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List of Canada–United States border crossings

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Title: List of Canada–United States border crossings  
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List of Canada–United States border crossings

This is a list of border crossings along the International Boundary between Canada and the United States. They are ordered from west to east (crossings with Alaska from north to south).

The Land Ports of Entry list is limited to places where CBP and/or CBSA provide border inspection services. Unstaffed crossings are listed in the Unstaffed Road Crossings section. Crossings where border inspection services were once provided, but have since been barricaded are listed in the Closed Land Ports of Entry section. Separate sections are also provided for Rail Crossings and point-to-point Ferry Crossings.

Cars approaching Canada Customs at Douglas, British Columbia from Blaine, Washington

Contents

Land Ports of Entry

Port of entry hours of service for road crossings, except where noted, are open year-round during the day.
Key
The yellow background indicates a port of entry where travel is permitted in only one direction
Canada
Port of Entry Name
Canada
Road / Highway [Community]
United States
Port of Entry Name
United States
Road / Highway [Community]
Notes Structure or
Notable Feature
Coordinates

Yukon–Alaska

Little Gold Creek Hwy 9 (Top of the World Highway) Poker Creek AK-9 (Top of the World Highway) Daytime-evening service seasonal May–September, depending on weather and road conditions (9:00 am–9:00 pm PT = 8:00 am–8:00 pm AKT). Canadian port of entry closed holidays. Northernmost and highest altitude (1258 m / 4127 ft) Canada-U.S. border crossing
Beaver Creek Hwy 1 (Alaska Highway) Alcan AK-2 (Alaska Highway) 24-hour service year round; Canadian port of entry closed holidays.

British Columbia–Alaska

Pleasant Camp Hwy 3 (Haines Highway) Dalton Cache AK-7 (Haines Highway) Daytime-evening service year round (8:00 am–midnight PT = 7:00 am–11:00 pm AKT). Canadian port of entry is 29 km from the border.
Fraser Hwy 2 (Klondike Highway) Skagway AK-98 (Klondike Highway) Canadian port of entry (12 km north of border): 24-hour service April–October, daytime-evening service November–March (8:00 am–midnight PT). U.S. port of entry (8 mi south of border): 24-hour service year round.
Stewart BC 37A Hyder International Street Canadian port of entry: 24-hour service year round. U.S. border is unstaffed and open (station closed in the 1960s); roads connect only to Canada.

British Columbia–Washington

Boundary Bay 56th Street [Delta] Point Roberts Tyee Drive 24-hour service year round
Douglas BC 99 [Surrey] Blaine - Peace Arch I‑5 [Blaine] 24-hour service year round. No commercial vehicles. Peace Arch Park
Pacific Highway BC 15 [Surrey] Blaine - Pacific Highway SR 543 [Blaine] 24-hour service year round. Commercial vehicles must use this crossing between Surrey and Blaine.
Aldergrove BC 13 Lynden SR 539 Daytime-evening service year round (8:00 am–midnight)
Abbotsford-Huntingdon BC 11 Sumas SR 9 24-hour service year round
Chopaka Nighthawk Road [Cawston] Nighthawk Similkameen Road Daytime service year round (9:00 am–5:00 pm)
Osoyoos BC 97 Oroville US 97 24-hour service year round. Canadian port of entry closed holidays.
Midway Dominion Street Ferry Customs Road [Curlew] Daytime service year round (9:00 am–5:00 pm)
Carson BC 41 [Grand Forks] Danville SR 21 Daytime-evening service year round (8:00 am–midnight)
Cascade BC 395 [Christina Lake] Laurier US 395 Daytime-evening service year round (8:00 am–midnight)
Paterson BC 22 [Rossland] Frontier SR 25 [Northport] 24-hour service year round
Waneta BC 22A [Montrose] Boundary Waneta Road [Northport] Daytime service year round (9:00 am–5:00 pm)
Nelway BC 6 [Salmo] Metaline Falls SR 31 Daytime-evening service year round (8:00 am–midnight)

British Columbia–Idaho

Rykerts BC 21 [Creston] Porthill SH-1 Daytime-evening service year round (2nd Sunday March–1st Saturday Nov. (MST=PDT), 7:00 am–11:00 pm; rest of year, 8:00 am–midnight MST = 7:00 am–11:00 pm PST)
Kingsgate BC 95 Eastport US-95 24-hour service year round. Canadian port of entry closed holidays.

British Columbia–Montana

Roosville BC 93 [Grasmere] Roosville US 93 [Eureka] 24-hour service year round

Alberta–Montana

Chief Mountain Hwy 6 [Waterton Park] Chief Mountain MT 17 Daytime service seasonal (May 15–31, 9:00 am–6:00 pm; June 1–Labour Day, 7:00 am–10:00 pm; Day after Labor Day–Sept. 30, 9:00 am–6:00 p.m; Oct. 1–May 14, closed) Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park
Carway Hwy 2 [Cardston] Piegan US 89 [Babb] Daytime-evening service year round (7:00 am–11:00 pm)
Del Bonita Hwy 62 Del Bonita MT 213 [Cut Bank] Daytime service year round (June 1–Sept. 15, 8:00 am–9:00 pm; Sept. 16–May 31, 9:00 am–6:00 pm). Canadian port of entry closed holidays.
Coutts Hwy 4 Sweetgrass I‑15 24-hour service year round
Aden Hwy 880 Whitlash MT 409 Daytime service year round (9:00 am–5:00 pm)
Wild Horse Hwy 41 Wild Horse MT 232 [Havre] Daytime service year round. Canadian port of entry (May 15–Sept. 30, 8:00 am–9:00 pm; Oct. 1–May 14, 8:00 am–5:00 pm). U.S.port of entry (June 1–Sept. 15, 8:00 am–9:00 pm; Sept. 16–May 14, 8:00 am–5:00 pm).

