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List of American Civil War generals (Union)

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Title: List of American Civil War generals (Union)  
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Subject: List of people on United States banknotes, War economy, Hopkinsville, Kentucky, John Baillie McIntosh, John L. Gardner (brigadier general)
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List of American Civil War generals (Union)

Union generals

The following lists show the names, substantive ranks, and brevet ranks (if applicable) of all general officers who served in the United States Army during the Civil War, in addition to a small selection of lower-ranked officers who received brevets as general officers; while some 1,600 officers received or were nominated for brevets as general officers in the course of the war (or immediately following it for service during the war),[1] only a small selection is listed here; for the sake of brevity, only those who held governorships or national offices, served as presidential cabinet secretaries, received the Medal of Honor, were killed in action, were department heads within the army, or had notable relations are listed here.

In addition to their names and ranks, there is a small set of notes after every entry listing Medal of Honor or Thanks of Congress citations, West Point graduation dates, important political or Army offices held, retirements or deaths during the war (whether in action or other means), notable relations, rejections or expiration of appointments, or unique facts pertaining to this article (i.e. youngest general, last surviving general, etc.); for all other information on their lives and accomplishments, please refer to their individual entries.

If available, ranks are followed by the "to rank from" dates (i.e. the date on which the commission is effective) rather than the date of appointment or confirmation, which were generally months if not years later; this is particularly true in the case of brevets, most of which were granted after the war between 1866 and 1869.

Note on abbreviations:

A

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Abbott, Henry Livermore Major, USV
(October 10, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
KIA, Battle of the Wilderness (May 6, 1864)
Abbott, Joseph Carter Colonel, USV
(November 17, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(January 15, 1865)
U.S. Senator from New Hampshire (1868–1871)
Abercrombie, John Joseph Colonel, USA
(February 25, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(August 31, 1861)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1822
Resigned June 24, 1865
Adams, Charles Francis Jr. Colonel, USV
(March 14, 1865)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Son of Charles Francis Adams, Sr., U.S. Minister to the Court of St. James

Grandson of President John Quincy Adams
Great-grandson of President John Adams

Albright, Charles Colonel, USV
(January 24, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 7, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Pennsylvania (1873–1875)
Alger, Russell Alexander Colonel, USV
(June 11, 1863)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned September 20, 1864
Governor of Michigan (1885–1887)
Commander-in-chief, GAR (1889–1890)
Secretary of War (1897–1899)
Senator from Michigan (1902–1907)
Allen, Robert Colonel, USA
(February 19, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(May 23, 1863)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1836
Alvord, Benjamin Major, USA
(June 22, 1854)
Brigadier General, USV
(April 15, 1862)
Brigadier General, USA
(April 9, 1865)
USMA, 1833
Ames, Adelbert Captain, USA
(June 11, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(May 20, 1863)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(January 15, 1865)
USMA, 1861
MOH, First Battle of Bull Run (July 21, 1861)
Provisional Governor Mississippi (1868–1869)
U.S. Senator from Mississippi (1870–1874)
Governor of Mississippi (1875)
Last surviving Union General, d. April 13, 1933
Son-in-law of Benjamin Franklin Butler
Ammen, Jacob Brigadier General, USV
(July 16, 1862)
USMA, 1831
Resigned January 14, 1865
Anderson, Robert Brigadier General, USA
(May 15, 1861)
Major General, USA
(February 3, 1865)
USMA, 1825
Retired October 27, 1863
Anderson, William Black Colonel, USV
(April 4, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1875–1877)
Andrews, Christopher Columbus Brigadier General, USV
(January 5, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 9, 1865)
Andrews, George Leonard Brigadier General, USV
(November 10, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 26, 1865)
USMA, 1851
Resigned, 1855
Andrews, Timothy Patrick Colonel, USA
(September 6, 1862)
Brigadier General, USA
(September 13, 1847)
Paymaster General (1862–1864)
Retired November 29, 1862
rejected a commission as brevet Brigadier General, USA (March 13, 1865) on the basis that he already possessed such an appointment
Arnold, Lewis Golding Lieutenant Colonel, USA
(August 1, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(January 24, 1862)
USMA, 1837
Retired February 8, 1864
Arnold, Richard Captain, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(August 22, 1865)
USMA, 1850
Asboth, Alexander Sandor Brigadier General, USV
(March 21, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Appointed Brigadier General, USV (September 3, 1861) by John Charles Frémont who lacked the authority to make such an appointment
United States Minister to Argentina and Uruguay (1866-1868)
Astor, John Jacob III Colonel, USV
(November 30, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Mustered out July 11, 1862
Augur, Christopher Columbus Lieutenant Colonel, USA
(July 1, 1863)
Major General, USV
(August 9, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1843
Averell, William Woods Captain, USA
(July 17, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(September 26, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(August 7, 1864)
USMA, 1855
Averill, John Thomas Colonel, USV
(November 22, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(October 18, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Minnesota (1871–1875)
Ayres, Romeyn Beck Captain, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(August 1, 1864)
USMA, 1847

B

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Babcock, Orville Elias Lieutenant Colonel, USA
(January 1, 1863)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Private secretary to President Ulysses Simpson Grant
Bailey, Joseph Brigadier General, USV
(November 10, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Received the Thanks of Congress (June 4, 1864)
Baird, Absalom Major, USA
(November 12, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(April 28, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(September 1, 1864)
USMA, 1849
MOH, Battle of Jonesborough (September 1, 1864)
Baker, Edward Dickinson Major General, USV
(September 21, 1861)
KIA, Battle of Ball's Bluff (October 21, 1861)
Rejected appointment as Brigadier General, USV (May 17, 1861)
Promoted to Major General, USV posthumously
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1845–1846, 1849–1851)
U.S. Senator from Oregon (1860–1861)
Baker, Lafayette Curry Brigadier General, USV
(April 26, 1865)
Banks, Nathaniel Prentiss Major General, USV
(May 16, 1861)
Received the Thanks of Congress (January 28, 1864)
U.S. Congressman from Massachusetts (1853–1857, 1865–1873, 1875–1879, 1889–1891)
Speaker of the House (1856–1857)
Governor of Massachusetts (1858–1861)
Banning, Henry Blackstone Colonel, USV
(November 10, 1863)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned January 21, 1865
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1873–1879)
Barlow, Francis Channing Major General, USV
(May 25, 1865)
Barnard, John Gross Colonel, USA
(December 28, 1865)
Brigadier General, USV
(September 23, 1861)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(July 4, 1864)
USMA, 1833
Superintendent, USMA (1855–1856)
Barnes, James Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Barnes, Joseph K., M.D. Brigadier General, USA
(August 22, 1864)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Surgeon General (1864–1882)
Surgeon at the deathbeds of Presidents Abraham Lincoln and James Abram Garfield
Barney, Lewis Tappan Captain, USV
(February 29, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned June 21, 1864
Declined appointment as Colonel, USV (1864)
Youngest brevet brigadier general
Barnum, Henry Alanson Brigadier General, USV
(May 31, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Lookout Mountain (November 24, 1863)
Barry, Henry W. Colonel, USV
(April 28, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S Congressman from Mississippi (1870–1875)
Brevet obtained by alleged fraud
Barry, William Farquhar Colonel, USA
(December 11, 1865)
Brigadier General, USV
(August 20, 1861)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(September 1, 1864)
USMA, 1838
Bartlett, Joseph Jackson Brigadier General, USV
(March 30, 1863)
Major General, USV
(August 1, 1864)
Original appointment as Brigadier General, USV (October 4, 1862) expired March 4, 1863

U.S. minister to Sweden and Norway (1867-1869)

Bartlett, William Francis Brigadier General, USV
(June 20, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Batchelder, Richard Napoleon Captain, USA
(February 16, 1865)
Colonel, USV
(August 2, 1864)
Brigadier General, USA
(April 9, 1865)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, between Catlett and Fairfax Station, Virginia (October 13–15, 1863)
Bates, Delevan Colonel, USV
(March 23, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of the Crater (July 30, 1864)
Baxter, Henry Brigadier General, USV
(March 12, 1863)
Major General, USV
(April 1, 1865)
U.S. minister to Honduras (1869–1873)
Bayard, George Dashiell Captain, USA
(August 20, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(April 28, 1862)
USMA, 1856
DOW, Battle of Fredericksburg (w. December 13, 1862, d. December 14, 1862)
Beal, George Lafayette Brigadier General, USV
(November 30, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Beatty, John Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1868–1873)
Beatty, Samuel Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1863)
Beaver, James Addams Colonel, USV
(September 8, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(August 1, 1864)
Mustered out December 27, 1864
Governor of Pennsylvania (1887–1891)
Belknap, William Worth Brigadier General, USV
(July 30, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Secretary of War (1869–1876)
Benedict, Lewis Colonel, USV
(September 12, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
KIA, Battle of Pleasant Hill (April 9, 1864)
Benham, Henry Washington Major
(August 6, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(August 13, 1861)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1837
Bennett, Thomas Warren Colonel, USV
(November 1, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 5, 1865)
Territorial Governor of Idaho (1871–1875)
Congressional Delegate for the Idaho Territory (1875–1876)
Benton, William Plummer Brigadier General, USV
(April 28, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 26, 1865)
Berry, Hiram Gregory Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
KIA, Battle of Chancellorsville (May 3, 1863)
Beveridge, John Lourie Colonel, USV
(June 28, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 7, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1871–1873)
Governor of Illinois (1873–1877)
Bidwell, Daniel Davidson Brigadier General, USV
(August 11, 1864)
KIA, Battle of Cedar Creek (October 19, 1864)
Bingham, Henry Harrison Major, USV
(August 1, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(April 9, 1865)
MOH, Battle of the Wilderness (May 6, 1864)
U.S. Congressman from Pennsylvania (1879–1912)
Birge, Henry Warner Brigadier General, USV
(September 19, 1863)
Major General, USV
(February 25, 1865)
Birney, David Bell Major General, USV
(May 20, 1863)
Died of illness, October 18, 1864
Brother of William Birney
Birney, William Brigadier General, USV
(May 22, 1863)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Brother of David Bell Birney
Black, John Charles Colonel, USV
(December 31, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(April 9, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Prairie Grove (December 7, 1862)
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1893–1895)
Commander-in-chief, GAR (1903)
Blair, Francis Preston Jr. Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Declined appointment as Brigadier General, USV (August 7, 1861)
U.S. Congressman from Missouri (1857–1859, 1861–1862, 1863–1864)
U.S. Senator from Missouri (1871–1873)
Brother of Postmaster General Montgomery Blair
Blaisdell, William E. Colonel, USV
(October 11, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(June 23, 1864)
KIA, Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road (June 23, 1864)
Blenker, Louis
(b. Blenker, Ludwig)
Brigadier General, USV
(August 9, 1861)
Mustered out March 31, 1863
Blunt, James Gillpatrick Major General, USV
(March 16, 1863)
Bohlen, Henry Brigadier General, USV
(April 28, 1862)
KIA in reconnaissance over the Rappahannock River, Virginia (August 22. 1862)
Bowen, James Brigadier General, USV
(October 11, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned July 27, 1864
Bowen, Thomas Meade Colonel, USV
(September 20, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(February 13, 1865)
Territorial Governor of Idaho (1871)
U.S. Senator from Colorado (1883–1889)
Boyle, Jeremiah Tilford Brigadier General, USV
(November 9, 1861)
Resigned January 26, 1864
Boynton, Henry Van Ness Lieutenant Colonel, USV
(July 13, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Missionary Ridge (November 25, 1863)
Bradley, Luther Prentice Brigadier General, USV
(June 30, 1864)
Bragg, Edward Stuyvesant Brigadier General, USV
(June 25, 1864)
U.S. Congressman from Wisconsin (1877–1883, 1885–1887)
U.S. minister to Mexico
Brannan, John Milton Major, USA
(August 1, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(September 28, 1861)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(January 23, 1865)
USMA, 1841
Brayman, Mason Brigadier General, USV
(September 24, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Territorial Governor of Idaho (1876–1880)
Brewerton, Henry Colonel, USA
(April 22, 1864)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1819
Superintendent, USMA (1845–1852)
Brice, Benjamin William Colonel, USA
(November 29, 1864)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Paymaster General (1864–1872)
Briggs, Henry Shaw Brigadier General, USV
(July 17, 1862)
Brisbin, James Sanks Captain, USA
(August 5, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(May 1, 1865)
Colonel, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Brodhead, Thornton Fleming Colonel, USV
(August 26, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(August 30, 1862)
DOW, Second Battle of Bull Run (w. August 30, 1862 d. September 2, 1862)
Brooke, John Rutter Brigadier General, USV
(May 12, 1864)
Major General, USV
(August 1, 1864)
Military Governor of Puerto Rico (1898)
Military Governor of Cuba (1899)
Commander-in-chief, MOLLUS (1905–1907)
Brooks, William Thomas Harbaugh Major, USA
(March 12, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(September 28, 1861)
USMA, 1841
Appointment as Major General, USV (June 10, 1863) revoked April 6, 1864
Resigned June 14, 1864
Brown, Charles Elwood Colonel, USV
(June 6, 1865)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1885–1889)
Brown, Egbert Benson Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Browne, Thomas McLellan Colonel, USV
(October 10, 1865)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Indiana (1877–1891)
Buchanan, Robert Christie Colonel, USA
(February 8, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1830
Volunteer appointment expired March 4, 1863
Nephew of First Lady Louisa Adams (Wife of President John Quincy Adams)
Buckingham, Catharinus Putnam Brigadier General, USV
(July 16, 1862)
USMA, 1829
Resigned February 11, 1863
Buckland, Ralph Pomeroy Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned January 6, 1865
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1865–1869)
Buell, Don Carlos Colonel, USA
(July 17, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 21, 1862)
USMA, 1841
Mustered out of volunteer service May 28, 1864
Resigned June 1, 1864
Buford, John Captain, USA
(November 12, 1861)
Major General, USV
(July 1, 1863)
USMA, 1848
Died of illness December 16, 1863
Half-brother of Napoleon Bonaparte Buford
Buford, Napoleon Bonaparte Brigadier General, USV
(April 15, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1827
Appointment as Major General, USV (November 29, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Half-brother of John Buford
Burbridge, Stephen Gano Brigadier General, USV
(June 9, 1862)
Major General, USV
(July 4, 1864)
Burnett, Henry Lawrence Major, USV
(August 10, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Assistant prosecutor, Lincoln assassination trial
Burnham, Hiram Brigadier General, USV
(April 26, 1864)
KIA, Battle of Chaffin's Farm (September 29, 1864)
Burns, William Wallace Major, USA
(August 3, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(September 28, 1861)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1847
Resigned volunteer commission March 20, 1863
Burnside, Ambrose Everett Major General, USV
(March 18, 1862)
USMA, 1847
Received the Thanks of Congress (January 28, 1864)
Resigned April 15, 1865
Governor of Rhode Island (1866–1869)
Commander-in-chief, GAR (1871–1873)
U.S. Senator from Rhode Island (1875–1881)
Busey, Samuel Thompson Colonel, USV
(January 7, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(April 9, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1891–1893)
Bussey, Cyrus Brigadier General, USV
(January 5, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Busteed, Richard Brigadier General, USV
(August 7, 1862)
Appointment expired March 4, 1863
Butler, Benjamin Franklin Major General, USV
(May 16, 1863)
U.S. Congressman from Massachusetts (1867–1875, 1877–1879)
Governor of Massachusetts (1883–1884)
Father-in-law of Adelbert Ames
Butterfield, Daniel Colonel, USA
(July 1, 1863)
Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Gaines' Mill (June 27, 1862)

