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List of National Historic Sites of Canada in Manitoba

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Title: List of National Historic Sites of Canada in Manitoba  
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Subject: National Historic Sites of Canada, Cartier-Brébeuf National Historic Site, Ukrainian Labour Temple, Joseph Schneider Haus, Fort Norfolk (Norfolk County, Ontario)
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List of National Historic Sites of Canada in Manitoba

This is a list of National Historic Sites of Canada (French: Lieux historiques nationaux du Canada) in the province of Manitoba. There are 57 National Historic Sites designated in Manitoba, of which 9 are administered by Parks Canada (identified below by the beaver icon ).[1][2]

This list uses names designated by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, which may differ from other names for these sites.

National Historic Sites

Site[1] Date(s) Designated Location Description Image
Battle of Seven Oaks [3] 1816 (battle) 1920 Winnipeg
The site of a violent conflict between a group of Métis led by Cuthbert Grant and a party of Red River settlers led by Governor Robert Semple Monument to the Battle of Seven Oaks
BCATP Hangar No. 1 [4] 1941 (completed) 2001 Brandon
A well-preserved example of a British Commonwealth Air Training Plan hangar from the Second World War, still in its original location Fairchild PT-26B Cornell (C-GATP / FV725) in flying condition at the BCATP Hangar No. 1
Brockinton [5][6] 800 CE (c.) 1973 Melita
An archaeological site with evidence of three distinct cultures: a bison kill and butchering pound circa 800 CE, a Duck Bay culture occupation about 1100-1350 CE, and the first excavated evidence in Canada of the Williams culture from about 1600 CE
Camp Hughes [7][8] 1909 (established) 2011 North Cypress
More than 38,000 Canadians trained at this camp during the First World War, many of whom fought at the Battle of Vimy Ridge in April 1917 Soldiers at Camp Hughes in 1914
Canadian Pacific Railway Station (Winnipeg) [9] 1906 (completed) 1982 Winnipeg
A four-storey former railway station; its landmark Beaux-Arts design and elaborate Tyndall stone detailing reflect the early 20th century growth and importance of both the Canadian Pacific Railway and Winnipeg as Western Canada's transportation hub Canadian Pacific Railway Station (Winnipeg) circa 1920
Churchill Rocket Research Range [10] 1956 (established) 1988 Churchill
A former facility for the launching, tracking and retrieval of rockets; long Canada’s foremost upper atmosphere research centre
Confederation Building [11] 1912 (completed) 1976 Winnipeg
A 10-storey office building; a good example of an early Sullivan-inspired skyscraper; part of the Early Skyscrapers in Winnipeg NHSC Confederation Building
Dalnavert [12] 1895 (completed) 1990 Winnipeg
A red-brick house with a large wooden verandah, originally built for Hugh John Macdonald; a good example of the Queen Anne Revival style in Canada Dalnavert in winter
Dominion Exhibition Display Building II [13] 1913 (completed) 1999 Brandon
A wooden exhibition building; the only known surviving building constructed for the Dominion Exhibition held annually from 1879-1913
Early Skyscrapers in Winnipeg [14] 1912-18 (period of construction) 1981 Winnipeg
A group of three tall commercial buildings (Union Trust Tower, the Confederation Building, and the Bank of Hamilton building) within the Exchange District, reflective of the Chicago School; the group typifies Winnipeg’s early skyscrapers, which marked the beginning of Winnipeg's modern urban core Banks row in Winnipeg, including the Union Trust and Bank of Hamilton buildings
Exchange District [15] 1880 (established) 1996 Winnipeg
A dense, turn-of-the-century warehousing and business centre, comprising about 150 buildings; contains a number of architecturally significant buildings illustrating Winnipeg’s key role as a gateway to Western Canada between 1880 and 1913 Electric Railway Chambers in Winnipeg's Exchange District
First Homestead in Western Canada [16] 1872 (completed) 1945 Portage la Prairie
The site of the first homestead in Western Canada, established under the federal government’s new survey system
Former Union Bank Building / Annex [17] 1904 (completed) 1996 Winnipeg
A 10-storey tower with a single-storey annex; the first skyscraper in Western Canada, representative of the key role played by finance in the expansion of the west Union Bank building and annex
Fort Dauphin [18] 1741 (established) 1943 Winnipegosis
The site of a fort built by Pierre Gaultier de La Vérendrye in the fall of 1741 at the request of the Cree and Assiniboine peoples
Fort Dufferin [19] 1872 (established) 1937 Emerson
Buildings used as the main camp for the North American Boundary Commission in 1872, and then used by the North-West Mounted Police in preparing for the "March West" in 1875; representative of Canada’s assertion of sovereignty over Manitoba and the North-West Territories in the 1870s
Fort Garry Hotel [20] 1913 (completed) 1981 Winnipeg
One of a series of Château-style hotels built by Canadian railway companies in the early 20th century to encourage tourists to travel the country's transcontinental routes Exterior view of the Fort Garry Hotel
Fort La Reine [21] 1738 (established) 1925 Portage la Prairie
The former site of a French fort on the north bank of the Assiniboine River; used as a base for further exploration of the Canadian Prairies, it was the most important of the posts established by Pierre Gaultier de La Vérendrye
Forts Rouge, Garry, and Gibraltar [22] 1738 (Rouge established), 1807 (Gibraltar est.), 1821 (Garry est.) 1924 Winnipeg

