World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

La Romaine, Quebec

Article Id: WHEBN0007443115
Reproduction Date:

Title: La Romaine, Quebec  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Innu, La Romaine Airport, CFLR-FM, Gros-Mécatina, Quebec, Saint-Augustin, Côte-Nord, Quebec
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

La Romaine, Quebec

La Romaine
First Nations reserve
La Romaine is located in Côte-Nord Region Quebec
La Romaine
Location in Côte-Nord Region of Quebec.
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Côte-Nord
Regional county none
Formed 1956
 • Chief George Bacon
 • Federal riding Manicouagan
 • Prov. riding Duplessis
 • Land 0.88 km2 (0.34 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 1,016
 • Density 1,153.6/km2 (2,988/sq mi)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Postal Code G0G 1M0
Area code(s) 418 and 581

La Romaine, also known as Unamenshipit in Innu-aimun, is an Innu First Nations reserve in the Côte-Nord region of Quebec, Canada, at the mouth of the Olomane River on the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. It belongs to the Innu band of Unamen Shipu.[1] Being an enclave within the Municipality of Côte-Nord-du-Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent, it is geographically within Le Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent Regional County Municipality but administratively not part of it. Directly adjacent to the reserve is the community of La Romaine consisting of a small French-speaking population.

La Romaine is only accessible by boat or via the La Romaine Airport. It is serviced by a nursing station, community radio station, arena, community and recreation centre, municipal water and sewer system, fire station, and an aboriginal police force.[1]

The name La Romaine is the French adaptation of the word Ulaman. Before its spelling was standardized, the place has also been called in times past: Fort Romaine, Olomanshibu, Olomenachibou, Ulimine, Ouromane, Olomanoshibou, Olomano, Romaine, La Romaine, Grande-Romaine, Gethsémani-d'Olumen, Gethsémani, Uanaman Hipiht, Ulamen Shipit, and Ulaman Shipu. These names applied sometimes to the old post, sometimes the village or the reserve, or sometimes to the river that flows through the place. Except for Gethsémani, all these variations have the same source: Unaman Shipu, from unaman meaning "vermilion" or "red ochre", and shipu meaning "river". Deposits of this material are found on the banks of the Olomane River.[4]


  • History 1
  • Demographics 2
    • Population 2.1
  • Economy 3
  • Education 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


Since time immemorial, the Innu indigenous people would leave their inland winter hunting grounds to gather at the mouth of the Olomane River during the summer. Circa 1710, the French set up a fishing and trading post there that was taken over by the Labrador Company in 1780, followed by the Hudson's Bay Company in 1822. Around 1850, French Canadians from elsewhere in Quebec began to settle the area, and gradually concentrating in La Romaine when several smaller outposts were abandoned. In 1886, the local post office opened.[4][5]

The trading post was closed in 1925. The Innu of the Lower North Shore were one of the last nomadic Aboriginal groups in North America, and were known for their birchbark canoes and traditional travel by canoe or snowshoe. But contact with white settlers and the market economy led to the permanent settlement of the Innu.[5]

On March 11, 1955, the Government of Québec sold 100 acres (40 ha) of land to the federal government and on May 31, 1956, the Romaine reserve was established. It was expaneded in 2001 with lands bought in 1993.[6]



As of December 2010, the band counted 1095 members, of which 1058 persons are living in the community.[1] The number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents are 262 out of a total of 267. Mother tongues of the residents on the reserve are:[8]

  • English as first language: 0%
  • French as first language: 1.6%
  • English and French as first language: 0%
  • Other as first language: 98.4%


The local economy is based mostly on arts and handicrafts, trapping, outfitters and tourism. Other businesses on the reserve are primarily community businesses such as arts and handicrafts, and convenience store.[1]


There is only one school on the reserve, École Olamen, that provides pre-Kindergarten to Secondary grade 5, and had an enrolment of 292 students in 2008-2009.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Unamen Shipu First Nation". Aboriginal Community profiles. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. Retrieved 2010-10-04. 
  2. ^ Ministère des Affaires Municipales, Régions et Occupation du territoire - Répertoire des municipalités: La Romaine
  3. ^ a b c "La Romaine census profile".  
  4. ^ a b "La Romaine (Réserve indienne)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-10-04. 
  5. ^ a b "Discover the region > Our villages > La Romaine (Unamen Shipu)". Tourism Lower North Shore. Retrieved 2010-10-06. 
  6. ^ Natural Resources Canada - Legal Surveys Division, Historical Review - Romaine land title history
  7. ^ a b "Electronic Area Profiles".  
  8. ^ a b "2006 Community Profiles".  
  9. ^ "2001 Community Profiles".  

External links

  • Mamit Innuat tribal council - Unamen Shipu (La Romaine)
  • Lower North Shore Community Web Site

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.