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List of Docklands Light Railway stations

 

List of Docklands Light Railway stations

Map of the Docklands Light Railway network

The Docklands Light Railway (DLR) is an automated light metro system in the United Kingdom that serves the London Docklands area of east and south-east London, owned by Transport for London (TfL) and currently operated under contract by Serco.

Construction of the DLR was a key component in the regeneration of large parts of the London Docklands from disused industrial land into valuable commercial and residential districts. The first part opened in 1987 serving 15 stations, using redundant railway infrastructure and new construction. The network has been extended and the capacity of its trains expanded so that now nearly 70 million journeys made every year.[1] Stations are in the City of London and the boroughs of Newham, Tower Hamlets, Greenwich and Lewisham with the majority of the network north of the River Thames.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Background 1.1
    • Opening and extensions 1.2
  • Future developments 2
  • Stations and routes 3
  • List 4
  • Notes 5
  • See also 6
  • Footnotes 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

Background

London's network of docks in 1882

For over 200 years London's docks and wharves thrived on imperial commerce. From the

  • Docklands Light Railway – Transport for London

External links

  • Brown, Joe (2009). London Railway Atlas (2nd ed.).  
  • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd.  
  • Clayton, Antony (2000). Subterranean City: Beneath the Streets of London. Historical Publications.  
  • Day, John R; Reed, John (2008) [1963]. The Story of London's Underground. Capital Transport.  
  • Garland, Ken (1994). Mr. Beck's Underground Map: A History. Harrow Weald: Capital Transport Publishing.  
  • Grant, Cynthia (1997). Starting from scratch : The development of transport in London Docklands.  
  • Harris, Cyril M. (2004). What's in a name? (4th ed.). Capital Transport.  
  • Pearce, Alan; Hardy, Brian; Stannard, Colin (2000). Docklands Light Railway Official Handbook (4 ed.). Capital Transport.  
  • Powell, Kenneth (2000). The Jubilee Line Extension. Laurence King.  
  • Turlik, Peter (1997). Initiating Urban Change: London Docklands before LDDC.  

References

  1. ^ Transport for London. "Docklands Light Railway".  
  2. ^ a b c d Turlik (1997).
  3. ^ a b c d e f Clayton (2000).
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Pearce, Alan; Hardy, Brian; Stannard, Colin (2000). Docklands Light Railway Official Handbook (4 ed.). Capital Transport. pp. 4–15, 17–25, 28–31, 62–63, 75–79.  
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Grant (1997).
  6. ^ a b c d e BBC News (6 December 2005). "DLR extension to airport is open".  
  7. ^ a b BBC News (12 January 2009). "Mayor opens new docklands station".  
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Brown, Joe (2009). London Railway Atlas (2nd ed.).  
  9. ^ Transport for London. "Docklands Light Railway – Stratford International".  
  10. ^ Powell (2000), p. 130-131.
  11. ^ a b Transport for London (26 October 2009). "DLR station 'moves' at the weekend".  
  12. ^ a b Transport for London. "Docklands Light Railway – Dagenham Dock".  
  13. ^  
  14. ^ a b c d Pearce, Hardy & Stannard (2000), pp. 76–77.
  15. ^ "DLR to City Airport". AlwaysTouchOut.com. Archived from the original on 14 May 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2013. 
  16. ^ "London Connections" (PDF).  
  17. ^ Transport for London (12 February 2013). "Freedom of Information DLR usage 1213".  
  18. ^ a b c d e f g Transport for London (31 August 2011). "Docklands Light Railway extension marks one year to go to the London 2012 Paralympic Games".  
  19. ^ a b c d e f g BBC News (31 August 2011). "New £211m DLR extension connecting Olympic venues opens".  
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah Pearce, Hardy & Stannard (2000), p. 75.
  21. ^ a b c Genealogy & Family History (1885). "Report of the Boundary Commissioners for England and Wales – Poplar: Divisions of New Borough (Map)".  
  22. ^ Day & Reed (2008), p. 198.
  23. ^ Dynes, Michael (29 July 1991). "On the right lines for the Nineties; London Docklands".  
  24. ^ a b c d e "DLR history timeline".  
  25. ^ Butt (1995), p. 52.
  26. ^ Clayton (2000), p. 164–179.
  27. ^ Powell (2000), p. 130–131.
  28. ^ a b c d Pearce, Hardy & Stannard (2000), pp. 5–6.
  29. ^ Garland (1994), p. 63.
  30. ^ BBC News (10 December 2007). "Mayor unveils new London station".  
  31. ^ LCACC (18 February 2012). "DLR London City Airport Extension". London City Airport Consultative Committee. Retrieved 15 November 2013. 
  32. ^ Harris (2004), p. 82.
  33. ^ Mayhew, Freddy (28 April 2014). "Pudding Mill Lane DLR station opens to public".  
  34. ^ a b Pearce, Hardy & Stannard (2000), p. 77.
  35. ^ Pearce, Hardy & Stannard (2000), p. 5.