Saskatchewan–Montana

Willow Creek Hwy 21 [Consul] Willow Creek MT 233 Daytime service year round (2nd Sunday March–1st Saturday Nov. (CST=MDT), 9:00 am–5:00 pm; rest of year, 10:00 am–6:00 pm CST = 9:00 am–5:00 pm MST)
Climax Hwy 37 Turner MT 241 Daytime service year round (June 1–Sept. 15 (CST=MDT), 8:00 am–9:00 pm; Sept. 16–May 31 Canada matches U.S. 9:00 am–6:00 pm MT)
Monchy Hwy 4 [Climax] Morgan US 191 [Loring] Daytime service year round (June 1–Sept. 15 (CST=MDT), 8:00 am–9:00 pm; Sept. 16–May 31 Canada matches U.S. 9:00 am–6:00 pm MT)
West Poplar River Hwy 2 [Rockglen] Opheim MT 24 Daytime service year round (June 1–Sept. 15 (CST=MDT), 8:00 am–9:00 pm; Sept. 16–May 31 Canada matches U.S. 9:00 am–6:00 pm MT)
Coronach Hwy 36 Scobey MT 13 Daytime service year round (June 1–Sept. 15 (CST=MDT), 8:00 am–9:00 pm; Sept. 16–May 31 Canada matches U.S. 9:00 am–6:00 pm MT)
Regway Hwy 6 Raymond MT 16 24-hour service year round

Saskatchewan–North Dakota

Oungre Hwy 35 Fortuna US 85 Daytime-evening service year round (2nd Sunday March–1st Saturday Nov. 8:00 am–9:00 pm CST = 9:00 am–10:00 pm CDT; rest of year, 9:00 am–10:00 pm)
Torquay Hwy 350 Ambrose ND 42 Daytime service year round (2nd Sunday March–1st Saturday Nov. 8:00 am–4:00 pm CST = 9:00 am–5:00 pm CDT; rest of year, 9:00 am–5:00 pm)
Estevan Highway Hwy 47 Noonan ND 40 Daytime-evening service year round (2nd Sunday March–1st Saturday Nov. 8:00 am–9:00 pm CST = 9:00 am–10:00 pm CDT; rest of year, 9:00 am–10:00 pm)
North Portal Hwy 39 Portal US 52 24-hour service year round
Northgate Hwy 9 Northgate ND 8 [Flaxton] Daytime-evening service year round (2nd Sunday March–1st Saturday Nov. 8:00 am–9:00 pm CST = 9:00 am–10:00 pm CDT; rest of year, 9:00 am–10:00 pm)
Carievale Hwy 8 Sherwood ND 28 Daytime-evening service year round (2nd Sunday March–1st Saturday Nov. 8:00 am–9:00 pm CST = 9:00 am–10:00 pm CDT; rest of year, 9:00 am–10:00 pm)

Manitoba–North Dakota

Lyleton PR 256 [Pierson] Antler ND 256 Daytime-evening service year round (9:00 am–10:00 pm)
Coulter PTH 83 [Melita] Westhope US 83 Daytime-evening service year round (8:00 am–9:00 pm)
Goodlands PTH 21 [Deloraine] Carbury ND 14 [Souris] Daytime-evening service year round (9:00 am–10:00 pm)
Boissevain PTH 10 Dunseith US 281 24-hour service year round International Peace Garden
Lena PTH 18 [Killarney] Saint John ND 30 Daytime-evening service year round (8:00 am–9:00 pm)
Cartwright PTH 5 Hansboro ND 4 Daytime-evening service year round (8:00 am–9:00 pm)
Crystal City PTH 34 Sarles ND 20 Daytime-evening service year round (9:00 am–10:00 pm)
Snowflake PR 242 Hannah Port Road Daytime-evening service year round (9:00 am–10:00 pm)
Windygates PTH 31 [Darlingford] Maida ND 1 [Langdon] Daytime-evening service year round (9:00 am–10:00 pm)
Winkler PTH 32 Walhalla ND 32 Daytime-evening service year round (8:00 am–10:00 pm)
Gretna PTH 30 Neche ND 18 Daytime-evening service year round (8:00 am–10:00 pm)
Emerson PTH 75 Pembina I‑29 / US 81 24-hour service year round

Formerly known as "West Lynne", the Canadian side of this busy crossing was renamed "Emerson" when Emerson East closed in 2003.

Manitoba–Minnesota

Tolstoi PTH 59 Lancaster US 59 Daytime-evening service year round (8:00 am–10:00 pm)
Piney PTH 89 Pinecreek MN 89 Daytime service year round (Canadian port of entry 9:00 am–10:00 pm; U.S. port of entry 9:00 am–5:00 pm)
South Junction PR 310 Roseau MN 310 Daytime-evening service year round (8:00 am–midnight)
Sprague PTH 12 Warroad MN 313 24-hour service year round

Ontario–Minnesota

Rainy River Highway 11 Baudette MN 72 24-hour service year round Baudette – Rainy River International Bridge
Fort Frances Bridge Highway 71 International Falls US 53 / US 71 24-hour service year round Fort Frances – International Falls International Bridge
Pigeon River Highway 61 [Neebing] Grand Portage MN 61 24-hour service year round Pigeon River Bridge

