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Leadership of Communist Kyrgyzstan

Leader of Communist Kyrgyzstan
Appointer Politburo, Central Committee or any party apparatus and by electoral vote
Formation October 14, 1924
First holder M.D. Kamensky
(First Secretary)
Final holder Askar Akayev
(as President)
Abolished August 31, 1991 (declared
December 25, 1991 (official)

The Soviet Union initially established a power base in the region in 1919, and the Kara-Kyrgyz Autonomous Oblast was created within the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (RSFSR). In 1936, the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic was established as a full-fledged republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).

With the Soviet Union came electricity, water, irrigation, industrialization and literacy to Kyrgyzstan, and the other Soviet Central Asian countries. Scholars such as Alec Nove and J.A. Newth have argued that most development indicators suggests that the Soviet Muslim countries far-exceeded those Muslim countries outside the Soviet sphere of influence. The administrative, political and economic system was revolutionary by Kyrgiz standards, however, numerial indicators of development only partially supports this view, with one claiming that 63.2% of Kyrgyzstan's population still lived in rural areas. This was, however, the highest of any country in Central Asia. The country's higher urbanization rate is in large part because of its large Russian population, with most Europeans living in urban areas. Russian immigration slowed down in 1959, the same year the national birth rate increased.[1] However, the indigenous population had for the most part been untouched by Sovietization), an example being that religion was still widespread.[2]

In spite of intense efforts to create socialism from "scratch", the social institutions led to infiltrations by religious, tribal and communal group into the political system. After the death of Joseph Stalin, the level of repression declined and less surveillance from the KGB and Moscow led to an increase in the importance of tribes in communal affairs.[2]

Contents

  • Kara-Kirghiz Autonomous Oblast (1924-1925) and Kirghiz Autonomous Oblast (1925-1926) 1
  • Kirghiz Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (1926-1936) 2
    • Heads of government 2.1
    • Heads of party 2.2
    • Heads of state 2.3
  • Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic (1936-1991) 3
    • Heads of government 3.1
    • Heads of party 3.2
    • Heads of state 3.3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
    • Notes 5.1
    • Bibliography 5.2
  • External links 6

Kara-Kirghiz Autonomous Oblast (1924-1925) and Kirghiz Autonomous Oblast (1925-1926)

Holders Took office Left office Nationality
First Secretary of the Kirghiz Provincial Organization of the All-Union Communist Party
M.D. Kamensky
[3]
1924
[3]
1925
[3]
Russian
[3]
Nikolay Uzyukov
[3]
1925
[3]
1926 Russian
[3]

Kirghiz Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (1926-1936)

Heads of government

Holders Took office Left office
Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars
Yusup Abdrakhmanov
[4]
March 12, 1927
[4]
September 27, 1933
[4]
Bayaly Isakeyev
[4]
September 27, 1933
[4]
December 5, 1936
[4]

Heads of party

Holders Took office Left office Nationality
First Secretary of the Kirghiz Provincial Organization of the All-Union Communist Party
Nikolay Uzyukov
[3]
1926
[3]
1927
[3]
Russian
[3]
Vladimir Shubrikov
[3]
1927
[3]
1929
[3]
Russian
[3]
Mikhail Kulkov
[3]
1929
[3]
1930
[3]
Russian
[3]
Aleksandr Shakhray
[3]
1930
[3]
1934
[3]
Russian
[3]
Moris Belotsky
[3]
1934
[3]
December 5, 1936
[4]
Jewish
[3]

Heads of state

Holders Took office Left office
Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee
Abdukadyr Urazbekov
[4]
March 12, 1927
[4]
December 5, 1936
[4]

Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic (1936-1991)