C

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Cadwalader, George Major General, USV
(April 25, 1862)
Resigned July 6, 1865
First commander-in-chief of MOLLUS (1865–1879)
Caldwell, John Curtis Brigadier General, USV
(April 28, 1862)
Major General, USV
(August 19, 1865)
U.S. minister to Uruguay and Paraguay (1874–1882)
Callis, John Benton Lieutenant Colonel, USV, USN
(February 11, 1865)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Alabama (1878–1869)
Cameron, Robert Alexander Brigadier General, USV
(August 11, 1863)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Campbell, Charles Thomas Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1863)
Original appointment as Brigadier General, USV (November 29, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Campbell, Jacob Miller Colonel, USV
(February 27, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Pennsylvania (1877–1879, 1881–1887)
Campbell, John Allen Lieutenant Colonel, USV
(January 31, 1865)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Territorial Governor of Wyoming (1869–1875)
Campbell, William Bowen Brigadier General, USV
(June 30, 1862)
Resigned January 26, 1863
U.S. Congressman from Tennessee (1847–1853)
Governor of Tennessee (1851–1853)
Canby, Edward Richard Sprigg Colonel, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Major General, USV
(May 7, 1864)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1839
Brother-in-law of John Parker Hawkins
Capehart, Henry Colonel, USV
(February 22, 1864)
Major General, USV
(June 17, 1865)
MOH for saving the life of Private Watson Karr while fording the Greenbrier River (May 22, 1864)
Carleton, James Henry Major, USA
Brigadier General, USV
(April 28, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Carlin, William Passmore Major, USA
(February 8, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 19, 1865)
USMA, 1850
Carr, Eugene Asa Major, USA
(July 17, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 7, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 11, 1865)
USMA, 1850
MOH, Battle of Pea Ridge (March 7, 1862)
Carr, Joseph Bradford Brigadier General, USV
(March 30, 1863)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Original appointment as Brigadier General, USV (September 7, 1862) expired March 4, 1863; second appointment (March 30, 1863) expired March 30, 1864; finally confirmed June 30, 1864
Carrington, Henry Beebee Colonel, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Carroll, Samuel Sprigg Captain, USA
(November 1, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(May 12, 1864)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1856
Carter, Samuel Powhatan Commander, USN
(June 25, 1865)
Brigadier General, USV
(May 1, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Naval Academy, 1846
Only officer ever to hold flag rank in both the U.S. Army and U.S. Navy (appointed Rear Admiral May 16, 1882)
Casey, Silas Colonel, USA
(October 9, 1861)
Major General, USV
(May 31, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1826
Catlin, Isaac Swartwood Colonel, USV
(July 29, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of the Crater (July 30, 1864)
Brother-in-law of Benjamin Franklin Tracy
Catterson, Robert Francis, M.D. Brigadier General, USV
(May 31, 1865)
Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence
(b. Lawrence Joshua Chamberlain)
Brigadier General, USV
(June 19, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 29, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Gettysburg (July 2, 1863)
Detailed to receive surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia (April 12, 1865)
Governor of Maine (1866–1870)
One of only two general officers ever promoted on the field by General Grant
Chambers, Alexander Captain, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(August 11, 1863)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1853
Volunteer appointment cancelled by the Senate April 6, 1864, ostensibly because Chambers was not a legal resident of Iowa
Champlin, Stephen Gardner Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned November 8, 1863
DOW, Battle of Seven Pines (w. May 31, 1862, d. January 24, 1864)
Chapin, Edward Payson Brigadier General, USV
(May 27, 1863)
KIA, Siege of Port Hudson (May 27, 1863); promoted posthumously
Chaplin, Daniel Colonel, USV
(August 21, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(August 17, 1864)
DOW, Second Battle of Deep Bottom (w. August 16, 1864, d. August 20, 1864)
Chapman, George Henry Brigadier General, USV
(July 21, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Chetlain, Augustus Louis Brigadier General, USV
(December 18, 1863)
Major General, USV
(June 18, 1865)
Chipman, Norton Parker Colonel, USV
(April 17, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Congressional Delegate for the District of Columbia (1871–1875)
Chivington, John Milton Colonel, USV
(April, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Appointment as Brigadier General, USV withdrawn February 12, 1863
Churchill, Sylvester Colonel, USA
(June 25, 1841)
Brigadier General, USA
(September 23, 1847)
Inspector General, U.S. Army (1841–1861)
Retired September 25, 1861
Chrysler, Morgan Henry Brigadier General, USV
(November 11, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Clark, William Thomas Brigadier General, USV
(May 31, 1865)
Major General, USV
(November 24, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Texas (1869–1872)
Clay, Cassius Marcellus Major General, USV
(April 11, 1862)
Rejected appointment and resigned, March 11, 1863
U.S. minister to Russia (1863–1869)
Clay, Cecil Lieutenant Colonel, USV
(November 19, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Chaffin's Farm (September 29, 1864)
Clayton, Powell Brigadier General, USV
(August 1, 1864)
Governor of Arkansas (1868–1871)
U.S. Senator from Arkansas (1871–1877)
U.S. minister to Mexico (1897–1898); U.S. Ambassador to Mexico (1898–1905)
Clendenin, David Ramsay Lieutenant Colonel, USV
(December 5, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(July 11, 1865)
Mustered out July 17, 1865
Commissioner, Lincoln assassination trial
Cluseret, Gustave Paul Brigadier General, USV
(October 14, 1862)
Arrested on unspecified charges, January, 1863
Resigned March 2, 1863
Volunteer appointment never confirmed
Cobb, Amasa Colonel, USV
(September 29, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Wisconsin (1863–1871)
Cobham, George Ashworth, Jr. Colonel, USV
(November 7, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(July 19, 1864)
KIA, Battle of Peachtree Creek (July 20, 1864)
Coburn, John Colonel, USV
(September 16, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Indiana (1867–1875)
Cochrane, John Brigadier General, USV
(July 17, 1862)
Resigned February 25, 1862
U.S. Congressman from New York (1857–1861)
Cockerill, Joseph Randolph Colonel, USV
(December 20, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1857–1859)
Cogswell, William Colonel, USV
(June 26, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(December 15, 1864)
U.S. Congressman from Massachusetts (1887–1895)
Collis, Charles Henry Tucker Colonel, USV
(December 1, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Fredericksburg (December 13, 1862)
Mustered out May 29, 1865
Comly, James Munroe Stuart Colonel, USV
(January 11, 1865)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. minister to Hawai'i (1877–1882)
Connor, Patrick Edward Brigadier General, USV
(March 30, 1863)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Connor, Selden Brigadier General, USV
(June 11, 1864)
Governor of Maine (1876–1879)
Cook, John Brigadier General, USV
(March 21, 1862)
Major General, USV
(August 24, 1865)
Cooke, Philip St. George Brigadier General, USA
(November 12, 1861)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1827
Father of General John Rogers Cooke, CSA
Father-in-law of General James Ewell Brown Stuart, CSA
Cooper, James Brigadier General, USV
(May 17, 1861)
Died March 28, 1863
U.S. Congressman from Pennsylvania (1849–1843)
U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania (1849–1855)
Cooper, Joseph Alexander Brigadier General, USV
(July 30, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Copeland, Joseph Tarr Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned November 8, 1865
Corcoran, Michael Brigadier General, USV
(July 21, 1861)
Died in riding accident December 22, 1863
Corse, John Murray Brigadier General, USV
(August 11, 1863)
Major General, USV
(October 5, 1864)
USMA (class of 1857), withdrew 1855
Couch, Darius Nash Major General, USV
(July 4, 1862)
USMA, 1846
Resigned May 26, 1865
Coughlin, John Lieutenant Colonel, USV
(September 5, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(April 9, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Swift's Creek (May 9, 1864)
Cowdin, Robert Brigadier General, USV
(September 26, 1862)
Appointment expired March 4, 1863
Relieved and mustered out March 30, 1863
Cox, Jacob Dolson Major General
(December 7, 1864)
Original appointment as Major General, USV (October 6, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Resigned June 27, 1864
Governor of Ohio (1866–1867)
United States Secretary of the Interior (1869–1870)
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1877–1879)
Craig, James Brigadier General, USV
(March 21, 1862)
Resigned May 5, 1863
U.S. Congressman from Missouri (1857–1861)
Crawford, Samuel Johnson Colonel, USV
(November 1, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned November 7, 1864
Governor of Kansas (1865–1868)
Crawford, Samuel Wylie, M.D. Lieutenant Colonel, USA
(February 17, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(April 25, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(August 1, 1864)
Crittenden, Thomas Leonidas Major General, USV
(July 17, 1862)
Resigned December 13, 1864
Son of Senator John Jordan Crittenden
Brother of General George Bibb Crittenden, CSA
Cousin of Thomas Turpin Crittenden
Crittenden, Thomas Turpin Brigadier General, USV
(April 28, 1862)
Resigned May 5, 1863
Nephew of Senator John Jordan Crittenden
Cousin of George Bibb Crittenden, CSA
Crocker, Marcellus Monroe Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA (class of 1851), withdrew 1849
Died of illness August 26, 1865
Crook, George Captain, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Major General, USV
(October 21, 1864)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1852
Croxton, John Thomas Brigadier General, USV
(July 30, 1864)
Major General, USV
(April 27, 1865)
U.S. minister to Bolivia (1873–1874)
Cruft, Charles Brigadier General, USV
(July 16, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 5, 1865)
Cullum, George Washington Lieutenant Colonel, USA
(March 3, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(November 1, 1861)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1833
Superintendent, USMA (1864–1866)
Created the Cullum number system to identify USMA graduates
Brother-in-law to Schuyler Hamilton (married widow of Henry Wager Halleck)
Cummings, Alexander Colonel, USV
(October 24, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(April 19, 1865)
Territorial Governor of Colorado (1865–1867)
Curtis, Newton Martin Brigadier General, USV
(January 15, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, First Battle of Fort Fisher (January 15, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from New York (1891–1897)
Curtis, Samuel Ryan Major General, USV
(March 21, 1862)
USMA, 1831
U.S. Congressman from Iowa (1857–1861)
Custer, George Armstrong Captain, USA
(June 5, 1862)
Major General, USV
(April 15, 1865)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1861
Cutcheon, Byron Mac Colonel, USV
(January 8, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH for actions at Horseshoe Bend, Kentucky (May 10, 1863)
Resigned March 6, 1865
U.S. Congressman from Michigan (1883–1891)
Cutler, Lysander Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USV
(August 19, 1864)
Resigned June 30, 1865

D

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Daggett, Aaron Simon Lieutenant Colonel, USV
(January 23, 1865)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Last surviving brevet general (d. May 14, 1938)
Dana, Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA, 1842
Resigned May 27, 1865
Davidson, John Wynn Major, USA
(November 14, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(February 3, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1845
Davies, Henry Eugene Major General, USV
(May 4, 1865)
Nephew of Thomas Alfred Davies
Davies, Thomas Alfred Brigadier General, USV
(March 7, 1862)
Major General, USV
(July 11, 1865)
USMA, 1829
Uncle of Henry Eugene Davies
Davis, Edmund Jackson Brigadier General, USV
(November 10, 1864)
Governor of Texas (1870–1874)
Davis, Jefferson Columbus Captain, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(December 18, 1861)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(August 8, 1864)
Shot and killed Major General William Nelson in a private altercation (September 29, 1862)
Dawes, Rufus Robinson Colonel, USV
(July 5, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned August 10, 1864
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1881–1883)
Father of Vice President Charles Gates Dawes
Deitzler, George Washington Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned August 27, 1863
Delafield, Richard Brigadier General, USA
(April 22, 1864)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1818
Superintendent, USMA (1838–1845, 1856–1861, 1861)
Chief of Engineers (1864–1866)
Dennis, Elias Smith Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Dent, Frederick Tracy Lieutenant Colonel, USA
(March 20, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(April 5, 1865)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1843
Brother-in-law of Ulysses S. Grant
Denver, James W. Brigadier General, USV
(August 14, 1861)
Resigned March 5, 1863
U.S. Congressman from California (1855–1857)
Territorial Governor of Kansas (1857–1858)
Namesake of Denver, Colorado
De Russy, Gustavus Adolphus Captain, USA
(August 17, 1857)
Brigadier General, USV
(May 23, 1863)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA (class of 1839), resigned in 1838
Son of René Edward De Russy
Brother-in-law of Henry Jackson Hunt and Lewis Cass Hunt
De Russy, René Edward Colonel, USA
(March 3, 1863)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1812
Superintendent, USMA (1833–1838)
Father of Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Father-in-law of Henry Jackson Hunt and Lewis Cass Hunt
De Trobriand, Philippe Régis Dénis de Keredern Brigadier General, USV
(January 5, 1864)
Major General, USV
(April 9, 1865)
Devens, Charles Jr. Brigadier General, USV
(April 15, 1862)
Major General, USV
(April 3, 1865)
Commander-in-chief, GAR (1873–1875)
Attorney General of the United States (1877–1881)
Devin, Thomas Casimer Brigadier General, USV
(October 19, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Deweese, John Thomas Lieutenant Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Indiana (1868–1870)
Dewey, Joel Allen Brigadier General, USV
(November 20, 1865)
Last Civil War general appointed
Diven, Alexander Samuel Colonel, USV
(October 21, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(August 30, 1864)
Resigned May 11, 1863
U.S. Congressman from New York (1861–1863)
Dix, John Adams Major General, USV
(May 16, 1861)
Resigned November 30, 1865
U.S. Senator from New York (1845–1849)
Secretary of the Treasury (1861)
U.S. minister to France (1866–1869)
Governor of New York (1873–1874)
Highest-ranking volunteer officer
Dodge, Charles Cleveland Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned June 12, 1863
Dodge, Grenville Mellen Major General, USV
(June 7, 1864)
U.S. Congressman from Iowa (1867–1869)
Commander-in-chief, MOLLUS (1907–1909)
Doolittle, Charles Camp Brigadier General, USV
(January 27, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Doubleday, Abner Lieutenant Colonel, USA
(September 20, 1863)
Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1842
Aimed first cannon to return fire from Fort Sumter
Dow, Neal Brigadier General, USV
(April 28, 1862)
Resigned November 30, 1864
Drake, Francis Marion Lieutenant Colonel, USV
(October 4, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(February 22, 1865)
Governor of Iowa (1896–1898)
Draper, William Francis Lieutenant Colonel, USV
(August 9, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Massachusetts (1893–1897)
U.S. Ambassador to Italy (1897–1900)
Duffié, Alfred Napoleon Alexander
(aka. Duffie, Alfred Nattie)
Brigadier General, USV
(June 23, 1863)
Dumont, Ebenezer Brigadier General, USV
(September 3, 1861)
Resigned February 28, 1863
U.S. Congressman from Indiana (1863–1867)
Dunn, William McKee Lieutenant Colonel, USA
(June 22, 1864)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Indiana (1859–1863)
Duryée, Abram Brigadier General, USV
(August 31, 1861)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned January 5, 1863
Dutton, Arthur Henry Captain, USA
(October 2, 1863)
Colonel, USV
(September 5, 1862)
Colonel, USA
(May 26, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(May 16, 1864)
USMA, 1861
DOW, Battle of Proctor's Creek (w. May 16, 1864, d. June 5, 1864)
Duval, Isaac Hardin Brigadier General, USV
(September 24, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from West Virginia (1869–1871)
Dwight, William Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA (class of 1853), discharged January 31, 1853
Dyer, Alexander Brydie Brigadier General, USA
(September 12, 1864)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1837
Chief of Ordnance (1864–1874)

