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List of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves recipients (1945)

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List of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves recipients (1945)

The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) and its variants were the highest awards in the military of the Third Reich during World War II. This military decoration was awarded for a wide range of reasons and across all ranks, from a senior commander for skilled leadership of his troops in battle to a low-ranking soldier for a single act of extreme gallantry. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub) was introduced on 3 June 1940 to further distinguish those who had already received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and who continued to show merit in combat bravery or military success. A total of 7 awards were made in 1940, 50 in 1941, 111 in 1942, 192 in 1943, 328 in 1944, and 194 in 1945, giving a total of 882 recipients—excluding the 8 foreign recipients of the award.

This total is based on the analysis and acceptance of the order commission of the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR),[1] but author and historian Veit Scherzer has challenged the validity of 27 of these listings.[2] With the exception of Hermann Fegelein, all of the disputed recipients received the award in 1945, when the deteriorating situation of the Third Reich during the final days of World War II left a number of nominations incomplete and pending in various stages of the approval process. Hermann Fegelein received the Oak Leaves in 1942, but was sentenced to death by Adolf Hitler and executed by SS-Gruppenführer Johann Rattenhuber's Reichssicherheitsdienst (RSD) on 28 April 1945 after a court-martial led by SS-Brigadeführer and Generalmajor of the Waffen-SS Wilhelm Mohnke. The sentence was carried out the same day. The death sentence, according to German law, resulted in the loss of all orders and honorary signs.[3]

Background

The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grades were based on four separate enactments. The first enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 1573, of 1 September 1939 instituted the Iron Cross (Eisernes Kreuz) and the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross.[4] As the war progressed, some of the recipients distinguished themselves further and a higher grade, the Oak Leaves to Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, was instituted. The Oak Leaves, as they were commonly referred to, were based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 849 of 3 June 1940.[5] In 1941, two higher grades of the Knight's Cross were instituted. The enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 613 of 28 September 1941 introduced the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern) and the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten).[6] At the end of 1944 the final grade, the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Golden Oak Leaves, Swords, and Diamonds (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit goldenem Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten), based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt 1945 I S. 11 of 29 December 1944, concluded the variants of the Knight's Cross.[7]

Recipients of 1945

The Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (Supreme Command of the Armed Forces) kept separate Knight's Cross lists for each of the three military branches—Heer (Army), Kriegsmarine (Navy), and Luftwaffe (Air Force)—and also for the Waffen-SS. Within each of these lists a unique sequential number was assigned to each recipient. The same numbering was applied to the higher grades of the Knight's Cross, one list per grade.[8] Of the 194 awards made in 1945, 19 presentations were made posthumously. Heer members received 127 of the medals, 5 went to the Kriegsmarine, 37 to the Luftwaffe, and 25 to the Waffen-SS.[9]

The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to one of the 194 Oak Leaves recipients of 1945.[1] However, Viet Scherzer has disputed the listing of General der Infanterie Hermann Niehoff on the basis of poor record keeping associated with the deteriorating situation of the Third Reich during the final days of World War II.[10] The sequential numbers greater than 843 for the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and 143 for the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords are unofficial and were assigned by the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR) and are therefore denoted in parentheses.[11] The recipients are ordered and numbered chronologically. The rank listed is the recipient's rank at the time the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves was awarded.

      This along with the * (asterisk) indicates that the Knight's Cross was awarded posthumously.
      This along with the ? (question mark) indicates that historian Veit Scherzer has expressed doubt regarding the veracity or formal correctness of the listing.

