1. ^ Bashir, T. A. W. Q. I. R., et al. Precarious status of the Endangered dhole Cuon alpinus in the high elevation Eastern Himalayan habitats of Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve, Sikkim, India. Oryx (2013): 1-8.
  • Khangchendzonga National Park, WebIndia123
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.