E

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Eaton, Amos Beebe Brigadier General, USA
(June 29, 1864)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1826
Commissary General of Subsistence (1864–1874)
Edgerton, Alonzo Jay Colonel, USV
(February 15, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Senator from Minnesota (1881)
Edwards, John Brigadier General
(September 24, 1864)
U.S. Congressman from Arkansas (1871 – February 8, 1872)
Removed from seat when election was successfully contested
Edwards, Oliver Brigadier General, USV
(May 19, 1865)
Major General, USV
(April 5, 1865)
Egan, Thomas Washington Brigadier General, USV
(September 3, 1864)
Major General, USV
(October 27, 1864)
Ekin, James A. Lieutenant Colonel, USA
(July 29, 1865)
Colonel, USV
(August 2, 1864)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 8, 1865)
Commissioner on Lincoln assassination trial
Ellet, Alfred Washington Brigadier General, USV
(November 1, 1862)
Resigned, December 31, 1864
Brother of Charles Ellet, Jr.
Uncle of Charles Rivers Ellet
Elliott, Washington Lafayette Major, USA
(November 5, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(June 11, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA (class of 1845), left in 1844
Ellis, Augustus van Horne Colonel, USV
(September 5, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(July 2, 1863)
KIA, Battle of Gettysburg (July 2, 1863)
Last brevet brigadier general commission issued (February 20, 1869)
Elstner, George Ruter Lieutenant Colonel, USV
(July 1, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(August 8. 1864)
KIA, Battle of Utoy Creek (August 8, 1864)
Emory, William Helmsley Colonel, USA
(October 27, 1863)
Major General, USV
(September 25, 1865)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1831
Namesake of Emory Peak
Enochs, William Henry Colonel, USV
(December 23, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Mustered out July 21, 1865
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1891–1893)
Estes, Llewellyn Garrish Major, USV
(February 2, 1865)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH for leading a charge over a burning bridge crossing the Flint River (August 30, 1864)
Estey, George Peabody
(aka. George Peabody Este)
Brigadier General, USV
(June 26, 1865)
Eustis, Henry Lawrence Brigadier General
(September 12, 1863)
USMA, 1842
Resigned, June 27, 1864
Ewing, Charles Captain, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 8, 1865)
Colonel, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Son of Thomas Ewing
Brother of Thomas Ewing, Jr.
Brother of Hugh Boyle Ewing
Brother-in-law of William Tecumseh Sherman
Ewing, Hugh Boyle Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, class of 1848, never graduated
U.S. minister to Holland (1866–1870)
Son of Thomas Ewing
Brother of Thomas Ewing, Jr.
Brother of Charles Ewing
Brother-in-law of William Tecumseh Sherman
Ewing, Thomas Jr. Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1863)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned February 23, 1865
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1877–1881)
Son of Thomas Ewing
Brother of Charles Ewing
Brother of Hugh Boyle Ewing
Brother-in-law of William Tecumseh Sherman

F

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Fairchild, Lucius Captain, USA
(August, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(October 13, 1863)
Resigned November, 1863
Governor of Wisconsin (1866–1872)
U.S. minister to Spain (1880–1881)
Commander-in-chief, GAR (1886–1887)
Commander-in-chief, MOLLUS (1893–1895)
Farnsworth, Elon John Brigadier General, USV
(June 29, 1863)
KIA, Battle of Gettysburg (July 3, 1863)
Nephew of John Franklin Farnsworth
Farnsworth, John Franklin Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned March 4, 1863
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1857–1861, 1863–1873)
Uncle of Elon John Farnsworth
Ferrero, Edward Brigadier General, USV
(May 6, 1863)
Major General, USV
(December, 1864)
Original appointment as Brigadier General, USV (September 10, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Ferry, Orris S. Brigadier General, USV
(March 17, 1862)
Major General, USV
(May 23, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Connecticut (1859–1861)
U.S. Senator from Connecticut (1867–1875)
Fessenden, Francis Captain, USA
Major General, USV
(November 9, 1865)
Son of Secretary of the Treasury William Pitt Fessenden
Brother of James Deering Fessenden
Fessenden, James Deering Brigadier General, USV
(August 8, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Son of Secretary of the Treasury William Pitt Fessenden
Brother of Francis Fessenden
Finley, Clement Alexander Colonel, USA
(May 15, 1861)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Surgeon General (1861–1862)
Retired April 14, 1862
Fisher, Benjamin Franklin Colonel, USA Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Chief Signal Officer (1864–1865)
Fisk, Clinton Bowen Brigadier General, USV
(November 24, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Fletcher, Thomas Clement Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Governor of Missouri (1865–1869)
Force, Manning Ferguson Brigadier General, USV
(August 11, 1863)
Major General, USV MOH, Battle of Atlanta (July 22, 1864)
Brother-in-law of John Pope
Forsyth, James W. Captain, USA
(October 24, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 19, 1865)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1856
Foster, John Gray Captain, USA
Major General, USV
(July 18, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1846
Foster, Robert Sanford Brigadier General, USV
(June 12, 1863)
Major General, USV Commissioner on Lincoln assassination trial
Franchot, Richard Hansen Colonel, USV
(August 23, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from New York (1861–1863)
Francine, Louis Raymond Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(July 2, 1863)
DOW, Battle of Gettysburg (w. July 2, 1863, d. July 18, 1863)
Franklin, William Buel Colonel, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Major General, USV
(July 4, 1862)
USMA, 1843
Frémont, John Charles Major General, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Resigned June 4, 1864
U.S. Senator from California (1850–1851)
Territorial Governor of Arizona (1878–1887)
Son-in-law of Senator Thomas Hart Benton
French, William H. Colonel, USA
Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA, 1837
Mustered out of volunteer service May 6, 1864
Fry, James Barnet Brigadier General, USA
(April 21, 1864)
Major General, USA USMA, 1847
Provost Marshal General (1863–1866)
Fry, Speed Smith Brigadier General, USV
(March 21, 1862)
Fuller, John Wallace Brigadier General, USV
(January 5, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)

G

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Gamble, William Brigadier General, USV
(September 25, 1865)
Gardiner, Alexander Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(September 19, 1864)
DOW, Battle of Opequon (w. September 19, 1864, d. October 7, 1864)
Garfield, James Abram Major General, USV
(September 19, 1863)
Resigned December 5, 1863
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1863–1881)
20th President of the United States (1881)
Second President to die by assassination
Garrard, Kenner First Lieutenant, USA
Brigadier General, USV
(July 23, 1863)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1863)
Major General, USV
(December 16, 1864)
USMA, 1851
First cousin (once removed) of Theophilus Toulmin Garrard
Garrard, Theophilus Toulmin Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Mustered out April 4, 1864
First cousin (once removed) of Kenner Garrard
Geary, John White Brigadier General, USV
(April 25, 1862)
Major General, USV
(January 12, 1865)
Territorial Governor of Kansas (1856–1857)
Governor of Pennsylvania (1867–1873)
Getty, George Washington Captain, USA
Brigadier General, USV
(September 25, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(August, 1864)
USMA, 1840
Gibbon, John Captain, USA
Major General, USV
(June 7, 1864)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1847
Commander-in-chief, MOLLUS (1895–1896)
Gibbs, Alfred Captain, USA
Brigadier General, USV
(October 19, 1864)
Major General, USA
Major General, USV
USMA, 1846
Giesy, Henry Hensel Major, USV Brigadier General, USV
(May 29, 1864)
DOW, Battle of Dallas (w. May 28, 1864, d. May 29, 1864)
Gilbert, Charles Champion Major, USA
(July, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(September 4, 1862)
Colonel, USA USMA, 1846
Appointment expired, March 4, 1863
Assigned to duty as "acting" Major General (August, 1862) by Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Gilbert, James Isham Brigadier General, USV
(February 9, 1865)
Major General, USV
Gillem, Alvan Cullem Captain, USA
(July 12, 1861)
Major General, USV
(November 3, 1865)
Major General, USA
(April 12, 1865)
USMA, 1851
Gillmore, Quincy Adams Major, USA
(June 1, 1863)
Major General, USV
(July 10, 1863)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1851
Gobin, John Peter Shindel Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Commander-in-Chief, GAR (1897)
Gordon, George Henry Brigadier General, USV
(June 9, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1846
Gorman, Willis A. Brigadier General, USV
(September 7, 1861)
Mustered out May 4, 1864
Territorial Governor of Minnesota (1853–1857)
Gowen, George Washington Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(April 2, 1865)
KIA, Fall of Petersburg (April 2, 1865)
Graham, Charles Kinnaird Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Graham, Lawrence Pike Colonel, USA
(1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(August, 1861)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Granger, Gordon Major General, USV
(September 17, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1845
Granger, Robert Seaman Major, USA
(September, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(October, 1862)
Major General, USA USMA, 1838
Grant, Lewis Addison Brigadier General, USV
(April 27, 1864)
MOH, Battle of Salem Church (May 3, 1863)
Grant, Ulysses Simpson
(b. Grant, Hiram Ulysses)
Lieutenant General, USA
(March 4, 1864)
USMA, 1843
Received the Thanks of Congress (December 17, 1863)
Received the Congressional Gold Medal (December 17, 1863)
First full-grade George Washington
First General since George Washington (July 25, 1866)
General-in-Chief (1864–1869)
18th President of the United States (1869–1877)
Green, William Nelson, Jr. Lieutenant Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(April 9, 1864)
DOW, Battle of Pleasant Hill (w. April 9, 1864, d. May 13, 1864)
Greene, George Sears Brigadier General, USV
(April 28, 1862)
USMA, 1823
Greene, Oliver Duff Major, USA
Lieutenant Colonel, USV
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1854
MOH, Battle of Antietam (September 17, 1862)
Gregg, David McMurtrie Captain, USA
(1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA, 1855
Resigned February 3, 1865
Commander-in-chief, MOLLUS (1903–1905)
Cousin of Pennsylvania Governor Andrew Gregg Curtin
Gresham, Walter Quintin Brigadier General, USV
(August 11, 1883)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned due to wounds, 1863
Postmaster General (1883–1884)
Secretary of the Treasury (1884)
Secretary of State (1893–1895)
Grierson, Benjamin Henry Major General, USV
(May 27, 1865)
Griffin, Charles Captain, USA
Major General, USV
(April 2, 1865)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1847
Brother-in-law of Samuel Sprigg
Griffin, Simon Goodell Brigadier General, USV
(May 12, 1864)
Major General, USV
(April 2, 1865)
Grose, William Brigadier General, USV
(July 30, 1864)
Major General, USV
(August 13, 1865)
Grosvenor, Charles Henry Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1885–1891, 1893–1907)
Grover, Cuvier Captain, USA
Brigadier General, USV
(April 14, 1862)
Major General, USA
Major General, USV
USMA, 1850
Grubb, Edward Burd, Jr. Colonel, USV
(March 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. minister to Spain (1890–1892)