Number Name Service Rank Role and unit[Note 1] Date of award Notes Image
689 Behr, Heinrich Baron vonHeinrich Baron von Behr Heer 17-HOberst[12] Commander of Panzergrenadier-Regiment 200[12][13] 9 January 1945[12]
690 Mühlen, Kurt-Hermann Freiherr vonKurt-Hermann Freiherr von Mühlen Heer 18-HGeneralmajor[14] Commander of the 559. Volksgrenadier-Division[13][14] 9 January 1945[14]
691 Lucht, WalterWalter Lucht Heer 20-HGeneral der Artillerie[15] Commanding general of the LXVI. Armeekorps[13][15] 9 January 1945[15]
692 Gravenreuth, Sigmund-Ulrich Freiherr vonSigmund-Ulrich Freiherr von Gravenreuth Luftwaffe 16-LOberstleutnant[16] Geschwaderkommodore of Kampfgeschwader 30[13][16] 9 January 1945*[16] Killed in flying accident 16 October 1944[13]
693 Gröschke, KurtKurt Gröschke Luftwaffe 16-LOberstleutnant[17] Commander of Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 15[13][17] 9 January 1945[17]
694 Herzog, KurtKurt Herzog Heer 20-HGeneral der Artillerie[18] Commanding general of the XXXVIII. Armeekorps[13][18] 12 January 1945[18]
695 Eisele, AloisAlois Eisele Heer 15-HMajor[19] Commander of the III./Grenadier-Regiment 61[13][19] 12 January 1945[19]
696 Riedesel Freiherr zu Eisenbach, VolprechtVolprecht Riedesel Freiherr zu Eisenbach Luftwaffe 16-LOberstleutnant[20] Geschwaderkommodore of Kampfgeschwader 54 (J)[13][20] 14 January 1945[20]
697 Brendel, JoachimJoachim Brendel Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[21] Gruppenkommandeur of the III./Jagdgeschwader 51 "Mölders"[13][21] 14 January 1945[21]
698 Hasse, WilhelmWilhelm Hasse Heer 20-HGeneral der Infanterie[22] Commanding general of the II. Armeekorps[13][22] 14 January 1945[22]
699 Gollert-Hansen, Hans-DetlefHans-Detlef Gollert-Hansen Heer 14-HRittmeister of the Reserves[23] Commander of the II./Reiter-Regiment 31[13][23] 14 January 1945[23]
700 Breger, ClausClaus Breger Heer 14-HHauptmann[24] Commander of the I./Füsilier-Regiment 27[24][25] 14 January 1945*[24] Died of wounds on 17 December 1944[25]
701 Streckenbach, BrunoBruno Streckenbach Waffen-SS 19-WSS-Gruppenführer and Generalleutnant of the Waffen-SS[26] Commander of the 19. Waffen-Grenadier Division der Waffen-SS (lett. Nr. 2)[25][26] 16 January 1945[26]
702 Reinwald, MaxMax Reinwald Heer 17-HOberst of the Reserves[27] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 19 "List"[25][27] 18 January 1945[27]
703 Henze, RichardRichard Henze Heer 16-HOberstleutnant of the Reserves[28] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 489[25][28] 18 January 1945[28]
704 Risse, WaltherWalther Risse Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[29] Commander of the 225. Infanterie-Division[25][29] 18 January 1945[29]
705 Löhr, AlexanderAlexander Löhr Luftwaffe 21-LGeneraloberst[30] Commander-in-chief of Heeresgruppe E[25][30] 20 January 1945[30]
706 Schmidhuber, GerhardGerhard Schmidhuber Heer 18-HGeneralmajor[31] Commander of the 13. Panzer-Division[25][31] 21 January 1945[31]
707 Schöning, WilhelmWilhelm Schöning Heer 15-HMajor of the Reserves[32] Leader of Panzergrenadier-Regiment 66[25][32] 21 January 1945[32]
708 Kündiger, HerbertHerbert Kündiger Heer 16-HOberstleutnant[33] Leader of Kampfgruppe of the 271. Volksgenadier-Division in the fortress Budapest[34][Note 2] 21 January 1945[33]
709 Henze, AlbertAlbert Henze Heer 18-HGeneralmajor[28] Commander of Gruppe Henze (Feld-Division 21 (L))[25][28] 21 January 1945[28]
710 Reuter, ErichErich Reuter Heer 18-HGeneralmajor[35] Commander of the 46. Infanterie-Division[25][35] 21 January 1945[35]
711 Dahlmann, KurtKurt Dahlmann Luftwaffe 15-LMajor[36] Geschwaderkommodore of Nachtschlachtgeschwader 20[25][36] 24 January 1945[36]
712 Plenzat, KurtKurt Plenzat Luftwaffe 12-LLeutnant[37] Pilot in the 2./Schlachtgeschwader 2 "Immelmann"[25][37] 24 January 1945[37]
713 Rollwage, HerbertHerbert Rollwage Luftwaffe 12-LLeutnant[38] Staffelkapitän of the 5./Jagdgeschwader 53[25][38] 24 January 1945[38]
714 Schafer, MaxMax Schäfer Waffen-SS 17-WSS-Standartenführer[Note 3] Corps pioneer leader of the III. SS-Panzerkorps[25][39] 25 January 1945[39]
715 Proll, KarlKarl Pröll Heer 16-HOberstleutnant[40] Commander of Panzergrenadier-Regiment 35[25][40] 25 January 1945[40]
716 Bohlke, HellmuthHellmuth Böhlke Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[41] Commander of the 334. Infanterie-Division[25][41] 25 January 1945[41]
717 Suss, WalterWalter Süß Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel[42] Platoon leader in the Stabskompanie/Grenadier-Regiment 273[25][42] 25 January 1945[42]