Heads of government

Holders Took office Left office
Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars
Bayaly Isakeyev
[4]
December 5, 1936
[4]
September 8, 1937
[4]
Murat Salikhov
[4]
September 8, 1937
[4]
February 15, 1938
[4]
Ismail Abuzyarov
[4]
February 15, 1938
[4]
April 27, 1938
[4]
Ivan Rebrov
[4]
April 27, 1938
[4]
July 19, 1938
[4]
Turabay Kulatov
[4]
July 19, 1938
[4]
November 14, 1945
[4]
Iskhak Razzakov
[4]
November 14, 1945
[4]
July 10, 1950
[4]
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
Abdy Suyerkulov
[4]
July 10, 1950
[4]
March 6, 1958
[4]
Kazy Dikambayev
[4]
March 6, 1958
[4]
May 10, 1961
[4]
Bolot Mambetov
[4]
May 16, 1961
[4]
January 23, 1968
[4]
Akhmatbek Suyumbayev
[4]
January 23, 1968
[4]
December 22, 1978
[4]
Sultan Ibraimov
[4]
December 22, 1978
[4]
December 4, 1980
[4]
Pyotr Khodos
[4]
December 4, 1980
[4]
January 21, 1981
[4]
Arstanbek Duysheyev
[4]
January 21, 1981
[4]
May 20, 1986
[4]
Apas Jumagulov
[4]
May 20, 1986
[4]
21 Jan 1991
[4]

Heads of party

Holders Took office Left office Nationality
Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee
Moris Belotsky
[3]
December 5, 1936 March 1937 Jewish
[3]
First Secretary of the Communist Party of Kirghizia
Maksim Ammosov
[5]
April 23, 1937
[4]
February 20, 1938
[4]
Russian
[3]
Aleksey Vagov
[5]
February 20, 1938
[5]
July 1945
[5]
Russian
[3]
Nikolay Bogolyubov
[6]
July 1945
[5]
July 7, 1950
[4]
Kyrgyz
[3]
Iskhak Razzakov
[7]
July 7, 1950
[4]
May 9, 1961
[4]
Kyrgyz
[3]
Turdakun Usubaliyev
[8]
May 9, 1961
[4]
November 2, 1985
[4]
Kyrgyz
[3]
Absamat Masaliyev
[8]
November 2, 1985
[4]
April 6, 1991
[4]
Kyrgyz
[3]
Jumgalbek Amanbayev
[8]
April 6, 1991
[4]
August 29, 1991
[4]
Kyrgyz
[3]

Heads of state

Holders Took office Left office
Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee
Abdukadyr Urazbekov
[4]
1936
[4]
September 16, 1937
[4]
Mikhail Us
[4]
September 16, 1937
[4]
October 4, 1937
[4]
Maryam Tugambayeva
[4]
September 16, 1937
[4]
October 4, 1937
[4]
Sultankul Shamurzin
[4]
October 4, 1937
[4]
December 16, 1937
[4]
Ivan Sokolov
[4]
December 16, 1937
[4]
February 15, 1938
[4]
Murat Salikhov
[4]
February 15, 1938
[4]
May 15, 1938
[4]
Kalima Amankulova
[4]
May 15, 1938
[4]
July 18, 1938
[4]
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet
I.P. Boryak
[4]
July 18, 1938
[4]
July 19, 1938
[4]
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
Asanaly Tolubayev
[4]
July 18, 1938
[4]
March 22, 1943
[4]
Moldogazy Tokobayev
[4]
March 22, 1943
[4]
November 14, 1945
[4]
Turabay Kulatov
[4]
November 14, 1945
[4]
August 25, 1978
[4]
Sultan Ibraimov
[4]
August 25, 1978
[4]
December 22, 1978
[4]
Andrey Buss
[4]
December 22, 1978
[4]
January 10, 1979
[4]
Arstanbek Duysheyev January 10, 1979
[4]
January 14, 1981
[4]
Temirbek Koshoyev
[4]
January 14, 1981
[4]
August 8, 1987
[4]
Tashtanbek Akmatov
[4]
August 8, 1987
[4]
April 10, 1990
[4]
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet
Absamat Masaliyev
[4]
April 10, 1990
[4]
October 27, 1990
[4]
President of Kyrgyzstan
Askar Akayev
[3]
October 27, 1990 December 25, 1991

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Collins 2006, pp. 83.
  2. ^ a b Collins 2006, pp. 84.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj Collins 2006, pp. 109.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di
  5. ^ a b c d e
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ a b c

Bibliography

External links

  • Republics of the Soviet Union
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