H

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Hackleman, Pleasant Adam Brigadier General, USV
(April 20, 1862)
KIA, Battle of Corinth (October 3, 1862)
Halleck, Henry Wager Major General, USA
(August 19, 1861)
General-in-Chief, U.S. Army (July 23, 1862 – March 12, 1864)
Chief of staff, U.S. Army (March 12, 1864-May, 1865)
Hamblin, Joseph Eldridge Brigadier General, USV
(May 19, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Hamilton, Andrew J. Brigadier General, USV
(September 18, 1863)
First appointment as Brigadier General (November 14, 1862) never ratified
Reconstruction Governor of Texas (June, 1865-August, 1866)
Hamilton, Charles Smith Major General, USV
(September 19, 1862)
USMA, 1843
Resigned, April 13, 1863
Hamilton, Schuyler Colonel, USA
Brigadier General, USV
(November 12, 1861)
USMA, 1841
Grandson of Alexander Hamilton
Brother-in-law of George Washington Cullum
Nominated Major General, USV (September 17, 1862), never confirmed due to illness
Resigned February 27, 1863
Hamlin, Charles Major, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Son of Vice President Hannibal Hamlin
Brother of Cyrus Hamlin
Hamlin, Cyrus Colonel, USA
(February 12, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(December 13, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Son of Vice President Hannibal Hamlin
Brother of Charles Hamlin
Hammond, John Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from New York (1879–1883)
Hammond, William Alexander Brigadier General, USA
(April 25, 1862)
Surgeon General (1862–1864)
Dismissed from service, August 18, 1864
Hancock, Winfield Scott Brigadier General, USA
(August 12, 1864)
Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA, 1844
Received the Thanks of Congress (April 21, 1866)
Commander-in-chief, MOLLUS
(1879–1886)
Hardie, James Allen Colonel, USA
(March, 1864)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1843
Appointed Brigadier General, USV (November 29, 1862), appointment revoked January 22, 1863
Hardin, Martin Davis Major, USA
Brigadier General, USV
(July 2, 1864)
Brigadier General, USA USMA, 1859
Harding, Abner Clark Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1863)
Resigned June, 1863
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1865–1869)
Harker, Charles Garrison Brigadier General, USV
(April 10, 1864)
USMA, 1858
KIA, Battle of Kennesaw Mountain (June 26, 1864)
Harland, Edward Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Harney, William Selby Brigadier General, USA
(June 14, 1858)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Harriman, Walter Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Governor of New Hampshire (1867–1869)
Harris, Andrew Lintner Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Governor of Ohio (1906–1909)
Harris, Thomas Maley Brigadier General, USV
(March 29, 1865)
Commissioner on Lincoln assassination trial
Harrison, Benjamin Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(January 23, 1865)
U.S. Senator from Indiana (1881–1887)
23rd President of the United States (1889–1893)
Harrow, William Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Relieved, September 1864
Resigned, April 7, 1865
Hartranft, John F. Brigadier General, USV
(May 12, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 28, 1865)
MOH, First Battle of Bull Run
Provost Marshal, Lincoln Assassination trial
Commander-in-chief, GAR (1875–1877)
Governor of Pennsylvania (1873–1879)
Hartsuff, George Lucas Lieutenant Colonel, USA
Major General, USV
(November 19, 1862)
Major General, USA USMA, 1852
Hascall, Milo Smith Brigadier General, USV
(April 25, 1862)
USMA, 1852
Recommended for promotion to Major General, USV, September 12, 1864; no action taken
Resigned, October 27, 1864
Haskin, Joseph Abel Lieutenant Colonel, USA
Brigadier General, USV
(August 5, 1864)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1839
Hatch, Edward Brigadier General, USV
(April 27, 1864)
Major General, USV
Hatch, John Porter Major, USA
(1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(September 28, 1861)
Brigadier General, USA
Major General, USV
USMA, 1845
MOH, Battle of South Mountain
Haupt, Herman Colonel, USA
(April 27, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(September 5, 1862)
USMA, 1835
Refused commission as Brigadier General, resigned September 14, 1863
Hawkins, Isaac Roberts Lieutenant Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Tennessee (1866–1871)
Hawkins, John Parker Captain, USA
Brigadier General, USV
(April 13, 1863)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1852
Brother-in-law of E.R.S. Canby
Hawley, Joseph Roswell Brigadier General, USV
(September 13, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Governor of Connecticut (1866–1867)
U.S. Congressman from Connecticut (1872–1875, 1879–1881)
U.S. Senator from Connecticut (1881–1905)
Hayes, Joseph Brigadier General, USV
(May 12, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Hayes, Philip Cornelius Lieutenant Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1877–1881)
Hayes, Rutherford Birchard Brigadier General, USV
(October 19, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned commission, June, 1865
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1865–1867)
Governor of Ohio (1868–1872, 1876–1877)
19th President of the United States (1877–1881)
Commander-in-chief, MOLLUS (1886, 1888–1893)
Haynie, Isham N. Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Commission never confirmed by Senate, expired March 4, 1863
Resigned, March 6, 1863
Hays, Alexander Captain, USA
Brigadier General, USV
(September 29, 1862)
Colonel, USA
Major General, USV
(May 5, 1864)
USMA, 1844
KIA, Battle of the Wilderness (May 5, 1864)
Hays, William Major, USA
(1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(December 27, 1862)
USMA, 1840
Relieved of duty, April 6, 1865
Hazen, William Babcock Colonel, USA
Major General, USV
(December 13, 1864)
Major General, USA USMA, 1856
Heckman, Charles Adam Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Relieved, March 23, 1865
Resigned, May 25, 1865
Heintzelman, Samuel P. Colonel, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Major General, USV
(May 5, 1862)
USMA, 1826
Henderson, Thomas Jefferson Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(November 30, 1864)
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1875–1895)
Henry, Guy Vernor First Lieutenant, USA
Colonel, USV
Brigadier General, USV
(October 28, 1864)
USMA, 1861
MOH, Battle of Cold Harbor
Henry, William Wirt Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 7, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Cedar Creek
Herron, Francis Jay Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Youngest Major General
MOH, Battle of Pea Ridge
Hill, Sylvester Gardner Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(December 15, 1864)
KIA, Battle of Nashville (December 15, 1864)
Hinks, Edward Winslow
(b. Hincks, Edward Winslow; aka Hinks, Edward Ward)
Second Lieutenant, USA
(April 26, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 2, 1867)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned regular Army commission June 4, 1861, returned to regular service after the war
Hitchcock, Ethan Allen Colonel, USA
Major General, USV
(February 10, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(1848)
USMA, 1817
Grandson of Ethan Allen
Hobart, Harrison Carroll Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(January 12, 1865)
Involved in Libby Prison Escape, February 10, 1864
Hobson, Edward H. Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Hoffman, William Colonel, USA Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1829
Commissary-General of Prisoners
Holt, Joseph Brigadier General, USA
(June 22, 1864)
Postmaster General (1859–1860)
Secretary of War (1861–1862)
Judge Advocate General
Presiding judge on the Lincoln assassination trial
Hooker, Joseph Brigadier General, USA
(September 20, 1862)
Major General, USV
(May 5, 1862)
USMA, 1837
Received Thanks of Congress (January 28, 1864)
Hovey, Alvin P. Brigadier General, USV
(April 28, 1862)
Major General, USV
(June 4, 1864)
U.S. minister to Peru (1866–1870)
U.S. Congressman (1887–1889)
Governor of Indiana (1889–1891)
Hovey, Charles Edward Brigadier General, USV
(September 5, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Commission never confirmed, expired March 4, 1863
Resigned due to wounds, May, 1863
Howard, Oliver Otis Brigadier General, USA
(December 21, 1864)
Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA, 1854
MOH, Battle of Fair Oaks
Received Thanks of Congress (January 28, 1864)
Commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau (1865–1871)
Superintendent, USMA (1881–1882)
Howe, Albion Parris Captain, USA
(1855)
Brigadier General, USV
(June 22, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1841
Commissioner on Lincoln assassination trail
Howell, Joshua B. Brigadier General, USV
(September 12, 1864)
Posthumous promotion
Died in riding accident, September 12, 1864
Hoyt, Henry Martyn, Sr. Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Governor of Pennsylvania (1879–1883)
Hubbard, Lucius Frederick Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(December 16, 1864)
Governor of Minnesota (1882–1887)
Hubbard, Thomas Hamlin Colonel, USV
(June 2, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Commander-in-chief, MOLLUS (1913–1915)
Son of Governor of Maine John Hubbard
Humphrey, Thomas William Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(June 10, 1864)
KIA, Battle of Brice's Crossroads (June 10, 1864)
Humphreys, Andrew Atkinson Colonel, USA
Major General, USV
(July 8, 1863)
Major General, USA USMA, 1831
Hunt, Henry Jackson Lieutenant Colonel, USA
Brigadier General, USV
(September 15, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(1863)
USMA, 1839
Brother of Lewis Cass Hunt
Son-in-law of René Edward De Russy
Brother-in-law of John Parker Hawkins and Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Hunt, Lewis Cass Major, USA
(1863)Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Brigadier General, USA
(1865)
USMA, 1847
Brother of Henry Jackson Hunt
Son-in-law of René Edward De Russy
Brother-in-law of John Parker Hawkins and Gustavus Adolphus De Russy
Hunter, David Colonel, USA
Major General, USV
(August 13, 1861)
Major General, USA USMA, 1822
Presiding Commissioner on Lincoln assassination trial
Hunter, Morton Craig Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Indiana (1867–1869, 1873–1879)
Hurlbut, Stephen A. Major General, USV
(September 17, 1862)
Mustered out of service for alleged corruption, June 20, 1865
First commander-in-chief, GAR (1866–1868)
U.S. minister to Colombia (1869–1872)
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1873–1877)
U.S. minister to Peru (1881–1882)
Hyde, Thomas Worcester Colonel, USV Major General, USV
(April 2, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Antietam

I

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Ingalls, Rufus Major, USA
(1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(May 23, 1863)
Major General, USA
Major General, USV
USMA, 1843
Irvine, William Lieutenant Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from New York (1859–1861)

J

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Jackson, Conrad Feger Brigadier General, USV
(July 17, 1862)
KIA, Battle of Fredericksburg (December 13, 1862)
Jackson, James Streshly Brigadier General, USV
(July 19, 1862)
U.S. Congressman from Kentucky (1861)
KIA, Battle of Perryville (October 8, 1862)
Jackson, Nathaniel James Brigadier General, USV
(September 24, 1862)
Major General, USV
Jackson, Richard Henry Captain, USA
(1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(May 19, 1865)
Brigadier General, USA
Major General, USV
Jacobs, Ferris, Jr. Lieutenant Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from New York (1881–1883)
Jameson, Charles Davis Brigadier General, USV
(September 3, 1861)
d. November 6, 1862 of illness
Johnson, Andrew Brigadier General, USV
(March 4, 1862)
U.S. Congressman from Tennessee (1843–1853)
Governor of Tennessee (1853–1857, 1875)
U.S. Senator from Tennessee (1857–1862)
Military Governor of Tennessee (1862–1864)
16th Vice President of the United States (1865)
17th President of the United States (1865–1869)
Johnson, Robert Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Son of President Andrew Johnson
Johnson, Richard W. Brigadier General, USV
(October 11, 1861)
Major General, USA
Major General, USV
USMA, 1849
Jones, John Sills Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(June 27, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1877–1879)
Jones, Patrick Henry Brigadier General, USV
(December 6, 1864)
Judah, Henry Moses Major, USA
(June 30, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 21, 1862)
USMA, 1843

K

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Kane, Thomas Leiper Brigadier General, USV
(September 7, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned November, 1863
Kautz, August Valentin Captain, USA
(May, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(May 7, 1864)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1852
Commissioner, Lincoln assassination trial
Kearny, Philip Brigadier General, USV
(May 17, 1861)
KIA, Battle of Chantilly (September 1, 1862)
Keifer, Joseph Warren Colonel, USV Major General, USV
(April 9, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1877–1885, 1905–1911)
Speaker of the House (1881–1883)
Keim, William High Brigadier General, USV
(September 20, 1861)
Died of illness, May 18, 1862
Kelley, Benjamin Franklin Brigadier General, USV
(May 17, 1861)
Major General, USV
(August 5, 1864)
Kenly, John Reese Brigadier General, USV
(August 22, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Kennedy, Robert Patterson Colonel, USV
(April 14, 1865)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1887–1891)
Ketcham, John Henry Brigadier General, USV
(October 23, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from New York (1865–1873, 1877–1893, 1897–1906)
Ketchum, William Scott Colonel, USA
(1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(February 3, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1834
Keyes, Erasmus Darwin Colonel, USA
(1861)
Major General, USV
(May 5, 1862)
Brigadier General, USA USMA, 1832
Resigned, May 6, 1864
Kiernan, James Lawlor Brigadier General, USV
(August 1, 1863)
Resigned August 3, 1864
Kilpatrick, Hugh Judson Major General, USV
(June 18, 1865)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1861
U.S. minister to Chile (1866–1870, 1881)
Kimball, Nathan Brigadier General, USV
(April 16, 1862)
Major General, USV
(February 1, 1865)
King, John Haskell Colonel, USA
(1865)
Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(May 31, 1865)
King, Rufus Brigadier General, USV
(May 17, 1861)
USMA, 1833
Resigned October 1863
U.S. minister to the Papal States (1863–1867)
Appointed minister in 1861, took a leave of absence to join the Army
Kirby, Dennis Thomas Lieutenant Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Siege of Vicksburg (May 22, 1863)
Kirby, Edmund First Lieutenant, USA
(1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(May 28, 1863)
USMA, 1861
DOW, Second Battle of Fredericksburg (w. May 3, 1863, d. May 28, 1863)
Kirk, Edward Needles Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
DOW, Battle of Stones River (w. December 31, 1862, d. July 21, 1863)
Kitching, John Howard Colonel, USV
(April 26, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(August 1, 1864)
DOW, Battle of Cedar Creek (w. October 19, 1864, d. January 10, 1865)
Knipe, Joseph Farmer Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Krzyzanowski, Wladimir Colonel, USV
(1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 2, 1865)
First cousin of Frédéric Chopin
Appointment as Brigadier General, USV (November 29, 1862) expired March 4, 1863, but served at that rank most of the war

L

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Lander, Frederick West Brigadier General, USV
(May 17, 1861)
Died of illness, March 2, 1862
Lane, James H. Brigadier General, USV
(December 18, 1861)
U.S. Congressman from Indiana (1853–1855)
U.S. Senator from Kansas (1861–1866)
Commission cancelled March 21, 1862
Reinstated April 11, 1862
Latham, George Robert Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from West Virginia (1865–1867)
Lauman, Jacob G. Brigadier General, USV
(March 21, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Relieved of duty, July 15, 1863
Lawler, Michael Kelly Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Lawrence, Albert Gallatin Captain, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 25, 1865)
U.S. minister to Costa Rica (1867–1868)
Son-in-law of Brigadier General Joseph Pannell Taylor and President Zachary Taylor
Brother-in-law of John McLean Taylor
Ledlie, James H. Brigadier General, USV
(October 27, 1863)
Original appointment as Brigadier General, USV (December 24, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Relieved of command, July, 1864
Resigned January 23, 1865
Lee, Albert Lindley Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned May 4, 1865
Leggett, Mortimer Dormer Major General, USV
(August 21, 1865)
Lightburn, Joseph Andrew Jackson Brigadier General, USV
(March 16, 1863)
Littlejohn, DeWitt Clinton Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from New York (1863–1865)
Lockwood, Henry Hayes Brigadier General, USV
(August 8, 1861)
USMA, 1836
Logan, John Alexander "Black Jack" Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Commander-in-chief, GAR (1868–1871)
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1859–1861, 1867–1871)
U.S. Senator from Illinois (1871–1877, 1879–1886)
Long, Eli Captain, USA
(May 24, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(August 18, 1864)
Major General, USA
Major General, USV
Love, George Maltby Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 7, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Cedar Creek (October 19, 1864)
Lowell, Charles Russell Brigadier General, USV
(October 19, 1864)
KIA, Battle of Cedar Creek (October 19, 1864)
Lucas, Thomas John Brigadier General, USV
(November 10, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 26, 1865)
Lyon, Nathaniel Captain, USA
Brigadier General, USV
(May 17, 1861)
USMA, 1841
KIA, Battle of Wilson's Creek (August 10, 1861)
First Union general killed during the war
Received the Thanks of Congress (December 24, 1861)
Lytle, William Haines Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
KIA, Battle of Chickamauga (September 20, 1863)

