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Lauberhorn ski races

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Lauberhorn ski races

Lauberhorn - Downhill
Vertical 1,028 m (3,373 ft)
Top elevation 2,315 m (7,595 ft)  
Base elevation 1,287 m (4,222 ft)
Lauberhorn  is located in Switzerland
Lauberhorn 
Location in Switzerland
Lauberhorn is located in Alps
Lauberhorn
Location in the Alps of Europe

The Lauberhorn ski races (Lauberhorn World Cup alpine ski races (German: Lauberhornrennen) (downhill, slalom, and combined) are among the highest-attended winter sports events in the world, attracting around 30,000 spectators each year. An established attraction is the airshow by the Patrouille Suisse, the aerobatic demonstration team of the Swiss Air Force. The 2016 races are scheduled for 15–17 January (super-combined, downhill, and slalom).

The races in Wengen in the Bernese Oberland are held in mid-January, usually the week prior to the Hahnenkamm, in Kitzbühel, Austria, another classic downhill race run since the early 1930s.

The Lauberhorn is a mountain in the Bernese Alps of Switzerland, located between Wengen and Grindelwald, north of the Kleine Scheidegg. Its summit is at an elevation of 2,472 m (8,110 ft) above sea level.

The downhill course is the longest in the world; its length of 4.48 km (2.78 mi) results in run times of two and a half minutes (about 30–45 seconds longer than standard downhill races); top speeds approach 160 km/h (100 mph) on its Haneggschuss, the highest speeds on the World Cup circuit.

The Lauberhorn downhill run is surrounded by the Eiger, Mönch, and Jungfrau above the Lauterbrunnen valley. It is known for run arrangements such as the Hundschopf, a signature 40 m (130 ft) jump over a rock nose, the Kernen-S (passing over a bridge at around 80 km/h (50 mph) and the Wasserstation tunnel (underpassing the viaduct of the local railroad Wengernalpbahn).

Contents

  • Key sections 1
  • History 2
  • Facts and figures 3
  • Winners list 4
  • See also 5
  • Notes and references 6
  • External links 7

Key sections

Many of the named portions of the course are due to historic falls or crashes by racers. The best known sections of the Lauberhorn downhill race are the following (in descending order):[1]

  • Russisprung (Russi jump), named after Swiss Olympic champion Bernhard Russi, in the upper treeless part of the course
  • Hundschopf (dog's head), the Lauberhorn's signature jump over the rock nose, about a third of the way down the course
  • Minsch-Kante and the long fall-away curve
  • Canadian Corner
  • Alpweg trail, very narrow and only 3 m (10 ft) in width
  • Kernen-S (formerly the Brüggli-S), consecutive right-left 90° curves separated by a small bridge), which reduces speed considerably
  • Wasserstation (water station), a small tunnel underpassing the local railroad Wengernalpbahn
  • Langentrejen where the slope becomes significantly flatter
  • Haneggschuss, a pitch after the flats where top speeds approach 160 km/h (100 mph)
  • Silberhornsprung (Silberhorn jump)
  • Österreicherloch (Austrian hole)
  • Ziel-S (finish-S) which is endurance challenging and finally a finish jump (reduced in recent seasons)

History

Karl Schranz in 1966, skiing in his third of four Lauberhorn downhill wins beneath the Mönch

The Lauberhorn downhill race began in 1930 and is one of the oldest continuously-held ski races. The Russisprung was originally built in the springfor a television show and was incorporated into the course by organizers the following year. The Minsch-Kante is where Josef Minsch fell in 1965 and was hospitalized for weeks. The Canadian Corner is named after two of the Crazy Canucks, Dave Irwin and Ken Read, who aggressively attacked this part of the course in 1976 and subsequently fell during the race. The Kernen-S was renamed for 2003 winner Bruno Kernen after his crash in 2006 at the former Brüggli-S. The Silberhornsprung was introduced in 2003 with the pyramid-shaped Silberhorn mountain in the background for television viewers. The Österreicherloch (Austrian hole) got its name in 1954 when almost all participating Austrian skiers (including Toni Sailer) fell there; 1960s Austrian great Karl Schranz later fell there as well.

In 1991, a tragic death occurred during training for the race at the Ziel-S (Finish-S). The young Austrian skier Gernot Reinstadler was not able to finish the S-curve properly and therefore jumped into the slope boundary (because he was too far to the right), where he hooked one ski in the security net and suffered severe injuries to the lower body. He died shortly after the accident from internal bleeding. The race was not held that year. In reaction to this tragic event, the slope boundary at that place was also equipped with rejection canvas and the gates were moved upwards and more to the left.