718 Spindler, WilhelmWilhelm Spindler Heer 15-HMajor[43] Leader of Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 99[25][43] 31 January 1945[43] At the same time promoted to Oberstleutnant
719 Arndt, KarlKarl Arndt Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[44] Commander of the 359. Infanterie-Division[25][44] 1 February 1945[44]
720 Wahl, KurtKurt Wahl Waffen-SS 15-WSS-Sturmbannführer[45] Commander of the SS-Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 17 "Götz von Berlichingen"[46][Note 4] 1 February 1945[45]
721 Rumohr, JoachimJoachim Rumohr Waffen-SS 18-WSS-Brigadeführer and Generalmajor of the Waffen-SS[47] Commander of the 8. SS-Kavallerie-Division "Florian Geyer"[46][47] 1 February 1945[47]
722 Zehender, AugustAugust Zehender Waffen-SS 18-WSS-Brigadeführer and Generalmajor of the Waffen-SS[48] Commander of the 22. SS-Freiwilligen-Kavallerie-Division "Maria Theresia"[46][48] 1 February 1945[48]
723 Pfeffer-Wildenbruch, KarlKarl Pfeffer-Wildenbruch Waffen-SS 20-WSS-Obergruppenführer and General of the Police and Waffen-SS[49] Commanding general of the IX. SS-Gebirgskorps[46][49] 1 February 1945[49]
724 Dahl, WaltherWalther Dahl Luftwaffe 15-LMajor[36] Geschwaderkommodore of Jagdgeschwader 300[36][46] 1 February 1945[36] At the same time promoted to Oberstleutnant[46]
725 Rossmann, KarlKarl Roßmann Luftwaffe 15-LMajor[50] Commander of Fallschirm-Panzer-Regiment 1 "Hermann Göring"[46][50] 1 February 1945[50]
726 Jansa, ErnstErnst Jansa Luftwaffe 17-LOberst[51] Commander of Flak-Sturm-Regiment 12[46][Note 5] 1 February 1945[51]
727 Harder, JürgenJürgen Harder Luftwaffe 15-LMajor[52] Geschwaderkommodore of Jagdgeschwader 11[46][52] 1 February 1945[52]
728 Vincon, OttoOtto Vincon Heer 15-HMajor of the Reserves[53] Commander of the I./Grenadier-Regiment 460[46][53] 5 February 1945[53]
729 Sander, JoachimJoachim Sander Heer 17-HOberst[54] Commander of Panzer-Regiment 31[46][54] 5 February 1945*[54] Killed in action 3 November 1944[54]
730 Plettenberg, Georg Graf vonGeorg Graf von Plettenberg Heer 14-HRittmeister[37] Commander of schwere Kavallerie-Abteilung 4[37][46] 5 February 1945[37]
731 Weichs, Maximilian vonMaximilian von Weichs Heer 22-HGeneralfeldmarschall[55] OB Südost (Commander-in-chief Heeresgruppe F)[46][55] 5 February 1945[55]
732 Osterhold, WilhelmWilhelm Osterhold Heer 16-HOberstleutnant[56] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 48[46][56] 10 February 1945[56]
733 Jauer, GeorgGeorg Jauer Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[57] Commander of the 20. Panzergrenadier-Division[46][57] 10 February 1945[57]
734 Oesterwitz, Karl-HeinzKarl-Heinz Oesterwitz Heer 16-HOberstleutnant[58] Commander of Jäger-Regiment 2 "Brandenburg"[46][58] 10 February 1945[58]
735 Wittmann, HerbertHerbert Wittmann Luftwaffe 15-LMajor[59] Gruppenkommandeur of the II./Kampfgeschwader 53 "Legion Condor"[46][59] 11 February 1945[59]
736 Schramm, HerbertHerbert Schramm Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[60] Staffelkapitän of the 5./Jagdgeschwader 27[60][61] 11 February 1945*[60] Killed in action 1 December 1943[60]
737 Frank, Anton-OttoAnton-Otto Frank Heer 14-HHauptmann[62] Commander of Heeres-Panzer-Jäger-Abteilung 743[61][62] 7 February 1945[62]
738 Müller, AntonAnton Müller Heer 14-HHauptmann[63] Commander of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 503[61][63] 14 February 1945[63]
739 Zorn, EduardEduard Zorn Heer 17-HOberst im Generalstab (in the general staff)[64] Leader of the 189. Infanterie-Division[61][64] 16 February 1945*[64] Killed in action 4 February 1945[64]
740 Schulke, WilliWilli Schülke Heer 14-HHauptmann[65] Commander of the III./Ski-Jäger-Regiment 1[61][65] 16 February 1945[65]
741 Blumentritt, GüntherGünther Blumentritt Heer 20-HGeneral der Infanterie[66] Acting commander (leader) of the 25. Armee[61][66] 18 February 1945[66]
742 Heichele, JosefJosef Heichele Heer 15-HMajor[67] Commander of Divisions-Füsilier-Bataillon 129[61][67] 17 February 1945[67]
743 Gebhardt, GeorgGeorg Gebhardt Heer 16-HOberstleutnant of the Reserves[68] Commander of Sturm-Regiment 195[61][68] 19 February 1945[68]
744 Knebel, ErnstErnst Knebel Heer 17-HOberst[69] Commander of the Armee-Waffenschule 3. Panzerarmee (AOK 3)[61][69] 19 February 1945[69]
745 Klasing, FritzFritz Klasing Heer 17-HOberst of the Reserves[70] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 232[61][70] 19 February 1945[70]
746 Blaurock, EdmundEdmund Blaurock Heer 18-HGeneralmajor[71] Commander of the 56. Infanterie-Division[61][71] 19 February 1945[71]