M

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
McArthur, John Brigadier General, USV
(March 21, 1862)
Major General, USV
McCall, George Archibald Brigadier General, USV
(May 15, 1861)
USMA, 1822
Resigned March 31, 1863
McCleery, James Major, USV
(1865)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Louisiana (1871)
McClellan, George Brinton Major General, USA
(May 14, 1861)
USMA, 1846
General-in-Chief (November 1, 1861 – July 22, 1862)
Relieved of duty November 7, 1862
Resigned November 8, 1864
Governor of New Jersey (1878–1881)
McClernand, John Alexander Major General, USV
(May 21, 1862)
Resigned November 30, 1864
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1843–1851, 1859–1861)
McConihe, John Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(June 1, 1864)
KIA, Battle of Cold Harbor (June 1, 1864)
McCook, Alexander McDowell Major General, USV
(July 17, 1862)
Highest-ranking of the fourteen "Fighting McCooks"
Brother of Daniel McCook, Jr., Edwin Stanton McCook, and Robert Latimer McCook
Cousin of Edward Moody McCook
McCook, Anson George Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from New York (1877–1883)
Secretary of the United States Senate (1883–1893)
Brother of Edward Moody McCook
Cousin of Alexander McDowell McCook, Daniel McCook, Jr., Edwin Stanton McCook, and Robert Latimer McCook
McCook, Daniel, Jr. Brigadier General, USV
(July 16, 1864)
DOW, Battle of Kennesaw Mountain (w. June 27, 1864, d. July 17, 1864)
Brother of Alexander McDowell McCook, Edwin Stanton McCook, and Robert Latimer McCook
Cousin of Edward Moody McCook
McCook, Edward Moody First Lieutenant, USA
(May 8, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(April 27, 1864)
Brigadier General, USA
Major General, USV
U.S. minister to Hawai'i (1866–1868)
Territorial Governor of Colorado (1869–1873, 1874–1875)
Brother of Anson George McCook
Cousin of Alexander McDowell McCook, Daniel McCook, Jr., Edwin Stanton McCook, and Robert Latimer McCook
McCook, Edwin Stanton Colonel, USV Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Brother of Alexander McDowell McCook, Daniel McCook, Jr., and Robert Latimer McCook
Cousin of Edward Moody McCook
McCook, Robert Latimer Brigadier General, USV
(March 21, 1862)
DOW sustained near Huntsville, Alabama (w. August 5, 1862, d. August 6, 1862)
Brother of Alexander McDowell McCook, Daniel McCook, Jr., and Edwin Stanton McCook
Cousin of Edward Moody McCook
MacDougall, Clinton Dugald Colonel, USV
(January 3, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(February 26, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from New York (1873–1877)
McDowell, Irvin Brigadier General, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Major General, USV
(March 14, 1862)
USMA, 1838
McGinnis, George Francis Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
McIntosh, John Baillie Second Lieutenant, USA
(1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(July 21, 1864)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Brother of General James McQueen McIntosh, CSA
McKean, Thomas Jefferson Brigadier General, USV
(November 21, 1861)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1831
Mackenzie, Ranald Slidell Captain, USA
Brigadier General, USV
(1864)
Brigadier General, USA
Major General, USV
USMA, 1862
Nephew of Confederate diplomat John Slidell
McKinstry, Justus Brigadier General, USV
(September 2, 1861)
USMA, 1838
Dismissed from service for corruption, January 28, 1863
McLean, Nathaniel Collins Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned April 20, 1865
McMahon, Martin Thomas Colonel, USV Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of White Oak Swamp (June 30, 1862)
U.S. minister to Paraguay (1868–1869)
McMillan, James Winning Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 5, 1865)
Resigned May 15, 1865
McNeil, John Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USV
(April 12, 1865)
Resigned April 12, 1865
McNulta, John Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1873–1875)
McPherson, James Birdseye Brigadier General, USA
(August 1, 1863)
Major General, USV
(October 8, 1862)
USMA, 1853
KIA, Battle of Atlanta (July 22, 1864)
Only Union Army commander to be KIA
Maltby, Jasper Adalmorn Brigadier General, USV
(August 4, 1863)
Manderson, Charles Frederick Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Senator from Nebraska (1883–1895)
Mansfield, Joseph King Fenno Brigadier General, USA
(May 6, 1861)
Major General, USV
(July 18, 1862)
USMA, 1822
DOW, Battle of Antietam (w. September 17, 1862, d. September 18, 1862)
Manson, Mahlon Dickerson Brigadier General, USV
(March 24, 1862)
Resigned due to wounds, December 21, 1864
U.S. Congressman from Indiana (1871–1873)
Marcy, Randolph Barnes Colonel, USA
(August 9, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(September 28, 1861)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1832
Inspector General, U.S. Army (1861–1881)
Volunteer appointment expired March 4, 1863
Father-in-law of George Brinton McClellan
Marsh, Charles Carroll Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Appointment withdrawn
Resigned April 22, 1863
Marston, Gilman Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned April 20, 1865
U.S. Congressman from New Hampshire (1859–1863, 1865–1867)
U.S. Senator from New Hampshire (1889)
Martin, James Stewart Colonel, USV
(September 18, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(February 28, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1873–1875)
Martin, John Alexander Colonel, USV
(November 1, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Mustered out November 17, 1864
Governor of Kansas (1885–1889)
Martindale, John Henry Brigadier General, USV
(August 9, 1861)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1835
Resigned September 13, 1864
Mason, John Sanford Major, USA
(1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Brigadier General, USA
(1865)
USMA, 1847
Matthies, Charles Leopold
(b. Matthies, Karl Leopold)
Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
First officer to muster a company of volunteers for U.S. service (January 9, 1861)
Resigned May 16, 1864
Meade, George Gordon Major General, USA
(August 18, 1864)
USMA, 1835
Received the Thanks of Congress (January 28, 1864)
Namesake of Ft. Meade, Maryland
Meagher, Thomas Francis Brigadier General, USV
(February 3, 1862)
Resigned May 14, 1863, resignation rejected
Resigned May 15, 1865
Meigs, Montgomery Cunningham Brigadier General, USA
(May 15, 1861)
Major General, USA
(July 5, 1864)
USMA, 1836
Quartermaster General (1861–1882)
Meredith, Solomon Brigadier General, USV
(October 6, 1862)
Major General, USV
(August 14, 1865)
Meredith, Sullivan Amory Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Merritt, Wesley Captain, USA
(1862)
Major General, USV
(April 1, 1865)
Major General, USA
(1865)
USMA, 1860
Superintendent, USMA (1882–1887)
Military Governor of the Philippines (1898)
Miles, Nelson Appleton Major General, USV
(October 21, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Chancellorsville (May 2–3, 1863)
Last General-in-Chief (1895–1902); position replaced with Chief of Staff upon his retirement
Military Governor of Puerto Rico (1898)
Commander-in-chief, MOLLUS (1919–1925)
Last surviving Major General (d. May 15, 1925)
Miller, John Franklin Brigadier General, USV
(January 5, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Senator from California (1881–1886)
Miller, Stephen Brigadier General, USV
(October 26, 1863)
Resigned January 18, 1864
Governor of Minnesota (1864–1865)
Milroy, Robert Huston Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Mindil, George Washington Colonel, USV Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Williamsburg (May 5, 1862)
Mitchel, Ormsby MacKnight Major General, USV
(April 11, 1862)
USMA, 1829
Died of yellow fever, October 30, 1862
Mitchell, John Grant Brigadier General, USV
(January 12, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned July 3, 1865
Mitchell, Robert Byington Brigadier General, USV
(April 8, 1862)
Territorial Governor of New Mexico (1866–1869)
Montgomery, William Reading Brigadier General, USV
(May 17, 1861)
USMA, 1825
Resigned April 4, 1864
Moonlight, Thomas Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(February 13, 1865)
Territorial Governor of Wyoming (1887–1889)
U.S. minister to Bolivia (1894–1898)
Moore, Jesse Hale Colonel, USV
(September 13, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(May 15, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1869–1873)
Moore, Marshall Frank Colonel, USV Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Territorial Governor of Washington (1867–1869)
Morell, George Webb Brigadier General, USV
(August 9, 1861)
USMA, 1835
Appointment as Major General, USV (July 4, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Mustered out December 15, 1864
Morgan, Charles Hale Captain, USA
(August 5, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(May 21, 1865)
USMA, 1857
Morgan, Edwin Denison Major General, USV
(September 28, 1861)
Resigned January 1, 1863
First (and longest-sitting) Chairman of the Republican National Committee (1856–1864, 1872–1876)
Governor of New York (1859–1862)
U.S. Senator from New York (1863–1869)
Morgan, George Washington Brigadier General, USV
(November 21, 1861)
Brigadier General, USA
(1848)
USMA (class of 1845), resigned 1843
Resigned volunteer commission June 8, 1863
U.S. minister to Portugal (1858–1861)
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1869-1869, 1871–1873)
Morgan, James Dada Brigadier General, USV
(July 17, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 19, 1865)
Morris, William Hopkins Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1851
Morton, James St. Clair Major, USA
(July 3, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA, 1851
Resigned volunteer commission November 7, 1863
KIA, Siege of Petersburg (July 17, 1864)
Mott, Gershom Major General, USV
(May 26, 1865)
Mower, Joseph Anthony Major General, USV
(August 12, 1864)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Mulholland, St. Clair Augustine Colonel, USV Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Chancellorsville (May 4–5, 1863)
Mulligan, James Adelbert Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(July 23, 1864)
DOW, Second Battle of Kernstown (w. July 23, 1864, d. July 26, 1864)
Murray, Eli Houston Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 25, 1865)
Territorial Governor of Utah (1880–1886)
Myer, Albert James Colonel, USV
(March 13, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Chief Signal Officer (1860–1863, 1866–1880)

N

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Nagle, James Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1863)
Original appointment as Brigadier General, USV (September 10, 1862) expired March 4, 1863 due to lack of Senate confirmation
Resigned, May 9, 1863
Recommissioned as Colonel (July 4, 1863 – August 2, 1863)
Recommissioned again as Colonel (1864)
Resigned, November 5, 1864
Naglee, Henry Morris Brigadier General, USV
(February 12, 1862)
Relieved, September 23, 1863
Mustered out, April 4, 1864
USMA, 1835
Negley, James S. Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Relieved, September, 1864
Resigned, January 19, 1865
U.S. Congressman from Pennsylvania (1869–1887)
Neill, Thomas Hewson Major, USA
Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1863)
Brigadier General, USA
Major General, USV
USMA, 1847
Superintendent, USMA (1876–1879)
Nelson, William Major General, USV
(July 17, 1862)
Only naval officer in either army to reach major general
Shot and killed in a private altercation by Brigadier General Jefferson C. Davis (September 29, 1862)
Newberry, Walter Cass Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 31, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1891–1893)
Newton, John Colonel, USA
Major General, USV
(March 30, 1863)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1842
son of Congressman Thomas Newton, Jr.
Volunteer rank revoked April 18, 1864
Nickerson, Franklin Stillman Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Relieved, July 22, 1864
Resigned May 13, 1865
Noble, John Willock Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Secretary of the Interior (1889–1893)
Noyes, Edward Follansbee Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 12, 1865)
Governor of Ohio (1872–1874)
U.S. minister to France (1877–1881)

O

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
O'Beirne, James Rowan Major, USV, USN Brigadier General, USV
(September 26, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Fair Oaks (May 31, 1862)
Oglesby, Richard James "Uncle Dick" Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned, May 26, 1864
Governor of Illinois (1865–1869, 1873, 1885–1889)
U.S. Senator from Illinois (1873–1879)
Present at the deathbed of Abraham Lincoln
Oliver, John Morrison Brigadier General, USV
(January 12, 1865)
Major General, USV
Oliver, Paul Ambrose Major, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 8, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Resaca (May 15, 1864)
Opdycke, Emerson
(b. Opdycke, Samuel Emerson)
Brigadier General, USV
(July 26, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Ord, Edward Otho Cresap Colonel, USA
Major General, USV
(May 3, 1862)
USMA, 1839
Orme, William Ward Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned, April 20, 1864
Osborn, Thomas Ogden Brigadier General, USV
(May 1, 1865)
Major General, USV U.S. minister to Argentina (1874–1885)
Osterhaus, Peter Joseph Major General, USV
(July 23, 1864)
Owen, Joshua Thomas Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Commission never confirmed by Senate, expired March 4, 1863
Relieved of duty, June, 1864
Mustered out, July, 1864

