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Kidd-class destroyer

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Kidd-class destroyer

Kidd-class destroyer
 2 Kidd-class destroyers of the Republic of China Navy at Port Makong, Penghu County
Class overview
Name: Kidd-class destroyer
Builders: Ingalls Shipbuilding, Pascagoula, Mississippi
Operators:
Preceded by: Spruance-class destroyer
Succeeded by: Arleigh Burke-class destroyer
Built: 1978
In commission: 1981–1999
Completed: 4
Active: 4 (Republic of China Navy)
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement:
  • Light: 7,289 t (7,174 long tons; 8,035 short tons)
  • Full: 9,783 t (9,628 long tons; 10,784 short tons)
  • Dead Weight: 2,494 t (2,455 long tons; 2,749 short tons)
Length: 563 ft (172 m)
Beam: 55 ft (17 m)
Draught: 31.5 ft (9.6 m)
Propulsion: 4 × General Electric LM2500 gas turbines, 2 shafts, 80,000 shp (60 MW)
Speed: 33 knots (61 km/h; 38 mph)
Range:
  • 6,000 nautical miles (11,000 km; 6,900 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)
  • 3,300 nautical miles (6,100 km; 3,800 mi) at 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)
Sensors and
processing systems:
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Armament:
Aircraft carried: 2 SH-60B/S-70C(M)-1/2 LAMPS III helicopters
Aviation facilities: Flight deck and enclosed hangar for up to two medium-lift helicopters

The Kidd-class [2] During their service with the U.S. Navy from the 1980s to the late 1990s, the ships were popularly known as the "Ayatollah" or "dead admiral" class. They were decommissioned and sold to Taiwan, now being known as the Kee Lung-class.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Sale and reactivation 2
    • Kee Lung-class destroyers 2.1
  • Ships in class 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

These ships were originally ordered by the last Shah (king) of Iran for service in the Persian Gulf, in an air defence role. The Shah was overthrown in the Iranian Revolution, prior to Iran accepting delivery of the ships, causing the United States Navy to integrate the vessels into its own fleet.

Each ship in the class was named after a U.S. Navy Admiral who had died in combat in the Pacific in World War II:

In 1988–90, the Kidds’ received the “[2][3]

All four ships were decommissioned from the U.S. Navy in the late 1990s, and were initially offered for sale to Australia in 1997 for A$30 million each.[4] In 1999, the offer was rejected, based on extensive problems the Royal Australian Navy had encountered during the acquisition of two surplus Newport class tank landing ships from the U.S. Navy in 1994.[4] After the Australian refusal, the four ships were offered to Greece, which also refused.[4]

Sale and reactivation

In 2001, the U.S. authorized the reactivation and sale of all four ships to Taiwan. All four have been transferred to the Republic of China (Taiwan) Navy under the Kuang Hua VII program. They were sold for a total price of US$732 million with upgraded hardware, overhaul, activation, and training, included a reduced missile loadout of 148 SM-2 Block IIIA and 32 RGM-84L Block II Harpoon anti-ship missiles.[5] The reactivation was done in Charleston, South Carolina, by VSE/BAV.[6]

Kee Lung-class destroyers

The first two ships, ex-Scott and ex-Callaghan, arrived at Su-ao, a military port in eastern Taiwan, in December 2005, and were named Kee Lung (DDG-1801) and Su Ao (DDG-1802) in a commissioning ceremony on 17 December 2005. Following the tradition of ship class naming, ROCN has referred these vessels as Kee Lung class destroyers. The remaining two units, ex-Kidd and ex-Chandler, were delivered in 2006, and named Tso Ying (DDG-1803) and Ma Kong (DDG-1805), respectively.

The opposition-led Legislature Yuan originally allocated only enough money to purchase half of the SM-2 missiles that the destroyers can carry; a further purchase of 100 supplemental SM-2MRs was included in the 2007 annual budget to ensure all four ships had a full load of SM-2.

By end of 2008, DDG-1802 Su Ao was spotted to have eight HF-3 AShMs installed in place of eight Harpoon AShMs.[7] From 2014 on, Standard Missile system will gradually be replaced by Sky Bow missile system.

Ships in class

References

  1. ^ [4]
  2. ^ a b [5]
  3. ^ [6]
  4. ^ a b c McPhedran, Ian (5 November 1999). "Navy told US ships too risky".  
  5. ^ "DDG-993 KIDD-class". GlobalSecurity.Org. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  6. ^ "Vsebav completes reactivation of ex-Kidd class guided missile destroyers". PR Newswire. Retrieved 25 November 2010. 
  7. ^ Photo of ship-mounted Hsiung Feng-III Anti-ship missiles taken at Su Ao Harbour

External links

  • -class destroyersKidd at Destroyer History Foundation
  • "World Navies Today: Taiwan (Republic of China)", Haze Gray & Underway.
  • "DDG-993 KIDD-class"
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