Footnotes

See also

  1. ^ This only lists dates when the DLR stations or platforms opened.
  2. ^ Names listed here are those that were proposed before opening and any renamings.
  3. ^ Usage available is for financial year April 2012/13. Please note that some additional changes in usage can be attributed to the London 2012 Summer Olympics and Paralympics

Notes

Station Image Local Authority Zone(s) Opened[note 1] Other names[note 2] Usage (millions)[17][note 3] Coordinates Notes
Abbey Road Newham
3
31 August 2011[18][19]
1.115
All Saints Tower Hamlets
2
31 August 1987[20]
1.730 On the site of Poplar (East India Road) station (1866–1944)[8][21]
Bank City of London
1
1 July 1991[22][23]
24.528
Beckton Newham
3
28 March 1994[20]
2.389
Beckton Park Newham
3
28 March 1994[20]
0.413
Blackwall Tower Hamlets
2
28 March 1994[20]
1.592 Near the site of Poplar railway station (1840–1926)[8][21]
Bow Church Tower Hamlets
2
31 August 1987[20]
3.065 On the site of Bow railway station (1850–1944)[8][21]
Canary Wharf Tower Hamlets
2
1 April 1991[5] [24][25]
17.228 Construction did not begin until after the original line opened, as the Canary Wharf development was not ready[5]
Canning Town
(High Level)
Newham
3
28 March 1994[20]
14.653 The DLR City branch platforms were resited are above the Jubilee line platforms when the Jubilee Line extension opened on 14 May 1999.[26][27] Original station opened 1847.[8]
Canning Town
(Low Level)
Newham
3
31 August 2011[18][19]
5.197 On site of North London Line platforms (1847–2006)[8]
Crossharbour Tower Hamlets
2
31 August 1987[20]
East Ferry Road, Glengall Grove,[28] Crossharbour & London Arena[8]
3.719 On the site of Millwall Docks railway station (1871–1926)[8]
Custom House for ExCeL Newham
3
28 March 1994[20]
4.067 Original station opened 1855–2006[8]
Cutty Sark for Maritime Greenwich Greenwich
2 & 3
20 November 1999[20]
5.535
Cyprus Newham
3
28 March 1994[20]
1.833
Deptford Bridge Lewisham
2 & 3
20 November 1999[20]
3.444
Devons Road Tower Hamlets
2
31 August 1987[20]
1.667
East India Tower Hamlets
2 & 3
28 March 1994[20]
Brunswick Wharf[29]
3.052
Elverson Road Greenwich
2 & 3
20 November 1999[20]
1.538
Gallions Reach Newham
3
28 March 1994[20]
0.986
Greenwich Greenwich
2 & 3
20 November 1999[20]
5.359 Original station opened 1838[8]
Heron Quays Tower Hamlets
2
31 August 1987[20]
6.442 Resited in 2002 when new development opened[24]
Island Gardens Tower Hamlets
2
31 August 1987[20]
Cubitt Town[28]
2.338 The position planned before the railway originally opened was on the other side of Manchester Road.[4] The station was relocated underground with the opening of the Lewisham extension on 20 November 1999.[20]
King George V Newham
3
2 December 2005[6]
North Woolwich[14]
1.410 Originally, the route was to terminate at airport.[14]
Langdon Park Tower Hamlets
2
9 December 2007[24][30]
Carmen Street[5]
3.013 Station safeguarded since original railway opened.[5] To the south of South Bromley railway station (1884–1944)[8]
Lewisham Lewisham
2 & 3
20 November 1999[20]
9.519 Original station opened 1849.[8]
Limehouse Tower Hamlets
2
31 August 1987[20]
Stepney East[28]
6.979 Original station opened 1840[8]
London City Airport Newham
3
2 December 2005[6]
2.934 Drew Primary School had to be demolished and relocated so land could be used for the construction of the station.[31]
Mudchute Tower Hamlets
2
31 August 1987[20]
1.841 Station relocated on 20 November 1999 due to the Lewisham extension opening.[20]
Pontoon Dock Newham
3
2 December 2005[6]
1.123
Poplar Tower Hamlets
2
31 August 1987[20]
2.542
Prince Regent Newham
3
28 March 1994[20]
2.874
Pudding Mill Lane Newham
2 & 3
15 January 1996[5][32]
0.697 Station safeguarded since original railway opening.[5] The station was resited and rebuilt on a new alignment on 28 April 2014 to handle expected crowds from the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park and also the old site is now used as a portal for Crossrail[33]
Royal Albert Newham
3
28 March 1994[20]
1.402
Royal Victoria Newham
3
28 March 1994[20]
3.732 East of the site of Tidal Basin railway station (1858–1943)[8]
Shadwell Tower Hamlets
2
31 August 1987[20]
6.671 On the site of [8]
South Quay Tower Hamlets
2
31 August 1987[20]
4.606 Between 12 February and 15 April 1996 there was no service south of Canary Wharf due to a bombing near South Quay.[20] The station was resited to make platform extensions easier as the previous site had tight curves at either end. It was resited on 26 October 2009.[11]
Star Lane Newham
3
31 August 2011[18][19]
Cody Road[34]
1.593
Stratford
(High Level)
Newham
3
31 August 1987[20]
7.327 Original station opened 1839[8] Resited in 2007.[24]
Stratford
(Low Level)
Newham
3
31 August 2011[18][19]
8.490 On site of North London Line platforms (1846–2006)[8]
Stratford High Street Newham
3
31 August 2011[18][19]
Stratford Market[34]
0.944 On site of Stratford Market station (1847–1957)[8]
Stratford International Newham
3
31 August 2011[18][19]
1.644 National Rail station opened 2009[8]
Tower Gateway City of London
1
31 August 1987[20]
Tower Hill, Minories[28]
4.605 Options before the railway opened included a separate terminus for Tower Hill and a tunnelled terminus at Aldgate East[4]
West Ham Newham
3
31 August 2011[18][19]
2.441 Original station opened 1901[8]
West India Quay Tower Hamlets
2
31 August 1987[20]
1.394
West Silvertown Newham
3
2 December 2005[6]
1.473
Westferry Tower Hamlets
2
31 August 1987[20]
West Ferry Road[35]
4.663
Woolwich Arsenal Greenwich
4
10 January 2009[7][24]
8.789 Original station opened 1849.[8]