P

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Packard, Jasper Colonel, USV
(June 26, 1865)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Indiana (1869–1875)
Paine, Charles Jackson Brigadier General, USV
(July 4, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Paine, Eleazar Arthur Brigadier General, USV
(September 3, 1861)
USMA, 1839
Resigned April 5, 1865
Cousin of Halbert Eleazer Paine
Paine, Halbert Eleazer Brigadier General, USV
(April 9, 1863)
Resigned May 15, 1865
U.S. Congressman from Wisconsin (1865–1871)
Cousin of Eleazer Arthur Paine
Palmer, Innis Newton Lieutenant Colonel, USA
(1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(September 23, 1861)
Brigadier General, USA
Major General, USV
USMA, 1846
Palmer, John McCauley Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Governor of Illinois (1869–1873)
U.S. Senator from Illinois (1891–1897)
Commander-in-chief, GAR (1891–1892)
Palmer, William Jackson Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(November 6, 1864)
MOH for actions at Red Hill, Alabama (January 14, 1865)
Parke, John Grubb Major General, USV
(July 18, 1862)
Major General, USA USMA, 1849
Superintendent, USMA (1887–1889)
Parker, Ely Samuel Lieutenant Colonel, USV
(1864)
Brigadier general, USV
(April 9. 1865)
Military secretary to Ulysses S. Grant
Highest-ranking Native American in Union service
Parkhurst, John Gibson Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(May 22, 1865)
U.S. minister to Belgium (1888–1889)
Parsons, Lewis Baldwin Brigadier General, USV
(May 11, 1865)
Major General, USV
Patrick, Marsena Rudolph Brigadier General, USV
(March 20, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1835
Patten, Henry Lyman Major, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
DOW, Second Battle of Deep Bottom (w. August 17, 1864, d. September 10, 1864)
Patterson, Francis Engle Brigadier General, USV
(April 11, 1862)
"Killed by accidental discharge of his own pistol" (November 22, 1862)
Son of Robert Patterson
Brother-in-law of John Joseph Abercrombie
Patterson, Robert Major General, USV Discharged July, 1861
Father of Francis Engle Patterson
Father-in-law of John Joseph Abercrombie
Paul, Gabriel René Brigadier General, USA
(February 16, 1865)
Brigadier General, USV
(April 18, 1863)
Retired February 16, 1865 due to blinding at Battle of Gettysburg (July 1, 1863)
USMA, 1834
Original appointment as Brigadier General, USV (September 5, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Pearson, Alfred L. Colonel, USV
(August 31, 1863)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Lewis's Farm (March 29, 1865)
Peck, Frank Henry Lieutenant Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(September 19, 1864)
DOW, Battle of Opequon (w. September 19, 1864, d. September 20, 1864)
Peck, John James Major General, USV
(July 4, 1862)
USMA, 1843
Pennypacker, Galusha Brigadier General, USV
(February 18, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Fort Fisher (January 15, 1865)
Youngest general in U.S. history
Penrose, William Henry First Lieutenant, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(July 27, 1865)
Phelps, Charles Edward Colonel, USV
(1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Spotsylvania (May 8, 1864)
U.S. Congressman from Maryland (1865–1869)
Half-brother of John Wolcott Phelps
Phelps, John Smith Brigadier General, USV
(July 19, 1862)
Appointment expired March 4, 1863
U.S. Congressman from Missouri (1845–1863)
Military Governor of Arkansas (1862–1863)
Governor of Missouri (1877–1881)
Phelps, John Wolcott Brigadier General, USV
(May 17, 1861)
Resigned, August 21, 1862)
USMA, 1836
Half-brother of Charles Edward Phelps
Piatt, Abram Sanders
(aka Piatt, Abraham Sanders)
Brigadier General, USV
(April 30, 1862)
Resigned February 17, 1863
Pierce, Byron Root Brigadier General, USV
(June 7, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Pile, William Anderson Brigadier General, USV
(December 26, 1863)
Major General, USV
(April, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Missouri (1867–1869)
Territorial Governor of New Mexico (1869–1871)
U.S. minister to Venezuela (1871–1874)
Pitcher, Thomas Gamble Captain, USA
(1858)
Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1845
Superintendent, USMA (1866–1870)
Plaisted, Harris Merrill Colonel, USV
(Mar 12, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Maine (1875–1877)
Governor of Maine (1881–1883)
Pleasonton, Alfred Major, USA
(1862)
Major General, USV
(June 22, 1863)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1844
Plummer, Joseph Bennett Major, USA
(April, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(October 27, 1861)
USMA, 1841
Died "Of Wound and Exposure in the Active Field", August 9, 1862
Poe, Orlando Metcalfe Captain, USA
Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Brigadier General, USA USMA, 1856
Volunteer appointment expired March 4, 1863
Pope, John Brigadier General, USA
(July 14, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 21, 1862)
USMA, 1842
Brother-in-law of Force, Manning Ferguson
Porter, Andrew Colonel, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(May 18, 1861)
Mustered out of volunteer service April 4, 1864
Resigned regular commission April 20, 1864
USMA (class of 1844), resigned in 1840
Cousin of Horace Porter
First cousin (once removed) of Mary Todd Lincoln
Porter, Fitz John Colonel, USA
(1861)
Major General, USV
(July 4, 1862)
Brigadier General, USA
(1862)
USMA, 1845
Relieved September 5, 1862
court-martialed and convicted (January 10, 1863)
Dismissed from service January 21, 1863
Exonerated March 19, 1879
Nephew of David Dixon Porter, USN and William David Porter, USN
Porter, Horace Lieutenant Colonel, USA Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Chickamauga (September 20, 1863)
Private secretary to President Ulysses S. Grant (1869–1873)
U.S. Ambassador to France (1897–1905)
Post, Philip Sidney Colonel, USV
(1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(December 16, 1864)
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1887–1895)
Potter, Edward Elmer Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Potter, Joseph Haydn Major, USA
(1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(May 1, 1865)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1843
Potter, Robert Brown Major General, USV
(September 29, 1865)
Potts, Benjamin Franklin Brigadier General, USV
(January 12, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Territorial Governor of Montana (1870–1883)
Powell, William Henry Brigadier General, USV
(October 19, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH for actions at Sinking Creek (November 26, 1862)
Resigned January 5, 1865
Pratt, Calvin Edward Brigadier General, USV
(September 13, 1862)
Resigned April 25, 1863
Prentiss, Benjamin Mayberry Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned October 28, 1863
Prescott, George Lincoln Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(June 18, 1864)
DOW, Second Battle of Petersburg (w. June 18, 1864, d. June 19, 1864)
Prince, Henry Major, USA (1855)
Brigadier General, USV
(April 20, 1862)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1835

Q

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Quinby, Isaac Ferdinand Brigadier General, USV
(March 17, 1862)
USMA, 1843
Resigned, December 31, 1863

R

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Ramsay, George Douglas Brigadier General, USA
(September 15, 1863)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1820
Retired September 12, 1864
Chief of Ordnance (1863–1864)
Ransom, Thomas Edward Greenfield Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USV
(September 1, 1864)
Died October 29, 1864
Raum, Green Berry Brigadier General, USV
(February 15, 1865)
Rawlins, John Aaron Brigadier General, USA
(March 3, 1865)
Major General, USA
(April 9, 1865)
Major General, USV
(February 24, 1865)
Chief of Staff to General Ulysses S. Grant
Secretary of War (1869)
Read, Theodore Lieutenant Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(September 29, 1864)
KIA, Battle of High Bridge (April 6, 1865)
Reid, Hugh Thompson Brigadier General, USV
(April 9, 1863)
Resigned April 4, 1864
Reilly, James William Brigadier General, USV
(July 30, 1864)
Resigned April 20, 1865
Reno, Jesse Lee Captain, USA
Major General, USV
(July 18, 1862)
USMA, 1846
KIA, Battle of South Mountain (September 14, 1862)
Revere, Joseph Warren Brigadier General, USV
(October 25, 1862)
Forced to resign August 10, 1863
Grandson of Paul Revere
Cousin of Paul Joseph Revere
Revere, Paul Joseph Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(July 2, 1863)
DOW, Battle of Gettysburg (w. July 2, 1863, d. July 4, 1863)
Grandson of Paul Revere
Cousin of Joseph Warren Revere
Reynolds, John Fulton Lieutenant Colonel, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA, 1841
Superintendent, USMA (1860–1861)
KIA, Battle of Gettysburg (July 1, 1863)
Reynolds, Joseph Jones Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA, 1843
Rice, Americus Vespucius Brigadier General, USV
(May 31, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1875–1879)
Rice, Elliott Warren Brigadier General, USV
(June 22, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Brother of Samuel Allen Rice
Rice, James Clay Brigadier General, USV
(August 17, 1863)
KIA, Battle of Spotsylvania (May 10, 1864)
Rice, Samuel Allen Brigadier General, USV
(August 4, 1863)
DOW, Battle of Jenkins' Ferry (w. April 30, 1864, d. July 6, 1864)
Brother of Elliott Warren Rice
Richardson, Israel Bush Major General, USV
(July 4, 1862)
USMA, 1841
DOW, Battle of Antietam (w. September 17, 1862, d. November 3, 1862)
Ricketts, James Brewerton Major, USA
Brigadier General, USV
(July 21, 1861)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(August 1, 1864)
USMA, 1839
Rinaker, John Irving Colonel, USV
(September 4, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Illinois (1896–1897)
Ripley, James Wolfe Brigadier General, USA
(August 3, 1861)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1814
Chief of Ordnance (1861–1863)
Uncle of General Roswell Sabine Ripley, CSA
Roberts, Benjamin Stone Major, USA
(May 13, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(July 16, 1862)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1835
Robinson, James Sidney Brigadier General, USV
(January 12, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1881–1885)
Robinson, John Cleveland Captain, USA
Brigadier General, USV
(April 28, 1861)
Major General, USA
Major General, USV
MOH, Battle of Laurel Hill (May 8, 1864)
USMA (class of 1839), dismissed 1836
Commander-in-chief, GAR (1877–1879)
Robinson, Milton Stapp Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Indiana (1875–1879)
Rodman, Isaac Peace Brigadier General, USV
(April 28, 1862)
DOW, Battle of Antietam (w. September 17, 1862, d. September 30, 1862)
Rogers, William Findlay Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned, 1863
U.S. Congressman from New York (1883–1885)
Rosecrans, William Starke Brigadier General, USA
(May 16, 1861)
Major General, USV
(March 21, 1862)
USMA, 1842
Rejected original appointment as Major General, USV (September 17, 1862)
Received the Thanks of Congress (March 3, 1863)
U.S. minister to Mexico (1868–1869)
U.S. Congressman from California (1881–1885)
Ross, Leonard Fulton Brigadier General, USV
(April 26, 1862)
Resigned July 22, 1863
Rousseau, Lovell Harrison Major General, USV
(October 8, 1862)
U.S. Congressman from Kentucky (1865–1866, 1866–1867)
Father-in-law of Louis Douglass Watkins
Rowley, Thomas Algeo Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Convicted by Court-martial (April 23, 1864) for actions at the Battle of Gettysburg; Conviction overturned by Secretary of War Edwin Stanton
Resigned December 29, 1864
Rucker, Daniel Henry Major, USA
(August, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(May 23, 1863)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Ruger, Thomas Howard Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USV
(November 30, 1864)
USMA, 1854
Military Governor of Georgia (1868)
Superintendent, USMA (1871–1876)
Rusk, Jeremiah McLain Lieutenant Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U. S. Congressman from Wisconsin (1871–1877)
Governor of Wisconsin (1882–1889)
Secretary of Agriculture (1889–1893)
Russell, David Allen Major, USA
(1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USA USMA, 1845
KIA, Battle of Opequon (September 19, 1864)

