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Kings of Navarre

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Title: Kings of Navarre  
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Subject: Alfonso the Battler, List of Spanish monarchs, Navarre, John II of Aragon, Members of the French Royal Families, Lower Navarre, Aiza, Magdalena of Valois, List of heads of state of Spain
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Kings of Navarre


This is a list of the kings and queens of Pamplona, later Navarre. Pamplona was the primary name of the kingdom until its union with Aragon (1076–1134). However, the territorial designation Navarre came into use as an alternative name in the late tenth century, and the name Pamplona was retained well into the twelfth century.

Lists of monarchs of medieval Spain:
List of Aragonese monarchs
List of Asturian monarchs
List of Castilian monarchs
List of monarchs of al-Andalus
List of Galician monarchs
List of monarchs of Granada
List of Leonese monarchs
List of monarchs of Majorca
List of Navarrese monarchs
List of Valencian monarchs
List of Visigothic monarchs
List of Galician Suebic monarchs

House of Íñiguez, ? 824–905

The Íñiguez dynasty founded the Navarrese kingdom (of Pamplona) in or around 824 when they rebelled against nominal Frankish (Carolingian) authority. |- ||| ||4 children||851/2 |- |García Íñiguez
851/2–882|| ||son of Íñigo Arista||5 children||882 |- |Fortún Garcés
882–905|| ||son of García Íñiguez||Oria
5 children||(deposed 905) |- |}

House of Jiménez, 905–1234

In 905, a coalition of neighbors forced Fortún Garcés to retire to a monastery, and enthroned in his place a scion of a new dynasty. Under their reign, the name Navarre began to supplant that of Pamplona. |- | Sancho I Garcés
905–925|| ||son of García Jiménez and Dadildis de Pallars||Toda of Navarre
6 children||11 December 925
Resa |- |Jimeno Garcés
925–931|| ||son of García Jiménez and Dadildis de Pallars||Sancha of Navarre
3 children||29 May 931 |- |García Sánchez I
931–970|| ||919
son of Sancho I Garcés and Toda of Navarre||Andregota Galíndez of Aragon
2 children
Teresa Ramírez of León
3 children||22 February 970
aged 51 |- |Urraca Fernández
4 children||December 994 |- |García Sánchez II
994–1000/1004|| ||son of Sancho II Garcés Abarca and Urraca Fernández||Jimena Fernández of Cea
981
4 children||1000/1004 |- |Muniadona Mayor
1010
4 children||18 October 1035 |- |García Sánchez III
1035–1054|| ||1016
son of Sancho III the Great and Muniadona Mayor||Estefanía of Barcelona
1038
9 children||15 September 1054
Atapuerca |- |Sancho IV Garcés
1054–1076|| ||1039
son of García Sánchez III and Estefanía of Barcelona||Placencia
1068
3 children||4 June 1076
Peñalén |- |}

With the assassination of Sancho IV, Navarre was partitioned by his cousins Alfonso VI of Castile and Sancho Ramirez of Aragon, and the latter made king, leading to more than half-a-century of Aragonese control.

|- |Huesca
aged c. 52 |- |Aran Valley
aged c. 36 |- |Alfonso I the Battler
1104–1134||Huesca
aged c. 61 |- |}

The death of Alfonso led to a succession crisis in Aragon, and the nobles of Navarre took advantage to reestablish an independent monarchy, crowning a grandnephew (through an illegitimate brother) of the assassinated Sancho IV. |- |Lorca |- |Pamplona |- |Tudela |- |}

House of Champagne, 1234–1284

The death of Sancho VII, the last of the Jimenez kings, led to the crown of Navarre being inherited by the son of his sister Blanche, Countess of Champagne, she having been regent during much of her brother's reign. |- |Pamplona
aged 52 |- |Trapani
aged 32 |- |Blanche of Artois
1269
2 children||22 July 1274
aged 30 |- |Château de Vincennes
aged 34 |- |}

Capetian dynasty, 1284–1441

House of Capet, 1284–1349

Henry's unexpected death left his infant daughter Joan as the only heir to the throne, whose mother Blanche of Artois served as regent for the next ten years. In 1284 Joan was married to Philip IV, ending Blanche's regency, and Philip IV assumed the throne of France a year later as "King of France and Navarre".

