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Le Parnasse contemporain

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Title: Le Parnasse contemporain  
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Subject: Symbolism (arts), Parnassianism, Louis-Xavier de Ricard, Alphonse Lemerre, Nina de Callias
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Le Parnasse contemporain

Le Parnasse contemporain ("The Contemporary Parnassus", e.g., the contemporary poetry scene) is composed of three volumes of poetry collections, published in 1866, 1871 and 1876 by the editor Alphonse Lemerre, which included a hundred French poets, such as Leconte de Lisle, Théodore de Banville, Heredia, Gautier, Catulle Mendès, Baudelaire, Sully Prudhomme, Mallarmé, François Coppée, Charles Cros, Léon Dierx, Louis Ménard, Verlaine, Villiers de L'Isle-Adam and Anatole France.

The mid/late 19th century French literary movement Parnassianism took its name from the poetry collection.

The first volume contained les Épaves and Nouvelles Fleurs du mal by Baudelaire, and early Mallarmé and Verlaine, avante-garde poets of the time. No poem by Arthur Rimbaud was included in any of the three volumes. Rimbaud is known to have read the first collection at a time when he was developing his poetry (sometime between 1866 and 1870). In a letter dated May 15, 1871 Rimbaud mentions by name dozens of poets who were included, referring to some of them as "idiots", "imbeciles", "schoolboys" et cetera. In that letter Rimbaud praises Charles Baudelaire, Theophile Gautier, Theodore de Banville, Leconte de Lisle, Albert Merat, and Paul Verlaine. He does not mention Mallarmé, who had 11 poems published in the 1866 collection.

Information on each collection

Number of installments

date of publication of first and last installments shown, as well as the date of the publication of the collected installments
Number of poets Number of poems Total number of pages Number of copies printed?

First collection
  • 18 livraisons
(du 3.03.1866 au 30.06.1866)
  • collection published October 27th, 1866
Second collection
Président du Comité
de publication :
  • 12 livraisons
(du 20.10.1869 à juillet 1871,
interruption pendant la guerre de 70).
  • collection published in July 1871

Third collection
Jury :
  • the third collection was not published in installments
  • collection published March 16th, 1876


List of 99 poets

The following table lists (in alphabetical order) 99 poets who contributed to La Parnasse contemporain. Indicated for each poet is the number of poems that appeared in the three collections (1866, 1871, 1876):

  • Camille Delthil (0-0-2)
  • Antoni Deschamps (8-1-0)
  • Émile Deschamps (8-3-0)
  • Léon Dierx (7-5-8)
  • Alcide Dusolier (0-0-2)
  • Alfred des Essarts (0-2-0)
  • Emmanuel des Essarts (4-1-2)
  • F. Fertiault (3-0-0)
  • Jules Forni (5-0-0)
  • B. de Fourcaud (0-0-4)
  • Anatole France (0-2-1)
  • Théophile Gautier (6-4-0)
  • Raoul Gineste (0-0-2)
  • Albert Glatigny (0-4-0)
  • Léon Grandet (0-2-0)
  • Charles Grandmougin (0-0-2)
  • Édouard Grenier (0-1-1)
    • Guy de Binos : voir Binos
  • Isabelle Guyon (0-0-1)
  • José-Maria de Heredia (6-1-25)
  • Ernest d'Hervilly (0-3-7)
  • Arsène Houssaye (11-0-0)
  • Auguste Lacaussade (0-0-3)
  • Georges Lafenestre (0-5-1)
  • Victor de Laprade (0-1-2)
  • Leconte de Lisle (10-1-1)
  • Eugène Lefébure (6-1-0)
  • André Lemoyne (4-3-1)
  • Edmond Lepelletier (2-0-0)
  • Robert Luzarche (4-2-0)
  • Stéphane Mallarmé (11-1-0)
  • Eugène Manuel (0-4-4)
  • Gabriel Marc (0-4-1)
  • Paul Marrot (0-0-1)
  • Alexis Martin (1-0-0)
  • Louis Ménard (6-7-0)
  • Catulle Mendès (5-7-1)
  • Albert Mérat (8-7-4)
  • Achille Millien (0-0-1)
  • Marc Monnier (0-0-4)
  • Paul de Musset (0-0-1)
  • Myrten (0-0-1)
  • Mme Auguste Penquer (0-1-0)
  • Laurent Pichat (0-1-0)
  • Alexandre Piédagnel (2-0-0)
  • Amédée Pigeon (0-0-5)
  • Frédéric Plessis (0-4-12)
  • Claudius Popelin (0-8-2)
  • Gustave Pradelle (0-4-0)
  • Louis Ratisbonne (0-0-2)
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