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List of Prime Ministers of Serbia

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List of Prime Ministers of Serbia

Prime Minister of Serbia
Председник Владе Србијe
Predsednik Vlade Srbije
Coat of Arms of Serbia
Ivica Dačić
since 27 July 2012
Appointer Tomislav Nikolić,
as President of Serbia
Term length No term limit
Inaugural holder Mateja Nenadović
Formation 27 August 1805
Website

The Prime Minister of Serbia (Serbian: Председник Владе Србијe, Predsednik Vlade Srbije, literally translated as President of the Government of Serbia), is the head of the Government of Serbia. The role of the Prime Minister is to direct the work of the Government, and to submit to the National Assembly the Government's Program, including a list of proposed ministers. The resignation of the Prime Minister will cause the fall of the Government.

The current Prime Minister, Ivica Dačić, leader of the Socialist Party of Serbia, was appointed by President Tomislav Nikolić on 27 July 2012.

History of the office

The first modern Serbian government was established on 27 August 1805 in Voljavča near Stragari, during the First Serbian Uprising, as the Governing Council (Praviteljstvujušči Sovjet), while the title of the head of government was President of the Governing Council. Initially the Council had no ministers, just members, but in 1811 modern ministries were created. Government ceased to exist with the collapse of the First Serbian Uprising on 3 October 1813, however later continued in exile in Hotin (Russian Empire) from 1813 until 1814.

Government was restored on 21 November 1815 following the Second Serbian Uprising. Head of government was styled Prince's Representative (Knjaževski predstavnik). The style remained official until 1861, even after the establishing of constitutional government in 1835. Prior to that date, the office was of no major importance or influence and depended solely on the will of the Prince Miloš Obrenović.

From 1861 until 1903, the head of government was styled President of the Ministry (Predsednik ministarstva).

From 1903 until the creation of the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes on 1 December 1918, head of government was styled President of the Council of Ministers (Predsednik ministarskog saveta).

Under the communist regime after 1945, Serbia got a sort of separate Tito-appointed government opposed to the German-installed one in September 1941. First, the 'head of government' was styled President of the Executive Council of the Supreme National Liberational Council until 7 March 1945. On that day, a ministry for Serbia was created within the government of Yugoslavia (as for all the other five republics), with Minister for Serbia being in charge of creating first one-party government of post-War Serbia, which took place on 9 April 1945. Governments were headed by President of the Government until 3 February 1953, President of the Executive Council until 15 January 1991 and again President of the Government since then, but the term Prime Minister is colloquially used (especially in the media) since the government of Dragutin Zelenović in 1991. In some later articles about the recent history of Serbia, term is retroactively applied to Stanko Radmilović, Desimir Jevtić and even back to Ivan Stambolić's government.

List of Prime Ministers

Revolution

      Non-party

Order Head of Government Lifespan Took office Left office Party Note
Presidents of the Administering Council
1804 – 1814
1   Mateja Nenadović 1777–1854 27 August 1805 January 1807 None First President of the Administering Council; he was a priest (prota)
2   Mladen Milovanović 1760–1823 January 1807 1810 None First term; after modern ministries were created in 1811 became the first Serbian Minister of Defence
3   Jakov Nenadović 1765–1836 1810 22 January 1811 None Uncle of Mateja Nenadović; after modern ministries were created in 1811 became the first Serbian Minister of Interior
4   Karađorđe Petrović 1762–1817 22 January 1811 3 October 1813 None Head of State (Grand Vožd) from 1804; founder of the House of Karađorđević; after constitutional reforms in 1811, also took office of the President of the Administering Council
5   Mladen Milovanović 1760–1823 1813 1814 None Second term; in exile in
Khotyn, Russian Empire

Principality

      Conservative Party       Liberal Party       Serbian Progressive Party       Non-party