Ontario–Michigan

Sault Ste. Marie Bridge Huron Street Sault Sainte Marie I‑75 24-hour service year round Sault Ste. Marie International Bridge
Sarnia (Blue Water Bridge) Highway 402 [Point Edward] Port Huron - Blue Water Bridge I‑69 / I‑94 24-hour service year round Blue Water Bridge
Windsor-Detroit Tunnel Ouellette Avenue / Goyeau Street [Windsor] Detroit - Detroit-Windsor Tunnel Jefferson Avenue / M‑10 / M‑3 / I‑375 24-hour service year round Detroit–Windsor Tunnel
Ambassador Bridge Highway 3 [Windsor] Detroit - Ambassador Bridge Passenger Facility & Fort Street Cargo Facility I‑75 / I‑96 24-hour service year round Ambassador Bridge

Southernmost road crossing and busiest commercial crossing

Ontario–New York

Fort Erie (Peace Bridge) QEW Buffalo - Peace Bridge I-190 /
Baird Drive
24-hour service year round Peace Bridge

Busiest passenger vehicle crossing[1]

Niagara Falls Rainbow Bridge Highway 420 /
Falls Avenue
Niagara Falls - Rainbow Bridge NY 384 /

NY 104 /
US 62

No commercial trucks. 24-hour service year round Rainbow Bridge
Niagara Falls Whirlpool Bridge River Road Niagara Falls - Whirlpool Bridge Whirlpool Street NEXUS use only. Daytime-evening service year round (7:00 am–11:00 pm) Whirlpool Rapids Bridge
Queenston Lewiston Bridge Highway 405 [Niagara-on-the-Lake] Lewiston Bridge Complex I-190 /

NY 104

24-hour service year round Lewiston–Queenston Bridge
Lansdowne (Thousand Islands Bridge) Highway 137 [Hill Island] Alexandria Bay I-81 24-hour service year round Thousand Islands Bridge
Prescott Highway 16 [Johnstown] Ogdensburg NY 812 24-hour service year round Ogdensburg–Prescott International Bridge
Cornwall Traffic Office Akwesasne International Road [Kawehnoke (Cornwall Island), Akwesasne Reserve 59] / Brookdale Avenue [Cornwall] Massena NY 37 [Rooseveltown] 24-hour service year round. Canadian port of entry ("interim") at the north end of the new (low) north channel bridge. Travellers from the U.S. to Cornwall Island first cross the island to the Canadian port of entry. Seaway International Bridge, Three Nations Crossing

Quebec–New York

Dundee Route 132 Fort Covington Water Street 24-hour service year round
Trout River Route 138 [Athelstan] Trout River NY 30 [Constable] 24-hour service year round
Herdman Route 202 [Hinchinbrooke] Chateaugay NY 374 (River Street) 24-hour service year round
(closed – was Franklin Centre) Route 209 Churubusco NY 189 Canadian port of entry closed. U.S. port of entry open 8:00 am–4:00 pm. Persons are not permitted to enter Canada at this location
Covey Hill Route 203 [Havelock] Cannon Corners Cannon Corners Road [Mooers Forks] Daytime service year round (8:00 am–4:00 pm; Canadian port of entry open until midnight May–October)
Hemmingford Route 219 Mooers NY 22 (Hemmingford Road) 24-hour service year round
St-Bernard-de-Lacolle: Highway 15 A-15 Champlain I-87 Sometimes called the Blackpool Border Crossing, which was the name of the old crossing on US 9 before the interstate highway was built. 24-hour service year round
Lacolle: Route 221 Route 221 Overton Corners NY 276 [Champlain] 24-hour service year round
Lacolle: Route 223 Route 223 Rouses Point US 11 24-hour service year round

Quebec–Vermont

Noyan Route 225 Alburg VT 225 [Alburgh] 24-hour service year round
Clarenceville Chemin Beech Sud Alburg Springs Alburg Springs Road [Alburgh] Daytime-evening service year round (8:00 am–midnight)
St-Armand / Phillipsburg Route 133 Highgate Springs I‑89 24-hour service year round
Morses Line Route 235 [St-Armand] Morses Line VT 235 Daytime service year round (Canada 8:00 am–4:00 pm; U.S. 8:00 am–midnight)
Frelighsburg Route 237 West Berkshire VT 108 [Berkshire] 24-hour service year round
East Pinnacle Chemin de Richford Pinnacle Road Pinnacle Road [Richford] Canada daytime service year round (8:00 am–4:00 pm); U.S. 24-hour service year round
Abercorn Route 139 Richford VT 139 24-hour service year round
Glen Sutton Chemin de la Vallée-Missisquoi [Sutton] East Richford VT 105A [Richford] Canada daytime service year round (8:00 am–4:00 pm); U.S. 24-hour service year round Missisquoi River Bridge
Highwater Route 243 North Troy VT 243 24-hour service year round
Stanstead (Beebe) Route 247 Beebe Plain Beebe Road [Derby] 24-hour service year round
Stanstead (Rte 143) Route 143 Derby Line - Rte 5 US 5 24-hour service year round
Stanstead (55) A-55 Derby Line I‑91 24-hour service year round

Canadian port of entry formerly named Rock Island

Stanhope Route 147 Norton VT 147 24-hour service year round
Hereford Road Route 141 Canaan VT 141 24-hour service year round
East Hereford Route 253 Beecher Falls VT 253 24-hour service year round

Quebec–New Hampshire

Chartierville Route 257 Pittsburg US 3 Canada daytime-evening service year round (8:00 am–midnight); U.S. 24-hour service year round