S

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Sackett, William Colonel, USV
(May 1, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865
DOW, Battle of Trevilian Station (w. June 11, 1864, d. June 14, 1864)
Salomon, Frederick C.
(aka Salomon, Friedrich)
Brigadier General, USV
(July 16, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Brother of Wisconsin Governor Edward Salomon
Sanborn, John Benjamin Brigadier General, USV
(August 4, 1863)
Major General, USV
(February 10, 1865)
Sanders, William Price Captain, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(October 18, 1863)
USMA, 1856
DOW, Siege of Knoxville (w. November 18, 1863, d. November 19, 1863)
Saxton, Rufus Captain, USA
(May 13, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(April 15, 1862)
Brigadier General, USA
(April 9, 1865)
Major General, USV
(January 12, 1865)
USMA, 1849
MOH for defense of Harper's Ferry during Jackson's Valley Campaign (May 26–30, 1863)
Scammon, Eliakim Parker Brigadier General, USV
(October 15, 1862)
USMA, 1837
Schenck, Robert Cumming Major General, USV
(August 30, 1862)
Resigned December 5, 1863
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1843–1851, 1863–1871)
U.S. minister to Brazil (1851–1853)
U.S. minister to the Court of St. James (1871–1876)
Schimmelfennig, Alexander Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Died of tuberculosis September 5, 1865
Schoepf, Albin Francisco Brigadier General, USV
(September 30, 1861)
Schofield, John McAllister Brigadier General, USA
(November 30, 1864)
Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1853
MOH, Battle of Wilson's Creek (August 10, 1861)
Secretary of War (1868–1869)
Superintendent, USMA (1876–1881)
General-in-Chief of the U.S. Army (1888–1895)
Commander-in-chief, MOLLUS (1899–1903)
Schurz, Carl Major General, USV
(March 14, 1863)
Resigned May 6, 1865
U.S. minister to Spain (1861)
U.S. Senator from Missouri (1869–1875)
Secretary of the Interior (1877–1881)
Scott, Robert Kingston Brigadier General, USV
(January 12, 1865)
Major General, USV
(December 5, 1865)
Governor of South Carolina (1868–1872)
Scott, Winfield Major General, USA
(June 25, 1841)
Lieutenant General, USA
(March 29, 1847)
Retired November 1, 1861
General-in-Chief (1841–1861)
Twice received the Congressional Gold Medal (November 3, 1814; March 9, 1848)
Author of the Anaconda Plan to defeat the Confederacy
Sedgwick, John Colonel, USA
(April 25, 1861)
Major General, USV
(July 4, 1862)
USMA, 1837
KIA, Battle of Spotsylvania Court House (May 9, 1864)
Highest-ranked Union general KIA
Sewell, William Joyce Colonel, USV
(October 1, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Chancellorsville (May 3, 1863)
U.S. Senator from New Jersey (1881–1887, 1895–1901)
Seward, William Henry, Jr. Brigadier General, USV
(September 13, 1864)
Resigned June 1, 1865
Son of Secretary of State William Henry Seward
Seymour, Truman Captain, USA
(November 22, 1860
Brigadier General, USV
(April 28, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1846
Shackelford, James Murrell Brigadier General, USV
(January 2, 1863)
Resigned January 18, 1864
Shaffer, John Wilson Colonel, USV
(January 20, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Territorial Governor of Utah (1870)
Shafter, William Rufus Colonel, USV
(April 19, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Seven Pines (May 31, 1862)
Shaler, Alexander Brigadier General, USV
(May 26, 1863)
Major General, USV
(July 27, 1863)
MOH, Second Battle of Fredericksburg (May 3, 1863)
Shanks, John Peter Cleaver Colonel, USV
(September 20, 1861)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Indiana (1861–1863, 1867–1875)
Sheldon, Lionel Allen Colonel, USV
(March 14, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Mustered out December 2, 1864
U.S. Congressman from Louisiana (1869–1875)
Territorial Governor of New Mexico (1881–1885)
Shepard, Isaac Fitzgerald Brigadier General, USV
(October 27, 1863)
Appointment expired July 4, 1864
Shepley, George Foster Brigadier General, USV
(July 18, 1862)
Resigned July 1, 1865
Military Governor of Louisiana (1862–1864)
Sheridan, Philip Henry Major General, USA
(November 8, 1864)
USMA, 1853
Received the Thanks of Congress (February 9, 1865)
General-in-Chief (1883–1888)
Commander-in-chief, MOLLUS (1886–1888)
Sherman, Francis Trowbridge Brigadier General, USV
(July 21, 1865)
Sherman, Thomas West Lieutenant Colonel, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(May 17, 1861)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1836
Sherman, William Tecumseh Major General, USA
(August 12, 1864)
USMA, 1841
Twice received the Thanks of Congress (February 19, 1864; January 19, 1865)
General-in-Chief (1869–1883)
Sherwood, Isaac Ruth Lieutenant Colonel, USV
(February 12, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(February 27, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1873–1875, 1907–1921, 1923–1925)
Shields, James Brigadier General, USV
(August 19, 1861)
Resigned March 28, 1863
U.S. Senator from Illinois (1849–1855)
U.S. Senator from Minnesota (1858–1859)
U.S. Senator form Missouri (1879)
Sibley, Henry Hastings Brigadier General, USV
(March 20, 1863)
Major General, USV
(November 29, 1865)
Original appointment as Brigadier General, USV (September 29, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Congressional Delegate from the Wisconsin Territory (1848–1849)
Congressional Delegate from the Minnesota Territory (1849–1853)
1st Governor of Minnesota (1858–1860)
Sickles, Daniel Edgar Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
MOH, Battle of Gettysburg (July 2, 1863)
U.S. Congressman from New York (1857–1861, 1893–1895)
U.S. minister to Spain (1869–1874)
Sigel, Franz Major General, USV
(March 21, 1862)
Resigned May 4, 1865
Sill, Joshua Woodrow Brigadier General, USV
(July 16, 1862)
USMA, 1853
KIA, Battle of Stones River (December 31, 1862)
Slack, James Richard Brigadier General, USV
(November 10, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Slemmer, Adam Jacoby Lieutenant Colonel, USA
(February 8, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1850
Slocum, Henry Warner Major General, USV
(July 4, 1862)
USMA, 1852
Resigned September 28, 1865
U.S. Congressman from New York (1869–1973, 1883–1885)
Slough, John Potts Brigadier General, USV
(August 25, 1862)
Smith, Andrew Jackson Lieutenant Colonel, USA
*May 9, 1864)
Major General, USV
(May 12, 1864)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1838
Smith, Charles Ferguson Colonel, USA
(September 9, 1861)
Major General, USV
(March 21, 1862)
USMA, 1825
Died from infection April 25, 1862
Smith, Charles Henry Colonel, USV
(June 18, 1863)
Major General, USA
(March 2, 1867)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Saint Mary's Church (June 24, 1864)
Smith, Giles Alexander Major General, USV
(November 24, 1865)
Brother of Morgan Lewis Smith
Last Major General of volunteers by seniority
Smith, Green Clay Brigadier General, USV
(June 11, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865(
Resigned December 4, 1863
U.S. Congressman from Kentucky (1863–1866)
Territorial Governor of Montana (1866–1869)
Smith, Gustavus Adolphus Brigadier General, USV
(September 19, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Appointment expired March 4, 1863
Smith, John Eugene Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USV
(January 12, 1865)
Smith, Morgan Lewis
(aka Sanford, Martin L.)
Brigadier General, USV
(July 16, 1862)
Resigned July 12, 1865
Brother of Giles Alexander Smith
Smith, Thomas Church Haskell Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Smith, Thomas Kilby Brigadier General, USV
(August 11, 1863)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Smith, William Farrar Major
(March 3, 1863)
Major General, USV
(March 9, 1864)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1845
Original appointment as Major General, USV (July 4, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Smith, William Jay Colonel, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Brigadier General, USV
(June 16, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Tennessee (1869–1871)
Smith, William Sooy Brigadier General, USV
(April 15, 1862)
Resigned July 15, 1864
Smyth, Thomas Alfred Brigadier General, USV
(October 1, 1864)
Major General, USV
(April 7, 1865)
DOW, Battle of Cumberland Church (w. April 7, 1865, d. April 9, 1865)
Last Union general killed during the war
Spalding, George Colonel, USV
(February 12, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 21, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Michigan (1895–1899)
Spaulding, Oliver Lyman Colonel, USV
(April 16, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(June 25, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Michigan (1881–1883)
Spears, James Gallant Brigadier General, USV
(March 5, 1862)
Arrested February 6, 1864 for insubordination; Court-martialed and dismissed from service August 30, 1864
Spencer, George Eliphaz Colonel, USV
(September 11, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Senator from Alabama (1868–1879)
Spinola, Francis Barretto Brigadier General, USV
(October 1, 1862)
Resigned June 8, 1865
U.S. Congressman from New York (1887–1893)
Sprague, John Wilson Brigadier General, USV
(July 30, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Atlanta (July 22, 1864)
Spurling, Andrew Barclay Lieutenant Colonel, USV
(June 13, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 26, 1865)
MOH for actions near Evergreen, Alabama (March 23, 1865)
Stahel, Julius
(b. Stahel-Számwald, Julius H.)
Major General, USV
(March 14, 1863)
MOH, Battle of Piedmont (June 5, 1864)
Resigned February 8, 1865
Stanley, David Sloane Major, USA
(December 1, 1863)
Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1852
MOH, Battle of Franklin (November 30, 1864)
Stannard, George Jerrison Brigadier General, USV
(March 11, 1863)
Major General, USV
(October 28, 1864)
Starkweather, John Converse Brigadier General, USV
(July 17, 1863)
Resigned May 11, 1865
Stedman, Griffin Alexander, Jr. Colonel, USV
(September 17, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
August 5, 1862
DOW, Siege of Petersburg (w. August 5, 1864, d. August 6, 1864)
Steedman, James Blair Major General, USV
(April 20, 1864)
Steele, Frederick Lieutenant Colonel
(August 26, 1863)
Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1843
Stevens, Aaron Fletcher Colonel, USV
(September 23, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(December 8, 1864)
U.S. Congressman from New Hampshire (1867–1871)
Stevens, Hazard Major, USV
(October 13, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(April 2, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Fort Huger (April 19, 1863)
Son of Isaac Ingalls Stevens
Stevens, Isaac Ingalls Major General, USV
(July 4, 1862)
USMA, 1839
KIA, Battle of Chantilly (September 1, 1862)
Territorial Governor of Washington (1853–1857)
Congressional Delegate for the Washington Territory (1857–1861)
Father of Hazard Stevens
Stevenson, John Dunlap Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned April 22, 1864
Reappointed Brigadier General, USV August 7, 1864
Stevenson, Thomas Greely Brigadier General, USV
(March 14, 1863)
KIA, Battle of Spotsylvania Court House (May 10, 1864)
Original appointment as Brigadier General, USV (December 24, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Stokes, James Hughes Brigadier General, USV
(July 20, 1865)
USMA, 1835
Stokes, William Brickly Colonel, USV
(November 15, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Tennessee (1859–1861, 1866–1871)
Stolbrand, Charles John (b. Stolbrand, Carl Johan; aka Stolbrand, Carlos John) Brigadier General, USV
(February 18, 1865)
Stone, Charles Pomeroy Colonel, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(May 17, 1861)
USMA, 1845
Mustered out of volunteer service April 4, 1864
Resigned September 13, 1864
Stone, William Milo Colonel, USV
(September 9, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned August 13, 1863
Governor of Iowa (1864–1868)
Stoneman, George Lieutenant Colonel, USA
(March 30, 1864)
Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1846
Governor of California (1883–1887)
Stoughton, Edwin Henry Brigadier General, USV
(November 5, 1862)
USMA, 1859
Volunteer appointment expired March 4, 1863
Stoughton, William Lewis Colonel, USV
(April 1, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Mustered out September 30, 1864
U.S. Congressman from Michigan (1869–1873)
Strong, George Crockett Captain, USA
(March 3, 1863)
Major General, USV
(July 18, 1863)
USMA, 1857
DOW, Second Battle of Fort Wagner (w. July 18, 1863, d. July 30, 1863)
Strong, William Kerley Brigadier General, USV
(September 28, 1861)
Resigned October 20, 1863
Stuart, David Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Appointment expired March 4, 1863
Resigned April 3, 1863
U.S. Congressman from Michigan (1853–1855)
Stumbaugh, Frederick Shearer Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Appointment revoked January 22, 1863
Mustered out May 15, 1863
Sturgis, Samuel Davis Lieutenant Colonel, USA
(October 27, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(October 10, 1861)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1846
Sullivan, Jeremiah Cutler Brigadier General, USV
(April 28, 1862)
U.S. Naval Academy, 1848
Resigned May 11, 1865
Sullivan, Peter John Colonel, USV
(January 30, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned August 7, 1863
U.S. minister to Colombia (1867–1869)
Sully, Alfred Major, USA
(March 15, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(September 26, 1862)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 8, 1865)
USMA, 1841
Sumner, Edwin Vose Brigadier General, USA
(March 16, 1861)
Major General, USV
(July 4, 1862)
Major General, USA
(May 31, 1862)
Died of a heart attack March 21, 1863
Swayne, Wager Major General, USV
(June 20, 1865)
MOH, Second Battle of Corinth (October 4, 1862)
Last Major General of volunteers appointed (May 1, 1866)
Son of Supreme Court Justice Noah Haynes Swayne
Sweeny, Thomas William Major, USA
(October 20, 1863)
Brigadier General USV
(November 29, 1862)
Swift, Frederick William Colonel, USV
(December 4, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Campbell's Station (November 16, 1863)
Sykes, George Lieutenant Colonel, USA
(October 16, 1863)
Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1838
Sypher, Jacob Hale
(aka Sypher, Jay Hale)
Colonel, USV
(August 11, 1864)
Brigadier General USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Louisiana (1868–1869, 1870–1875)

T

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Taylor, George William Brigadier General, USV
(May 9, 1862)
DOW, Bull Run Bridge (w. August 27, 1862, d. September 1, 1862)
Taylor, John McLean Lieutenant Colonel, USA Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Son of Joseph Pannell Taylor
Nephew of President Zachary Taylor
Cousin of General Richard Taylor, CSA
Brother-in-law of Albert Gallatin Lawrence and General David Rumph Jones, CSA
Taylor, Joseph Pannell Brigadier General, USA
(February 9, 1863)
Commissary General of the Army (1861–1864)
Died June 29, 1864
Brother of President Zachary Taylor
Uncle of generals Richard Taylor, CSA and David Rumph Jones, CSA
Father of John McLean Taylor
Father-in-law of Albert Gallatin Lawrence
Taylor, Nelson Brigadier General, USV
(September 7, 1862)
Resigned January 19, 1863
U.S. Congressman from New York (1865–1867)
Terrill, William R. Captain, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(September 9, 1862)
USMA, 1853
KIA, Battle of Perryville (October 8, 1862)
Brother of Confederate general James Barbour Terrill
Terry, Alfred Howe Brigadier General, USA
(January 15, 1865)
Major General, USV
(January 16, 1865)
Received the Thanks of Congress (January 24, 1865)
Terry, Henry Dwight Brigadier General, USV
(July 17, 1862)
Resigned February 7, 1865
Thayer, John Milton Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1863)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Original appointment as Brigadier General, USV (October 4, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Territorial Governor of Wyoming (1875–1878)
Governor of Nebraska (1887–1891); remained in office until February 8, 1892, claiming successor was not a U.S. citizen
Thayer, Sylvanus Colonel, USA Brigadier General, USA
(May 31, 1863)
Retired June 1, 1863
Superintendent, USMA (1817–1833)
Longest-serving West Point superintendent
Oldest officer brevetted brigadier general
Thomas, Charles Colonel, USA Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Acting Quartermaster General
Thomas, George Henry Major General, USA
(January 16, 1865)
USMA, 1840
Received the Thanks of Congress (March 3, 1865)
Thomas, Henry Goddard Captain, USA
Brigadier General, USV
(November 30, 1864)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Thomas, Lorenzo Brigadier General, USA
(August 3, 1861)
Major General, USA
March 13, 1865
USMA, 1823
Adjutant General of the Army (1861–1869)
Thomas, Stephen Brigadier General, USV
(February 1, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Cedar Creek (October 19, 1864)
Mustered out as Colonel, USV (January 21, 1865)
Thompson, William Colonel, USV
(July 20, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Iowa (1847–1850)
Thruston, Charles Mynn Brigadier General, USV
(September 7, 1861)
USMA, 1814
Resigned April 17, 1862
Tibbits, William B. Brigadier General, USV
(October 18, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Tillson, Davis Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA (class of 1853); left due to amputation of leg, 1851
Todd, John Blair Smith Brigadier General, USV
(September 19, 1861)
USMA, 1837
Appointment as Brigadier General, USV expired June 17, 1862
Congressional Delegate to Congress for the Dakota Territory (1861–1863, 1864–1865)
Cousin of Mary Todd Lincoln
Tompkins, Charles Henry Captain, USA
Colonel, USV
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, action near Fairfax, Virginia (June 1, 1861)
USMA (class of 1851), resigned 1849
Commissioner, Lincoln assassination trial
Torbert, Alfred Thomas Archimedes Captain, USA
(September 25, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1855
Also nominated and confirmed as First Lieutenant, CSA (March 18, 1861); refused appointment
Totten, Joseph Gilbert Brigadier General, USA
(March 3, 1863)
Major General, USA
(1864)
USMA, 1805 (tenth graduate of West Point)
Chief of Engineers (1838–1864)
Died of pneumonia (April 22, 1864)
Tower, Zealous Bates Lieutenant Colonel, USA
(November, 1865)
Brigadier General, USV
(November 23, 1861)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1841
Superintendent, USMA (July, 1864-September, 1864)
Tracy, Benjamin Franklin Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of the Wilderness (May 6, 1864)
Secretary of the Navy (1889–1893)
Brother-in-law of Isaac Swartwood Catlin
Tremain, Henry Edwin Major, USV Brigadier General, USV
(November 30, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Resaca (May 15, 1864)
Turchin, John Basil
(b. Turchaninov, Ivan Vasilovitch)
Brigadier General, USV
(July 17, 1862)
Resigned October 4, 1864
Only general officer on either side from Russia
Turner, John Wesley Colonel, USA
Brigadier General, USV
(September 7, 1863)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(1864)
USMA, 1855
Tuttle, James Madison Brigadier General, USV
(June 9, 1862)
Resigned June 14, 1864
Tyler, Daniel Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1862)
Resigned April 6, 1864
Uncle of Robert Ogden Tyler
Tyler, Erastus B. Brigadier General, USV
(May 14, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Tyler, Robert Ogden Major, USA
Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USV
(1864)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1853
Nephew of Daniel Tyler
Tyndale, Hector
(b. Tyndale, George Hector)
Brigadier General, USV
(April 9, 1863)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned August 26, 1864