747 Schulz, LudwigLudwig Schulz Luftwaffe 18-LGeneralmajor[72] Commander of a Kampfgruppe in the Luftkriegsschule 5[61][Note 6] 19 February 1945[72]
748 Hermichen, RolfRolf Hermichen Luftwaffe 15-LMajor[73] Gruppenkommandeur of the I./Jagdgeschwader 11[61][73] 19 February 1945[73]
749 Krebs, HansHans Krebs Heer 20-HGeneral der Infanterie[74] Chief of the Generalstab of Heeresgruppe B[61][74] 20 February 1945[74]
750 Ewert, Heinz-MartinHeinz-Martin Ewert Heer 15-HMajor[75] Abschnitts-Kommandant (sector commander) West/Festung Posen[61][75] 22 February 1945[75]
751 Rappard, Fritz-Georg vonFritz-Georg von Rappard Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[76] Commander of the 7. Infanterie-Division[61][76] 24 February 1945[76]
752 Jakwert, JosefJosef Jakwert Heer 12-HLeutnant[77] Platoon leader in the 2./Panzer-Jäger-Abteilung 1562[61][77] 24 February 1945[77]
753 Warschnauer, HorstHorst Warschnauer Heer 14-HHauptmann of the Reserves[Note 7] Commander of Panzer-Pionier-Bataillon "Großdeutschland"[61][78] 24 February 1945[78]
754 Rohr, Hans-Babo vonHans-Babo von Rohr Heer 12-HLeutnant[Note 8] Leader of the 2./Panzer-Regiment 25[38][79] 24 February 1945*[38] Died of wounds 15 February 1945[38]
755 Krag, Ernst-AugustErnst-August Krag Waffen-SS 15-WSS-Sturmbannführer[80] Commander of SS-Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 2 "Das Reich"[79][80] 28 February 1945[80]
756 Schmelzer, HeinrichHeinrich Schmelzer Waffen-SS 14-WSS-Hauptsturmführer of the Reserves[81] Chief of SS-Panzer-Pionier-Bataillon 2 "Das Reich"[79][81] 28 February 1945[81]
757 Kempas, TraugottTraugott Kempas Heer 14-HHauptmann[82] Commander of the I./Grenadier-Regiment 176[79][82] 28 February 1945[82]
758 Kullmer, ArthurArthur Kullmer Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[83] Commander of the 558. Volksgrenadier-Division[79][83] 28 February 1945[83]
759 Possinger, MichaelMichael Pössinger Heer 15-HMajor[84] Commander of the I./Grenadier-Regiment 1123[79][84] 28 February 1945[84]
760 Pollmann, OttmarOttmar Pollmann Heer 15-HMajor[85] Adjutant of the 45. Infanterie-Division[79][Note 9] 28 February 1945[85]
761 Baer, Bern vonBern von Baer Heer 16-HOberstleutnant im Generalstab[86] Chief of Stab/Fallschirmjäger-Panzerkorps "Hermann Göring"[79][86] 28 February 1945[86]
762 Reichardt, HansHans Reichardt Heer 17-HOberst[87] Commander of Kampfgruppe "Steinau" in the 408. Infanterie-Division[79][Note 10] 5 March 1945*[87] Killed in action 2 February 1945[87]
763 Ebeling, WernerWerner Ebeling Heer 16-HOberstleutnant[88] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 154[79][88] 5 March 1945[88]
764 Niehoff, HermannHermann Niehoff Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[89] Commander of the 371. Infanterie-Division[79][89] 5 March 1945[89] Awarded (147th) Swords 26 April 1945?[Note 11]
765 Goetz, HeinrichHeinrich Götz Heer 18-HGeneralmajor[90] Commander of the 21. Infanterie-Division[79][90] 5 March 1945[90]
766 Bunau, Rudolf vonRudolf von Bünau Heer 20-HGeneral der Infanterie[91] Commanding general of the XI. Armeekorps[79][91] 5 March 1945[91]
767 Karczewski, BrunoBruno Karczewski Heer 15-HMajor[92] Leader of Grenadier-Regiment 176[79][92] 5 March 1945[92]
768 Schneider, Dipl.-Ing. ErichDipl.-Ing. Erich Schneider Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[93] Commander of the 14. Infanterie-Division[79][93] 6 March 1945[93]
769 Welter, KurtKurt Welter Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[94] Staffelkapitän of the 10./Nachtjagdgeschwader 11[79][94] 11 March 1945[94]
770 Renschler, HelmutHelmut Renschler Heer 14-HHauptmann of the Reserves[95] Chief of the 1./Artillerie-Regiment 5[79][95] 11 March 1945[95]
771 Rust, Dr. jur. WolfgangDr. jur. Wolfgang Rust Heer 14-HHauptmann[96] Commander of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 11[79][96] 11 March 1945[96]
772 Sixt, FriedrichFriedrich Sixt Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[97] Commander of the 5. Jäger-Division[79][97] 11 March 1945[97]
773 Witschel, KurtKurt Witschel Heer 13-HOberleutnant[98] Leader of the 9./Jäger-Regiment 28[79][98] 11 March 1945[98]
774 Betzel, ClemensClemens Betzel Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[99] Commander of the 4. Panzer-Division[99][100] 11 March 1945[99]
775 Rogalski, FranzFranz Rogalski Heer 12-HLeutnant of the Reserves[101] Adjutant of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 45[100][101] 11 March 1945[101]