Quebec–Maine

Woburn Route 161 Coburn Gore SR 27 24-hour service year round
Armstrong Route 173 Jackman US 201 / SR 6 24-hour service year round
(closed – was St-Zacharie) Route de la Frontière St. Zacharie Golden Road Canadian port of entry closed. U.S. port of entry only open to commercial vehicles. Drivers must have a verifiable reason to be using this port of entry rather than an alternative. Daytime service year round (6:00 am–8:00 pm Monday–Thursday & 6:00 am–4:00 pm Friday)
Ste-Aurélie Route 277 Ste. Aurelie Baker Lake Road Daytime service year round (Canadian port of entry: 9:00 am–5:00 pm Monday–Friday; U.S. port of entry 6:00 am–9:00 pm Monday–Thursday & 6:00 am–4:00 pm Friday)
St-Just-de-Bretenières Rue des Moulins St. Juste Stetson Road Daytime service year round (Canadian port of entry: 9:00 am–5:00 pm Monday–Friday; U.S. port of entry 6:00 am–9:00 pm Monday–Thursday & 6:00 am–4:00 pm Friday)
St-Pamphile Rue Principale Sud St. Pamphile Blanchette Road Daytime service year round (Canadian port of entry 9:00 am–5:00 pm Monday–Friday; U.S. port of entry 6:00 am–9:00 pm Monday & Thursday, 6:00 am–8:00 pm Tuesday & Wednesday & Friday, 8:00 am–4:00 pm Saturday)
Pohenegamook Rue de la Frontière Estcourt Station Frontier Road Canadian port of entry at town: daytime service year round (9:00 am–5:00 pm Monday–Friday). U.S. port of entry at road to Maine interior, 0.85 km / 0.53 mi southwest of Canadian port of entry: Saturday only year round (8:00 am–4:00 pm);[2] formerly open weekdays.

New Brunswick–Maine

Clair Route 205 Fort Kent US 1 Canadian port of entry: 24-hour service year round. U.S. port of entry: Monday–Friday 9:00 am–5:00 pm ET except holidays year round. Clair – Fort Kent Bridge
Edmundston Route 120 Madawaska US 1 24-hour service year round Edmundston–Madawaska Bridge
St. Leonard Bridge Street/Rue du Pont Van Buren Bridge Street 24-hour service year round St. Leonard – Van Buren Bridge
Grand Falls Route 218 Hamlin Boundaryline Road Daytime-evening service year round (8:00 am–midnight AT = 7:00 am–11:00 pm ET)
Gillespie Portage Route 375 Limestone SR 229 24-hour service year round
Four Falls Brown Road (closed – was East Road) Russell Road U.S. port of entry closed. Canadian port of entry open 9:00 am–11:30 pm AT, from 3rd Monday in April to 2nd Sunday in October. Persons are not permitted to enter the U.S. at this location.
Andover Route 190 [Perth-Andover] Fort Fairfield SR 167 24-hour service year round
River de Chute Smugglers Road Easton Ladner Road Daytime service year round (9:00 am–5:00 pm AT = 8:00 am–4:00 pm ET)
Centreville Route 110 Bridgewater Boundary Line Road 24-hour service year round
Bloomfield Line Road Monticello Fletcher Road Daytime service year round (9:00 am–5:00 pm AT = 8:00 am–4:00 pm ET Monday–Saturday). Canadian port of entry also open Sunday June–October.
Woodstock Road Route 95 Houlton I‑95 24-hour service year round
Fosterville Route 122 Orient Boundary Road Daytime service year round (mid May–end November: 8:00 am–midnight AT = 7:00 am–11:00 pm ET; December–mid May Canada 9:00 am–5:00 pm AT Sunday–Friday & 8:00 am–midnight AT Saturday, U.S. 7:00 am–5:00 pm ET) Boundary Bridge
Forest City Forest City Road Forest City Forest City Road Daytime service year round (9:00 am–5:00 pm AT = 8:00 am–4:00 pm ET; U.S. port of entry closed Sundays in winter) Forest City Bridge
St. Croix Route 4 Vanceboro SR 6 24-hour service year round Saint Croix – Vanceboro Bridge
St. Stephen (3rd Bridge) St. Stephen Drive Calais - International Ave International Avenue 24-hour service year round. Commercial vehicles must use this crossing between St. Stephen and Calais. International Avenue Bridge
Milltown Milltown Boulevard [St. Stephen] Calais - Milltown Bridge North Street Extension 24-hour service year round Milltown International Bridge
St. Stephen (Ferry Point Bridge) Milltown Boulevard / Route 170 Calais - Ferry Point Main Street 24-hour service year round. No commercial vehicles. Ferry Point International Bridge
Campobello Route 774 Lubec SR 189 24-hour service year round. Canadian port of entry closed holidays. Franklin Delano Roosevelt Bridge

Closed Land Ports of Entry

closed border station photo
Closed border station in Listerville, New Brunswick

This list includes only those crossings known to have had Customs or Immigration services at the border. Other unattended roads are listed in a separate section.

Canada
Port of Entry
Canada
Road/ Highway
United States
Port of Entry
United States
Road/ Highway
Notes Structure or
Notable Feature
Coordinates

British Columbia–Washington

Boundary Bay 67 Street Point Roberts Meadow Lane Old border crossing used to be located on the east end of the peninsula. Crossing was permanently closed in 1975 when the Tyee Road border crossing was expanded.[3] The former Canadian border station remains and has been refurbished.
Bridesville Old Molson Road Molson Old Railroad Road Molson died a slow death as its mining and farming businesses dried up in the 1920s.[4] Molson's designation as a port of entry was revoked in 1941,[5] and the Customs and Immigration station in the town closed.
Myncaster Myncaster Road Chesaw Bolster Road Canada port of entry was maintained to support both road and rail traffic, however, traffic on Bolster Road was light and the railroad ceased operations in 1937. The port of entry closed around 1955, but opened again for one day on June 9, 1990.[6]

British Columbia–Montana

Flathead Flathead Rd Trailcreek North Fork Rd Border crossing adjacent to the Flathead River closed in 1996 due to flooding of the road just north of the border.[7] The road is gated at the border. Both the US and Canadian border stations remain but are falling into disrepair.

