Lake roland (maryland)

Lake Roland is a 100-acre (0.40 km2) defunct reservoir in Baltimore County, Maryland named for Roland Run, a nearby stream-bed that feeds the lake.[1] It initially served as the first municipal water supply for the city of Baltimore in 1861, but was abandoned in 1915 because of silting problems.[2] Although located outside of the city limits, it is owned and managed by the city since its purchase of the land from the Baltimore Water Company in 1854.[3]

The lake is contained within Robert E. Lee Park, and it is an artificial impoundment created by a dam on the Jones Falls and two smaller streams: Towson Run and Roland Run. The lake supports wildlife including Canada geese, largemouth bass, and common carp.

Since 1986, elevated levels of chlordane in the flesh of the lake's fish have resulted in the issuance of a fish consumption advisory and the classification of the lake as a water-quality impaired segment.

Some of the wealthiest and most desirable communities in the Baltimore area adjoin the park; indeed, the L'Hirondelle Club was originally founded by wealthy members of the local community for rowing on the lake. It is bounded by Ruxton to the north, Woodbrook to the East, and North Roland Park-Poplar Hill to the south. They were built as country houses for the social elite of Baltimore around the start of the 20th century due to the attractive setting. They were all designed in the then popular Georgian, Tudor revival, and Chateau styles. The park is also bounded in the west by the community of Bare Hills, one of the oldest African-American settlements in the area.

The lake is part of the Lake Roland Historic District.



References

External links

  • Lake Roland Dam and Gatehouse
  • Lake Roland TMDL (fish consumption advisory)
  • Historic American Engineering Record (HAER)
  • U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Lake Roland


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