776 Grimminger, JohannesJohannes Grimminger Heer 15-HMajor of the Reserves[17] Commander of the II./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 192[17][102] 11 March 1945[17]
777 Kutschkau, ErnstErnst Kutschkau Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel of the Reserves[103] Leader of the 6./Grenadier-Regiment 3[100][103] 11 March 1945[103]
778 Aghta, EgonEgon Aghta Heer 14-HHauptmann (W) of the Reserves[104] Leader of a bomb disposal commando in the Luftgaukommando III Berlin[100][104] 12 March 1945[104]
779 Schroeder, WilhelmWilhelm Schröder Heer 17-HOberst[105] Commander of Kampfgruppe Schröder of the 408. Infanterie-Division[100][Note 12] 13 March 1945[105]
780 Becker, Karl-HeinzKarl-Heinz Becker Luftwaffe 16-LOberstleutnant[106] Commander of Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 5[100][106] 12 March 1945[106]
781 Rokker, HeinzHeinz Rökker Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[107] Staffelkapitän of the 2./Nachtjagdgeschwader 2[100][107] 12 March 1945[107]
782 Weiss, RobertRobert Weiß Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[108] Gruppenkommandeur of the III./Jagdgeschwader 54[100][108] 12 March 1945*[108] Killed in action 29 December 1944[108]
783 Potschke, WernerWerner Pötschke Waffen-SS 15-WSS-Sturmbannführer[84] Commander of the I./SS-Panzer-Regiment 1 "Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler"[84][100] 15 March 1945[84]
784 Matern, AlfredAlfred Matern Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel[109] Platoon leader in the 5./Füsilier-Regiment 22[100][109] 16 March 1945[109]
785 Vogt, FritzFritz Vogt Waffen-SS 14-WSS-Hauptsturmführer[110] Commander of the I./SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 23 "Norge" (norw. Nr. 1)[102][110] 16 March 1945[110]
786 Jager, Karl-HeinzKarl-Heinz Jaeger Heer 14-HHauptmann of the Reserves[111] Leader of Grenadier-Regiment 448[100][111] 16 March 1945[111]
787 Wandrey, MaxMax Wandrey Heer 15-HMajor of the Reserves[112] Commander of the II./Jäger-Regiment 1 "Brandenburg"[100][112] 16 March 1945*[112] Died of wounds on 21 February 1945[112]
788 Engelien, HansHans Engelien Heer 16-HOberstleutnant[113] Commander of Panzergrenadier-Regiment 25[100][113] 16 March 1945[113]
789 Ruhl, HeinrichHeinrich Ruhl Heer 15-HMajor[47] Commander of Füsilier-Bataillon (A.A.) 122[47][100] 16 March 1945[47]
790 Frankewitz, BrunoBruno Frankewitz Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[114] Commander of the 215. Infanterie-Division[114][115] 16 March 1945[114]
791 Scheuerpflug, PaulPaul Scheuerpflug Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[116] Commander of the 68. Infanterie-Division[115][116] 16 March 1945[116]
792 Becker, MartinMartin Becker Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[Note 13] Gruppenkommandeur of the IV./Nachtjagdgeschwader 6[115][106] 20 March 1945[106]
793 Werner, GerhardGerhard Werner Heer 15-HMajor[117] Commander of the I./Jäger-Regiment 734[115][117] 23 March 1945*[117] Killed in action 8 September 1944[117]
794 Kedzia, Ernst-GeorgErnst-Georg Kedzia Heer 15-HMajor[118] Combat commander of Fürstenberg an der Oder and commander of Grenadier-Regiment 98 (391. Sicherungs-Division)[119][Note 14] 23 March 1945[118]
795 Meyer, Kuno vonKuno von Meyer Heer 16-HOberstleutnant[120] Commander of Panzer-Regiment "Coburg" in the Panzer-Brigade 103[115][120] 23 March 1945[120]
796 Pruss, WalterWalter Prüß Heer 13-HOberleutnant[121] Chief of the 8./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 76[115][121] 23 March 1945[121]
797 Konopacki, GüntherGünther Konopacki Heer 14-HRittmeister[122] Commander of the I./Radfahr-Jäger-Brigade 10[115][122] 23 March 1945[122]
798 Herzog, Hans-GeorgHans-Georg Herzog Heer 16-HOberstleutnant of the Reserves[18] Commander of Panzergrenadier-Regiment 14[18][115] 23 March 1945[18]
799 Trittel, RudolfRudolf Trittel Heer 16-HOberstleutnant[123] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 9[115][123] 23 March 1945[123]
800 Wanka, KarlKarl Wanka Heer 15-HMajor of the Reserves[112] Commander of the I./Grenadier-Regiment 53[112][115] 23 March 1945[112]
801 Elverfeldt, Harald Freiherr vonHarald Freiherr von Elverfeldt Heer 18-HGeneralmajor[124] Commander of the 9. Panzer-Division[115][124] 23 March 1945*[124] Killed in action 6 March 1945[124]
802 Jeckeln, FriedrichFriedrich Jeckeln Waffen-SS 20-WSS-Obergruppenführer and General of the Waffen-SS[57] Commanding general of the V. SS-Gebirgskorps[57][115] 8 March 1945[57]
