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King of Prussia, Pennsylvania

King of Prussia
Census-designated place
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Montgomery
Township Upper Merion
Elevation 200 ft (61 m)
Coordinates
Area 8.5 sq mi (22 km2)
 - land 8.4 sq mi (22 km2)
 - water 0.1 sq mi (0 km2), 1.18%
Population 19,936 (2010)
Density 2,345.4 / sq mi (905.6 / km2)
Timezone EST (UTC-5)
 - summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code 610, 484
Location of King of Prussia in Pennsylvania
Location of Pennsylvania in the United States

King of Prussia is a census-designated place in Upper Merion Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, United States. As of the 2010 census, its population was 19,936. The community took its name in the 18th century from a local tavern named the King of Prussia Inn, which was named after King Frederick II of Prussia. Like the rest of Montgomery County, King of Prussia continues to experience rapid development. The second-largest shopping mall in the United States in terms of space and size (nearly 3 million square feet), the King of Prussia Mall, is located here. Also located here is the headquarters of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission Region I.

King of Prussia is considered to be an "edge city" of Philadelphia.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Infrastructure 3
  • Companies 4
  • Demographics 5
  • Education 6
  • Notable people 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

The eponymous

  • Upper Merion Town

External links

  1. ^ Haley, Bill. '"A Home For The Inn," Berry’s Tavern in Merionethshire, and the "Other" Valley Forge'. Accessed June 23, 2006.
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ Franklin, Benjamin.reprinted on The History Carper.
  4. ^ Greater Valley Forge Chamber of Commerce. "King of Prussia's name". Accessed June 23, 2006.
  5. ^
  6. ^ In the King of Prussia
  7. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0084130/?ref_=fn_al_tt_1
  8. ^ Historic Reeseville. The name of the town was chosen because there were ten Kings that originally lived in the town. "Early King of Prussia. Accessed June 23, 2006.
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ procurian.com
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^ Jobriath

References

  • The Bloodhound Gang - A comedic rock band originating in the early '90s from King of Prussia.[14]
  • Jobriath Boone - (born Bruce Wayne Campbell December 14, 1946 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, died August 3, 1983), A native of King of Prussia, he was an American folk and glam rock musician and actor. He was the first openly gay rock musician to be signed to a major record label, Elektra Records.[15]
  • Charlie Brenneman - Professional Mixed Martial Arts competitor with a 15–7 record.
  • Kathy Jordan - Professional tennis player
  • Kit Osbourne - Professional wrestler
  • Lisa Salters- An ESPN Reporter for various sports including basketball and football.
  • Doug Albro- The true King of Prussia.

Notable people

Public school students in the King of Prussia area attend schools in the Upper Merion Area School District. The schools include Caley Road, Roberts, Bridgeport, and Candlebrook Elementary, Upper Merion Area Middle School and Upper Merion Area High School. King of Prussia also has a Private school, Mother Teresa Regional Catholic School.

Education

The median income for a household in the CDP was $62,012, and the median income for a family was $75,882. Males had a median income of $50,803 versus $37,347 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $32,070. 3.2% of the population and 1.6% of families were below the poverty line. 1.8% of those under the age of 18 and 2.1% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 17.6% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 35.1% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.

There were 8,245 households out of which 21.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.1% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.89.

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 18,511 people, 8,245 households, and 4,773 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 2,202.4 people per square mile (850.8/km²). There is about 8,705 housing units at an average density of 1,035.7/sq mi (400.1/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 82.70% White, 10.62% Asian, 4.26% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.84% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. 1.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the 2010 census, the CDP was 69.4% White Non-Hispanic, 5.7% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 18.6% Asian, and 2.1% were two or more races. 4.2% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry. 22.4% of the population was foreign-born.[1]

Demographics

In addition, major commercial property owners in King of Prussia formed an organization in 2010 called the King of Prussia Business Improvement District that works to improve the physical environment, market the area, and advocate for zoning, tax and transportation policies that will keep King of Prussia competitive in the region.

