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Laurence Doherty

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Laurence Doherty

Laurence Doherty
Full name Hugh Laurence Doherty
Country UK
Born (1875-10-08)8 October 1875
Wimbledon, England
Died 21 August 1919(1919-08-21) (aged 43)
Broadstairs, England
Height 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)
Retired 1906
Plays Right-handed (one-handed backhand)
Int. Tennis HOF 1980 (member page)
Singles
Highest ranking No. 1 (1898, Karoly Mazak)[1]
Grand Slam Singles results
Wimbledon W (1902, 1903, 1904, 1905, 1906)
US Open W (1903)
Other tournaments
Olympic Games Gold Medal (1900)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
Wimbledon W (1897, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1903, 1904, 1905)
US Open W (1902, 1903)
Other Doubles tournaments
Olympic Games Gold Medal (1900)
Other Mixed Doubles tournaments
Olympic Games Bronze Medal (1900)
Team competitions
Davis Cup W (1903, 1904, 1905, 1906)
Olympic medal record
Men's tennis
Competitor for  Great Britain
Olympic Games
Gold 1900 Paris Singles
Gold 1900 Paris Doubles
Competitor for a Mixed team
Bronze 1900 Paris Mixed doubles
Laurence Doherty

Hugh Laurence "Laurie" Doherty (8 October 1875 – 21 August 1919) was a former World No. 1 English tennis player and younger brother of Reggie Doherty. He was a six-time slam champion and a double Olympic Gold medalist at the 1900 Summer Olympics in singles and doubles (also winning a Bronze in mixed doubles).

Early life

Laurence Doherty (right) with his brother Reginald

Doherty was born on 8 October 1875 at Beulah Villa in Wimbledon, London, the youngest son of William Doherty, a printer, and his wife, Catherine Ann Davis. Doherty was the shorter of the two brothers, at 1.78m, who played championship tennis in their native England and at Wimbledon at the turn of the century.[2]

Like his brother he was educated at Westminster School from 1890 to 1894 followed by Trinity Hall, Cambridge, where he played for and became President of the Cambridge University Lawn Tennis Club. He gained his blues in 1896, 1897, and 1898.[3][4] In 1892 Doherty won the Renshaw cup, the All-England Championships singles title for boys under 16 which was held in Scarborough.[4][2]

In addition to lawn tennis he also played real tennis and golf.[4]

Career

The brothers were reportedly urged to play tennis by their father, for health reasons.[5] Known as "Little Do",[5] Doherty won Wimbledon five consecutive times in singles and eight times in doubles with his brother. In 1903, he became the first tennis player to win a Grand Slam tournament outside of his native country by beating defending champion William Larned in three straight sets in the final of the US Championships in Newport. He won the singles title at the British Covered Court Championships, played at the Queen's Club in London, six consecutive times between 1901 and 1906.[6] Additionally he won the singles title at The South of France Championships in Nice seven times in a row (1900–1906).[7]

Doherty won the singles event of the tennis competition at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris (gold medals were not given at the 1900 Games). In the semi-final he was scheduled to play against his brother but Reggie withdrew, since the brothers refused to play each other before the final.[8] In the final Doherty defeated Harold Mahony in three straight sets. Doherty also won the doubles title at the 1900 Olympic Games with his brother.[9][10] In the mixed doubles event he partnered with Marion Jones, the winner of the singles title at the 1899 U.S. Championships, and lost in the semifinal against his brother who had teamed up with Charlotte Cooper.

Between 1902 and 1906 Doherty played for the British Davis Cup team and was undefeated during this period. In 1902 he partnered his brother to win the doubles match in the challenge round against the United States but the latter retained the Cup after a 3–2 victory. In 1903 Doherty won both his singles matches as well as the doubles match to help the British Isles to their first Davis Cup victory. In 1904, 1905 and 1906 he was part of the British team that successfully defended the Cup.[11]

In 1914, after the outbreak World War I, Doherty joined the Anti-Aircraft branch of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve but was released in 1915 due to ill health.[12][13]

He gave up tennis for golf in 1906 and distinguished himself in that sport as well. In 1908 Doherty reached the last 16 of the British amateur championship at the [10][2]

The brothers co-wrote R.F. and H.L. Doherty on Lawn Tennis (1903).

