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List of Chancellors of Austria

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Title: List of Chancellors of Austria  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of Austria, Engelbert Dollfuss, Karl Buresch, Politics of Austria, Citizens' Forum Austria
Collection: Chancellors of Austria, Lists of Political Office-Holders in Austria, Lists of Prime Ministers
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List of Chancellors of Austria

This is a list of Chancellors of Austria since the establishment of that office in 1918.

Contents

  • List of officeholders (since 1918) 1
    • Chancellor of the Republic of German-Austria (1918–1919) 1.1
    • Chancellors of the First Republic of Austria (1919–1934) 1.2
    • Chancellors of the Federal State of Austria (1934–1938) 1.3
    • Chancellors of the Second Republic of Austria (since 1945) 1.4
  • Statistics 2
  • See also 3
  • Footnotes and references 4
  • External links 5

List of officeholders (since 1918)

Chancellor of the Republic of German-Austria (1918–1919)

Chancellor
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of office Party Cabinet Vice-Chancellor
(Party)
# Coalition
1 Karl Renner
(1870–1950)
30 October 1918 21 October 1919 SDAPÖ
Social Democratic Workers'
Party of Austria
1
2
SDAPÖCSGDVP 2: Jodok Fink
(CS)

Chancellors of the First Republic of Austria (1919–1934)

Chancellor
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of office Party Cabinet Vice-Chancellor
(Party)
# Coalition
(1) Karl Renner
(1870–1950)
21 October 1919 7 July 1920 SDAPÖ
Social Democratic Workers'
Party of Austria
3 SDAPÖCSGDVP Jodok Fink
(CS)
2 Michael Mayr
(1864–1922)
7 July 1920 20 November 1920 CS
Christian Social Party
1 CSSDAPÖ Ferdinand Hanusch
(SDAPÖ) until 22 Oct. 1920
Eduard Heinl
(CS) from 22 Oct. 1920
20 November 1920 21 June 1921 2 Walter Breisky
(CS)
3 Johann Schober
(1874–1932)
21 June 1921 26 January 1922 non-partisan
(Beamter)
1 CSGDVP Walter Breisky
(CS)
4 Walter Breisky
(1871–1944)
26 January 1922 27 January 1922 CS
Christian Social Party
- CS
(3) Johann Schober
(1874–1932)
27 January 1922 31 May 1922 non-partisan
(Beamter)
2 CSGDVP Walter Breisky
(CS)
5 Ignaz Seipel
(1876–1932)
31 May 1922 20 November 1924 CS
Christian Social Party
1
2
3
CSGDVP Leopold Waber
(GDVP)
6 Rudolf Ramek
(1881–1941)
20 November 1924 20 October 1926 CS
Christian Social Party
1 CSGDVP Felix Frank
(GDVP)
(5) Ignaz Seipel
(1876–1932)
20 October 1926 4 May 1929 CS
Christian Social Party
4
5
CSGDVPLandbund Franz Dinghofer
(GDVP) until 19 May 1927
Karl Hartleb
(L) from 19 May 1927
7 Ernst Streeruwitz
(1874–1952)
4 May 1929 26 September 1929 CS
Christian Social Party
1 CSLandbund Vinzenz Schumy
(L)
(3) Johann Schober
(1874–1932)
26 September 1929 30 September 1930 non-partisan
(Beamter)
3 CS Carl Vaugoin
(CS)
8 Carl Vaugoin
(1873–1949)
30 September 1930 4 December 1930 CS
Christian Social Party
1 CS Richard Schmitz
(CS)
9 Otto Ender
(1875–1960)
4 December 1930 20 June 1931 CS
Christian Social Party
1 CS Johann Schober
10 Karl Buresch
(1878–1936)
20 June 1931 20 May 1932 CS
Christian Social Party
1 CSLandbund Johann Schober
until 29 Jan. 1922
Franz Winkler
(L) from 29 Jan. 1922
11 Engelbert Dollfuss
(1892–1934)
20 May 1932 21 September 1933 CS
Christian Social Party
1 CSLandbundHeimatblock Franz Winkler
(L)
(11) 21 September 1933 1 May 1934 VF
Fatherland's Front
2 Austrofascist Dictatorship Emil Fey
(H)