The sites of three fur trade forts once located near the forks of the Red and Assiniboine rivers (the north gate of Fort Garry II is the only surviving above-ground remains); representative of the three phases of the fur trade The gate as Fort Garry
Grey Nuns' Convent [23] 1851 (completed) 1958 Winnipeg
A convent built for the Grey Nuns and the first mission house of its kind in Western Canada; an outstanding example of Red River frame construction, and the oldest convent in use on the Canadian Prairies at the time of its designation Interior of the Grey Nuns' Convent
Holy Trinity Anglican Church [24] 1884 (completed) 1990 Winnipeg
A noted example of Victorian High Gothic architecture in Canada; a landmark church in central Winnipeg which has witnessed the evolution of the area from open prairie to commercial core Holy Trinity Anglican Church in 1889
Inglis Grain Elevators [25] 1922 to 1941 (period of construction) 1995 Shellmouth-Boulton
A row of five wooden elevators lined up parallel to the railway tracks; rare surviving prairie icons from the "golden age of grain" The Inglis Grain Elevators as seen from the railway tracks
Linear Mounds [26] 900 CE (c.) 1973 Melita
A site containing some of the best-preserved tumuli belonging to the Devil's Lake-Sourisford Burial Complex
Lower Fort Garry [27] 1830 (established) 1950 Selkirk
A Hudson’s Bay Company fort comprising a number of restored and reconstructed buildings within and outside its stone walls; a major supply centre for the fur trade in Western Canada and the location of the signing of Treaty 1 A stone building at Lower Fort Garry
Maison Gabrielle-Roy [28] 1905 (completed) 2008 Winnipeg
The two-and-a-half storey wood-frame house where Gabrielle Roy was born and lived for almost 30 years; the house inspired Roy's writing and she described and idealized it in several of her works
Manitoba Theatre Centre [29] 1970 (completed) 2009 Winnipeg
An excellent example of small-scale Brutalist architecture in Canada and an exceptional theatre design; associated with the Manitoba Theatre Centre group, noted as a model regional theatre by the Canada Council for the Arts Exterior of Manitoba Theatre Centre
Metropolitan Theatre [30] 1919 (completed) 1991 Winnipeg
A movie palace designed by C. Howard Crane; representative of the cultural impact of movie theatres in the 1920, and of the battle between the Allen and Famous Players chains for film-distribution supremacy in Canada Sketch of the Allen Theatre, later named the
Miami Railway Station (Canadian Northern) [31] 1905 (completed) 1976 Miami
A wooden railway station located in a rural community; a rare surviving example of a Canadian Northern Railway station Exterior of the Miami Railway Station
Miss Davis' School Residence / Twin Oaks [32] 1866 (c.) (completed) 1962 Miami
A two-storey limestone structure on one of the original river lots, built to house a school to educate the daughters of settlers and Hudson's Bay Company officials: a noted example of mid 19th-century Red River architecture
Neepawa Court House / Beautiful Plains County Court Building [33] 1884 (completed) 1981 Neepawa
A two-storey buff brick building, the construction of which in the late 19th century secured Neepawa's place as the most prominent town in the district; representative of civic buildings of the period that were built to serve a number of public uses, in this case being the county and municipal offices, a courthouse, police station and theatre Exterior of the Neepawa Court House
Neubergthal Street Village [34] 1876 (established) 1989 Rhineland
A living illustration of a Mennonite village on the Canadian Prairies, with the community's communal and self-sufficient values reflected in its development and architectural forms
Norway House [35] 1825 (established) 1932 Norway House
The remnants of a former Hudson’s Bay Company fort near the banks of the Nelson River; the company's principal inland depot for the fur trade and the site where Treaty 5 was signed in 1875 Norway House 1878
Pantages Playhouse Theatre [36] 1914 (completed) 1985 Winnipeg
A former vaudeville theatre; one of the finest theatres built in Canada in this period for live theatrical performances
Portage La Prairie Public Building [37] 1898 (completed) 1983 Portage La Prairie
Constructed as the town's post office, customs house and inland revenue office, now the city hall; representative of small urban post offices by Thomas Fuller
Prince of Wales Fort (Fort Churchill) [38] 1731 (established) 1920 Churchill
A fur-trade fortress built by the Hudson’s Bay Company on the tundra; illustrative of the rivalry between the British and French for control of Hudson Bay Aerial view of Prince of Wales Fort
Ralph Connor House [39] 1914 (completed) 2009 Winnipeg
A brick and stone house built for the Reverend Charles Gordon, who in this residence wrote best-selling Christian adventure novels under the pen name of Ralph Connor Ralph Connor House surrounded by trees
Red River Floodway [40] 1968 (completed) 2000 Winnipeg
Winnipeg is located on a floodplain at the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine Rivers, and the floodway diverts excess waters harmlessly around the city; an outstanding engineering achievement both in terms of function and impact Aerial view of the Red River Floodway
Riding Mountain Park East Gate Registration Complex [41] 1936 (completed) 1992 Riding Mountain National Park