Alberta–Montana

Whiskey Gap Emigrant Gap Road Emigrant Gap Emigrant Gap Road Opened in 1934 and closed in 1939 when the Del Bonita Road opened. It was once a favorite place to bring alcohol into the US during prohibition.[8]
Pinhorn Township Road 12 Laird Laird Road Canadian port of entry closed in 1929 and moved to Aden.[8]

Saskatchewan–Montana

Big Beaver Hwy 34 Whitetail MT 511 Canadian port of entry permanently closed on April 1, 2011, and the U.S. port of entry closed on January 26, 2013.[9]

Saskatchewan–North Dakota

North Gate Hwy 9 Northgate ND 8 US and Canadian Ports of Entry were abandoned when the highway was rebuilt about a half mile west of town in the early 1980s. Both buildings remain, and the border community is a virtual ghost town.[10]

Manitoba–North Dakota

West Lynne (Emerson) 5th Street Pembina US 81 This crossing on U.S. Route 81 was moderately trafficked through the 1950s, but it was closed in the mid-1960s when Interstate 29 and Manitoba Highway 29 were built immediately to the west. The Canadian and US border stations were demolished, but the concrete slabs on which they stood remain.

Manitoba–Minnesota

Emerson East PTH 75 Noyes US 75 Throughout the early 20th century, this was among the busiest U.S.-Canada border crossings. It was the point at which the Jefferson Highway intersected the international boundary and was adorned with an elaborate archway. Traffic waned with the 1957 opening of Interstate 29 two miles to the west. The crossing was closed by Canada in 2003 (where traffic was permitted southbound only) and then by the U.S. in 2006. All road traffic must now use the Emerson-Pembina, North Dakota crossing.

Ontario–Minnesota

Pigeon River Old Border Rd Pigeon River County Route 89 (formerly MN Route 1) Formerly called Sextus City. Bridge was built in 1917 and closed in 1961, when a new bridge and border station were built in Grand Portage, Minnesota about 6 miles to the east. The old bridge, store, hotel and both border stations have all been destroyed. Outlaw Bridge

Ontario–New York

Niagara Falls River Road Niagara Falls Niagara Street The Honeymoon Bridge collapsed in 1938 after an ice jam undermined the structure. A new bridge called the Rainbow Bridge was built just to the north and new border inspection facilities were built on both sides. Honeymoon Bridge
Cornwall Highway 138 Massena NY 37 The Canadian port of entry on Cornwall Island was closed June 1, 2009, due to a disagreement between the Mohawk Nation of Akwesasne and the Canada Border Services Agency regarding the arming of border services officers. A temporary port of entry was opened July 13, 2009, at the north end of the Seaway International Bridge north (high) span; it was used until the current "interim" port of entry was opened January 24, 2014. Seaway International Bridge north (high) span closed January 24, 2014; to be demolished.

Quebec–New York

Jamieson's Line Chemin Jamieson Jamieson Line County Road 29 Canadian port of entry was permanently closed on April 1, 2011. U.S. port of entry closed August 21, 2014
Franklin Chemin Rennie Chateaugay Earlville Road Canadian port of entry had been located at the corner of 1st Concession Road. This crossing was among the last unattended crossings to be barricaded, in the late 1980s. The US never had border services on this road, but the Churubusco Customs office used to be located in town rather than at the border, shortening the trip to report.
Franklin Route 209 Churubusco NY 189 Canadian port of entry permanently closed April 1, 2011. U.S. port of entry remains open and has since been renovated.
Saint-Bernard-de-Lacolle, Quebec Rang Roxham Mooers Roxham Road The Canadian port of entry operated until the late 1950s and the building is now a private residence. The US never had a border station at this location. This crossing has been barricaded since the 1970s.
Blackpool Chemin Ridge Champlain US 9 The border crossing on US Route 9 closed in 1967 when Interstate 87 was completed immediately to the west.
Saint-Bernard-de-Lacolle Route 217 Champlain Merdian Road Port of entry on Merdian Road was closed around 1950. The Canadian border station was demolished. The USDA has since used the old US border station as an office.,[11] and it is currently for sale.[12]

Quebec–Vermont

Highwater Chemin Lafond North Troy Space Research Corporation Road In the 1960s and 1970s, Space Research Corporation founder Gerald Bull built his company on property his family owned on both sides of the border. As the company began building military weapons, the US established a border inspection station outside the company's south gate to inspect southbound traffic. This station also enabled US workers to legally return home after work without having to go through the North Troy border crossing, and it was not for use by the general public. Canada did not have a border station on the company's north gate. The SRC facility (and the Customs station) closed in 1980 when Bull was convicted of violating an arms embargo against South Africa.[13]
Mansonville Chemin du Pont-Couvert North Troy Douglas Road Also known as "Province Hill", Canada Customs closed this office around 1972. The building is now purple and privately owned, but in the 1980s it was rented as a vacation home.[14] Prior to its construction in the 1960s, Canada Customs operated out of a line house across the street. This building was separated, moved about a half mile North and used as cottages.[15]
Leadville Chemin des Parulines Newport Leadville Road Canadian Customs had a station from the mid-1930s to 1939, then reopened in 1948. It was replaced with a new border station in the mid-1950s, which permanently closed on March 31, 1969.[16] It was converted into a private home has been updated in many ways. The US also had a border station at this crossing.
Lineboro Chemin de North Derby North Derby Smugglers Road Canada provided Customs service at this road and rail crossing 1932-1937 and 1949-1953. The U.S. never had Customs services here. Today the Canadian border station is a private home.[17]

Quebec–Maine

Daaquam Rang Sainte-Marie Daaquam American Realty Road Crossing which mostly served the logging industry closed in 2004 when regular customs service was moved to St. Juste. The road is now barricaded.

