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Lakshmi Niwas Mittal

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Lakshmi Niwas Mittal

Lakshmi Mittal
Born (1950-09-02) 2 September 1950 (age 63)
Sadulpur, Rajasthan, India
Residence London, United Kingdom
Nationality Indian
Ethnicity Marwari
Alma mater St. Xavier's College, Calcutta (B.Com.)[1]
Occupation Chairman & CEO of
ArcelorMittal
Owner of Karrick Limited[2]
Co-owner of
Queens Park Rangers F.C.
Known for Acquiring and turning around sick steel-mills, King of Steel,[3] Steel tycoon
Net worth Increase US$ 16.5 billion (March 2013)[4]
Board member of
Goldman Sachs, EADS
Religion Hinduism
Spouse(s) Usha Mittal
Children Vanisha Mittal
Aditya Mittal
Awards Padma Vibhushan (2008)[5]

Lakshmi Niwas Mittal football team.

In 2007, Mittal was the richest man of Asian descent in the United Kingdom.[6] Despite being the eighth wealthiest man in Britain in 2002, he does not hold British citizenship.[7] He was ranked the sixth richest person in the world by Forbes in 2011, but dropped to 21st place in 2012, due to having lost $10.4 billion the previous year.[4] In spite of the drop, Forbes estimates that he still had a personal wealth of US$16 billion in October 2012.[4] He is also the 47th "most powerful person" of the 70 individuals named in Forbes' "Most Powerful People" list for 2012.[8] His daughter Vanisha Mittal's wedding was the second most expensive in recorded history.[9]

In 2008, his net worth peaked at US$ 69.1 billion, making him the third richest person in history.[10]

Mittal has been a member of the board of directors of Goldman Sachs since 2008,[11] and is also member of the board of directors of the European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company.[12] He sits on the World Steel Association's executive committee,[13] and is a member of the Indian Prime Minister’s Global Advisory Council,[13] the Foreign Investment Council in Kazakhstan,[13] the World Economic Forum’s International Business Council,[13] and the Presidential International Advisory Board of Mozambique.[13] He also sits on the advisory board of Northwestern University's Kellogg School of Management in the United States[13] and is a member of the board of trustees of the Cleveland Clinic.[13]

In 2006 The Sunday Times named him "Business Person of 2006", the Financial Times named him "Person of the Year", and Time magazine named him "International Newsmaker of the Year 2006".[13] In 2007, Time magazine included him in their "100 most influential persons in the world".[14]

Early life and career

Lakshmi Narayan Mittal alias Lakshmi Niwas Mittal was born into an Indian business family in Rajgarh tehsil (also known as Sadulpur) of Churu district in Rajasthan, India. His family moved from (Rajgarh) Sadulpur, Rajasthan to Calcutta in West Bengal. Mittal has two siblings—Pramod Mittal and Vinod Mittal.He studied at Shri Daulatram Nopany Vidyalaya from 1957 to 1964. He graduated from St. Xavier's College, Calcutta, with a Bachelor of Commerce degree in business and accounting. His father, Mohan Lal Mittal, ran a steel business, Nippon Denro Ispat.[15] Until the 1990s, the family's main assets in India were a cold-rolling mill for sheet steels in Nagpur and an alloy steels plant near Pune. Today, the family business, including a large integrated steel plant near Mumbai, is run by Pramod and Vinod, but Lakshmi has no connection with it.[16]

Philanthropy


Sports

After witnessing India win only one medal, bronze, in the 2000 Summer Olympics, and one medal, silver, at the 2004 Summer Olympics, Mittal decided to set up Mittal Champions Trust with $9 million to support 10 Indian athletes with world-beating potential.[17] In 2008, Mittal awarded Abhinav Bindra with Rs. 1.5 Crore (Rs. 15 million), for getting India its first individual Olympic gold medal in shooting. Arcelor Mittal Also financed the construction of ArcelorMittal Orbit for 2012 Summer Olympics.

For Comic Relief 2008 ', he matched the money raised (~£1 million) on the celebrity special BBC programme, The Apprentice.

Education

In 2003, the Lakshmi Niwas Mittal and Usha Mittal Foundation and the Government of Rajasthan partnered together to establish a university, the LNM Institute of Information Technology (LNMIIT) in Jaipur as an autonomous non-profit organization.

In 2009, the Foundation along with Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan founded the Usha Lakshmi Mittal Institute of Management in New Delhi.

SNDT Women's University renamed the Institute of Technology for Women(ITW) as Usha Mittal Institute of Technology after a large donation from the Lakshmi Niwas Mittal Foundation.

Medical

In 2008 the Mittals made a donation of £15 million to Great Ormond Street Hospital in London, the largest private contribution the hospital had ever received. The donation was used to help fund their new facility, The Mittal Children's Medical Centre.

