Kurds of Khorasan

Khorasani Kurds
Total population
500,000[1]
Regions with significant populations
North Khorasan, Razavi Khorasan
Languages

Kurmanci Kurdish (Native)

Persian second language
Religion
Shia Islam (majority), Sunni Islam (minority)[2]
Related ethnic groups
Other Kurds

Kurds of Khorasan or Khorasani Kurds (Kurdish: Kurdên Xorasanê, Persian: کردهای خراسان‎) are Kurds native to northeastern Iran, across the Iran-Turkmenistan border. They inhabit in much of North Khorasan province, northern and northwestern parts of Razavi Khorasan province as well as parts of Golestan province.

They speak a Kurmanji dialect of Kurdish and are mostly adherents of Shia Islam. The population of Khorasani Kurds is half a millions, some 400 thousand of which live in Mashhad.[3]

History

Between 1598 and 1610, some 60,000 Kurds were forced to migrate to Khorasan by the Safavid Dynasty. This was done to create a barrier between Iran and Central Asia. The Kurdish tribes that were brought to Khoarasan were tasked with defending the province from Uzbek and Kazakh raiders that had been attacking North-Eastern Iran at the time.[3]

Notable figures

  • Jeferqoli Zingili, (b. 1855 AD), Kurdish poet


See also

References

External links

  • Kurds in Khorasan (Cultural and Civil Society of Khorasani Kurds)
  • The Kurds in Khorasan, North-east of Iran (en) - Dr. Afrasiab Shekofteh
  • Les kordis, kurdes du Khorassan (fr)


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