Snowmaking was added in the mid-1990s, and the combined race has been a run as a "super combined" since the World Cup debut of the format at Wengen in 2005. The super-combi consists of a shortened downhill and with a slalom run, both on the same day, instead of three runs (one downhill and two slalom) of the traditional combined. On the World Cup circuit, the traditional combined is usually not run as separate races, but determined "on paper" from the results of the primary downhill and slalom races, which are run on separate days. (The Olympics and world championships are the exceptions, holding separate races for the combined.) At the Winter Olympics, the super-combined format replaced the traditional combined at the 2010 Winter Games.

Facts and figures

  • Longest downhill race in the World Cup circuit, with a length of about 4.48 kilometres (2.78 mi);
    typical World Cup downhill courses for men are 2.0 miles (3.2 km) or less.
  • The course's starting elevation is 2,315 metres (7,595 ft) above sea level;
    it descends 1,028 vertical metres (3,373 ft) to the finish at 1,287 metres (4,222 ft) in Wengen.
  • The course record of 2:24.23 is held by the Kristian Ghedina of Italy, who won in 1997 with an average speed of 106.33 km/h (66.07 mph), an average vertical descent rate of 7.1 m/s (23 ft/s).
  • Top speeds approach 160 km/h (99 mph) on the Haneggschuss, a straightaway 25–30 seconds from the finish. The highest speed ever measured in a FIS World Cup race was reached at this section in 2013 by Johan Clarey of France at 161.9 km/h (100.6 mph). Top speeds vary from year to year, depending upon snow conditions.
  • The average grade of the downhill race course is 25.3 percent (14.2 degrees).
  • The maximum grade is 87 percent (41 degrees) at the Hundschopf jump, one-third of the way down the course.
  • The largest crowd was recorded in 2009, when 30,000 observed the Lauberhorn downhill race.
  • Ten miles (16 km) of security nets are set up at the border of the downhill run, surrounded by around 1,000 m (3,300 ft) of high security nets and 800 m (2,600 ft) of rejection canvas.
  • The course was one of several featured in the 1969 movie Downhill Racer, starring Robert Redford and Gene Hackman.
    Redford's character challenges his rival teammate to a dual race at the end of practice on the Lauberhorn downhill course.
  • The record holders for the most wins are Karl Molitor of Switzerland, who won six times between 1939 and 1947, and Ivica Kostelić of Croatia, who won the slalom race 4 times between 2002 and 2012, and the combined event twice, in 2011 and 2012. Unlike most of the other major ski races, the Lauberhorn in neutral Switzerland was held during World War II; all of the events were won by Swiss racers. In the post-war era, the most notable multiple winners are three Austrians: Toni Sailer with four straight (1955–58),
    Karl Schranz with four (1959, 1963, 1966, 1969), and Franz Klammer with three consecutive (1975-77).
  • Austrians have won 29 times; Swiss racers have captured 26 victories (although 14 of these came before 1946).
  • The first non-European to win the race was Ken Read in 1980, the sole Canadian, followed by four other North Americans (all U.S.). Lasse Kjus of Norway is the only Scandinavian champion, winning in 1999.
  • The first American winner in the downhill was Bill Johnson, in 1984 on a shortened course; other U.S. winners include Kyle Rasmussen (1995), Daron Rahlves (2006), and Bode Miller (2007 & 2008). Miller and Marco Sullivan made the podium in 2009, taking second and third. Miller won the combined event in 2010, the second American to win the combined at Wengen and first in 52 years (Buddy Werner in 1958). Phil Mahre is the only U.S. racer to take the slalom event at Wengen, in 1982.

