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List of Presidents of Slovakia

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Title: List of Presidents of Slovakia  
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Subject: Lists of office-holders, Slovakia, History of Slovakia, Politics of Slovakia, Vladimír Mečiar, Ivan Gašparovič, Richard Zedník, List of state leaders in 2000, List of state leaders in 1995, List of state leaders in 1945
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List of Presidents of Slovakia

President of the Slovak Republic
Prezident Slovenskej republiky
Presidential Standard
Residence
Grassalkovich Palace
Bratislava
Appointer Popular vote
Term length Five years
renewable once, consecutively
Inaugural holder Michal Kováč
2 March 1993
Formation Constitution of Slovakia
Salary c. 110,880 [1]
Website President of the Slovak Republic
Template:Politics sidebar title
Template:Politics sidebar below

The President of the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Prezident Slovenskej republiky) is the head of state of Slovakia. The president is directly elected by the people for five years, and can be elected for a maximum of two consecutive terms. The presidency is largely a ceremonial office, but the president does exercise certain limited powers with absolute discretion. The president's official residence is the Grassalkovich Palace in Bratislava.

History of the office

The office was established by the constitution of Slovakia on 1 January 1993 when Slovakia permanently split from Czechoslovakia and became independent. However, the office was vacant until 2 March 1993 when the first president Michal Kováč was elected by the National Council of Slovak Republic. However, in 1998 due to then political situation the National Council was unable to elect new president for another term. The result was that for half a year the position became vacant. The duties and powers of the office were devolved upon the then prime minister and speaker of the National Council. In order to come to a solution the constitution was changed in so that the president would be elected in the national presidential election. Presidential elections have been held in 1999, 2004 and 2009.

The current president is Ivan Gašparovič who took office on 15 June 2004.

Role and Powers

The president has a very limited role in state as the office is largely ceremonial. According to the constitution the president is the supreme representative of the state both in Slovakia and abroad, and also acts as the commander-in-chief of the Slovak army. Among his constitutional powers are nominating and appointing the prime minister, three judges of the constitutional court and three members of the judicial council. The president can also veto any bill (not including constitutional one) from the National Council. His veto can be overridden if the National Council passes the same bill again with majority of all members of the Council.

Among his constitutional duties are signing the bills into the law, appointing the ministers on the recommendation of the prime minister and appointing various other state officials: generals, professors, judges, rectors, procurators and such. The president can grant a parole on the recommendation of the minister of justice.

Presidents of the Slovak Republic

Parties

      HZDS       SOP       HZD

No.
President Took office Left office Party Term
Previous office
1 Michal Kováč
(born 1930)
2 March 1993 2 March 1998 Movement for a Democratic Slovakia
(HZDS)
1 (1993) Chairman of the Federal Assembly of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic (1992)
2 Rudolf Schuster
(born 1934)
15 June 1999 15 June 2004 Party of Civic Understanding
(SOP)
2 (1999) Member of the National Council
(1998–1999)
Mayor of Košice
(1994–1999)
rowspan="2" style="background: Template:Movement for Democracy (Slovakia)/meta/color; color:white" | 3 Ivan Gašparovič
(born 1941)
15 June 2004 Incumbent Movement for Democracy
(HZD)
bgcolor=Template:Movement for Democracy (Slovakia)/meta/color | 3 (2004) Chairman of the National Council (1993–1998)
bgcolor=Template:Movement for Democracy (Slovakia)/meta/color | 4 (2009)

Acting Presidents

Name Term
Vladimír Mečiar 1 January 1993 – 2 March 1993
Vladimír Mečiar
Ivan Gašparovič
2 March 1998 – 30 October 1998
14 July 1998 – 30 October 1998
Mikuláš Dzurinda
Jozef Migaš
30 October 1998 – 15 June 1999

Latest election

e • d Summary of the 21 March and 4 April 2009 Slovak presidential election results
Candidates and nominating parties 1st round 2nd round
Votes % Votes %
Ivan Gašparovič (Smer, SNS, HZD) 876,061 46.71 1,234,787 55.53
Iveta Radičová (SDKÚ–DS, SMK, KDH, OKS) 713,735 38.05 988,808 44.47
František Mikloško (KDS) 101,573 5.42
Zuzana Martináková (SF) 96,035 5.12
Milan Melník (HZDS) 45,985 2.45
Dagmara Bollová 21,378 1.14
Milan Sidor (KSS) 20,862 1.11
Total (turnout 43.63% / 51.67%) 1,875,629 100.00 2,223,595 100.00
Sources: volbysr.sk

References

See also

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