Lilly Pulitzer has its corporate headquarters in King of Prussia.

American Baptist Churches USA has its administrative headquarters in King of Prussia, in a building locally nicknamed "The Holy Doughnut" due to its shape.[12]

Lockheed Martin has a large facility on a hill overlooking the mall as well. King of Prussia is also home to roughly 200 or more companies who have headquarters or regional offices in the area. AT&T Wireless, McKesson, Trane, MAACO, GSI Commerce, General Electric, GlaxoSmithKline, Pfizer, John Middleton Co., Arkema, Fiserv, Cephalon, Merck & Co, Fidelity Investments, BNY Mellon, CSL Behring, Elan Pharmaceuticals, Hospira, Abbott Laboratories, GHS Pharma, Procurian,[11] and BNP Paribas are a few examples. The Theodore Presser Company, the United States's oldest music publisher, is also located in King of Prussia.

Other prominent retail space developed by others on the periphery of the mall includes big box stores such as Best Buy, and Costco Wholesale, a Toys "R" Us/Babies "R" Us Superstore, Nordstrom Rack, a United Artists theatre with IMAX, and Bahama Breeze, Champs, Ruth's Chris Steakhouse, all directly across the street from the massive shopping mall. A large Home Depot is located within 1/4 mile, Walmart and Wegmans. These retail outlets employ 6,000 people in the area. Visitor traffic on average shopping day is in the 25,000 range, while on Christmas season weekends, it reaches over 125,000 daily.

The King of Prussia shopping complex is rare among malls, because it is largely served by a modern energy-saving HVAC central plant and a unique high tension dual automatic switching electrical feeds, attesting to the foresight and sophisticated management style of the original Kravco owners and developers.

Restaurants at the mall include Fox & Hound Pub, Bonefish Grill, Sullivan's Steakhouse, Ruby's, Maggiano's Little Italy, Rock Bottom, Legal Sea Foods, California Pizza Kitchen, The Cheesecake Factory, and three food courts. All of Darden Restaurants concepts are prominent in King of Prussia as well, including the flagship Red Lobster.

The King of Prussia shopping complex caters to a very broad spectrum of consumers. Sales per square foot averages $600, among the highest in the industry. Current anchor stores at The Plaza include Neiman-Marcus, Nordstrom, Lord & Taylor, JCPenney, and Dick's Sporting Goods. Other notable Plaza tenants are Apple, Tiffany's, Hermès, Samsonite, and Crate & Barrel. Current anchor stores at The Court include Macy's and Bloomingdales.

Thus the total GLA at King of Prussia is in the vicinity of 2,800,000 square feet (260,000 m2) GLA, depending on the source used, making it the largest shopping complex in terms of GLA under one ownership in the United States. The Mall of America has more GLA under one roof, but is actually smaller than King of Prussia in terms of GLA.

When the 180,000-square-foot (17,000 m2) Strawbridge's department store at the far end of the Court became vacant in the late 1990s, the original Kravco partners bought the building. Kravco Company re-tenanted it with big-box stores and restaurants such as The Cheesecake Factory, reducing GLA slightly, renaming that portion of The Court "The Pavilion."

The Plaza at King of Prussia originally opened in 1960, and was under a continual expansion until 1968. The Court at King of Prussia, comprising 900,000 square feet (84,000 m2) GLA connected by an open-air walkway to The Plaza, opened in 1981. The Plaza was renovated and expanded between 1991–1996, to include nearly 1,900,000 square feet (180,000 m2) GLA. The Court was renovated during 1996. The complex is undertaking a massive expansion to connect the buildings under one roof for the first time. This expansion is expected to be complete in the Fall of 2016.

King of Prussia is home to the King of Prussia Mall, the largest shopping complex in the United States, based on shopping area square footage. (The Mall of America in Bloomington, Minnesota, is the largest when theme park square footage is included.) King of Prussia comprises two malls "connected" by a 300 foot covered crosswalk, originally developed and operated by Kravco Company, now owned and managed by Simon Property Group.