Chancellors of the Federal State of Austria (1934–1938)

Chancellor
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of office Party Cabinet Vice-Chancellor
(Party)
# Coalition
(11) Engelbert Dollfuss
(1892–1934)
1 May 1934 25 July 1934 VF
Fatherland's Front
2 Austrofascist Dictatorship Ernst Rüdiger Starhemberg
(H)
12 Kurt Schuschnigg
(1897–1977)
29 July 1934 11 March 1938 VF
Fatherland's Front
1
2
3
4
Austrofascist Dictatorship Ernst Rüdiger Starhemberg
(H) until 14 May 1936
Eduard Baar-Baarenfels
(H) 14 May – 3 Nov. 1936
Ludwig Hülgerth
(VF) from 3 Nov. 1936
13 Arthur Seyss-Inquart
(1892–1946)
11 March 1938 13 March 1938 NSDAP
National Socialist
German Workers' Party
1 National-Socialist Dictatorship Edmund Glaise von Horstenau
(NSDAP)
Austria annexed by Nazi Germany in 1938. Independence restored in 1945.

Chancellors of the Second Republic of Austria (since 1945)

Chancellor
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of office Party Cabinet Vice-Chancellor
(Party)
# Elected Coalition
(1) Karl Renner
(1870–1950)
27 April 1945 20 December 1945 SPÖ
Social Democratic
Party of Austria
4 SPÖÖVPKPÖ Secs. of State without Portfolio:
Leopold Figl (ÖVP)
Johann Koplenig (KPÖ)
Adolf Schärf (SPÖ)
14 Leopold Figl
(1902–1965)
20 December 1945 8 November 1949 ÖVP
Austrian People's Party
1 1945 ÖVPSPÖ Adolf Schärf
(SPÖ)
8 November 1949 28 October 1952 2 1949
28 October 1952 2 April 1953 3
15 Julius Raab
(1891–1964)
2 April 1953 29 June 1956 ÖVP
Austrian People's Party
1 1953 ÖVPSPÖ 1,2: Adolf Schärf
(SPÖ) until 22 May 1957
2,3,4: Bruno Pittermann
(SPÖ) from 22 May 1957
29 June 1956 16 July 1959 2 1956
16 July 1959 3 November 1960 3 1959
3 November 1960 11 April 1961 4
16 Alfons Gorbach
(1898–1972)
11 April 1961 27 March 1963 ÖVP
Austrian People's Party
1 ÖVPSPÖ Bruno Pittermann
(SPÖ)
27 March 1963 2 April 1964 2 1962
17 Josef Klaus
(1910–2001)
2 April 1964 19 April 1966 ÖVP
Austrian People's Party
1 ÖVPSPÖ Bruno Pittermann
(SPÖ)
19 April 1966 21 April 1970 2 1966 ÖVP Fritz Bock
(ÖVP) until 19 Jan. 1968
Hermann Withalm
(ÖVP) from 19 Jan. 1968
18 Bruno Kreisky
(1911–1990)
21 April 1970 4 November 1971 SPÖ
Social Democratic
Party of Austria
1 1970 SPÖ 1,2,3: Rudolf Häuser
(SPÖ) until 30 Sept. 1976
3,4: Hannes Androsch
(SPÖ) 30 Sept. 1976 – 20 Jan. 1981
4: Fred Sinowatz
(SPÖ) from 20 Jan. 1981
4 November 1971 28 October 1975 2 1971
28 October 1975 5 June 1979 3 1975
5 June 1979 24 May 1983 4 1979
19 Fred Sinowatz
(1929–2008)
24 May 1983 16 June 1986 SPÖ
Social Democratic
Party of Austria
1 1983 SPÖFPÖ Norbert Steger
(FPÖ)
20 Franz Vranitzky
(born 1937)
16 June 1986 21 January 1987 SPÖ
Social Democratic
Party of Austria
1 SPÖFPÖ 1: Norbert Steger
(FPÖ)
21 January 1987 17 December 1990 2 1986 SPÖÖVP 2: Alois Mock
(ÖVP)
17 December 1990 29 November 1994 3 1990 3: Josef Riegler
(ÖVP) until 2 July 1991
3,4: Erhard Busek
(ÖVP) 2 July 1991 – 4 May 1995
4,5: Wolfgang Schüssel
(ÖVP) from 4 May 1995
29 November 1994 12 March 1996 4 1994
12 March 1996 28 January 1997 5 1995
21 Viktor Klima
(born 1947)
28 January 1997 4 February 2000 SPÖ
Social Democratic
Party of Austria
1 SPÖÖVP Wolfgang Schüssel
(ÖVP)
22 Wolfgang Schüssel
(born 1945)
4 February 2000 28 February 2003 ÖVP
Austrian People's Party
1 1999 ÖVPFPÖ Susanne Riess-Passer
(FPÖ)
28 February 2003 11 January 2007 2 2002 ÖVPFPÖ
until 17 April 2005;
ÖVPBZÖ
Hubert Gorbach
(FPÖ/BZÖ)
23 Alfred Gusenbauer
(born 1960)
11 January 2007 2 December 2008 SPÖ
Social Democratic
Party of Austria
1 2006 SPÖÖVP Wilhelm Molterer
(ÖVP)
24 Werner Faymann
(born 1960)
2 December 2008 16 December 2013 SPÖ
Social Democratic
Party of Austria
1 2008 SPÖÖVP 1: Josef Pröll
(ÖVP) until 21 April 2011
1,2: Michael Spindelegger
(ÖVP) 21 April 2011 – 1 Sept. 2014
2: Reinhold Mitterlehner
(ÖVP) from 1 Sept. 2014
16 December 2013 Incumbent 2 2013