New Brunswick–Maine

Four Falls Brown Road East Road Russell Road Canada still provides Customs services seasonally, but US-bound traffic is prohibited, and has been since the US border station closed in the 1960s. However until 2008, US-bound traffic was permitted to use the road to the Aroostook Valley Country Club, which is in both countries. Several Canadian properties access the road which pre-dates the establishment of the border; several residents have experienced harassment from U.S. Border Patrol officers since 9/11.[18][19]
Tinker Tinker Road Fort Fairfield Aroostook Falls Road The Aroostook River flood of 1994 killed 2 Canadian Customs officers whose vehicle was swept into a ditch by rising flood waters at this crossing.[20] The road was barricaded thereafter.
Hillandale Reid Road Monson Hill Dorsey Road This crossing closed in the 1940s. Aside from some light fixtures, no signs of the border crossing remains.
Beaconsfield Nicholson Road Easton Curtis Road Canada stopped providing Customs services in the 1960s and erected a sign directing travelers to the nearest open crossing. The US moved its border services to the Rivière de Chute crossing from a more central location on Ladner Road. The crossing was barricaded in the 1980s.
Listerville Mars Hill Road Mars Hill East Ridge Road Border inspection services were built around 1950, and closed around 1976. The US crossing was also known as Knoxford Line and was housed in a temporary trailer. The Canadian border station remains today as a private home.
Jackson Falls Foxcroft Road Littleton Foxcroft Road This crossing, known as "Starkey Corners" was closed in the 1950s. The US border station is now a private home.
Woodstock Old Houlton Road Houlton US 2 This border crossing was closed in the early 1970s when Interstate 95 was completed immediately to the north. The Canadian border station was destroyed. The US border station remains in disrepair.
Union Corner Green Road East Hodgdon Boundary Line Road This border crossing, known as "Union Corners", was closed in the late 1950s. The US border station has since been a private home. The Canadian station was torn down in the late 1960s.
Upper Mills Route 170 Baring Front Street This crossing closed in the 1950s when the bridge was deemed unsafe. It was dismantled soon thereafter. Baring Bridge

Unstaffed Road Crossings

This is a list of roads that cross the US-Canada border that have never had border inspection services. Requirements for reporting to CBP or CBSA for inspection are noted.
Canada
Road Name
Canada
City/Town
United States
Road Name
United States
City/Town
Notes Structure or
Notable Feature
Coordinates
Stewart Road to Salmon Glacier [Premier] Hyder NF-88, Tongass National Forest Unstaffed and open. Canadian road ends at former Granduc mine; U.S. road connects only to Canada.
Silver Skagit Road Skagit Valley Provincial Park Silver Skagit Road North Cascades National Park Unstaffed and open. U.S. road (to Hozomeen Campground on Ross Lake) connects only to Canada. Persons found on the U.S. side by the U.S. Border Patrol should be prepared to provide passport identification.
East Road, Range Roads 152, 150, 144, 142, Township Road 10A Coutts Border Road Sweetgrass Unstaffed border crossings along 13 km / 8 mi of rural road on the U.S. side. Warning sign directs travelers to report to Customs at Coutts/Sweetgrass.
[Northwest Angle Provincial Forest] PR 525 Angle Inlet Winter Road The border for both Canada and the U.S. is staffed remotely. Travellers are directed to video telephones, 12.5 km / 7.8 mi from the border in Angle Inlet, to contact the Canadian or United States border agencies to make their declarations. Northwest Angle
Chemin de la Pointe Hopkins Dundee Hopkins Point Road [Fort Covington]] Unstaffed crossing to/from Québec accessible by road only through New York. No requirement to report.
Johnson Road & Akwesasne Street [Kanatakon (St. Regis), [Akwesasne] 15 Réserve] Johnson & St. Regis Roads [Akwesasne, [St. Regis Mohawk Reservation]] Unstaffed crossings to/from Québec accessible by road only through New York. No requirement to report.
[Tsi Snaihne (Snye), [Akwesasne] 15 Réserve] River, Phillips, Snye, McDonald & Chapman Roads [Akwesasne, [St. Regis Mohawk Reservation]] River, Phillips, Snye, McDonald & Chapman Roads Unstaffed crossings to/from Québec accessible by road only through New York. No requirement to report.
Dundee Chemin de la Pointe Hopkins Fort Covington Hopkins Point Road Unstaffed crossing to/from Québec accessible by road only through New York. No requirement to report.
Stanhope (unstaffed) Rue Principale (report at Norton) Nelson Road Unstaffed. Traffic entering Canada must proceed without stopping to the Stanhope border station to report. Road on U.S. side leads into the Norton port of entry; sign says stop ahead for inspection.

Rail Crossings

photo of train crossing US-Canada border
White Pass Train returning to Skagway, Alaska from the Yukon

Canada
Nearest Community
Canada
Rail Company
United States
Nearest Community
United States
Rail Company
Notes Structure
or Notable Feature
Coordinates

British Columbia–Alaska

Fraser WPY Skagway WPY 3 feet narrow gauge route, isolated line not connected to any others in North America. Former northern terminus Whitehorse, now ends at Carcross.