List

Four stations have direct interchanges with London Underground lines: Bank (Central, Circle, District, Northern and Waterloo & City), Canning Town (Jubilee), West Ham (Hammersmith & City and District lines) and Stratford (Central and Jubilee). There are indirect interchanges at Canary Wharf and Heron Quays (for Jubilee line from Canary Wharf), Bow Church (for District and Hammersmith & City lines from Bow Road) and Tower Gateway (for Circle and District lines from Tower Hill). There are interchanges with London Overground at Stratford (direct) and Shadwell (indirect). There are interchanges with National Rail at Greenwich, Lewisham, Limehouse, Woolwich Arsenal, Stratford, West Ham and Stratford International.[16]

Listed for each station is the branch or branches it is on, the local authority, the London Travelcard zone in which it is located, interchanges with other modes of transport, the opening date and any resiting.

Stations and routes

  • Thames Wharf, between Canning Town and West Silvertown,[14]
  • Woolwich Reach, between King George V and Woolwich Arsenal,[14]
  • Connaught between Prince Regent and Royal Albert,[5]
  • Silvertown, between Pontoon Dock and London City Airport[15]
  • Tower Hill, on the Bank branch.[5]

There have been numerous other proposals for stations along the line. These have included, or still do include the following:

An extension to Dagenham Dock has been proposed, but is currently unfunded.[12] Another previous proposal was an extension to Thamesmead.[4] These were to both start from just east of Gallions Reach on the Beckton branch.[4][12] Consideration has been given to an extension west from Bank to the disused Jubilee line platforms at Charing Cross.[13]

Future developments

Tower Gateway station was seen as an interim solution to serve the City within the original £77 million budget. Almost immediately it became apparent that two-car trains stopping at short platforms would not be able to cope with the projected 50,000 people working in the Canary Wharf development. £276 million was spent on upgrading the signalling, lengthening the platforms and providing an extension to Bank, which was built in 1991.[3][4] When the system opened, the section south of Crossharbour station followed a disused viaduct of the Millwall Extension Railway. It ran beside East Ferry Road to where it diverged east onto a new bridge to accommodate Mudchute station before returning to the railway's 1872 single-track viaduct through Millwall Park to a terminus at Island Gardens.[4] For the £200 million extension under the River Thames to Lewisham, the route south of Crossharbour was replaced with a new alignment to the tunnel under the river. Mudchute and Island Gardens stations were resited onto the new route, with Island Gardens being constructed underground.[3][4] Canning Town station was resited to accommodate the Jubilee line extension.[10] South Quay was resited in 2009 to accommodate three-car trains across the network. The original site had sharp curves at each end, making extension impossible.[11]