Doherty died of toxemia on 21 August 1919 at Leon Cottage in Broadstairs, Kent after suffering from tubercular nephritis and cystitis for two years. He was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1980 together with his brother.[14][2]

Grand Slam record

Singles: 6 (6 titles, 0 runners-up)

Result Year Championship Opponent Score
Winner 1902 Wimbledon Championships Arthur Gore 6–4, 6–3, 3–6, 6–0
Winner 1903 Wimbledon Championships Frank Riseley 7–5, 6–3, 6–0
Winner 1903 US National Championships William Larned 6–0, 6–3, 10–8
Winner 1904 Wimbledon Championships Frank Riseley 6–1, 7–5, 8–6
Winner 1905 Wimbledon Championships Norman Brookes 8–6, 6–2, 6–4
Winner 1906 Wimbledon Championships Frank Riseley 6–4, 4–6, 6–2, 6–3

Doubles: 12 (10 titles, 2 runners-up)

Result Year Championship Partner Opponents Score
Winner 1897 Wimbledon Championships Reginald Doherty Wilfred Baddeley
Herbert Baddeley
6–4, 4–6, 8–6, 6–4
Winner 1898 Wimbledon Championships Reginald Doherty Harold Nisbet
Clarence Hobart
6–4, 6–4, 6–2
Winner 1899 Wimbledon Championships Reginald Doherty Harold Nisbet
Clarence Hobart
7–5, 6–0, 6–2
Winner 1900 Wimbledon Championships Reginald Doherty Herbert Roper Barrett
Harold Nisbet
9–7, 7–5, 4–6, 3–6, 6–3
Winner 1901 Wimbledon Championships Reginald Doherty Dwight F. Davis
Holcombe Ward
4–6, 6–2, 6–3, 9–7
Runner-up 1902 Wimbledon Championships Reginald Doherty Sidney Smith
Frank Riseley
6–4, 6–8, 3–6, 6–4, 9–11
Winner 1902 US Championships Reginald Doherty Holcombe Ward
Dwight F. Davis
11–9, 12–10, 6–4
Winner 1903 US Championships Reginald Doherty Kreigh Collins
L. Harry Waidner
7–5, 6–3, 6–3
Winner 1903 Wimbledon Championships Reginald Doherty Sidney Smith
Frank Riseley
6–4, 6–4, 6–4
Winner 1904 Wimbledon Championships Reginald Doherty Sidney Smith
Frank Riseley
6–1, 6–2, 6–4
Winner 1905 Wimbledon Championships Reginald Doherty Sidney Smith
Frank Riseley
6–2, 6–4, 6–8, 6–3
Runner-up 1906 Wimbledon Championships Reginald Doherty Sidney Smith
Frank Riseley
8–6, 4–6, 7–5, 3–6, 3–6