British Columbia–Washington

White Rock BNSF Blaine BNSF Used by Amtrak Cascades passenger trains.
Huntingdon CP & SRY Sumas BNSF
Grand Forks KFR Danville KFR Abandoned by the KFR south of the border
Billings KFR Laurier KFR Canada section isolated from Canadian rail network following CP's 1991 abandonment of their Boundary Sub, accessible only through the U.S.
Waneta KFR Boundary KFR Canada section isolated from Canadian rail network following abandonment of Burlington Northern's Nelson Sub in 1989, only accessible through the U.S.

British Columbia–Idaho

Kingsgate CP Eastport UP

Alberta–Montana

Coutts CP Sweetgrass BNSF

Saskatchewan–North Dakota

North Portal CP Portal CP (SOO)
Northgate CN Northgate BNSF CN abandoned north of the border in 2001

Manitoba–Minnesota

Emerson CN (west track) / CP (east track) Noyes BNSF (west track) / CP (east track) Since closure of the adjacent road border crossing, this rail crossing has been managed by nearby Emerson (Canada) and Pembina (U.S.) ports.
Middlebro (Sprague) CN Longworth (Warroad) CN The U.S. stretch between Warroad & Baudette connects only through Canada. It was isolated from the U.S. rail network when Minnesota Northern Railroad abandoned the Warroad subdivision in 2009.

Ontario–Minnesota

Rainy River CN Baudette CN The U.S. stretch between Warroad & Baudette connects only through Canada.
Fort Frances MDW International Falls Minnesota, Dakota & Western Railway Once connecting to CN's nearby mainline, the Fort Frances stretch is now isolated from the Canadian rail network. Trains must cross this bridge to the U.S. to get back into Canada. Fort Frances – International Falls International Bridge
Fort Frances CN Ranier CN Ranier International Rail Bridge

Ontario–Michigan

Sault Ste. Marie CN (ACR) Sault Ste. Marie CN (WC) International Rail Bridge
Sarnia CN Port Huron CN Paul M. Tellier Tunnel
Windsor CP Detroit CP Michigan Central Railway Tunnel

Ontario–New York

Fort Erie CN Buffalo CN International Railway Bridge
Niagara Falls CP Niagara Falls CP Closed to rail traffic in 2000. Presently mothballed. Michigan Central Railway Bridge
Niagara Falls CN Niagara Falls CSX Used by Amtrak/Via Maple Leaf passenger trains. Whirlpool Rapids Bridge

Quebec–New York

Sainte-Agnès-de-Dundee CSX Fort Covington CSX
Elgin NYC Trout River NYC Abandoned, but ROW intact.
Cantic CP (west track) & CN (east track) Rouses Point CP (DH) Used by Amtrak Adirondack passenger trains, using CN track in Canada. Cantic port of entry next to Lacolle 223.

Quebec–Vermont

Clarenceville CN Alburg Springs CN
Abercorn CMQ Richford CMQ U.S. section isolated from the U.S. rail network following 1990 abandonment of Central Vermont Railway's Richford Branch. Trains in the U.S. must pass through Canada. Part of the Farnham-Richford-North Troy line.
Glen Sutton CMQ East Richford CMQ Canadian section has always been isolated from the Canadian rail network. Trains must pass through the U.S. to connect with the rest of Canada. Part of the Farnham-Richford-North Troy line.
Highwater CMQ North Troy CMQ Trains in Canada must pass back through the U.S. from this isolated section. Part of the Farnham-Richford-North Troy line.
Lineboro Quebec Central Railway (QC) North Derby Quebec Central Railway (QC) Tracks were removed in the 1990s. Now Piste cyclable de Stanstead (Canada) and Newport Bikepath (U.S.). Signs urge cyclists not to cross here.
Stanhope SLR Norton SLQ

Quebec–Maine

Trudel (Lac-Mégantic) CMQ Beattie (Jackman) CMQ

New Brunswick–Maine

St. Leonard MNRY Van Buren MNRY unnamed rail bridge
Green Road CAR Houlton CAR abandoned June 1989
St. Croix NBSR Vanceboro EMRY Only Canada-U.S. border crossing to be attacked by a foreign force. See Vanceboro international bridge bombing. Saint Croix-Vanceboro Railway Bridge
Mohannes NBSR Woodland NBSR The American stretch is isolated from the rest of the U.S. rail network, and trains must cross this bridge to a small portion through Canada to the U.S. at Baring. Part of NBSR’s St. Stephen-Calais-Woodland branch; leased from Woodland Rail. Sprague Falls Railroad Bridge
Upper Mills NBSR Baring Plantation NBSR The Canadian stretch between Mohannes and Upper Mills is isolated from the Canadian rail network, and trains must cross this bridge into the U.S. to connect to the rest of Canada. Sold to Woodland Rail by Pan-Am Railways after a short period out of service. Part of the St. Stephen-Calais-Woodland branch; leased from Woodland Rail. Baring Railroad Bridge
St. Stephen (Milltown) NBSR Calais NBSR The American stretch between Baring and Calais is isolated from the U.S. rail network, and trains in the U.S. must switch direction and cross this bridge into Canada to connect with the rest of the U.S. rail network. The line was disconnected from the U.S. network when Guilford Rail (Pan-Am Railways) abandoned the connecting line to Bangor in 1989; those rails were intact until torn up in the late 2000s. Part of the St. Stephen-Calais-Woodland branch; leased from Woodland Rail on the U.S. side. Salmon Falls Railroad Bridge

Ferry Crossings

Ferry departing Wolfe Island, ON for Cape Vincent, NY
Canada
Ferry Terminal
Waterway United States
Ferry Terminal
Ferry Company Notes

British Columbia–Alaska

Prince Rupert Inside Passage / Dixon Entrance Whittier CN Aquatrain / Foss Maritime Rail cars only [1]
Prince Rupert Inside Passage / Dixon Entrance Ketchikan / Juneau Alaska Marine Highway
Alaska Marine Highway also operates vehicle ferries between Ketchikan, Alaska and Bellingham, Washington, and Alaska Rail Marine operates train ferries between Whittier, Alaska and Seattle, Washington through the Inside Passage of British Columbia without docking at Canadian ports.