With plans being developed for regeneration around Stratford International station and the expansion of London City Airport, connecting the two along the North London Line route via Canning Town was investigated. Whilst it was acknowledged that the Jubilee line already ran over part of the route between Canning Town and Stratford, it was seen that the DLR link would be valuable and that it could connect with Stratford International at a low cost and with less difficulty if the North London Line was closed and converted for DLR use between Stratford and Canning Town.[4] The North London Line closed between Stratford and North Woolwich in 2006,[8] and the extension opened in 2012 with the former North London line platforms at West Ham and Stratford rebuilt for DLR trains and new stations at Star Lane, Abbey Road, Stratford High Street and Stratford International.[9] A station between Stratford and Stratford International was proposed at Carpenters Road.[4]

[4] On this branch a station site has been safeguarded at Thames Wharf whilst the area awaits redevelopment.[7] with Woolwich Arsenal opening on 10 January 2009.[6] In 1997 the DLR commissioned a study into expansion of the network, as there were still significant transport gaps. One of the planned extensions was from

The routes from Tower Gateway and Stratford to Island Gardens opened on 31 August 1987, with 15 stations. The tracks used a combination of redundant and new viaducts and underused routes.[4] The station at Canary Wharf did not open until 1991, as the first sections of the Canary Wharf development were still under construction.[5] Sites for stations at Carmen Street (later Langdon Park) and Pudding Mill Lane were safeguarded, the latter to be on a passing loop on the Stratford branch.[5] The extension to Beckton opened on 28 March 1994.[4]

Elevated DLR tracks providing interchange near Poplar station

Opening and extensions

In June 1982, a report published by the GLC, LDDC and other authorities recommended the construction of two light rail routes from the City of London and Mile End to the Isle of Dogs. Funding for the Docklands Light Railway was promised within three months. Later, £77 million was approved to be spent by 1987.[3][4] In the mid-1980s it was found that the original plan to run at street level along the A11 to Mile End could not be achieved, so an alternative route was found along a railway cutting north to Stratford. This provided better transport connections and the line could use a disused platform at Stratford station.[4]

A report published in 1973 by the London Docklands Study Team saw future demand for better transport in the Isle of Dogs. An early suggestion was an underground line, but it was thought that there was insufficient demand. The idea was revived in 1976, but put on hold by Norman Fowler in 1979 in favour of lower-cost alternatives. In 1974, the Docklands Joint Committee was formed from the dockland boroughs and the Greater London Council (GLC), with a plan to redevelop the London Docklands with new industry and housing as quickly as possible. Throughout the 1970s light rail options were proposed. A later recommendation was an automatic light rail option from Aldgate East to the Isle of Dogs and Beckton. As an alternative to the east-west route, a cheaper north-south route from the Isle of Dogs was considered, but later forecasts of population and employment growth, coupled with the absence of any connection to the south of the river, showed that both routes were needed.[3] [4] The London Docklands Development Corporation (LDDC), formed in 1981 with responsibility to regenerate the whole area, helped to speed up the process.[4]

In 1962, the Rochdale Report was published, concerned with the London Docks and St Katherine Dock. It recognised that whilst activities at the docks were useful, the traffic could be developed elsewhere in the port or at the Port of Tilbury. The docks could be filled in and used for storage, and warehouses could be used by private enterprise.[2] After extensive review, the Port of London Authority (PLA) decided that the smaller up-stream docks were not commercially viable, and closures began in 1967 with East India Dock and 1968 with St Katherine Dock, London Docks and Surrey Docks. Other docks were under serious threat: between 1966 and 1976 the PLA workforce in the boroughs of Tower Hamlets, Newham, Southwark, Lewisham and Greenwich reduced by 20 percent. The objective of the closures was to concentrate resources at Tilbury downstream for containerisation and the accommodation of larger ships with profitable bulk cargoes in the Lower Thames Estuary.[2][3] A five-year phased project was set up in 1970 by the PLA to close more upper docks and berths. Competition from air traffic and European ports also contributed to the decline of trade within the London Docklands until only the Royal Docks remained in operation. The Royal Docks closed in 1981.[2][3]

[2]

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