U

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Ullmann, Daniel Brigadier General, USV
(January 13, 1863)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Underwood, Adin Ballou Brigadier General, USV
(November 6, 1863)
Major General, USV
(August, 1865)
Upton, Emory Captain, USA
Brigadier General, USV
(May 12, 1864)
Major General, USA
Major General, USV
USMA, 1861
Superintendent, USMA (1870–1875)
One of only two general officers ever promoted on the field by General Grant

V

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Van Alen, James Henry Brigadier General, USV
(April 15, 1862)
Resigned July 14, 1863
Van Cleve, Horatio Phillips Brigadier General, USV
(March 21, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1831
Van Derveer, Ferdinand Brigadier General, USV
(October 4, 1864)
Resigned June 7, 1865
Van Vliet, Stewart Major, USA
(August, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Brigadier General, USA
(October, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1840
Earlier appointment as Brigadier General, USV (September 23, 1861) expired July 17, 1862
Van Wyck, Charles H. Brigadier General, USV
(September 27, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from New York (1859–1863, 1867–1871)
U.S. Senator from Nebraska (1881–1887)
Vandever, William Brigadier General
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USV
(June, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Iowa (1859–1861)
U.S. Congressman from California (1887–1891)
Veatch, James C. Brigadier General, USV
(April 28, 1862)
Major General, USV
(1865)
Viele, Egbert Ludovicus Brigadier General, USV
(August 17, 1861)
USMA, 1847
Resigned October 23., 1863
U.S. Congressman from New York (1885–1887)
Vifquain, Victor Lieutenant Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Fort Blakely (April 9, 1865)
Vincent, Strong Brigadier General, USV
(July 3, 1863)
DOW, Battle of Gettysburg (July 2, 1863, d. July 7, 1863)
Vinton, Francis Laurens Captain, USA
(October, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1863)
USMA, 1856
Earlier appointment as Brigadier General, USV (September 19, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Resigned May 5, 1863
Vogdes, Israel Colonel, USA
(1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Brigadier General, USA USMA, 1837
Von Steinwehr, Adolph Wilhelm August Freidrich, Baron Brigadier General, USV
(October 12, 1861)
Resigned July 3, 1865
Von Vegesack, Ernst Mathias Peter, Baron Colonel, USV
(1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Gaines' Mill (June 27, 1862)

W

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Wade, Melancthon Smith Brigadier General, USV
(October 1, 1861)
Resigned March 18, 1862
Wadsworth, James Samuel Brigadier General, USV
(August 9, 1861)
Major General, USV
(May 6, 1863)
DOW, Battle of the Wilderness (w. May 6, 1863, d. May 8, 1863)
Wagner, George Day Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Relieved of duty at his own request, December 4, 1864
Mustered out August 24, 1865
Wagner, Louis Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Commander-in-chief, GAR (1880)
Walcutt, Charles C. Brigadier General, USV
(June 30, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Wallace, Lewis "Lew" Major General, USV
(March 21, 1862)
Commissioner on Lincoln assassination trial
Territorial Governor of New Mexico (1878–1881)
U.S. minister to the Ottoman Empire (1881–1885)
Wallace, William Harvey Lamme Brigadier General, USV
(March 21, 1862)
DOW, Battle of Shiloh (w. April 7, 1862, d. April 10, 1862)
Ward, George Hull Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
DOW, Battle of Gettysburg (w. July 2, 1863, d. July 3, 1863)
Ward, John Henry Hobart Brigadier General, USV
(October 4, 1862)
Relieved May 12, 1864
Mustered out June 18, 1864
Ward, William Thomas Brigadier General, USV
(September 18, 1861)
Major General, USV
(February 24, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Kentucky (1851–1853)
Warner, Adoniram Judson Colonel, USV, USN
(November 15, 1863)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1879–1881, 1883–1887)
Warner, James Meech Captain, USA
(October 8, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(May 8, 1865)
Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1860
Warner, Willard Colonel, USV
(October, 1864)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Senator from Alabama (1868–1871)
Brother-in-law of Charles Robert Woods and William Burnham Woods
Warren, Fitz Henry Brigadier General, USV
(July 16, 1862)
Major General, USV
(August 24, 1865)
U.S. minister to Guatemala (1866–1869)
Warren, Gouverneur Kemble Major, USA
Major General, USV
(May 3, 1863)
USMA, 1850
Resigned volunteer commission May 27, 1865
Washburn, Cadwallader Colden Major General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
U.S. Congressman from Wisconsin (1855–1861, 1867–1871)
Governor of Wisconsin (1871–1873)
Brother of Illinois Congressman Elihu Benjamin Washburne
Washburn, Francis Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(April 6, 1865)
DOW, Battle of High Bridge (w. April 6, 1865, d. April 22, 1865)
Washburn, Henry Dana Colonel, USV
(July 16, 1862)
Major General, USV
(July 26, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Indiana (1866–1869)
Watkins, Louis Douglass Captain, USA
(July, 1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(September 25, 1865)
Son-in-law of Lovell Harrison Rousseau
Weaver, James Baird Colonel, USV
(1862)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Iowa (1879–1881, 1885–1889)
Webb, Alexander Stewart Brigadier General, USV
(June 23, 1863)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(August 1, 1864)
MOH, Battle of Gettysburg (July 3, 1864)
USMA, 1855
Weber, Max
(aka Von Weber, Max)
Brigadier General, USV
(April 28, 1862)
Resigned May 13, 1865
Webster, Joseph Dana Major, USA
(July 1, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Weed, Stephen Hinsdale Captain, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(June 6, 1863)
USMA, 1854
KIA, Battle of Gettysburg (July 2, 1863)
Weitzel, Godfrey Captain, USA
Major General, USV
(November 17, 1864)
USMA, 1855
Wells, George Duncan Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(October 12, 1864)
DOW, Battle of Cedar Creek (w. October 12, 1864, d. October 13, 1864)
Wells, Henry Horatio Lieutenant Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(June 3, 1865)
Provisional Governor of Virginia (1868–1869)
Wells, William Brigadier General, USV
(May 19, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Welsh, Thomas Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1863)
Original appointment as Brigadier General, USV (November 29, 1862) expired March 4, 1863
Died of malaria, August 14, 1863
Wessells, Henry Walton Colonel, USA
(1865)
Brigadier General, USV
(April 25, 1862)
Brigadier General, USA USMA, 1833
West, Joseph Rodman Brigadier General, USV
(October 25, 1862)
Major General, USV
(January 4, 1866)
U.S. Senator from Louisiana (1871–1877)
Wheaton, Frank First Lieutenant, USA
(1855)
Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USA
Major General, USV
Son-in-law of Adjutant General Samuel Cooper, CSA
Whipple, Amiel Weeks Major General, USV
(May 3, 1863)
Major General, USA
(May 7, 1863)
USMA, 1841
DOW, Battle of Chancellorsville (w. May 4, 1863, d. May 7, 1863)
Whipple, William Denison Colonel, USA
Brigadier General, USV
(July 17, 1863)
Major General, USA USMA, 1851
Whitaker, Edward Washburn Lieutenant Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, First Battle of Ream's Station (June 29, 1864)
Whitaker, Walter Chiles Brigadier General, USV
(June 25, 1863)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
White, Harry Major, USV
(December 13, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from Pennsylvania (1877–1881)
White, Julius Brigadier General, USV
(June 9, 1862)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Resigned November 19, 1864
Wild, Edward Augustus Brigadier General, USV
(April 24, 1863)
Willcox, Orlando Bolivar Brigadier General, USV
(July 21, 1861)
Major General, USA
Major General, USV
MOH First Battle of Bull Run (July 21, 1861)
USMA, 1847
Williams, Alpheus Starkey Brigadier General, USV
(May 17, 1861)
Major General, USV
(January 12, 1866)
U.S. Congressman from Michigan (1875–1879)
Williams, David Henry Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Appointment expired March 4, 1863
Williams, Nelson Grosvenor Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
USMA (class of 1843), withdrew July, 1840
Resigned November 27, 1862
Appointment expired March 9, 1863
Williams, Seth Major, USA
(August, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(September 23, 1861)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1864)
Major General, USV
(August, 1864)
USMA, 1842
Williams, Thomas Major, USA
(May 14, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(September 28, 1861)
KIA, Battle of Baton Rouge (August 5, 1862) USMA, 1837
Williamson, James Alexander Brigadier General, USV
(January 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Chickasaw Bayou (December 29, 1862)
Willich, August
(b. Von Willich, August)
Brigadier General, USV
(July 17, 1862)
Major General, USV
(October 21, 1865)
Wilson, James Harrison First Lieutenant, USA
(1861)
Major General, USV
(May 6, 1865)
Major General, USA USMA, 1860
Winthrop, Frederick Colonel, USV Major General, USV
(April 1, 1865)
KIA, Battle of Five Forks (April 1, 1865)
Wistar, Isaac Jones Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Resigned September 15, 1864
Witcher, John Seashoales Lieutenant Colonel, USV
(May 6, 1865)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from West Virginia (1869–1871)
Withington, William Herbert Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, First Battle of Bull Run (July 21, 1861)
Wood, Henry Clay Major, USA Brigadier General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
MOH, Battle of Wilson's Creek (August 10, 1861)
Wood, Thomas John Colonel, USA
(1861)
Major General, USV
(January 27, 1865)
USMA, 1845
Woodbury, Daniel Phineas Lieutenant Colonel, USA
(1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(March 19, 1862)
Major General, USA (August 15, 1864) USMA, 1836
Died of yellow fever (August 15, 1864)
Woodford, Steward Lyndon Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(May 12, 1865)
U.S. Congressman from New York (1873–1874)
U.S. minister to Spain (1897–1898)
Woods, Charles Robert Captain
(April 1, 1861)
Brigadier General, USV
(August 4, 1863)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
Major General, USV
(November 22, 1864)
USMA, 1852
Brother of William Burnham Woods
Brother-in-law of Willard Warner
Woods, William Burnham Brigadier General, USV
(May 31, 1865)
Major General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court (1880–1887)
Brother of Charles Robert Woods
Brother-in-law of Willard Warner
Wool, John Ellis Major General, USA
(May 16, 1862)
Retired August 1, 1863
Oldest Civil War general in active service (b. February 29, 1784)
Wright, George Colonel, USA
(1855)
Brigadier General, USV
(September 28, 1861)
USMA, 1822
Died in the wreck of the steamer Brother Jonathan (June 30, 1865)
Wright, Horatio Gouverneur Major, USA
(August, 1861)
Major General, USV
(May 12, 1864)
Major General, USA
(March 13, 1865)
USMA, 1841
Original appointment as Major General, USV (July 18, 1862) expired March 4, 1863

Y

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Young, Samuel Baldwin Marks Colonel, USV
(December, 1864)
Brigadier General, USV
(April 9.1865)
Commander-in-chief, MOLLUS (1913–1915, 1915–1919)
Young, Thomas Lowry Colonel, USV Brigadier General, USV
(March 13, 1865)
Governor of Ohio(1877–1878)
U.S. Congressman from Ohio (1879–1883)

Z

Image Name Substantive
Rank
Brevet
Rank
Notes
Zook, Samuel Kosciuszko Brigadier General, USV
(November 29, 1862)
Major General, USV
(July 3, 1863)
DOW, Battle of Gettysburg (July 2, 1863, d. July 3, 1863)

See also

References

  1. ^ Hunt, Roger D. and Brown, Jack R., Brevet Brigadier Generals in Blue. Olde Soldier Books, Inc.,, Gaithersburg, MD, 1990. ISBN 1-56013-002-4
  • Boatner, III, Mark M., The Civil War Dictionary. David McKay Company, Inc., New York, 1959. ISBN 0-679-50013-8.
  • Eicher, John H., and Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
  • Faust, Patricia L., ed., Historical Times Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Civil War. Harper & Row, Publishers, Inc., New York, 1986. ISBN 0-06-181261-7.
  • Hattaway, Herman and Jones, Archer, How the North Won. University of Illinois Press, Urbana, 1983. ISBN 0-252-00918-5.
  • Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical register and dictionary of the United States Army: from its organization, September 29, 1789, to March 2, 1903. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1903. ISBN 978-1-177-37680-8
  • Hunt, Roger D. and Brown, Jack R., Brevet Brigadier Generals in Blue. Olde Soldier Books, Inc., Gaithersburg, MD, 1990. ISBN 1-56013-002-4;
  • McPherson, James M., Battle Cry of Freedom. Oxford University Press, New York, 1988. ISBN 0-19-503863-0.
  • Nevins, Allan, The War for the Union, Volume 1, The Improvised War, 1861–1862. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1959. ISBN 684-10426-1.
  • Rodenbough, Theophilus F. and Haskin, William L., ed., The Army of the United States. Maynard, Merrill, & Co., New York, 1896. Argonaut Press Ltd.; Reprint edition (1966). ASIN: B000ST7S9Y.
  • Sifakis, Stewart, Who Was Who in the Civil War. Facts On File, New York, 1988. ISBN 0-8160-1055-2.
  • United States War Department, The Military Secretary's Office, Memorandum Relative to the General Officers in the Armies of the United States During the Civil War, 1861–1865, (Compiled from Official Records.) 1906. http://www.archive.org/details/memorandumrelati05unit retrieved August 5, 2010.
  • United States War Department, The Military Secretary's Office, Memorandum relative to the general officers appointed by the President in the armies of the Confederate States--1861-1865 (1908) (Compiled from official records). Caption shows 1905 but printing date is February 11, 1908. http://www.archive.org/details/memorandumrelati01unit retrieved August 5, 2010.
  • Warner, Ezra J., Generals in Blue. Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge, 1964. ISBN 0-8071-0822-7.
  • Warner, Ezra J., Generals in Gray. Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge, 1959. ISBN 0-8071-0823-5.
  • American Civil War Generals, accessed February 18, 2008
  • Brevet Union Generals of the Civil War, accessed February 18, 2008
  • Confederate Generals from West Point, accessed February 18, 2008
  • The Brevet Generals of the American Civil War, accessed from Archive.org, April 9, 2009
  • The Generals of the American Civil War, accessed from Archive.org, April 9, 2009
  • Un
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