British Columbia–Washington

Victoria Strait of Juan de Fuca Port Angeles Blackball Transport Using MV Coho.[2]
Victoria Strait of Juan de Fuca Seattle Clipper Navigation Passengers only [3]
Sidney San Juan Islands Anacortes Washington State Ferries [4]

Alberta–Montana

Waterton Park Waterton Lake Goat Haunt Ranger Station Waterton Shoreline Cruise Co. [5] Scheduled passenger trips originating in Canada from the end of May to mid-September stop at the U.S. station, which is accessed in Glacier National Park only by hiking trails.

Ontario–Michigan

Sombra St. Clair River Marine City Bluewater Ferry
Walpole Island St. Clair River Algonac Walpole-Algonac Ferry
Windsor Detroit River Detroit Detroit-Windsor Truck Ferry

Ontario–Ohio

Pelee Lake Erie Sandusky Ontario Ferries[21] Seasonal: April to mid-December

Ontario–New York

Wolfe Island St. Lawrence River Cape Vincent Cape Vincent-Wolfe Island Ferry[6] Seasonal: mid-May to mid-October

New Brunswick–Maine

Deer Island Head Harbour Passage (Passamaquoddy Bay) Eastport Cummings Cove to Eastport Ferry[7] Seasonal: mid-June to mid-September

Nova Scotia–Maine

Yarmouth Gulf of Maine Portland NovaStar Cruises[8] Seasonal: late-May to mid-October

Recent and proposed changes

  • Canada Border Services Agency implemented changes on April 1, 2011. The result was the closure of Big Beaver, Franklin Center and Jamieson's line. Also, hours were reduced at East Pinnacle, Glen Sutton, Morses Line to 8 am-4 pm.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.peacebridge.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=39
  2. ^ "U.S. Customs and Border Protection - Fort Kent". cpb.gov. Retrieved 2014-07-17. 
  3. ^ Saba, Anne, "Point Roberts, WA - Then and Now", US Customs Today, October 1999
  4. ^ David G. Jones, "Molson is Becoming Smaller: A Canadian-American Community After the First War", BC Studies, no. 49, Spring 1981, p.54
  5. ^ Federal Register 6 FR 705, February 1, 1941
  6. ^ Camp, Al, "Border Crossing Diplomacy Opens Way for Canadians", The Omak-Okanogan County Chronicle, June 20, 1990
  7. ^ MICHAEL JAMISON of the Missoulian (2002-04-11). "Bust near Glacier nets 120 pounds of pot". Missoulian.com. Retrieved 2011-03-02. 
  8. ^ a b Legg, Herbert (1962). Customs services in western Canada, 1867-1925; a History, The Creston Review Ltd., Creston, BC
  9. ^ "Obtain information about the Whitetail Port of Entry". Help.cbp.gov. Retrieved 2011-03-02. 
  10. ^ Northgate, ND. GhostsofNorthDakota.com. Retrieved on 2014-04-12.
  11. ^ Maisel, Albert Q. Aliens Are Swarming Over Our Unguarded Northern Border, Look Magazine, New York, November 17, 1953, p. 75.
  12. ^ Former Agricultural Inspection Border Station. "193 Meridian Road, Champlain, NY, 12919 - Agricultural Property - Off-Market on". Loopnet.com. Retrieved 2011-03-02. 
  13. ^ Fried, Joseph P. Gerald Bull, 62, Shot in Belgium; Scientist Who Violated Arms Law New York Times, March 25, 1990
  14. ^ O'Neill, Thomas and Yamashita, Michael (Photographer) (1984). Lakes, Peaks and Prairies - Discovering the United States-Canada Border, p. 53. National Geographic Society, ISBN 0-87044-478-6.
  15. ^ Bailey, Merton (1982). Border Crossings of Potton Township, p.A5.
  16. ^ "Granby Leader-Mail - Google News Archive Search". Google News. Retrieved 2014-06-09. 
  17. ^ Farfan, Matthew (2009). The Vermont-Quebec Border - Life on the Line, p. 82. Arcadia Publishing
  18. ^ "Orange alert on the Pedersen farm". CBC News. April 1, 2003. 
  19. ^ "Golfers' drive out of bounds, say U.S. officials". CBC News. June 27, 2008. 
  20. ^ Hon. David Anderson (Minister of National Revenue) as recorded in the House of Commons transcript, 18 April 1994, Ottawa, Canada.
  21. ^ "Welcome to the MV Jiimaan". Ontarioferries.com. Retrieved 2011-03-02. 
  22. ^ "CBP Announces Closure of Port of Whitetail, Montana". www.cbp.gov. January 25, 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  23. ^ "Obtain information about the Morses Line Border Crossing". Help.cbp.gov. Retrieved 2011-03-02. 

External links

  • Canada Border Services Agency - Highway-Land Border Offices
  • U.S. Customs and Border Protection - Locate a Port of Entry
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