Three log buildings (the Whirlpool Warden’s Residence, the East Gate Entrance Building, and the Gatekeeper’s Cottage) at the eastern entrance to the park; a nationally significant example of 1930s rustic design in Canada’s National Parks The east gate at Riding Mountain National Park
Riel House [42] 1881 (completed) 1976 Winnipeg
A squared log house set on the east side of the Red River, where Louis Riel was laid in state after his execution in 1885; representative of Métis river lots, a form of prairie settlement Riel House exterior
Roslyn Court Apartments [43] 1909 (completed) 1991 Winnipeg
A five-storey red brick apartment building; a noted example of the Queen Anne Revival style and turn-of-the-century apartment design Front facade of the Roslyn Court Apartments
Sea Horse Gully Remains [44] 1969 Churchill
Large Dorset and pre-Dorset site
Souris-Assiniboine Posts [45] 1793 (establishment) 1927 Wawanesa
A major supply centre for the fur trade located at the confluence of the Souris and Assiniboine Rivers, where the Hudson's Bay, North West, and XY companies built at least seven forts between 1793 and 1824
St. Andrew's Anglican Church [46] 1849 (completed) 1970 St. Andrews
The oldest surviving stone church in Western Canada which once served as a centre of Anglican missionary activity in Rupert's Land; the earliest example of Gothic Revival architecture in the West Exterior of St. Andrew's Church
St. Andrew's Rectory [47] 1854 (originally completed) 1962 St. Andrews
A two-storey, stone house, first built as a residence for the Anglican parish priest; illustrative of Hudson's Bay Company architecture, which adapted building techniques from Scotland to the Canadian frontier St Andrew's Rectory from a distance
St. Andrews Caméré Curtain Bridge Dam [48] 1910 (completed) 1990 Lockport
A 270-metre (890 ft) long bridge-dam spanning the Red River; largest movable dam of its type ever constructed, and possibly the only surviving dam of its type in the world St. Andrews Caméré Curtain Bridge Dam and the Red River
St. Boniface City Hall [49] 1905 (completed) 1984 Winnipeg
An outstanding example of a town hall in Western Canada Exterior of St. Boniface City Hall
St. Boniface Hospital Nurses' Residence [50] 1928 (completed) 1997 Winnipeg
A five-storey brick building originally built as a nursing school and residence; constructed in a period of growing recognition of nursing as a profession and it continues to commemorate the contribution of nurses to medicine and the role of women as health care professionals
St. Michael's Ukrainian Greek Orthodox Church [51] 1899 (completed) 1987 Stuartburn
A Byzantine-style wooden church built by the first group of immigrants to Canada from Bukovina; representative of early Ukrainian ecclesiastical architecture in Canada, and commemorative of the cultural heritage and skilled craftsmanship the first Ukrainians brought to their new country
The Forks [52] 4000 BCE (c.) 1974 Winnipeg
A recreational and commercial gathering place at a river junction that historically has served as an important transportation point; a cultural landscape that bears witness to six thousand years of human activity, including being used as a meeting place, fishing camp, trading place and settlement The Forks Market tower
Ukrainian Catholic Church of the Immaculate Conception [53] 1938 (completed) 1996 Springfield
A Kievan-style Ukrainian church whose domes present a distinctive silhouette on the surrounding flat prairie; one of the most ambitious and accomplished of the "Prairie Cathedrals" designed by the Reverend Philip Ruh
Ukrainian Catholic Church of the Resurrection[54] 1939 (completed) 1997 Dauphin
Ukrainian Labour Temple [55] 1919 (completed) 2009 Winnipeg
A centre of Ukrainian Canadian culture until the late 1960s, and a base for educational, charitable and other immigrant services; an important gathering place in 1919 for Ukrainian strikers during the Winnipeg General Strike
Union Station / Winnipeg Railway Station (Canadian National) [56] 1911 (completed) 1976 Winnipeg
A Beaux-Arts railway terminal; one of Western Canada’s largest railway stations, the construction of which symbolized the confidence of the railway companies and the government in the growth of the West Front facade of the Union Station / Winnipeg Railway Station (Canadian National)
Walker Theatre [57] 1907 (completed) 1991 Winnipeg
A noted example of a surviving early legitimate theatre in Canada, unique in the country due to the Chicago influences in its design; associated with political rallies in its early years, particularly related to the labour and women's suffrage movements Front facade of the former Walker Theatre, now the Burton Cummings Theatre
Wasyl Negrych Pioneer Homestead [58] 1897 (established) 1997 Gilbert Plains
Ten log buildings with associated fields and orchards that collectively represent one of the earliest and best preserved examples of a Ukrainian farm in Canada
Winnipeg Law Courts [59] 1916 (completed) 1981 Winnipeg
A three-storey, Beaux-Arts court house of sculpted grey limestone, located directly across from the Manitoba Legislative Building; its siting and classically-inspired design symbolize the importance of Manitoba's court system The Winnipeg Law Courts in winter
York Factory [60] 1684 (established) 1936 York Factory
A 17th century fur trade post, first established by the French and later rebuilt by the Hudson’s Bay Company, located near the mouth of the Hayes River; the principal base for expansion of the fur trade into the interior of Western Canada Aerial view of York Factory in 1925