803 Fullriede, FritzFritz Fullriede Heer 17-HOberst[125] Fortress commander of Kolberg[115][125] 23 March 1945[125]
804 Spielmann, JohannesJohannes Spielmann Heer 15-HMajor[43] Commander of Sturmgeschütz-Brigade 202[43][115] 28 March 1945[43]
805 Keese, HeinrichHeinrich Keese Heer 15-HMajor of the Reserves[118] Commander of Pionier-Bataillon 20 (mot.)[115][118] 28 March 1945[118]
806 Berger, LotharLothar Berger Heer 17-HOberst[126] Commander of Brigade z.b.V. 100[115][126] 28 March 1945[126]
807 Hufenbach, HelmuthHelmuth Hufenbach Heer 17-HOberst[127] Leader of the 562. Volksgrenadier-Division[115][127] 28 March 1945*[127] Killed in action 27 March 1945[127]
808 Schroedter, ErichErich Schroedter Heer 14-HRittmeister[105] Commander of Panzer-Augklärungs-Abteilung "Großdeutschland"[105][119] 28 March 1945[105]
809 Usedom, Horst vonHorst von Usedom Heer 17-HOberst[128] Leader of Panzer-Brigade "Kurland"[115][128] 28 March 1945[128]
810 Josten, GüntherGünther Josten Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[129] Staffelkapitän of the 3./Jagdgeschwader 51 "Mölders"[129][130] 28 March 1945[129]
811 Glaser, AlexanderAlexander Gläser Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[131] Gruppenkommandeur of the II./Schlachtgeschwader 77[130][131] 28 March 1945[131]
812 Stahler, WilhelmWilhelm Stähler Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[132] Staffelkapitän of the 7./Schlachtgeschwader 2 "Immelmann"[130][132] 28 March 1945[132]
813 Studemann, GerhardGerhard Stüdemann Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[133] Gruppenkommandeur of the III./Schlachtgeschwader 77[130][133] 28 March 1945[133]
814 Girg, WalterWalter Girg Waffen-SS 14-WSS-Hauptsturmführer[131] Leader of special detachment of the SS-Jagdverband Mitte[130][131] 1 April 1945[131]
815 Mellenthin, Horst vonHorst von Mellenthin Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[134] Commander of the 205. Infanterie-Division[130][134] 4 April 1945[134]
816 Steglich, MartinMartin Steglich Heer 15-HMajor[135] Leader of Grenadier-Regiment 1221[130][135] 5 April 1945[135]
817 Neubert, RudolfRudolf Neubert Heer 16-HOberstleutnant[136] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 31[130][136] 5 April 1945[136]
818 Richter, FriedrichFriedrich Richter Heer 16-HOberstleutnant[137] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 1222[130][137] 5 April 1945[137]
819 Kuppinger, ErnstErnst Kuppinger Heer 14-HHauptmann[138] Commander of Füsilier-Bataillon 246[130][Note 15] 5 April 1945[138]
820 Paetsch, OttoOtto Paetsch Waffen-SS 16-WSS-Obersturmbannführer[139] Commander of SS-Panzer-Regiment 10 "Frundsberg"[130][139] 5 April 1945*[139] Killed in action 16 March 1945[139]
821 Tettau, Hans vonHans von Tettau Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[140] Leader of Korpsgruppe "von Tettau"[130][140] 5 April 1945[140]
822 Thyben, GerhardGerhard Thyben Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant[141] Staffelkapitän of the 7./Jagdgeschwader 54[130][141] 8 April 1945[141]
823 Burchardi, TheodorTheodor Burchardi Kriegsmarine 20-MAdmiral[142] Commanding Admiral östliche Ostsee (Eastern Baltic Sea)[130][142] 8 April 1945[142]
824 Thiele, AugustAugust Thiele Kriegsmarine 19-MVizeadmiral[143] Commander of Kampfgruppe "Thiele"[130][143] 8 April 1945[143]
825 Richter, BrunoBruno Richter Heer 14-HRittmeister[144] Commander of Füsilier-Bataillon (A.A.) 24[130][144] 8 April 1945[144]
826 Skorzeny, Dipl.-Ing. OttoDipl.-Ing. Otto Skorzeny Waffen-SS 16-WSS-Obersturmbannführer of the Reserves[97] Commander of the SS-Jagd-Verbände and combat commander of Schwedt an der Oder[97][130] 9 April 1945[97]
827 Krosigk, Ernst-Anton vonErnst-Anton von Krosigk Heer 20-HGeneral der Infanterie[145] Commanding of the XVI. Armeekorps[130][145] 12 April 1945*[145] Killed in action 16 March 1945[145]
828 Borchardt, HelmutHelmut Borchardt Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel[146] Leader of the company "Borchardt" of the regiment "Kohlmann" in the 402. Infanterie-Division[130][146] 14 April 1945*[146] Killed in action 15–18 March 1945[Note 16]
829 Becker, CarlCarl Becker Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[147] Commander of the 253. Infanterie-Division[130][147] 14 April 1945[147]
830 Ropke, KurtKurt Röpke Heer 20-HGeneral der Infanterie[107] Commanding general of the XXIX. Armeekorps[107][130] 14 April 1945[107]
831 Rogelein, FriedrichFriedrich Rögelein Heer 17-HOberst[148] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 109[130][148] 14 April 1945[148]
