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Kojak

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Subject: Telly Savalas, Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Television Series Drama, Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Drama Series, Eugene Roche, 1973 in television
Collection: 1970S American Television Series, 1973 American Television Series Debuts, 1978 American Television Series Endings, American Crime Television Series, American Drama Television Series, Best Drama Series Golden Globe Winners, Cbs Network Shows, Edgar Award Winning Works, English-Language Television Programming, Fictional Portrayals of the New York City Police Department, Kojak, Television Series by Universal Studios, Television Series by Universal Television, Television Shows Filmed in New York, Television Shows Set in New York City
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Kojak

Kojak
Kojak title screen, from the first season
Created by Abby Mann
("suggested by" the book
Justice in the Back Room,
written by Selwyn Raab)
Starring Telly Savalas
Dan Frazer
Kevin Dobson
George Savalas
Mark Russell
Vince Conti
Andre Braugher
Country of origin United States
No. of seasons 5
No. of episodes 118 (list of episodes)
Production
Executive producer(s) Abby Mann
James Duff McAdams
Matthew Rapf
Running time 60 minutes
Production company(s) Universal Television
Distributor NBCUniversal Television Distribution
Release
Original channel CBS
Original release October 24, 1973 – March 18, 1978

Kojak is an American television series starring Telly Savalas as the title character, New York City Police Department Detective Lieutenant Theo Kojak. Taking the time slot of the popular Cannon series, it aired on CBS from October 24, 1973, to March 18, 1978. In 1999 TV Guide ranked Theo Kojak number 18 on its 50 Greatest TV Characters of All Time list.[1]

Contents

  • Production 1
  • Plot 2
  • Police slang 3
  • Characters 4
  • Music 5
  • Episodes 6
  • Remake 7
  • Film 8
  • Cultural impact 9
  • DVD releases 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12

Production

The show was created by Abby Mann, an Academy Award–winning film writer best known for his work on drama anthologies such as Robert Montgomery Presents and Playhouse 90. Universal Television approached him to do a story based on the 1963 Wylie-Hoffert Career Girls Murders, the brutal rape and murder of two young professional women in Manhattan.

Owing to poor police work and the prevailing casual attitude toward suspects' confession, the police had the suspect all but convicted until a second investigation by a different team of detectives exonerated the suspect and identified the real killer, a Puerto-Rican drug addict.

Mann developed the project as a gritty police procedural, but with a subtext focusing on institutionalized prejudice and the civil rights of suspects and witnesses. The result was the 1973 made-for-TV movie, The Marcus-Nelson Murders. The opening and closing titles of the film emphasized the point that it was a fictional account of the events that led to the creation of Miranda rights by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1966. Selwyn Raab's book Justice in the Back Room also provided Mann with some of his inspiration for the story of The Marcus-Nelson Murders, and the series subsequently included a credits reference to having been "suggested by a book by Selwyn Raab."[2]

Telly Savalas starred in The Marcus-Nelson Murders as a police detective whose last name was spelled "Kojack." The film served as a pilot for the Kojak television series. Kojak himself was a composite character, based on a number of detectives, lawyers, and reporters who were involved in the Wylie-Hoffert murder case.[3]

Plot

The series was set in the Manhattan South Patrol Borough.[5] The show revolved around the efforts of the tough and incorruptible Lieutenant Theodore ("Theo") Kojak (Telly Savalas), a bald, dapper, New York City policeman, who was fond of Tootsie Roll Pops and using the catchphrase, "Who loves ya, baby?" Kojak was stubborn and tenacious in his investigation of crimes—and also displayed a dark, cynical wit, along with a tendency to bend the rules if it brought a criminal to justice. Savalas described Kojak as a "basically honest character, tough but with feelings—the kind of guy who might kick a hooker in the tail if he had to, but they'd understand each other because maybe they grew up on the same kind of block."[6] Kojak's Greek American heritage, shared by actor Savalas, was featured prominently in the series.

In the early episodes of the series, Kojak is often seen smoking cigarettes. Following the 1964 Surgeon General's Report on smoking, cigarette commercials were banned from American television in 1971, and trying to quit smoking became common in the 1970s. To cut down on his own habit, Kojak began using lollipops as a substitute. The lollipop made its debut in the Season 1 episode "Dark Sunday", broadcast on December 12, 1973; Kojak lights a cigarette as he begins questioning a witness, but thinks better of it and sticks a lollipop (specifically, a Tootsie Pop) in his mouth instead. Later in the episode, Kevin Dobson's character Crocker asks about the lollipop and Kojak replies, "I'm looking to close the generation gap." Lollipops became a trademark of the character.

Telly Savalas as Lt. Theo Kojak with ubiquitous lollipop

His longtime supervisor was Demosthenes" as his screen credit; under his real name, Savalas also received a Production Associate credit during the early seasons), Detective Saperstein (Mark Russell), and Detective Rizzo (Vince Conti), all gave Kojak support. Roger Robinson appeared in 12 episodes as Detective Gil Weaver.

