World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Lalmonirhat District

Article Id: WHEBN0002271278
Reproduction Date:

Title: Lalmonirhat District  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Aditmari Upazila, Hatibandha Upazila, Kaliganj Upazila, Lalmonirhat, Lalmonirhat Sadar Upazila, Patgram Upazila
Collection: Districts of Bangladesh, Lalmonirhat District
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Lalmonirhat District

Lalmonirhat
লালমনিরহাট
District
Location of Lalmonirhat in Bangladesh
Location of Lalmonirhat in Bangladesh
Coordinates:
Country  Bangladesh
Division Rangpur Division
Area
 • Total 1,247.37 km2 (481.61 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 1,256,099
 • Density 1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Literacy rate
 • Total 66.6%
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Website Official website

Lalmonirhat (Bengali: লালমনিরহাট জেলা, Lalmonirhat Jela also Lalmonirhat Zila) is a district, situated at the north side border of Bangladesh. It is a part of the Rangpur Division.[1]

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • History 2
  • Geography 3
  • Upazilas 4
  • Language 5
  • Notable places 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Etymology

At the end of 19th century the workers of the Bengal Duras Railway (BDR) while digging the mud for the installation of rail line, found a red color stone and since then, the place was recognized as Lalmoni. Whereas some legendary opinions that the railway which acquire the land owned by a lady named Lalmoni for which people kept the place after her name as the recognition of her contribution of land for the rail line. Others are of the opinion that in 1783 a woman named Lalmoni along with peasant leader, Nuruldin fought against the English soldiers and land lords for the cause to establish the interest of general peasants and laid down her life against the atrocity of the rulers. The place was named as the Lalmoni as the sign of respect. The word “hat” became adhered to her name in the course of time.

History

Lalmonirhat has emerged as a Zila on the first February in 1984 altogether with the institutions of five Upazilas, two municipalities, 42 unions and 402 villages.

It can be learned from the historical perspectives that once the gigantic Kamarupa kingdom had its existence on the east side of the river Korotoa. Most of the areas of present Lalmonirhat were under Ratnagit of Kamrup Kingdom. It is anticipated that this land, up to 300 BC, was ruled by the dynasty of Bhagadutta and his family of Kamrup state. After a period of fighting and counter fighting, Push Barna and his successors and then the kings of Shalshomva regained over the land from 4th to middle of the 6th and 7th-10th centuries respectively. The Paul dynasty in Kamrup regained over the land presumably from 10th to the end of the 12th centuries, Then Sen rulers, it is thought, captured the kingdom and ruled until the time the Muslim rulers coming from oversees invaded this Kingdom. It is well to put the note here that though the land was bowed to the grips of Muslim ruler, they couldn’t yield and exercise their supremacy at the very beginning. As the independent Sultani regime (1338–1538) established and sustained the power until Moghal dynasty recaptured it, the Muslim rulers since then started to see their roots deeply grounded in this part of Indian subcontinent by gradually of their kingdom. During the initial stage of Moghal regime, most areas of Lalmonirhat and its adjacent areas lay under kingdom of Cooch Behar, and the submission of the land lords of this regime to the Moghal by the latter’s dominance were earned through wars, sees fires and compromises, the Moghal finally established their stronghold in this region in 1687 afterwards. In fact, Moghal governances were administered in this region through the collection of the taxes by the local land lords. After 1765 overthrowing the Bengali Nawab this land started to be ruled by the tax collectors of East India Company, Lalmonirhat was under the authority of Ghoraghat in 1793, there had been 22 thana in then greater Rangpur district. Among them, the name of Forunbari (handed over to Kaligonj in 1872 AD.) and Barabari (handed over to Kulaghat in 1870 AD.) of Lalmonirhat were found as thana today. It is mentionable that the existing Patgram thana was once belonged to Jalpaiguri district of India. After the partition of Pak-India, Lalmonirhat as a thana was given to Rangpur district. In 1980, it was declared a Mohkuma/or a sub-division with 5 thanas. And on the first February in 1984 it was born as a district which has, in course of time, occupied a position in northern side of Bangladesh as a unique and distinguished district through events and achievements.

Geography

Lalmonirhat District has an area of 1241.46 km2. It is bounded by Koch Bihar and Jalpaiguri to the north, Rangpur District to the south, Kurigram District and Koch Bihar to the east, Nilphamari and Rangpur to the west.

Upazilas

Language

The language is mainly Bengali. However, people locally speak a dialect called 'Rangpuria'. Also many people use the "Vatia" language. The Vatia language, sometimes spelled Bhatiya, is a little different from Rangpuria language.

Notable places

  1. The headquarters of sector number 6 of the Mukhti Bahini during the liberation war was situated at Burimari High School.
  2. Burimari Landport
  3. Birthplace of poet Sheikh Fazlul Karim (1882-1936)[2]
  4. 3 bigha koridor at Patgram upazilla
  5. 59 Indian Chitmohol
  6. Rock mining at Patgram
  7. Tista barrage (Hatibandha)
  8. Shalbon (Hatibandha)
  9. Tushbhander Jamiderbari at Tushbhander in Kaligonj Upazila

References

  1. ^ Tanzimul Nayan (2012). "Lalmonirhat District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.).  
  2. ^ Wakil Ahmed (2012). "Karim, Sheikh Fazlul". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.).  

External links

  • Official Website of Lalmonirhat district
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.