832 Simm, AlfredAlfred Simm Heer 14-HHauptmann[149] Leader of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 31[149][150] 14 April 1945[149]
833 Raht, GerhardGerhard Raht Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[151] Gruppenkommandeur of the I./Nachtjagdgeschwader 2[150][151] 15 April 1945[151]
834 Ostermeier, Hans-ArnoHans-Arno Ostermeier Heer 15-HMajor of the Reserves[56] Leader of Fallschirm-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 3 "Hermann Göring"[150][Note 17] 15 April 1945[56]
835 Hansen, MaxMax Hansen Waffen-SS 16-WSS-Obersturmbannführer[152] Commander of SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 1 "Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler"[150][152] 17 April 1945[152]
836 Lütje, HerbertHerbert Lütje Luftwaffe 15-LMajor[153] Geschwaderkommodore of Nachtjagdgeschwader 6[150][153] 17 April 1945[153]
837 Lipfert, HelmutHelmut Lipfert Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[154] Gruppenkommandeur of the I./Jagdgeschwader 53[150][154] 17 April 1945[154]
838 Kraft, JosefJosef Kraft Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[80] Staffelkapitän of the 12./Nachtjagdgeschwader 1[80][150] 17 April 1945[80]
839 Drewes, MartinMartin Drewes Luftwaffe 15-LMajor[155] Gruppenkommandeur of the III./Nachtjagdgeschwader 1[150][155] 17 April 1945[155]
840 Greiner, HermannHermann Greiner Luftwaffe 14-LHauptmann[156] Gruppenkommandeur of the IV./Nachtjagdgeschwader 1[150][156] 17 April 1945[156]
841 Semrau, PaulPaul Semrau Luftwaffe 15-LMajor[157] Gruppenkommandeur of the I./Nachtjagdgeschwader 2[150][157] 17 April 1945*[157] Killed in action 8 February 1945[157]
842 Raegener, AdolfAdolf Raegener Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[151] Commander of Verteidigungsbereich Magdeburg (defensive sector of Magdeburg)[150][151] 17 April 1945[151]
843 Knaust, Hans-PeterHans-Peter Knaust Heer 16-HOberstleutnant[158] Commander of Regiment "Knaust" in the 490. Infanterie-Division[150][Note 18] 17 April 1945[158]
Last officially announced number
(844) Hack, FranzFranz Hack?[Note 19] Waffen-SS 16-WSS-Obersturmbannführer Commander of SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 10 "Westland"[150] 18 April 1945
(845) Kausch, Paul-AlbertPaul-Albert Kausch?[Note 20] Waffen-SS 16-WSS-Obersturmbannführer Commander of SS-Panzer-Regiment 11[150] 23 April 1945
(846) Brandner, JosefJosef Brandner?[Note 21] Heer 15-HMajor Commander of Heeres-Sturmgeschütz-Brigade 912[150] 26 April 1945
(847) Rodt, EberhardEberhard Rodt Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant[148] Commander of the 15. Panzergrenadier-Division[148][150] 28 April 1945[148]
(848) Ziegler, JoachimJoachim Ziegler Waffen-SS 18-WSS-Brigadeführer and Generalmajor of the Waffen-SS[162] Commander of the 11. SS-Freiwilligen-Panzergrenadier Division "Nordland"[150][Note 22] 28 April 1945[162]
(849) Kappis, Hans-JoachimHans-Joachim Kappis Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves[163] Leader of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 45[163][164] 28 April 1945[163]
(850) Schrepfer, KarlKarl Schrepfer Luftwaffe 15-LMajor[165] Gruppenkommandeur of the III./Schlachtgeschwader 1[165][166] 28 April 1945[165]
(851) Prentl, JosefJosef Prentl Luftwaffe 15-LMajor[167] Commander of Flak-Regiment 116[166][167] 28 April 1945[167]
(852) Thomsen, RolfRolf Thomsen Kriegsmarine 14-MKapitänleutnant[168] Commander of U-1202[166][168] 29 April 1945[168]
(853) Lange, Hans-GüntherHans-Günther Lange Kriegsmarine 14-MKapitänleutnant[169] Commander of U-711[166][169] 29 April 1945[169]
(854) Laebe, Heinz-OskarHeinz-Oskar Laebe?[Note 23] Heer 17-HOberst Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 44[166] 29 April 1945
(855) Hax, HeinrichHeinrich Hax Heer 18-HGeneralmajor[171] Commander of the 8. Panzer-Division[166][171] 30 April 1945[171]
(856) Laengenfelder, HannsHanns Laengenfelder Heer 18-HGeneralmajor[172] Commander of the 15. Infanterie-Division[166][172] 30 April 1945[172]
(857) Daniel, RichardRichard Daniel Heer 18-HGeneralmajor[173] Commander of the 45. Volksgrenadier-Division[166][173] 30 April 1945[173]
(858) Obstfelder, Wolfgang vonWolfgang von Obstfelder Heer 15-HMajor[174] Commander of Panzer-Jäger-Abteilung 346[166][174] 30 April 1945[174]
(859) Bostell, Wolfgang vonWolfgang von Bostell Heer 12-HLeutnant[175] Platoon leader in the Panzerjäger-Abteilung 205[166][Note 24] 30 April 1945[175]
(860) Mokros, GerhardGerhard Mokros Heer 17-HOberst of the Reserves[Note 25] Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 423[166][176] 5 May 1945[176]
