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Lesser Kinmen

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Lesser Kinmen

Lieyu Township
烈嶼鄉
Township
Lieyu Township
Lieyu Township
Location in the Republic of China (Taiwan)

Coordinates: 24°25′41″N 118°14′06″E / 24.42806°N 118.23500°E / 24.42806; 118.23500Coordinates: 24°25′41″N 118°14′06″E / 24.42806°N 118.23500°E / 24.42806; 118.23500

Country  Republic of China (Taiwan)
County Kinmen
Established 1949
Area
 • Total 29.8540 km2 (11.5267 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Total 8,284
 • Density 280/km2 (720/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website

Lieyu Township (Chinese: 烈嶼鄉; pinyin: Lièyǔ Xiāng; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Lia̍t-sū-hiong), known also as Lesser Kinmen (Chinese: 小金門; pinyin: Xiǎo Jīnmén) is an island of the Republic of China (Taiwan), located to the west of the main island of Kinmen and immediately to the east of Xiamen (Amoy) of the People's Republic of China.

The island is situated outside the mouth of mainland China's Jiulong River and . The distance from mainland China at the closest point is only about 5,000 m (16,000 ft) and is located in a very strategic position.

The island is currently administered by the government of the Republic of China (Taiwan). The government of China claims Kinmen County (Jinmen County in pinyin) as part of Quanzhou City in its own Fujian province.

Lesser Kinmen, as a township of the ROC, is divided into numerous village administration districts: Linhu Village, Shangqi Village, Xikou Village, Huangpu Village, and Shanglin Village.

It also administers Dadan (大擔) and Erdan (二擔) islands, respectively 5 km (3.1 mi) and 6 km (3.7 mi) to the southwest. In 1950, Dadan was the site of a minor battle in the Chinese Civil War.[1]

History

The first people arrived from the central plains for China during the time of the Tang Dynasty and quickly developed the island and population multiplied. During the Tang Dynasty, an official based in Fujian named Liu Mian said, a horse pasture was set up on the island. During the Song Dyansty, a salt-works was constructed. During the Ming dynasty a frontier command was constructed, Qing dynasty garrison was sent to protect against Japanese pirates. Koxinga, from 1646 was on the island Wu Mountain society civil and military in order to recover the Ming Dynasty and overthrow the Qing dynasty.


See also

References

External links

  • Kinmen County Government website (Chinese (Taiwan))
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