Statistics

# Federal Chancellor Date of birth Age at ascension
(first term)
Time in office
(total)
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of death Longevity
1 Renner, KarlKarl Renner 18701214December 14, 1870(December 14, 1870) 47 30847 years, 308 days 02 1352 years, 135 days 75 00675 years, 6 days 19501231December 31, 1950 29,23680 years, 17 days
2 Mayr, MichaelMichael Mayr 18640410April 10, 1864(April 10, 1864) 56 08856 years, 88 days 00 3490 years, 349 days 57 07257 years, 72 days 19220521May 21, 1922 21,22458 years, 41 days
3 Schober, JohannJohann Schober 18741114November 14, 1874(November 14, 1874) 46 21946 years, 219 days 01 3471 year, 347 days 55 32055 years, 320 days 19320819August 19, 1932 21,09757 years, 279 days
4 Breisky, WalterWalter Breisky 18710708July 8, 1871(July 8, 1871) 50 20250 years, 202 days 00 0000 years, 1 day 50 20350 years, 203 days 19440925September 25, 1944 26,74273 years, 79 days
5 Seipel, IgnazIgnaz Seipel 18760719July 19, 1876(July 19, 1876) 45 31645 years, 316 days 05 0065 years, 6 days 52 28952 years, 289 days 19320802August 2, 1932 20,46756 years, 14 days
6 Ramek, RudolfRudolf Ramek 18810412April 12, 1881(April 12, 1881) 43 22243 years, 222 days 01 3341 year, 334 days 45 19145 years, 191 days 19410724July 24, 1941 22,01760 years, 103 days
7 Streeruwitz, ErnstErnst Streeruwitz 18740923September 23, 1874(September 23, 1874) 54 22354 years, 223 days 00 1450 years, 145 days 55 00355 years, 3 days 19521019October 19, 1952 28,51578 years, 26 days
8 Vaugoin, CarlCarl Vaugoin 18730708July 8, 1873(July 8, 1873) 57 08457 years, 84 days 00 0650 years, 65 days 57 14957 years, 149 days 19490610June 10, 1949 27,73075 years, 337 days
9 Ender, OttoOtto Ender 18751224December 24, 1875(December 24, 1875) 54 34554 years, 345 days 00 1990 years, 199 days 55 17955 years, 179 days 19600625June 25, 1960 30,86485 years, 1 day
10 Buresch, KarlKarl Buresch 18781012October 12, 1878(October 12, 1878) 52 25252 years, 252 days 00 3350 years, 335 days 53 22153 years, 221 days 19360916September 16, 1936 21,15857 years, 340 days
11 Dollfuß, EngelbertEngelbert Dollfuß 18921004October 4, 1892(October 4, 1892) 39 22939 years, 229 days 02 0652 years, 65 days 41 29441 years, 294 days 19340725July 25, 1934 15,26841 years, 294 days
12 Schuschnigg, KurtKurt Schuschnigg 18971214December 14, 1897(December 14, 1897) 36 22736 years, 227 days 03 2253 years, 225 days 40 08740 years, 87 days 19771118November 18, 1977 29,19379 years, 339 days