Satellite view of King of Prussia Mall

Companies

King of Prussia is well served by many transit lines including buses, the Norristown High Speed Line operated by SEPTA, and the Rambler operated by the Greater Valley Forge Transportation Management Association.

The construction of the nation's 2nd largest shopping mall, thousands of homes, various hotels and highrises, strip malls, restaurants, freeways, a convention center, and much more has caused King of Prussia to become a highly developed community. One unfortunate side effect of the rapid development over the last several decades is that the plumbing and water drainage infrastructure is now barely able to handle the volume, leading to periodic water back ups for homes. The depth of this was shown on a larger scale in October and November 2010 when the King of Prussia Plaza flooded, causing serious damage to many of the first floor areas. Despite this, King of Prussia is seen as an idyllic place to live with some homes and farmsteads older than 200 years still dotting the rolling countryside. Some is being done to protect King of Prussia's many historic sites. Most historic preservation has been concerned with Continental Army spent the winter of 1777–78,which borders King of Prussia to the west.

King of Prussia has retained its role as an important crossroads throughout United States history. In addition to the Inn, from the earliest days, the intersection supported two general stores. Today, four major highways meet in or near the center of King of Prussia. The Schuylkill Expressway (I-76) from Center City, Philadelphia, ends in King of Prussia at the Pennsylvania Turnpike, an east-west toll road across the southern portion of the state. US 422 begins near the center of town and heads west to Reading; thanks to reconstruction in 2000, motorists can now travel directly from Reading to Philadelphia without passing onto US 202. US 202 is the only major highway that becomes a surface road through the area.

Infrastructure

The area is served by area codes 610 and 484. 484 is an overlay area code.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 8.5 square miles (22 km2), of which 8.4 square miles (22 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2), or 0.83%, is water.

King of Prussia is located at (40.0946, -75.3781).[10]

There is no incorporated city of King of Prussia, although the United States Postal Service office there still carries that name (since 1850[8]). The zip code is 19406.[9] King of Prussia's boundaries, as defined by the Census Bureau, are the Schuylkill River to the north, U.S. Route 422 to the west, Bridgeport to the east, and I-76 to the south. However, the Greater King of Prussia Area is often cited to include Bridgeport, parts of Wayne and Radnor Township, King Manor, as well as most of Gulph Mills. The local fire department carries the King of Prussia name, whereas the police department and the school district carry the Upper Merion name.

Aerial view of King of Prussia, with the King of Prussia Mall in the foreground

Geography

Daniel Berrigan and his brother Philip Berrigan began their Plowshares Movement at the General Electric Weapons Plant in King of Prussia in 1980. That event and the subsequent court proceedings surrounding the 'Plowshares Eight' were dramatically depicted by Emile de Antonio in the 1983 motion picture In the King of Prussia.[6][7]

[5] The extensive

The inn was forced to move with the expansion of U.S. Route 202. U.S. 202 is a major north-south highway that passes through the town from southwest to northeast. Its construction as a modern expressway would have caused the destruction of the King of Prussia Inn; however, historic preservationists managed to prevail upon the state of Pennsylvania to avoid this important structure by building north and southbound lanes on either side of it. For more than a quarter century the inn was marooned on a median island, with motor traffic whizzing past on both sides. It was sealed up for years, surrounded by a high fence. The inn was successfully relocated in 2000 and opened to the public in October 2002.

Parker's spy map,[2] created by a Tory sympathizer of the Kingdom of Great Britain, listed the inn as "Berry's" in 1777, but a local petition in 1786 identified it as the "King of Prussia". It was possibly renamed in honor of Benjamin Franklin's pro-American satirical essay "An Edict by the King of Prussia".[3] At some point a wooden signboard of the inn depicted King Frederick II (Frederick the Great) of Prussia. The inn is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[4]

[1]

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