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List of British innovations and discoveries

List of British inventions may be referring to:

The following is a list of inventions or discoveries generally believed to be British:

Contents

  • Top 10 1
  • Agriculture 2
  • Clock making 3
  • Clothing manufacturing 4
  • Communications 5
  • Computing 6
  • Criminology 7
  • Cryptography 8
  • Engineering 9
  • Household appliances 10
  • Ideas, Religion and Ethics 11
  • Industrial processes 12
  • Medicine 13
  • Military 14
  • Mining 15
  • Musical instruments 16
  • Photography 17
  • Publishing firsts 18
  • Science 19
    • Astronomy 19.1
    • Chemistry 19.2
  • Sport 20
  • Transport 21
    • Aviation 21.1
    • Railways 21.2
      • Locomotives 21.2.1
      • Other railway developments 21.2.2
    • Roads 21.3
    • Sea 21.4
    • Publishing firsts 21.5
  • Scientific innovations 22
  • Medical innovations 23
  • Household innovations 24
  • Miscellaneous 25
  • See also 26
  • References 27

Top 10

According to a survey of consumers, the Top 10 British inventions are:[1]

  1. Telephone
  2. Television
  3. Jet engine
  4. Steam engine
  5. Light bulb
  6. Electric motor
  7. Cats eyes
  8. Bicycle
  9. ATM/cashpoint machine
  10. Hypodermic syringe

Agriculture

Clock making

Clothing manufacturing

Communications

Computing

Criminology

Cryptography

Engineering

Household appliances

Ideas, Religion and Ethics

Industrial processes

Medicine

Military

Mining

Musical instruments

Photography

Publishing firsts

  • Oldest publisher and printer in the world (having been operating continuously since 1584): Cambridge University Press
  • first book printed in English: "The Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye" by Englishman William Caxton in 1475

Science

Astronomy

Chemistry

Sport

  • Football - The rules as we know them today were established in 1848 at Cambridge University, Sheffield F.C. is acknowledged by The Football Association and FIFA as the world's first and oldest football club.[149]
  • Rugby - William Webb Ellis
  • Cricket - the world's second-most popular sport can be traced back to the 13th century[150]
  • Tennis - widely known to have originated in England.[151]
  • Boxing - England played a key role in the evolution of modern boxing. Boxing was first accepted as an Olympic sport in Ancient Greece in 688 BC
  • Golf - Modern game invented in Scotland
  • Baseball - Origins in England, imported to America by colonists
  • Billiards
  • Badminton
  • Darts - a traditional pub game, the numbering layout was devised by Brian Gamlin
  • Table-Tennis - was invented on the dinner tables of Britain as an indoor version of tennis
  • Snooker - Invented by the British Army in India[152]
  • Ping pong - The game has its origins in England, in the 1880s
  • Bowls - has been traced to 13th century England[153]
  • Field hockey - the modern game grew from English public schools in the early 19th century
  • Netball - the sport emerged from early versions of women's basketball, at Madame Österberg's College in England during the late 1890s.[154]
  • Rounders - the game originates in England most likely from an older game known as stool ball
  • The Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race, the first race was in 1829 on the River Thames in London [155]
  • Thoroughbred Horseracing - Was first developed in 17th and 18th century England
  • Polo - its roots began in Persia as a training game for cavalry units, the formal codification of the rules of modern Polo as a sport were established in 19th century England
  • The format of Modern Olympics - William Penny Brookes
  • Modern Rock Climbing - Walter Parry Haskett Smith (1859–1946) is considered the Father of Rock Climbing.
  • The first Paralympic games competition were held in England in 1948 - Ludwig Guttmann[156]
  • oldest sporting competition in the world: The Antient Silver Arrow Archery competition known as the Scorton Arrow as it was originally held in Scorton, Yorkshire. It was first shot for in 1673.[157]
  • oldest cricket festival (and probably oldest sporting festival) in the world: Canterbury Cricket Week founded in 1842 [157]
  • Lonsdale belt: oldest boxing belt in the world[158]
  • Hawk-Eye ball tracking system.

Transport

Aviation

Railways

Locomotives

Other railway developments

Roads

Sea

Publishing firsts

his ideas survive in the terms nervous energy and neuroses (a word that Cullen coined).[172]

Scientific innovations

Medical innovations

Household innovations

Miscellaneous

See also

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