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Kruševac

Kruševac
Крушевац
City
The Kosovo Heroes Square
The Kosovo Heroes Square
Flag of Kruševac
Flag
Coat of arms of Kruševac
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Kruševac within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Kruševac within Serbia
Coordinates:
Country  Serbia
District Rasina
Settlements 101
Government
 • Mayor Dragi Nestorović
Area[1]
 • Municipality 854 km2 (330 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 58,745
 • Municipality 128,752
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 37000
Area code +381 37
Car plates
Website .rs.krusevacwww

Kruševac (Serbian Cyrillic: Крушевац ) is a city and the administrative center of the Rasina District, in Serbia. According to the 2011 census, the administrative area has a population of 128,752, while the town has 58,745.

The city was founded in 1371, by Prince Lazar of Serbia (1371–1389), who used it as his seat.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Settlements 2
  • Demographics (2011 census) 3
  • Politics 4
  • Famous residents 5
  • International relations 6
    • Twin towns — Sister cities 6.1
  • Gallery 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

History

The etymology is derived from the Serbian word for "river stone", krušac which was largely used for a building at that time.

Main train station in the town

Kruševac was founded in 1371, as a fortified town in the possession of Lord Lazar Hrebeljanović. The Lazarica Church (or Church of St. Stephen [Nemanja]) was built by Lazar between 1375–1378, in the Morava architectural style, in the village of .[3] It is mentioned in one of Lazar's edicts in 1387, as his seat, when he affirmed the rights of Venetian merchants on Serbian territory. In preparation for the Battle of Kosovo (1389) against the Ottoman Empire, the Serbian army assembled in the city. The site of Lazar's palace is marked by a ruined enclosure containing a fragment of the tower of his spouse Princess Milica, and, according to legend, tidings of the defeat were brought to her by crows from the battlefield. After the battle, the city was held by Princess Milica as her seat. The little that remains of Lazar's city is the Kruševac Fortress, which was declared a Cultural Monument of Exceptional Importance in 1979.[4] Several old Ottoman houses were left at the beginning of the 20th century, besides an old Turkish fountain and bath, which was known as Alacahisar (Aladža Hisar) during Ottoman rule between 1427-1833 (nominally to 1867) when Kruševac was the seat of the Sanjak of Kruševac. The Ottoman rule was interrupted during Austrian occupations between 1688–1690 and 1717-1739.

A large monument dedicated to the fallen Serbs at the Battle of Kosovo was sculpted by Petar Ubaković (1852–1910). A part of the monument is also a statue of the famous blind Serbian poet and guslar Filip Višnjić.

From 1929 to 1941, Kruševac was part of the Morava Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Settlements

Aside from the city of Kruševac, which is the urban administrative center, the municipality includes the following 101 settlements:

Demographics (2011 census)

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 122,529
Montenegrins 282
Roma 2,461
Yugoslavs 86
Macedonians 200
Croats 107
Total 128,752

Politics

Seats in the municipality parliament won in the 2008 local elections:[5]

Party Seats
DS, SPO 20
SRS 18
DSS 15
SPS 7
JS 5
G17 Plus 5

Seats in the municipality parliament won in the 2012 local elections:[5]

Party Seats
PZP 20
SNS 18
SPS, JS 14
DS 12
DSS 6

Famous residents

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Kruševac is twinned with:

Other forms of cooperation and city friendship similar to the twin/sister city programmes:

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014.  
  3. ^ Filip Jovanovic i Djordje Banovic. "Istorija - Crkva Lazarica - Kruševac - Srpska Pravoslavna Crkva". Lazarica.rs. Retrieved 2013-03-26. 
  4. ^ ЦРКВА СВ.СТЕФАНА ЛАЗАРИЦА СА КРУШЕВАЧКИМ ГРАДОМMonuments of Culture in Serbia: (SANU) (Serbian) (English)
  5. ^ a b Politicke stranke u lokalnom parlamentu
  6. ^ "AllCorfu.Com: Corfu's Twin Cities". allcorfu.com. Retrieved 25 February 2010. 

External links

  • Kruševac Municipal Website
  • Internet portal Kruševac - Independent Website
  • KruševacPRESS - the first officially registered Kruševac-based Internet media
  • Kruševčki internet portal 37000.info
  • Kruševac Online
  • Kruševac Info portal grada
  • Swimming club Napredak Kruševac
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