World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kukkarahalli lake

Article Id: WHEBN0001251381
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kukkarahalli lake  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Amarja, Devakar Falls, Basava Sagar Dam, Vrishabhavathi River, Abbey Falls
Collection: Lakes of Mysore
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Kukkarahalli lake

Kukkarahalli Lake
Location Mysore
Coordinates
Type Freshwater Kukkarahally- Recreational and Fisheries
Catchment area 414 km2 (160 sq mi)
Basin countries India
Surface area 62 ha (150 acres)
Max. depth 5 m (16 ft)
Water volume 2.53×10^6 m3 (89×10^6 cu ft)
Shore length1 5 km (3.1 mi)
Surface elevation 755.73 m (2,479.4 ft)
Settlements Mysore
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Kukkarahalli Lake also called Kukkarhalli Kere (Lake is ‘’kere’’ in local Kannada language), located in the heart of the Mysore city, adjoins the Manasgangotri (University of Mysore),[1] the Kalamandir (Rangyana) and the Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI) campus (separated by the Hunsur Road). It provides lung-space to the city. Mummadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar, (1794–1868) of the Mysore Dynasty (Kingdom of Mysore) was responsible for getting the lake created, in the year 1864, to provide water for irrigation to about 4000 ha (10,000 acres) of land outside the city.[2] The Lake also used to be a source of water supply to the city of Mysore but over the years, sewage and excessive land encroachments (mostly illegal) and blockage of water flow sources almost led to the eutrophication of the lake. The University of Mysore and the citizen forums of Mysore continue to make efforts to preserve the lake by implementing several remedial measures. [3][4]

Contents

  • Access 1
  • Hydrology 2
  • Water quality 3
    • Utility of algal biomass 3.1
  • Bird watching 4
  • Lake restoration 5
  • Gallery 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Access

The lake is located within the Mysore city limits. The Mysore City railway station is about 3 km (1.9 mi) from the Lake. The nearest airport is at Mysore, at a road distance of 15 km (9.3 mi).

Hydrology

The lake drains a catchment area of more than 414 square kilometres (160 sq mi) and the water body spreads over 62 hectares (150 acres). Dewan Poornaiah feeder canal, 27 km (17 mi) long, which passes through Hinkal, Bogadi, Kudremala and Manasagangotri outfalls into the Lake.[4] The Lake is ‘J’ shaped. The maximum depth of lake is reported to be 5 m (16 ft). The east-west bund holds water on one side. Sandy loam to clay loam form the dominant geological condition of the Lake. On the northern side another temporary bund hold back the direct flow of waste water into the lake.[5]

Panoramic view of Kukkarahalli Lake in Mysore

The highest flood level in the lake is 755.73 m (2,479.4 ft).[6]

Water quality

A detailed study of the physico-chemical and bio-chemical parameters of the lake waters carried out in the period 1981-2001 confirmed the deteriorating status of the lake necessitating action for restoration. There was a high percentage of chemicals but low percentage of total plankton (43%). The activity of chemicals lead to the liberation of extra quantity of cellular products which increased to 53.19%. Lake indicated high productivity of bio-chemical products; with death and decay of algal blooms adding to the biochemical concentration. The lake waters showed high microorganisms present in the sample per litre.

Parameters Kukkarahalli Lake
Year / group 1981 1991 2001
Chlorococcales 35,3251 54,2210 43,8342
Desmids 150 Nil 7
Diatoms 5,822 5,132 6,173
Blue-greens 24,325 23,420 20,719
Euglenoids 8,321 3,251 6,577
Dinoflagellates 210 622 174

Utility of algal biomass

Scientists have reported that exploitation of polluted waters which are rich in algal biomass for biotechnological products could be a feasible proposition and that the Phycobiliproteins from algae could be used as sensitive fluorescent dye, as immunochemical reagent and also as efficient fluorochromes in multiple colour analysis.[6][7]