Criticism and allegations

PHS

Mittal successfully employed Marek Dochnal's consultancy to influence Polish officials in the privatization of PHS steel group, which was Poland's largest. Dochnal was later arrested for bribing Polish officials on behalf of Russian agents in a separate affair.[18]

In 2007, the Polish government said it wanted to renegotiate the 2004 sale to Arcelor Mittal.[19]

Slave-labour allegations and questionable safety records

Employees of Mittal have accused him of "slave labour" conditions after multiple fatalities in his mines.[20] During December 2004, twenty-three miners died in explosions in his mines in Kazakhstan caused by faulty gas detectors.

The Mittal Affair: "Cash for Influence"

In 2002 Plaid Cymru MP Adam Price obtained a letter written by Tony Blair to the Romanian Government in support of Mittal's LNM steel company, which was in the process of bidding to buy Romania's state-owned steel industry.[21][22][23] This revelation caused controversy, because Mittal had given £125,000 to the British Labour Party the previous year. Although Blair defended his letter as simply "celebrating the success" of a British company, he was criticised because LNM was registered in the Dutch Antilles and employed less than 1% of its workforce in the UK.[24] LNM was a "major global competitor of Britain's own struggling steel industry".[25]

Blair's letter hinted that the privatisation of the firm and sale to Mittal might help smooth the way for Romania's entry into the European Union.[21] It also had a passage, removed just prior to Blair's signing of it, describing Mittal as "a friend".[24]

Queens Park Rangers

Mittal had emerged as a leading contender to buy and sell Barclays Premiership clubs Wigan and Everton. However, on 20 December 2007 it was announced that the Mittal family had purchased a 20 percent shareholding in Queens Park Rangers football club joining Flavio Briatore and Mittal's friend Bernie Ecclestone.[26] As part of the investment Mittal's son-in-law, Amit Bhatia, took a place on the board of directors. The combined investment in the struggling club sparked suggestions that Mittal might be looking to join the growing ranks of wealthy individuals investing heavily in English football and emulating similar benefactors such as Roman Abramovich.[27]

On 19 February 2010, Briatore resigned as QPR chairman, and sold further shares in the club to Ecclestone, making Ecclestone the single largest shareholder.[28]

Environmental damage

Mittal purchased the Irish Steel plant based in Cork, Ireland, from the government for a nominal fee of £1 million. Three years later, in 2001, it was closed, leaving 400 people redundant. Subsequent environmental issues at the site have been a cause for criticism. The government tried to sue in the High Court to have him pay for the clean-up of Cork Harbour but failed. The clean up was expected to cost €70 million.[29]

Personal life

His residence at 18-19 Kensington Palace Gardens—which was purchased from Formula One boss Bernie Ecclestone in 2004 for £57 million (US$128 million)—made it the world's most expensive house at the time.[30] The house is decorated with marble taken from the same quarry that supplied the Taj Mahal. The extravagant show of wealth has been referred to as the "Taj Mittal".[31] It has 12 bedrooms, an indoor pool, Turkish baths and parking for 20 cars.[32] He is a vegetarian.[33]

Mittal bought No. 9A Palace Greens, Kensington Gardens, formerly the Philippines Embassy, for £70 million in 2008 for his daughter Vanisha Mittal who is married to Amit Bhatia, a businessman and philanthropist. Being a vegetarian, Mittal threw a lavish "vegetarian reception" for Vanisha in the Palace of Versailles, France.[33]

Mittal owns three prime properties collectively worth £500 million on "Billionaire's Row" at Kensington Palace Gardens.[34]

In 2005 he also bought a colonial bungalow for $30 million at No. 22, Aurangzeb Road, New Delhi the most exclusive street in India, occupied by embassies and millionaires, and rebuilt it as a house.[35]

Awards and honours

Year of Award or Honour Name of Award or Honour Awarding Organization
2010 "Dostyk" 1 Republic of Kazakhstan.
2008 Forbes Lifetime Achievement Award Forbes
2008 Padma Vibhushan Government of India
2007 Grand Cross of Civil Merit Government of Spain
2007 Dwight D. Eisenhower Global Leadership Award[36] Business Council for International Understanding[37]
2007 Fellowship King's College London
2004 European Businessman of the Year Forbes
2004 Entrepreneur of the Year Wall Street Journal
2004 8th honorary Willy Korf Steel Vision Award American Metal Market and World Steel Dynamics
1996 Steel Maker of the Year New Steel

Bibliography

  • Tim Bouquet and Byron Ousey - Cold Steel (Little, Brown, 2008).
  • Yogesh Chabria - Invest The Happionaire Way (CNBC - Network18, 2008).
  • Navalpreet Rangi-Documentary Film (The Man With A Mission, 2010).

See also

References

External links

  • ArcelorMittal
  • Forbes
  • BBC News
  • Time
  • corporate executives
  • The Economist
  • Bloomberg Businessweek
  • The Times of India
  • WorldCat catalog)
  • BBC - ""Glimpsing a Fairytale Wedding"" - BBC News
  • Article on Mittal Family purchase of Escada - Bloomberg

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