|- |Fontainebleau
aged 46 |- |Vincennes
aged 26 |- |Paris
5 days |- |Joan II, Countess of Burgundy
1307
7 children||3 January 1322
Longchamp
aged 29 |- |Vincennes
aged 34 |- |Charenton-le-Pont
aged 37 |- |}

House of Évreux, 1328–1441

|- |Jerez de la Frontera
aged 37 |- |Pamplona
aged 54 |- |Olite
aged 64 |- |Blanche I
1425–1441||||1385
Castile
daughter of Charles III of Navarre and Eleanor of Castile||Martin I of Sicily
26 December 1402
1 child
John II of Aragon
10 June 1420
4 children||3 April 1441
Santa María la Real de Nieva
aged 56 |- |}

House of Trastámara, 1425–1479

|- |Barcelona
aged 81 |- |Eleanor
1479||||2 February 1425
Olite
daughter of John II of Aragon and Blanche I of Navarre||Gaston IV, Count of Foix
11 children||12 February 1479
Tudela
aged 54 |- |}


John II retained the Crown of Navarre after his wife's death, but his son and elder daughter were claimants and de jure monarchs. |- |Barcelona
aged 40 |- |Blanche II
1461–1464||||1424
Olite
daughter of John II of Aragon and Blanche I of Navarre||Henry IV of Castile
No children ||2 December 1464
Orthez
aged 40 |- |}

House of Foix, 1479–1518

|- |Francis Phoebus
1479–1483||||12 April 1467
son of Gaston of Foix, Prince of Viana, and Magdalena of Valois||never married||12 February 1483
Pau
aged 16 |- |Mont-de-Marsan
aged 49 |- |}

House of Albret, 1518–1572

John III was defeated by Ferdinand II of Aragon in 1512, who then conquered southern Navarre for the Crown of Aragon and was crowned king. See the List of Aragonese and Spanish monarchs for this line. The monarchs of Navarre after 1512 thus only reigned over Lower Navarre, the part of Navarre north of the Pyrenees. |- |Pau
aged 47 |- |Hagetmau
aged 52 |- |Joan III
1555–1572||Paris
aged 44 |- |}

Capetian dynasty, 1572–1620

House of Bourbon, 1572–1620

|- |Eure
aged 44 |- |Paris
aged 57 |- |Paris
aged 41 |- |} Henry III of Navarre became Henry IV of France and thereafter the crown of Navarre passed to the kings of France. In 1620, the Kingdom was merged into France; however, the French kings continued to use the title King of Navarre until 1791, and it was revived again from 1814 to 1830 during the Bourbon Restoration.

The Bourbon Carlist pretenders to the throne of Spain had Spanish Navarre as a stronghold during the Carlist Wars, but their claim was to all the Spanish royal titles in general.

Current claimants

  • Princess Alicia of Bourbon-Parma, Dowager Duchess of Calabria, Infanta of Spain, is the current claimant to the Crown of the Kingdom of Navarre in accordance with its traditional male-preference cognatic primogeniture, as evidenced by her son and heir's official website.[1] Alicia is the only surviving daughter of Elias, Duke of Parma (1880-1959), whose father Robert I, Duke of Parma (1848-1907) was the son and heir of Louise Marie Thérèse d'Artois, granddaughter of Charles X of France. Robert inherited the Navarrese cognatic claim on the death of Henry, Count of Chambord (1820-1883), the last male-line descendant of Charles X.
  • Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou, is the current Legitimist claimant to the kingdoms of France and Navarre. His claim is based on the Salic law, since the Kingdom of Navarre had merged with France under Louis XIII. Legitimists consider the renunciation of Anjou's ancestor King Philip V of Spain to the French throne invalid, being contrary to the French fundamental laws of succession.
  • Prince Henri, Count of Paris, Duke of France, is the current Orleanist claimant to the kingdoms of France and Navarre. His claim is based on the Salic law, since the Kingdom of Navarre had merged with France under Louis XIII. Orleanists claim the French throne on the basis of nationality, which they claim to be a part of the French fundamental laws of succession.
  • Juan Carlos I of Spain uses the title King of Navarre as part of his more extended titulary, inherited from earlier monarchs of Spain (Castile and Aragon) and based on the conquest of the majority of the ancient kingdom by Ferdinand II of Aragon.

References

See also

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