Singles titles

No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent in final Score
1. 1897 Suffolk Championship, New Zealand Grass Charles Henry Ridding 6–3, 8–6, 4–6, 6–1
2. 18 July 1897 Queen's Club Championships, London, England[15] Grass Josiah Ritchie 6–2, 6–2, 6–2
3. March 1898 South of France Championships Clay J.R. Hay Gordon 6–1, 6–2, 6–1
4. March 1898 Monte Carlo Clay Count Voss 4–6, 6–3, 6–3, 4–0 ret.
5. 18 June 1898 Northern Lawn Tennis Association Tournament, Liverpool[16] Grass Wilfred Baddeley walkover
6. 11 July 1898 Queen's Club Championships, London, England[17] Grass Harold Mahoney 6–3, 6–4, 9–7
7. August 1898 Scottish Championships[18] Grass Reginald Doherty walkover
8. March 1900 South of France Championships, Nice Clay Reginald Doherty walkover
9. 11 July 1900 Olympic Games, Paris Clay Harold Mahoney 6–4, 6–2, 6–3
10. 26 August 1900 Homburg, Germany Clay George Hillyard 7–5, 6–2, 3–6, 4–6, 6–2
11. September 1900 Dinard, France Clay Harold Mahoney 4–6, 6–1, 8–6, 7–5
12. 16 September 1900 South of England Championships Grass Sidney Smith 6–4, 1–6, 6–2, 6–1
13. March 1901 Cannes, France Clay George Hillyard 6–3, 6–3, ret.
14. 17 March 1901 Monte Carlo Clay Wilberforce Eaves 6–2, 5–7, 6–1
15. 24 March 1901 South of France Championships, Nice Clay Wilberforce Eaves 6–2, 6–3, 6–2
16. 27 April 1901 British Covered Courts Championships[19] Wood Arthur Gore 6–3, 6–1, 6–1
17. June 1901 Kent Championships, Beckenham, England[20] Grass Arthur Gore 6–1, 6–3, 3–6, 6–4
18. August 1901 Buxton Championships Grass George Hillyard 6–4, 7–5, 3–6, 6–2
19. August 1901 North of England Championships, Scarborough Grass Ernest Black 6–2, 6–1, 6–1
20. March 1902 South of France Championships, Nice Clay Reginald Doherty walkover
21. April 1902 British Covered Court Championships, Queens, London Wood Josiah Ritchie 6–4, 6–3, 5–7, 6–3
22. May – June 1902 Irish Championships, Dublin Grass Reginald Doherty walkover
23. 15 June 1902 Kent Championships, Beckenham, England[20] Grass George Simond 6–4, 6–0, 6–3
24. June 1902 Wimbledon Championships[21] Grass Arthur Gore 6–4, 6–3, 3–6, 6–0
25. October 1902 European Championships, Queen's Club, London[22] Wood Harold Mahony 4–6, 6–4, 6–3, 6–1
26. 15 March 1903 South of France Championships, Nice Clay Sidney Smith 5–7, 3–6, 6–3, 6–4, 6–3
27. 26 April 1903 British Covered Court Championships, Queens, London Wood George Hillyard 6–1, 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
28. 4 July 1903 Kent Championships, Beckenham, England[20] Grass Arthur Gore 6–1, 6–2, 6–2
29. June 1903 Wimbledon Championships Grass Frank Riseley 7–5, 6–3, 6–0
30. 1 August 1903 Nahant, USA[23] Grass William Clothier 6–4, 6–0
31. 14 August 1903 Southampton, USA[24][25] Grass Bill Larned 6–1, 6–2, 6–1
32. 27 August 1903 US National Championships, Newport, USA[26] Grass Bill Larned 6–0, 6–3, 10–8
33. 14 March 1904 South of France Championships, Nice[27] Clay Josiah Ritchie 6–2, 6–3, 6–3
34. 20 March 1904 Cannes Championships, France Clay Josiah Ritchie 6–1, 6–4, 6–1
35. April 1904 British Covered Court Championships, Queens, London Wood Josiah Ritchie 6–2, 8–10, 5–7, 6–4, 6–3
36. 27 June 1904 Wimbledon Championships[28][29] Grass Frank Riseley 6–1, 7–5, 8–6
37. July 1904 Northumberland Championships, England Wood George Ball-Greene 6–4, 6–1
38. March 1905 Monte Carlo[30] Clay Josiah Ritchie 6–4, 8–6, 6–4
39. March 1905 South of France Championships, Nice[31] Clay Edward Allen 6–3, 7–5, 7–5
40. 15 April 1905 British Covered Court Championships, London[32] Wood Josiah Ritchie 6–1, 8–6, 6–2
41. July 1905 Wimbledon Championships[33] Grass Norman Brookes 8–6, 6–2, 6–4
42. 28 February 1906 Monte Carlo[34] Clay Wilberforce Eaves 6–3, 11–9
43. 18 March 1906 South of France Championships, Nice[35] Clay Tony Wilding 6–3, 8–6, 6–2
44. 28 April 1906 British Covered Court Championships, London[36] Wood Arthur Gore 6–2, 6–4, 8–6
45. July 1906 Wimbledon Championships[37][38] Grass Frank Riseley 6–4, 4–6, 6–2, 6–3
46. August 1908 Yorkshire Championships[39] Grass George Hillyard 6–1, 6–4, 6–2
47. July 1909 Nottinghamshire Championships, Nottingham[40] Grass Wilberforce Eaves 6–3, 6–4
48. Augustus 1909 North of England Championships, Scarborough[41] Grass Gordon Lowe 7–5, 6–1, 6–1
49. August 1910 North of England Championships, Scarborough[42] Grass Gordon Lowe 6–3, 6–2, 6–2

