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List of DSB locomotives and multiple units

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List of DSB locomotives and multiple units

This is a list of locomotives and multiple unit classes of the DSB, the primary train operator in Denmark. Steam locomotive classes were usually designated by a single capital letter, whereas diesel locomotives and DMUs are named with two (occasionally, three) letters, the first being an M for "motor"; electric locomotives and EMUs are given two-letter combinations, the first being an E. The classes are referred to as "litra" (from Latin littera, "letter") in Danish, e.g. "litra MY" for the class MY locomotives. In addition to this class designation, each locomotive or multiple unit within a class has its own number.

The list is sorted chronologically by date of first delivery of a locomotive or multiple unit of the particular class. For classes no longer in regular service at DSB, the year of last retirement is listed. Some classes have been sold to Railion after DSB Gods was merged with it in 2001; in that case, year of retirement is put in parentheses. For each class, the wheel arrangement is given in UIC notation.

Steam locomotives

Name (litra) Introduced Retired Wheel arr. Notes
A 129-159 (1893) 1956 2'B
B 21-26, 45-49 (1893) 1932 1'B
G 77...651 (1893) 1968 C Delivered in three series (#77-81, #101-106 and #160-173 + #601-651, respectively)
K 501-600 1894 1974 2'B
F 423...700 1898 1976 C
D 801-900 1902 1974 1'C
C 701-719 1903 1969 2'B
P 901-933 1907 1962 2'B1'
R 934-963 1912 1972 2'C Delivered in two series (#934-953 and #954-963, respectively)
H 783-800 1923 1976 1'D Delivered in two series (#789-800 and #783-788, respectively)
S 721-740 1924 1976 1'C2'
Q 337-351 1930 1976 D
E 964-999 (1937) 1976 2'C1' Former Swedish class F
PR 901...930 1943 1964 2'C1' Rebuilt from class P locomotives
T 297-299 (1948) 1967 2'C Former German class P 8 (BR 38)
N 201-210 (1952) 1970 1'E Former German BR 50/BR 52

Diesel locomotives

Name (litra) Introduced Retired Wheel arr. Notes
MT 101-106 1927 1943 A1-1A
MV 115-116 1929 1955 1AA2
MW 117-118 1929 1938 A1-2A
MX 131-132 1932 1958 2-D-2
MY 1101-1159 1954 2001 A1A-A1A 5 locomotives with weaker prime mover renamed MV in 1968
MH 201-203 1957 1993? C
MY 1201-1202 1957 1969 A1A-A1A Danish-built locomotives designed to compete with the Swedish-American built "MY class" locomotive
MT 151-167 1958 2000 Bo-Bo
MH 301-420 1960 2002 C
MX 1001-1045 1960 1993 A1A-A1A
MZ 1401-1461 1967 (2001) Co-Co
ME 1501-1537 1981 - Co-Co
MJ 506, 510 1993 1994 Bo Returned to manufacturer as DSB was not satisfied with the locomotives
MK 601-625 1996 (2001) B

Electric locomotives

Name (litra) Introduced Retired Wheel arr. Notes
EA 3001-3022 1984 - Bo-Bo
EG 3101-3113 1999 (2001) Co-Co

DMUs

Name (litra) Introduced Retired Wheel arr. Notes
MA 1-3 1925 1953 1A Renamed from class M 1-3 in 1928; renumbered 48-50 in 1934; renumbered 601-603 in 1941
MC 21-22 1926 1947 1A1 Renumbered 611-612 in 1941
ME 31-47 1927 1956 1A Renamed from class M 31-47 in 1928; renumbered 621-627 in 1941
MF 51-68 1928 1956 1A Renumbered 631-647 in 1941; 5 rebuilt to class MC 651-655 in 1950
MR 201-206 1928 1956 2-AA Renumbered 531-534 in 1941
ML 84-99 1930 1958 2-AA Renumbered 501-515 in 1941
MQ 207-210 1932 1958 3-A1A Renumbered 520-524 in 1941
MP 540-549 1934 1966 3-A1A Renumbered from 251-260 in 1941
MO 551...1999 1935 1984 2-B or 3-B
MS 401-406 1935 1973 Lyntog, coupled with class AA passenger cars in MS-AA-MS consists; renumbered from 1-8 in 1941
MB 407-416 1937 1973 Lyntog, coupled with class AB and FJ passenger cars in MB-AB-FJ-MB consists; renumbered from 9-18 in 1941
MK 675...683 1943 1971 Paired with class FK passenger cars
MBF 481-484 (1949) 1958 1A-A1 Built 1926-29; taken over from various private railways
MDF 491...497 (1949) 1957 Built 1932; taken over from various private railways
MA 460-470 1963 1990 Lyntog, coupled in 4-car consists (or 2 4-car consists back to back)
MR 4001-4099 1978 - 2-B Coupled back to back in pairs; paired MR-MRD instead since 1981
MRD 4201-4299 1981 - 2-B Coupled back to back with MR
ML 4901-4907 1984 - 1A-A1 Coupled with FL passenger cars in ML-FL-ML or ML-FL-FL-ML consists
MFA 5001-5096 1989 - Coupled as IC3 with passenger car FF and DMU class MFB
MFB 5201-5296 1989 - Coupled as IC3 with passenger car FF and DMU class MFA
MQ 4111...4922 2002 - Coupled back to back in pairs of MQ 41xx-MQ 49xx
MG 2009 - Coupled as IC4 with passenger cars FG and FH in MG-FG-FH-MG consists
MP ? - Coupled as IC2 with passenger car FP

EMUs

Name (litra) Introduced Retired Wheel arr. Notes
ER 2001...2144 1993 - Coupled as IR4 with FR passenger cars in ER 20xx-FR 22xx-FR 23xx-ER21xx consists
ET 4301...4579, 4400...4611 2000 - Coupled as ├śresundstog with FT passenger car in ET 43xx-FT 47xx-ET 45xx and ET 44xx-FT 48xx-ET 46xx consists

S-trains

Name (litra) Introduced Retired Wheel arr. Notes
MM 701...819 1934 1978
MM 7501...7806 1967 2007
MU 8501...8565 1975 2007
MC 6501...6524 1975 2006
SA 1996 -
SB 1996 -
SD 1996 -
SE 2004 -
SF 2004 -
SH 2004 -

External links

  • Jernbanen.dk (in Danish)
  • DSB's page about trains currently in service (in Danish)
  • Overview of Danish rail vehicles (in German)
  • Steam locomotives at DSB (in Danish)


  • Page with information about the fabled "Marilyn Monroe" locomotives, Litra MY 1201 and MY 1202 (in English)
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