(861) Ostendorff, WernerWerner Ostendorff?[Note 26] Waffen-SS 19-WSS-Gruppenführer and Generalleutnant of the Waffen-SS Commander of the 2. SS-Panzer-Division "Das Reich"[166] 6 May 1945* Died of wounds 1 May 1945[10]
(862) Lehmann, RudolfRudolf Lehmann?[Note 27] Waffen-SS 17-WSS-Standartenführer Leader of the 2. SS-Panzer-Division "Das Reich"[166] 6 May 1945
(863) Kreutz, KarlKarl Kreutz?[Note 28] Waffen-SS 17-WSS-Standartenführer Commander of SS-Panzer-Artillerie-Regiment 2 "Das Reich"[166] 6 May 1945
(864) Werner, HeinzHeinz Werner?[Note 29] Waffen-SS 15-WSS-Sturmbannführer Commander of the III./SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 4 "Der Führer"[164] 6 May 1945
(865) Jodl, AlfredAlfred Jodl?[Note 30] Heer 21-HGeneraloberst Chef des Wehrmachtführungsstabes im OKW and deputy chief of the OKW[164] 10 May 1945
(866) Blanc, Adalbert vonAdalbert von Blanc?[Note 31] Kriegsmarine 16-MFregattenkapitän Leader of the 9. Marine-Sicherungs-Division[166] 10 May 1945
(867) Plocher, HermannHermann Plocher?[Note 32] Luftwaffe 19-HGeneralleutnant Commander of the 6. Fallschirmjäger-Division[166] 8 May 1945
(868) Graßmel, FranzFranz Graßmel?[Note 33] Luftwaffe 15-LMajor Commander of the Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 20[166] 8 May 1945
(869) Lier, FriedrichFriedrich Lier?[Note 34] Heer 16-HOberstleutnant Commander of a Kampfgruppe in the 490. Infanterie-Division[166] 8 May 1945
(870) Dennhardt, Oskar-HubertOskar-Hubert Dennhardt?[Note 35] Heer 15-HMajor Leader of Grenadier-Regiment 1143[166] 9 May 1945
(871) Kleinheisterkamp, MatthiasMatthias Kleinheisterkamp?[Note 36] Waffen-SS 20-WSS-Obergruppenführer and Generalleutnant of the Waffen-SS Commanding general of the XI. SS-Panzerkorps[186] 9 May 1945* Killed in action 29 April 1945[187][Note 37]
(872) Lohmann, Hanns-HeinrichHanns-Heinrich Lohmann?[Note 38] Waffen-SS 16-WSS-Obersturmbannführer Leader of SS-Freiwilligen-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 49 "De Ruyter"[188] 9 May 1945
(873) Montag, AlfredAlfred Montag?[Note 39] Heer 14-HHauptmann of the Reserves Leader of Sturmgeschütz-Brigade 341[186] 9 May 1945
(874) Meier, HansHans Meier?[Note 40] Heer 14-HHauptmann Commander of the I./Panzergrenadier-Regiment 74[186] 9 May 1945
(875) Rebane, AlfonsAlfons Rebane?[Note 41] Waffen-SS 16-WWaffen-Obersturmbannführer Commander of Waffen-Grenadier-Regiment der Waffen-SS 46 (estnische Nr. 2)[188] 9 May 1945
(876) Schlags-Koch, WalterWalter Schlags-Koch?[Note 42] Heer 16-HOberstleutnant of the Reserves Commander of Sturm-Regiment AOK 2[186] 9 May 1945
(877) Schmidt, ErichErich Schmidt?[Note 43] Heer 15-HMajor Leader of the Panzer-Regiment of the Führer-Grenadier-Division[188] 9 May 1945
(878) Siegroth, Joachim vonJoachim von Siegroth?[Note 44] Heer 18-HGeneralmajor Commander of the 712. Infanterie-Division[188] 9 May 1945* Killed in action 2 May 1945[195]
(879) Stahl, Dr.-jur. PaulDr.-jur. Paul Stahl?[Note 45] Heer 17-HOberst of the Reserves Commander of Panzergrenadier-Regiment 114[188] 9 May 1945
(880) Störck, GeorgGeorg Störck?[Note 46] Heer 14-HHauptmann of the Reserves Commander of the I./Panzergrenadier-Regiment Führer-Begleit-Division[186] 9 May 1945
(881) Sensfuß, FranzFranz Sensfuß?[Note 47] Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant Commander of the 212. Infanterie-Division[188] 9 May 1945
(882) Radowitz, Joseph vonJoseph von Radowitz?[Note 48] Heer 19-HGeneralleutnant Commander of 23. Panzer-Division[188] 9 May 1945

Notes

References

Citations
Bibliography
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 (in German). Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
Further reading
  • Berger, Florian (1999). Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. Die höchstdekorierten Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges (in German). Vienna, Austria: Selbstverlag Florian Berger. ISBN 3-9501307-0-5.
  • Fraschka, Günther (1994). Knights of the Reich. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Military/Aviation History. ISBN 0-88740-580-0.
  • Krätschmer, Ernst-Günther (1999). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Waffen-SS (in German). Coburg, Germany: Nation Europa Verlag GmbH. ISBN 3-920677-43-9.

External links

de:Liste der Träger des Eichenlaubs zum Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes

pt:Anexo:Recebedores da Cruz de Cavaleiro da Cruz de Ferro com Folhas de Carvalho: 1945

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