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List of North American countries by GDP (nominal)


List of North American countries by GDP (nominal)

The United States is the largest economy in North America, comprising over 82% of the continent's gross domestic product.

  United States (82.83%)
  Canada (9.00%)
  Mexico (6.2%)
  Other (1.97%)

Gross domestic product (GDP) is the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year. Countries in North America are sorted by nominal GDP estimates based on 2013 data from the World Economic Outlook by the International Monetary Fund.[1]

The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results can vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency.[2] Such fluctuations may change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference to the standard of living of its population.[3] Therefore these figures should be used with caution.

Some countries/regions may have citizens which are on average wealthy. These countries/regions could appear in this list as having a small GDP. This would be because the country/region listed has a small population, and therefore small total economy; the GDP is calculated as the population times market value of the goods and services produced per person in the country.[4]

Comparisons of national wealth are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem, but has its own drawbacks; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than nominal GDP.[5] On the whole, PPP per capita figures are more narrowly spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.[6]


2013 GDP (nominal)
millions of International dollars
North America 20,281,301
1 1 United States 16,799,700
2 11 Canada 1,825,096
3 14 Mexico 1,258,544
4 68 Cuba 68,234
5 70 Dominican Republic 60,765
6 76 Guatemala 54,383
7 78 Costa Rica 49,621
8 88 Panama 40,329
9 99 Trinidad and Tobago 27,703
10 100 El Salvador 24,512
11 108 Honduras 18,813
12 119 Jamaica 14,288
13 129 Nicaragua 11,272
14 137 Haiti 8,458
15 138 The Bahamas 8,367
16 151 Barbados 4,284
17 165 Belize 1,604
18 169 Saint Lucia 1,317
19 170 Antigua and Barbuda 1,212
20 175 Grenada 814
21 176 Saint Kitts and Nevis 767
22 177 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 720
23 180 Dominica 498

See also


  1. ^ "World Economic Outlook". International Monetary Fund. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  2. ^ Moffatt, Mike. "A Beginner's Guide to Purchasing Power Parity Theory".  
  3. ^  
  4. ^ "What is GDP and why is it so important?".  
  5. ^ Callen, Tim (28 March 2012). "Purchasing Power Parity: Weights Matter".  
  6. ^ Callen, Tim (28 March 2012). "Gross Domestic Product: An Economy’s All".  
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