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Kofu

"Kōfu" redirects here. For the town in Tottori Prefecture, see Kōfu, Tottori.
Kōfu
甲府
Special city
甲府市

Takeda Shingen Festival in April

Flag
Yamanashi Prefecture
Kōfu
Kōfu
Location in Japan

Coordinates: 35°40′N 138°34′E / 35.667°N 138.567°E / 35.667; 138.567Coordinates: 35°40′N 138°34′E / 35.667°N 138.567°E / 35.667; 138.567

Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Yamanashi Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Masanobu Miyajima (since February 2003)
Area
 • Total 212.41 km2 (82.01 sq mi)
Population (May 1, 2011)
 • Total 197,540
 • Density 929.99/km2 (2,408.7/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Quercus
- Flower Dianthus
- Bird Common Kingfisher
Address 2-17-1 Aioi, Kofu-shi, Yamanashi-ken
400-8585
Phone number 055-237-1161
Website

Kōfu (甲府市 Kōfu-shi?) is the capital city of Yamanashi Prefecture in Japan.

As of May 1, 2011, the city has an estimated population of 197,540, with 85,794 households and a population density of 929.99 persons per km². The total area is 212.41 km².

History



Kōfu's name means "capital of Kai Province". During the Sengoku period, it was the stronghold of Takeda Shingen.

Centuries ago the area which today is referred to as Yamanashi Prefecture was known as Kai Province. At that time the geographical denomination of ken (prefecture), was not yet in use, and the area was categorized as a fu. Located in the center of Kai, Kōfu's name was derived from a combination of kanji used in both Kai and fu. Alternate pronunciation of the characters resulted in the modern name of Kōfu.

Archaeologists have discovered evidence of human settlement in the Kōfu area dating back as far as 6000 years BCE. However, the town of Kōfu was not formally established until 1519.

During World War II, much of the city was destroyed by United States Army Air Forces B-29 Superfortress bombers during a major air raid during the night of 6 July 1945.

Kōfu is designated as one of the special cities of Japan. On March 1, 2006, Kōfu, with a population of 193,795, absorbed the town of Nakamichi (from Higashiyatsushiro District), and the northern part of the village of Kamikuishiki (from Nishiyatsushiro District) increasing the population to 201,184.

Climate

Kōfu has the typical Honshū humid subtropical climate, though it is less wet than either the south or Sea of Japan coast due to its location in a shielded mountain valley. Temperature ranges are noticeably greater than in coastal regions: in 2004 Kōfu reached a temperature of 40 °C (104 °F) previously almost unknown in Japan, and it has fallen below 0 °C (32 °F) as early as 26 October,[1] which is about a month before the earliest freezing temperatures in such coastal cities as Kanazawa or Tokyo.

Climate data for Kōfu, Yamanashi (1981~2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.2
(68.4)
25.4
(77.7)
28.8
(83.8)
33.1
(91.6)
34.3
(93.7)
38.1
(100.6)
40.4
(104.7)
39.8
(103.6)
38.0
(100.4)
33.8
(92.8)
29.6
(85.3)
24.9
(76.8)
40.4
(104.7)
Average high °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
10.3
(50.5)
14.2
(57.6)
20.4
(68.7)
24.6
(76.3)
27.3
(81.1)
30.9
(87.6)
32.5
(90.5)
28.0
(82.4)
21.9
(71.4)
16.4
(61.5)
11.2
(52.2)
20.5
(68.9)
Average low °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
−1
(30)
2.7
(36.9)
8.3
(46.9)
13.3
(55.9)
17.9
(64.2)
21.8
(71.2)
22.8
(73)
19.1
(66.4)
12.3
(54.1)
5.5
(41.9)
−0.2
(31.6)
10.0
(50)
Record low °C (°F) −19.5
(−3.1)
−17.2
(1)
−11.4
(11.5)
−4.6
(23.7)
−0.6
(30.9)
5.4
(41.7)
12.6
(54.7)
13.2
(55.8)
6.0
(42.8)
−1.8
(28.8)
−6
(21)
−11.7
(10.9)
−19.5
(−3.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 40.2
(1.583)
46.1
(1.815)
87.9
(3.461)
77.7
(3.059)
86.3
(3.398)
122.5
(4.823)
132.6
(5.22)
149.5
(5.886)
180.3
(7.098)
125.2
(4.929)
54.9
(2.161)
32.1
(1.264)
1,135.3
(44.697)
Snowfall cm (inches) 13
(5.1)
10
(3.9)
4
(1.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
28
(11)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 4.9 5.7 9.8 8.9 9.7 12.1 12.5 10.1 11.2 9.4 6.3 4.2 104.8
Avg. snowy days 4.5 3.1 0.9 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 9.2
 % humidity 57 54 56 58 64 71 73 71 72 71 68 61 64.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 204.8 189.9 198.7 202.0 196.3 148.9 164.1 197.3 142.2 160.9 176.6 201.3 2,183
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency[2]
Source #2: Japan Meteorological Agency (records)[3]

Education

Transportation

Rail

Road

Notable places

Notable people

Sport

A J-League football team, Ventforet Kofu is based in Kōfu. They currently play in the J. League division 1, and their home ground is the Kose Sports Stadium.


Sister cities

References

External links

  • Kōfu City official website
  • Yamanashi International Association
  • teacher website-English
  • Yamanashi teacher's website-English
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