13 Seyß-Inquart, ArthurArthur Seyß-Inquart 18920722July 22, 1892(July 22, 1892) 45 23245 years, 232 days 00 020 years, 2 days 45 23445 years, 234 days 19461016October 16, 1946 19,80854 years, 86 days
14 Figl, LeopoldLeopold Figl 19021002October 2, 1902(October 2, 1902) 43 07943 years, 79 days 07 1037 years, 103 days 50 18250 years, 182 days 19650509May 9, 1965 22,86562 years, 219 days
15 Raab, JuliusJulius Raab 18911129November 29, 1891(November 29, 1891) 61 12461 years, 124 days 08 0098 years, 9 days 69 13369 years, 133 days 19640108January 8, 1964 26,33773 years, 40 days
16 Gorbach, AlfonsAlfons Gorbach 18980902September 2, 1898(September 2, 1898) 62 22162 years, 221 days 02 3572 years, 357 days 65 21365 years, 213 days 19720731July 31, 1972 26,99573 years, 333 days
17 Klaus, JosefJosef Klaus 19100815August 15, 1910(August 15, 1910) 53 23153 years, 231 days 06 0196 years, 19 days 59 24959 years, 249 days 20010725July 25, 2001 33,21790 years, 344 days
18 Kreisky, BrunoBruno Kreisky 19110122January 22, 1911(January 22, 1911) 59 08959 years, 89 days 13 03313 years, 33 days 72 12272 years, 122 days 19900729July 29, 1990 29,04379 years, 188 days
19 Sinowatz, FredFred Sinowatz 19290205February 5, 1929(February 5, 1929) 54 10854 years, 108 days 03 0233 year, 23 days 57 13157 years, 131 days 20080811August 11, 2008 29,04279 years, 188 days
20 Vranitzky, FranzFranz Vranitzky 19371004October 4, 1937(October 4, 1937) 48 25548 years, 255 days 10 22610 years, 226 days 59 11659 years, 116 days Living 28,26777 years, 143 days (Living)
21 Klima, ViktorViktor Klima 19470604June 4, 1947(June 4, 1947) 49 23849 years, 238 days 03 0073 years, 7 days 52 24752 years, 247 days Living 24,73767 years, 265 days (Living)
22 Schüssel, WolfgangWolfgang Schüssel 19450607June 7, 1945(June 7, 1945) 54 24254 years, 242 days 06 3416 years, 341 days 61 21861 years, 218 days Living 25,46469 years, 262 days (Living)
23 Gusenbauer, AlfredAlfred Gusenbauer 19600208February 8, 1960(February 8, 1960) 46 33746 years, 337 days 01 3261 year, 326 days 48 29848 years, 298 days Living 20,10555 years, 16 days (Living)
24 Faymann, WernerWerner Faymann 19600504May 4, 1960(May 4, 1960) 48 21248 years, 212 days 05 291 846 years, 84 days (Ongoing) Incumbent Living 20,01954 years, 296 days (Living)

See also

Footnotes and references

External links

  • Official site of the Austrian Bundeskanzler

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