Among the guest stars in the series' original run were F. Murray Abraham, Maud Adams, Patrick Adiarte, Danny Aiello, Paul Anka, Armand Assante, Eileen Brennan, Blair Brown, Dabney Coleman, Scatman Crothers, Héctor Elizondo, Richard Gere, Ruth Gordon, Gloria Grahame, Robert Ito, Harvey Keitel, Sally Kirkland, Tina Louise, Carol Lynley, Sheree North, Geraldine Page, Kathleen Quinlan, Lynn Redgrave, John Ritter, Sylvester Stallone, Danny Thomas, Forrest Tucker, Christopher Walken, Eli Wallach, Shelley Winters and James Woods.

Although the show primarily focused on Kojak's police work, it occasionally veered into other areas of the character's lives, such as the first season episode "Knockover" which included a subplot involving Kojak romancing a (much younger) female police officer.

In 1976, acclaimed crime writer Joe Gores received an Edgar Award from the Mystery Writers of America for Best Episode in a TV Series Teleplay for the third-season episode "No Immunity for Murder" (first aired November 23, 1975).

The show was cancelled after five seasons in 1978, due to falling ratings. Reruns of Kojak became successful in syndication and TV Land. Years after the series ended, Savalas reprised the role in two TV movies, The Belarus File (1985) (an adaptation of the John Loftus book The Belarus Secret) and The Price of Justice (1987) (based on Dorothy Uhnak's novel The Investigation). Kojak is not a character in either book.

In 19891990, Kojak returned to television in five two-hour episodes that aired on ABC, rotating with three other series as part of the ABC Mystery Movie. No longer a lieutenant commanding a precinct detective squad, Kojak had been promoted to inspector and put in charge of the NYPD's city-wide Major Crimes Squad. Andre Braugher was cast as a young detective assigned to Kojak's command.

Series stars the two Savalas brothers, Frazer, and Dobson are the only cast members to appear in every episode of the original series, and they stayed throughout its entire run.

Police slang

Kojak used a red, magnetically mounted Federal Signal Fireball rotating emergency light atop his unmarked police vehicle (a bronze 1973 Buick Century Regal 455, and later, a copper 1975 version of the same car). This type of emergency light has popularly come to be known as a "Kojak Light" among police. During the series, Kojak's duty weapon was either a Smith & Wesson Model 15 or a .38 Special snub nosed Smith & Wesson Bodyguard. The latter type of revolver was the kind typically carried by New York City Police Department detectives of that era. Kojak usually carried it in the front right pocket of his overcoat or suit jacket, or he carried it in his hand as he approached a scene where he was expecting danger. This became known as carrying a weapon "Kojak Style" or as the "Kojak Carry" by police.

Characters

  • Telly Savalas as Lieutenant Theodore "Theo" Kojak
  • Dan Frazer as Captain Francis "Frank" McNeil—Kojak's boss
  • Kevin Dobson as Detective Robert "Bobby" Crocker
  • George Savalas (Demosthenes) as Detective Stavros
  • Mark Russell as Detective Percy Saperstein
  • Vince Conti as Detective Lionel Rizzo

Music

The somewhat better-known first Kojak theme, in two distinct arrangements, is the work of Billy Goldenberg, who scored the early episodes. John Cacavas composed the third main title theme used throughout the show's fifth and final season. In addition, Cacavas composed the music score for most of the series.

Episodes

Kojak aired for five seasons on CBS, from 1973 to 1978. In 1985, seven years after the series ended, Telly Savalas returned to play Kojak in 7 TV movies beginning with The Belarus File. The latter 5 of them aired on ABC as part of their ABC Mystery Movie theme block which aired on Saturday nights. His character was promoted to the rank of Captain, and later Inspector. Andre Braugher co-starred as Det. Winston Blake, and for one two-hour episode, It's Always Something, Kevin Dobson returned as Bobby Crocker, now an assistant district attorney. Guest stars in these TV movies included Angie Dickinson, Marcia Gay Harden, Max von Sydow, Jerry Orbach and Suzanne Pleshette.

Esquire TV aired the series in multi-hour blocks Wednesdays from September to mid-October 2015.

Remake

In March 2005, a new Kojak series debuted on the USA Network cable channel and on ITV4 in the UK. In this re-imagined version, actor Ving Rhames portrays the character. The series only lasted one season.

Film

Universal Pictures is planning to make a film version of Kojak, with Neal Purvis and Robert Wade to write the script for the film and Vin Diesel [7] will star as Kojak and produced the film with Samantha Vincent.[8] Philip Gawthorne will construct a new draft for the film and Scott Stuber And Dylan Clark will produce the film.[9]

On June 19, 2015 it was reported in media outlets that playwright Philip Gawthorne is on board for the new Kojak movie being written for Universal. “Kojak” is being produced by Diesel’s Universal-based One Race Films with Scott Stuber and Dylan Clark. Neal Purvis and Robert Wade, the writing team behind James Bond films including “The World Is Not Enough” and “Skyfall,” joined the project in 2012 to write a previous draft. Kristin Lowe and Jay Polidoro will oversee “Kojak” for the studio. Gawthorne is repped by CAA, 42 in the U.K. and Bloom Hergott. http://variety.com/2015/film/news/vin-diesel-kojak-philip-gawthorne-1201523964/

Cultural impact

In the hit 1977 movie Smokey and the Bandit, Cledus Snow (Jerry Reed) referred to a police officer with a radar gun as a "Kojak with a Kodak", reflecting contemporary CB slang. The phrase also appears in a subtitle in The Cannonball Run when the Japanese team in the Subaru GL encountered a radar-operating officer.