Winners list

[2]
Year Downhill Slalom Combined
2015 Hannes Reichelt Felix Neureuther    Carlo Janka [3]
2014    Patrick Küng Alexis Pinturault Ted Ligety [3]
2013 Christof Innerhofer Felix Neureuther Alexis Pinturault [3]
2012    Beat Feuz Ivica Kostelić Ivica Kostelić [3]
2011 Klaus Kröll Ivica Kostelić Ivica Kostelić [3]
2010    Carlo Janka Ivica Kostelić Bode Miller [3]
2009    Didier Défago Manfred Pranger    Carlo Janka [3]
2008 Bode Miller Jean-Baptiste Grange Jean-Baptiste Grange [3]
2007 Bode Miller --- Mario Matt
2006 Daron Rahlves Giorgio Rocca Benjamin Raich [3]
2005 Michael Walchhofer Alois Vogl Benjamin Raich [3]
2004 --- Benjamin Raich ---
2003    Bruno Kernen
Stephan Eberharter (Fri)
Giorgio Rocca Kjetil André Aamodt
2002 Stephan Eberharter Ivica Kostelić Kjetil André Aamodt
2001 --- Benjamin Raich ---
2000 Josef Strobl Kjetil André Aamodt -
1999 Lasse Kjus Benjamin Raich Lasse Kjus
1998 Andreas Schifferer
Hermann Maier (Fri)
Thomas Stangassinger [4] Hermann Maier
1997 Kristian Ghedina Thomas Sykora -
1996 --- --- ---
1995 Kyle Rasmussen
Kristian Ghedina (Fri)
Alberto Tomba Marc Girardelli
1994    William Besse Marc Girardelli [5] ---
1993 --- --- ---
1992    Franz Heinzer Alberto Tomba    Paul Accola
1991 --- --- ---
1990 --- --- ---
1989 Marc Girardelli
Marc Girardelli (Fri)
Rudolf Nierlich Marc Girardelli
1988 --- --- ---
1987 Markus Wasmeier    Joel Gaspoz    Pirmin Zurbriggen
1986 --- Rok Petrovic ---
1985 Helmut Höflehner
Peter Wirnsberger (Sun)
Marc Girardelli Michel Vion
1984 Bill Johnson --- ---
1983 --- --- ---
1982 Harti Weirather Phil Mahre    Pirmin Zurbriggen
1981    Toni Bürgler Bojan Krizaj Valery Tsyganof
1980    Peter Müller
Ken Read (Fri)
Bojan Krizaj Michael Veith
1979 --- --- ---
1978 --- Klaus Heidegger ---
1977 Franz Klammer Ingemar Stenmark    Walter Tresch
1976 Franz Klammer
Herbert Plank (Fri)
Ingemar Stenmark Franz Klammer
1975 Franz Klammer Ingemar Stenmark Gustav Thöni
1974    Roland Collombin Christian Neureuther David Zwilling
1973 --- Christian Neureuther ---
1972 --- Jean-Noel Augert ----
1971 --- --- ---
1970 Henri Duvillard Patrick Russel Henri Duvillard
1969 Karl Schranz Reinhard Tritscher Heini Messner
1968 Gerhard Nenning    Dumeng Giovanoli Gerhard Nenning
1967 Jean-Claude Killy Jean-Claude Killy Jean-Claude Killy
1966 Karl Schranz Guy Périllat Karl Schranz
1965 Stefan Sodat Guy Périllat Karl Schranz
1964 Egon Zimmermann Ludwig Leitner Gerhard Nenning
1963 Karl Schranz Guy Périllat Guy Périllat
1962 ---    Adolf Mathis ---
1961 Guy Périllat Pepi Stiegler Guy Périllat
1960 Willy Bogner Hias Leitner Pepi Stiegler
1959 Karl Schranz Ernst Oberaigner Ernst Oberaigner
1958 Toni Sailer Josl Rieder Buddy Werner
1957 Toni Sailer Anderl Molterer Josl Rieder
1956 Toni Sailer Anderl Molterer Josl Rieder
1955 Toni Sailer    Martin Julen Toni Sailer
1954 Christian Pravda Toni Spiss Christian Pravda
1953 Anderl Molterer Anderl Molterer Anderl Molterer
1952 Othmar Schneider Stein Eriksen Othmar Schneider
1951 Othmar Schneider Stein Eriksen Othmar Schneider
1950    Fredy Rubi Zeno Colò    Fredy Rubi
1949    Rudolf Graf Zeno Colò    Adolf Odermatt
1948 Zeno Colò    Karl Molitor    Karl Molitor
1947    Karl Molitor Olle Dalman    Edy Rominger
1946 Jean Blanc    Otto von Allmen    Karl Molitor
1945    Karl Molitor    Otto von Allmen    Otto von Allmen
1944    Rudolf Graf    Marcel von Allmen    Marcel von Allmen
1943    Karl Molitor    Heinz von Allmen    Heinz von Allmen
1942    Karl Molitor    Heinz von Allmen    Heinz von Allmen
1941    Rudolf Graf    Marcel von Allmen    Marcel von Allmen
1940    Karl Molitor    Karl Molitor    Karl Molitor
1939    Karl Molitor Josef Jennewein Willi Walch
1938    Heinz von Allmen Rudi Canz    Heinz von Allmen
1937    Heinz von Allmen Willi Walch Willi Walch
1936    Hans Schlunegger    Hermann Steuri Émile Allais
1935 Richard Werle    Arnold Glatthard    Hans Steuri
1934    Adolf Rubi    Adolf Rubi    Adolf Rubi
1933 --- --- ---
1932    Fritz Steuri    Fritz von Allmen    Fritz Steuri
1931    Fritz Steuri    Hans Schlunegger    Fritz Steuri
1930    Christian Rubi    Ernst Gertsch Bill Bracken

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Lauberhornrennen 2009: Course map". Verein Internationale Lauberhornrennen. Retrieved 2008-12-03. 
  2. ^ FIS-ski.com - World Cup podium results - Wengen - (1967-present)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j A super combination was held (short downhill and a slalom).
  4. ^ The slalom took place in Veysonnaz.
  5. ^ Instead of a slalom a Super G was held.

External links

  • Lauberhorn.ch - (English) - official site
  • Lauberhorn.ch - (German) - official site

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