Bird watching

Night heron illustration

The lake was once a big attraction to bird watchers. According to naturalists, about 176[8] species of birds (a large number of them migratory birds, including birds from spot-billed pelicans, little cormorant, painted storks, openbill storks, Eurasian spoonbills, black-crowned night herons and Oriental darters.[4] BirdLife International has included Kukkarahalli Lake in the list of 38 important Important Bird Areas (IBAs)[9] in the State or Karnataka.[10]

Lake restoration

The jog path/walkway along the Kukkarahally Lake

During the year 2003-2004, with grants of about US $0.2 million (Rs 91 lakhs) provided by the Asian Development Bank, Karnataka Urban Infrastructure Development Corporation (KUIDFC) in association with the University of Mysore under whose jurisdiction the Lake falls and citizens groups, carried out the restoration works of the lake. In order to effectively reduce the external loading of pollutants and the intervention of wastes into the lake ecosystem the measures implemented have covered the following [11] with funds provided by the Asian Development Bank.[12]

Bougainvillea flowers
  • Widening of the bund on the southern side,
  • Forming a new walkway on the western side for the benefit large number of morning walkers who visit the lake,
  • Shaded (bougainvillea creepers) stone benches for visitors to sit, relax and enjoy the scenic serenity of the lake.
  • Improving the eastern and the northern pathway,
  • Fencing of the lake perimeter
  • The iron watch tower (within the lake) about 100 feet (30 m) from the shores has been restored
  • Lighting arrangement along the southern bund.
  • Adopting rainwater harvesting methods to improve the quality and quantity of water inflows
  • Augmenting supply to the lake with fresh water inflow with filtered municipal back water wash
  • Adopting aeration of water techniques: boating is one of the methods widely adopted houses - a boating center has been established
  • Removal of algae by manual methods
  • Engineering methods to clean the boundary conditions of the lake such as desilting and opening of the intake channel
  • Ban on immersion of idols during festivals
  • Banned dumping of medical waste in the lake
  • Increased security system to restrict human influence
  • Increased aquaculture
  • Stakeholders participation for collective ownership and responsibility to restoration activities

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Kukkarahalli Lake". 
  2. ^ http://wgbis.ces.iisc.ernet.in/energy/lake2006/programme/programme/proceedings/studentspapers/ug.htm Preservation of Mysore Urban Waterbodies
  3. ^ http://www.hindu.com/2005/04/29/stories/2005042913260300.htm Popularity turns a bane for Kukkarahalli lake
  4. ^ a b c http://www.mysoretourism.org/Kukkarahalli%20Lake.htm Kukkarahalli Lake
  5. ^ http://ces.iisc.ernet.in/energy/water/proceed/section6/paper5/section6paper5.htm Limnology, Watershed Hydrology and Monitoring
  6. ^ a b c http://wgbis.ces.iisc.ernet.in/energy/lake2006/programme/programme/proceedings/studentspapers/ug.htm Preservation Of Mysore Urban Water bodies
  7. ^ a b http://ces.iisc.ernet.in/energy/water/proceed/section6/paper3/section6paper3.htm Biochemical Aspects of Water Pollution in Two Lakes of Mysore City
  8. ^ http://www.mysorenature.org/kukkarahalli/bird-checklist
  9. ^ http://www.mysorenature.org/important-bird-areas-iba
  10. ^ http://www.birdlife.org/action/change/ramsar/ibas_ramsar_asia/11_India.pdf Page 40, India
  11. ^ http://wgbis.ces.iisc.ernet.in/energy/lake2006/programme/programme/lc.htm Wetlands of Karnataka
  12. ^ http://www.mysoresamachar.com/city_lakes_glory.htm

External links

  • Mysore Nature|Kukkarahalli Lake
  • Awesome Kukkarahalli Lake - Mysore
  • Aquatic Birds of Kukkarahalli Lake
  • Shore Birds of Kukkarahalli Lake
  • Mysore Nature|Kukkarahalli Lake | Bird Checklist
  • Mysore Nature|Kukkarahalli Lake | Butterfly Checklist
  • Kukkarahalli Lake
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.