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Manitoba". Directory of Federal Heritage Designations.  
  2. ^ Manitoba, National Historic Sites of Canada - administered by Parks Canada
  3. ^ Battle of Seven Oaks. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
  4. ^ BCATP Hangar No. 1. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
  5. ^ Brockinton. Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
  6. ^ "Brockinton Archaeological Site".  
  7. ^ Camp Hughes. Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
  8. ^ "Camp Hughes Names National Historic Site".  
  9. ^ Canadian Pacific Railway Station (Winnipeg). Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
  10. ^ Churchill Rocket Research Range. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
  11. ^ Confederation Building. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
  12. ^ Dalnavert. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
  13. ^ Dominion Exhibition Display Building II. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
  14. ^ Early Skyscrapers in Winnipeg. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
  15. ^ Exchange District. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
  16. ^ First Homestead in Western Canada. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
  17. ^ Former Union Bank Building / Annex. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
  18. ^ Fort Dauphin. Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  19. ^ Fort Dufferin. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  20. ^ Fort Garry Hotel. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  21. ^ Fort La Reine. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  22. ^ Forts Rouge, Garry, and Gibraltar. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  23. ^ Grey Nuns' Convent. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
  24. ^ Holy Trinity Anglican Church. Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
  25. ^ Inglis Grain Elevators. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
  26. ^ Linear Mounds. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
  27. ^ Lower Fort Garry. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
  28. ^ Maison Gabrielle-Roy. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
  29. ^ Manitoba Theatre Centre. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
  30. ^ Metropolitan Theatre. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
  31. ^ Miami Railway Station (Canadian Northern). Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  32. ^ Miss Davis' School Residence / Twin Oaks. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  33. ^ Neepawa Court House / Beautiful Plains County Court Building. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  34. ^ Neubergthal Street Village. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 8 June 2012.
  35. ^ Norway House. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 8 June 2012.
  36. ^ Pantages Playhouse Theatre. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 8 June 2012.
  37. ^ Portage La Prairie Public Building. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 8 June 2012.
  38. ^ Prince of Wales Fort. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
  39. ^ Ralph Connor House. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  40. ^ Red River Floodway. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  41. ^ Riding Mountain Park East Gate Registration Complex. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  42. ^ Riel House. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  43. ^ Roslyn Court Apartments. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  44. ^ Sea Horse Gully Remains. Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  45. ^ Souris-Assiniboine Posts. Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  46. ^ St. Andrew's Anglican Church. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  47. ^ St. Andrew's Rectory. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  48. ^ St. Andrews Caméré Curtain Bridge Dam. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 15 June 2012.
  49. ^ St. Boniface City Hall. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 15 June 2012.
  50. ^ St. Boniface Hospital Nurses' Residence. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 15 June 2012.
  51. ^ St. Michael's Ukrainian Greek Orthodox Church. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 15 June 2012.
  52. ^ The Forks. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
  53. ^ Ukrainian Catholic Church of the Immaculate Conception. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
  54. ^ Ukrainian Catholic Church of the Resurrection. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  55. ^ Ukrainian Labour Temple. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  56. ^ Union Station / Winnipeg Railway Station (Canadian National). Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  57. ^ Walker Theatre. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  58. ^ Wasyl Negrych Pioneer Homestead. Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  59. ^ Winnipeg Law Courts. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  60. ^ York Factory. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
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