In the film Foul Play, Chevy Chase and Goldie Hawn commandeer a livery vehicle with two Asian tourists in the backseat. When the tourists become agitated at his high speed driving, Chase informs them that he is a policeman like Kojak. Even though the tourists know very little English, the name Kojak turns their chagrin to enthusiasm and they enjoy the high-speed pursuit. When the car stops and they are left in the backseat, the male tourist cracks a smile and yells "Kojak! BANG! BANG!"

In Canada, some Canadians were concerned that the show left an impression in Canadian youth that they had rights, such as to be informed of an offense, and that it depicted American police reading people their rights in accordance with the Miranda ruling. In his 1980 book Deference to Authority: The Case of Canada, American sociologist Edgar Fredenberg who came to Canada in the early 1970s to avoid the draft was concerned that Canadians were more upset over depictions of Americans practising their civil rights on a TV show dealing with civil rights issues than that they did not have those rights. In 1982, the right to be informed of a criminal offense and of one's rights was enumerated in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

In Brazil, the show was so successful that in the 1970s and 1980s the term "Kojak" became Brazilian slang for "bald man". In tribute, "Kojak" was a theme of Brazilian carnival-time music, a very rare honor. Telly Savalas also visited the country to do promotional work. In Rio de Janeiro, the expression: "I won't give a chance to Kojak" became popular among criminals, meaning the speaker would avoid leaving any clue that would lead the police to him or her. Later, this expression became popular among lay people. It would come to mean "I won't let anyone see my mistakes".

In Chile, the show was so successful that in the 1970s and 1980s the term "Kojak" became Chilean slang for "lollipop" until to this day. The same slang term can be found in many countries across the world (Algeria is an example).

In Maribor, Slovenia the National Liberation Fight statue on the Liberty Square is called "Kojak" by the locals because of its shape.

The Mumbly Cartoon Show, in which starred a canine version of Peter Falk's Columbo, also featured a caricature of Kojak/Savalas called "Schnooker" as the title character's sidekick.[10]

DVD releases

Universal Studios Home Entertainment released Season One of Kojak on DVD in Region 1, 2 and 4 in 2005-2006, but chose not to release any further seasons in Region 1.

On May 25, 2011, it was announced that Shout! Factory had acquired the Region 1 DVD rights to the series.[11] They have subsequently released the remaining 4 seasons on DVD as well as a complete movie collection.[12]

In Region 2, Mediumrare Entertainment has released seasons 2-5 on DVD in the UK.

In Region 4, Shock Entertainment has released seasons 2-5 on DVD in Australia.[13]

DVD Name Episodes Release dates
Region 1 Region 2 Region 4
Season One 22 March 22, 2005 July 18, 2005 June 1, 2006
Season Two 25 September 27, 2011 April 26, 2010 August 11, 2010
Season Three 24 March 20, 2012 April 26, 2010 August 11, 2010
Season Four 25 May 1, 2012 August 29, 2011 March 7, 2012
Season Five 22 September 11, 2012 August 29, 2011 March 7, 2012
The Complete Movie Collection 8 January 24, 2012 N/A N/A

References

  1. ^ TV Guide Guide to TV. Barnes and Noble. 2004. p. 651.  
  2. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ep5LvkSXCz8
  3. ^ Van Gelder, Lawrence "Thomas J. Cavanagh Jr., 82, Who Inspired 'Kojak,' Dies". The New York Times, Sunday, August 4, 1996
  4. ^ Reuss, Edward D. "The Fighting 9th Rises Again". Edward D. Reuss. NYCop.com. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  5. ^ Tim Brooks, Earl Marsh (2007). "Kojak (Police Drama)". The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows (9th ed.).  
  6. ^ Hernandez, Raymond (23 January 1994). "Telly Savalas, Actor, Dies at 70; Played 'Kojak' in 70's TV Series".  
  7. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yLrP4VfpS-A
  8. ^ Universal Sets ‘Skyfall’ Scribes Purvis & Wade To Script ‘Kojak’ For Vin Diesel
  9. ^
  10. ^ Mumbly on Saturday Morning Archives
  11. ^ Lacey, Gord (25 May 2011). "Kojak - Shout! Factory to Continue Kojak?". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  12. ^ Lambert, David (10 Oct 2011). "Kojak DVD news: Box Art and Details for Kojak - The Complete Movie Collection | TVShowsOnDVD.com". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  13. ^ http://www.screenpop.com.au/search/index/search_string/kojak/

External links

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