References

  1. ^ Mazak, Karoly (2010). The Concise History of Tennis, p. 26.
  2. ^ a b c d Wray Vamplew. "Doherty, (Hugh) Lawrence [Laurie] (1875–1919), tennis player". Oxford University Press. 
  3. ^ "Doherty, Hugh Lawrence (DHRY896HL)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  4. ^ a b c Elliott, Ernest C. (1904). Fifty Leaders of British Sport : A Series of Portraits (PDF). London, New York: John Lane The Bodley Head. p. 57,58.  
  5. ^ a b "Famous Tennis Player Dead: R.F. Doherty, Once American Champion, Passes Away in London", The New York Times, 30 December 1910
  6. ^ "English Indoor Tennis". The New York Times. 29 April 1906. 
  7. ^ Hugh Laurence Doherty (UK)
  8. ^ Grasso, John. Historical dictionary of tennis. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press. p. 86.  
  9. ^ "Olympic athletes – Hugh Lawrence Doherty". IOC. 
  10. ^ a b "Laurie Doherty Olympic Results". sports-reference.com. 
  11. ^ "Davis Cup player profile". ITF. 
  12. ^ H. LAURIE DOHERTY (GREAT BRITAIN)
  13. ^ "Records of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve – Doherty, Hugh Lawrence". The National Archives. 
  14. ^ "Hall of Famers – Laurence Doherty". International Tennis Hall of Fame. 
  15. ^ McKelvie, Roy (1986). The Queen's Club Story, 1886–1986. London: Stanley Paul. p. 31.  
  16. ^ "American Tennis Player Loses". The New York Times. 19 June 1898. 
  17. ^ "LAWN TENNIS.".  
  18. ^ "Lawn Tenuis.".  
  19. ^ "Doherty Beat Gore at Tennis". The New York Times. 28 April 1901. 
  20. ^ a b c "Kent All-Comers’ Championships" (PDF). Beckenham Tennis Club. 
  21. ^ Huka (23 August 1902). "Lawn Tennis". Evening Post, Volume LXIV, Issue 47. p. 6. 
  22. ^ Huka (20 December 1902). "Sport and Pastime". Evening Post, Volume LXIV, Issue 149. p. 7. 
  23. ^ "English tennis Players Win" (PDF). The New York Times. 2 August 1903. 
  24. ^ "Dohertys Won at Tennis" (PDF). The New York Times. 15 August 1903. 
  25. ^ Huka (10 October 1903). "Lawn Tennis". Evening Post, Volume LXVI, Issue 88,. p. 15. 
  26. ^ "Doherty's Championship". The New York Times. 28 August 1903. 
  27. ^ "Doherty Won Tennis Championship". The New York Times. 16 March 1903. 
  28. ^ "Doherty Won Tennis Championship". The New York Times. 
  29. ^ "Lawn Tennis". Auckland Star, Volume XXXV, Issue 205. 27 August 1904. p. 12. 
  30. ^ Huka (20 May 1905). "Lawn Tennis". Evening Post, Volume LXIX, Issue 118. p. 14. 
  31. ^ Volley (24 May 1905). "Lawn Tennis". Star , Issue 8324. p. 4. 
  32. ^ "Doherty Wins Tennis Championship". The New York Times. 16 April 1905. 
  33. ^ Huka (15 July 1905). "Lawn Tennis – The All-England Championships". Evening Post, Volume LXX, Issue 13. p. 14. 
  34. ^ Huka (30 June 1906). "Lawn Tennis". Evening Post, Volume LXXI, Issue 154. p. 14. 
  35. ^ Volley (9 May 1906). "Lawn Tennis". Star , Issue 8618. p. 4. 
  36. ^ "English Indoor Tennis". The New York Times. 29 April 1906. 
  37. ^ Huka (14 July 1906). "Lawn Tennis". Evening Post, Volume LXXII, Issue 12. p. 14. 
  38. ^ "Sport in England". Auckland Star, Volume XXXVII, Issue 197. 18 August 1906. p. 12. 
  39. ^ Huka (10 October 1908). "Lawn Tennis". Evening Post, Volume LXXVI, Issue 88. p. 14. 
  40. ^ Huka (18 September 1909). "Lawn Tennis". Evening Post, Volume LXXVIII, Issue 69. p. 14. 
  41. ^ "Lawn Tennis". Star, Issue 9674. 16 October 1909. p. 5. 
  42. ^ Huka (8 October 1910). "Lawn Tennis". Evening Post, Volume LXXX, Issue 86. p. 14. 

External links

  • Tennis Hall of Fame profile
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