World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kibale District

Article Id: WHEBN0002311821
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kibale District  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Buganda, Districts of Uganda, Kamwenge District, Kyenjojo District, Counties of Uganda, List of FIPS region codes (S–U), Stanbic Bank (Uganda) Limited
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Kibale District

Kibaale District

District location in Uganda

Coordinates: 00°58′N 30°59′E / 0.967°N 30.983°E / 0.967; 30.983

Country  Uganda
Region Western Uganda
Sub-region Bunyoro sub-region
Capital Kibaale
 • Total 4,400 km2 (1,700 sq mi)
 • Land 3,545 km2 (1,369 sq mi)
 • Water 855 km2 (330 sq mi)
Elevation 1,130 m (3,710 ft)
Population (2010 Estimate)
 • Total 514,200
 • Density 145/km2 (380/sq mi)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Website Homepage

Kibaale District, sometimes spelled as Kibale District, is a district in Western Uganda. Like most other Ugandan districts, it is named after its 'chief town', Kibaale, where the district headquarters are located.


Kibaale District is bordered by Hoima District to the north, Kyankwanzi District to the northeast, Mubende District to the east, Kyegegwa District to the southeast, Kyenjojo District and Kabarole District to the southwest and Ntoroko District to the west.[1] The district headquarters at Kibaale are located approximately 219 kilometres (136 mi), by road, west of Kampala, Uganda's capital and largest city. [2] The coordinates of the district are:00 58N, 30 59E.


Kibaale District stretches out on the Central Plateau at an altitude between 680 metres (2,230 ft) and 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) above sea level. The climate is tropical with relatively reliable rainfall that ranges between 1,000 millimetres (39 in) and 1,500 millimetres (59 in), spread over two productive agricultural seasons. The wet seasons between September to December and March to May are intercepted by two dry periods.

The district consists of three counties, each of which has a commercial centre, namely: [3]

  • Buyaga County – The largest county
  • Bugangaizi County
  • Buyanja County – The smallest

Kibaale is the largest settlement of Buyaga County. The largest town in the district is Kagadi also in Buyaga County followed by Karuguuza in Buyanja County. Kibaale located near Karuguuza is the location of the district headquarters. A main trunk road was built in 1997, as a result of co-operation between the governments of Uganda and Ireland. The road connects the towns of Mubende, Kakumiro, Kibaale and Kagadi.


Kibaale District is part of the Kingdom of Bunyoro, one of the ancient traditional monarchies in Uganda. The kingdom is coterminus with Bunyoro sub-region, home to an estimated 800,000 inhabitants in 2002, according to the national population and household census, held that year. The five (5) districts in Bunyoro sub-region are: Bulisa District, Hoima District, Kibaale District, Kiryandongo District and Masindi District. Kibaale District is part of an area known as “Lost Counties”.

In 1900, the 1900 Uganda Agreement defined the boundaries of Buganda Kingdom, including the important areas of Bunyoro south and east of the Kafu River. The area soon became known as the “Lost Counties”. The counties were included as a sub-national territorial element of Buganda. The administration of the “Lost Counties” as well as Bunyoro itself was modelled on the Buganda political system and under the leadership of Baganda chiefs. In addition to land the Baganda held political and administrative positions from village chief and upwards. The Baganda also controlled schools and churches in the “Lost Counties”, and Luganda was the only native language allowed in public institutions. Buganda was at the center of the colony while Bunyoro remained as a subsidiary territory.

After a referendum in 1964 the counties of Buyaga and Bugangaizi, which constitute present-day Kibaale District, went to Bunyoro Kingdom, and subsequently political and administrative control shifted from Baganda to Banyoro hands. President Obote abolished the kingdoms in 1967, but the counties remained part of Bunyoro District. In 1974 Bunyoro was divided into North Bunyoro and South Bunyoro, which were renamed Masindi District and Hoima District, respectively, in 1980. In 1991 Buyaga and Bugangaizi separated from Hoima District and became Kibaale District.

In July 2012, an outbreak of Ebola virus disease was reported in Kagadi, and as of 14 August 2012, had infected 24 and killed 16, a 66% case fatality rate, bringing back memories of the 2000 Uganda Ebola outbreak. Officials urged people not to panic, and a national emergency task force was established. The government, World Health Organization and U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention sent experts to tackle the outbreak.[4][5][6]


In 2002 the district had a population of about 405,900 inhabitants, according to the national census.[7] The annual population growth rate of the district was estimated at 3%. It is estimated that the population of the district in 2010 was approximately 514,200. See table below:

Kibaale District Population Trends
Year Estimated Population
2002 405,900
2003 418,100
2004 430,600
2005 443,500
2006 456,800
2007 470,500
2008 484,700
2009 499,200
2010 514,200

Kibaale District is socially heterogeneous, with more than thirty two (32) registered ethnic groups, but only half of the population are Banyoro, and the remainder are of Ugandan immigrant origin. About 60% of the population are Catholics, 30% belong to the Church of Uganda, and 3% are registered as Muslims. The district, like most of Western Uganda, is a predominantly rural area, with an average population density of around 145 persons per km². Only about 1% of the inhabitants live in urban settlements. Kibaale District has the highest fertility rate in Uganda (8.2).[8]

Economic activities

Agriculture is the mainstay of the district economy although only 12 percent of the arable land is currently cultivated. The population is mainly engaged in subsistence production of food crops such as sweet potatoes, cassava, millet, beans, bananas and groundnuts. Bananas cover an estimated 14,400 hectares (56 sq mi), of which 90% are for brewing enguuli, the undistilled precursor of Uganda Waragi.[9]

External links

  • Kibaale District Information Portal

See also


Coordinates: 0°59′N 31°05′E / 0.983°N 31.083°E / 0.983; 31.083

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.