Order Head of Government Lifespan Took office Left office Party Note
Representatives of the Prince
1815 – 1861
6   Petar Nikolajević Moler 1775–1816 21 November 1815 16 May 1816 None
7   Jevrem Obrenović 1790–1856 1821 1826 None
8   Miloje Todorović 1762–1832 1826 1826 None
9   Dimitrije Davidović 1789–1839 1826 1829 None
10   Koca Marković 1795–1836 15 February 1835 26 February 1839 None
11   Avram Petronijević 1791–1852 26 February 1839 7 April 1840 None First term
N/A   Paun Janković 1808–1865 7 April 1840 15 May 1840 None Acting
(7 April – 15 May 1840)
12   Đorđe Protić 1793–1857 15 May 1840 7 September 1842 None
13   Avram Petronijević 1791–1852 7 September 1842 6 October 1843 None Second term
14   Aleksa Simić 1800–1872 6 October 1843 11 October 1844 None First term
15   Avram Petronijević 1791–1852 11 October 1844 22 April 1852 None Third term. Died in Constantinople while on official visit to the Ottoman Empire.
16   Ilija Garašanin 1812–1874 22 April 1852 26 March 1853 None First term
17   Aleksa Simić 1800–1872 26 March 1853 28 December 1855 None Second term
18   Aleksa Janković 1806–1869 28 December 1855 10 June 1856 None
N/A   Stevan Marković 1804–1864 10 June 1856 28 September 1856 None Acting
(10 June – 28 September 1856)
19   Aleksa Simić 1800–1872 28 September 1856 1 July 1857 None Third term
20   Stevan Marković 1804–1864 1 July 1857 12 June 1858 None
21   Stevan Magazinović 1804–1874 12 June 1858 18 April 1859 None
22   Cvetko Rajović 1793–1873 18 April 1859 8 November 1860 None
23   Filip Hristić 1819–1905 8 November 1860 21 October 1861 None
Presidents of the Ministry
1861 – 1882
24   Ilija Garašanin 1812–1874 21 October 1861 15 November 1867 Conservative Party Second term
25   Jovan Ristić 1831–1899 15 November 1867 3 December 1867 Liberal Party First term
26   Nikola Hristić 1818–1911 3 December 1867 3 July 1868 Conservative Party First term
27   Đorđe Cenić 1825–1903 3 July 1868 8 August 1869 Conservative Party
28   Radivoje Milojković 1832–1888 8 August 1869 22 August 1872 Liberal Party Removed from office when Prince Milan IV, aged eighteen, came of age and appointed a new government.
29   Milivoje Petrović Blaznavac 1824–1873 22 August 1872 5 April 1873 Independent Military officer (general).
Died in office of natural causes.
30   Jovan Ristić 1831–1899 5 April 1873 3 November 1873 Liberal Party Second term; acting up to 14 April 1873
31   Jovan Marinović 1821–1893 3 November 1873 7 December 1874 Progressive Party
32   Aćim Čumić 1836–1901 7 December 1874 3 February 1875 Progressive Party
33   Danilo Stefanović 1815–1886 3 February 1875 31 August 1875 Conservative Party
34   Stevča Mihailović 1804–1888 31 August 1875 8 October 1875 Liberal Party First term
35   Ljubomir Kaljević 1841–1907 8 October 1875 6 May 1876 Serbian Progressive Party
36   Stevča Mihailović 1804–1888 6 May 1876 13 October 1878 Liberal Party Second term
37   Jovan Ristić 1831–1899 13 October 1878 2 November 1880 Liberal Party Third term
38   Milan Piroćanac 1837–1897 2 November 1880 6 March 1882 Serbian Progressive Party

Kingdom

      Serbian Progressive Party       Conservative Party       Liberal Party       People's Radical Party       Independent Radical Party       Non-party

Order Head of Government Lifespan Took office Left office Party Note
Presidents of the Ministry
1882 – 1903
38   Milan Piroćanac 1837–1897 6 March 1882 3 October 1883 Serbian Progressive Party
39   Nikola Hristić 1818–1911 3 October 1883 19 February 1884 Conservative Party Second term
40   Milutin Garašanin 1843–1908 19 February 1884 13 June 1887 Serbian Progressive Party
41   Jovan Ristić 1831–1899 13 June 1887 1 January 1888 Liberal Party Fourth term
42   Sava Grujić 1840–1913 1 January 1888 27 April 1888 People's Radical Party First term
43   Nikola Hristić 1818–1911 27 April 1888 19 January 1889 Conservative Party Third term
44   Kosta Protić 1831–1892 19 January 1889 7 March 1889 Independent Military officer (general).
45   Sava Grujić 1840–1913 7 March 1889 23 February 1891 People's Radical Party Second term
46   Nikola Pašić 1845–1926 23 February 1891 22 August 1892 People's Radical Party First term
47   Jovan Avakumović 1841–1928 22 August 1892 13 April 1893 Liberal Party First term. Removed from office when King Aleksandar I, aged seventeen, staged a coup d'état, proclaimed himself of age and dismissed the regents and their government.
48   Lazar Dokić 1845–1893 13 April 1893 5 December 1893 People's Radical Party Died in office of natural causes.
49   Sava Grujić 1840–1913 5 December 1893 24 January 1894 People's Radical Party Third term
50   Đorđe Simić 1843–1921 24 January 1894 3 April 1894 People's Radical Party First term
51   Svetomir Nikolajević 1844–1922 3 April 1894 27 October 1894 People's Radical Party
52   Nikola Hristić 1818–1911 27 October 1894 7 July 1895 Conservative Party Fourth term
53   Stojan Novaković 1842–1915 7 July 1895 27 December 1896 Serbian Progressive Party First term
54   Đorđe Simić 1843–1921 27 December 1896 19 October 1897 People's Radical Party Second term
55   Vladan Đorđević 1844–1930 19 October 1897 25 July 1900 Serbian Progressive Party
56   Aleksa Jovanović 1846–1920 25 July 1900 3 April 1901 Independent
57   Mihailo Vujić 1853–1913 3 April 1901 20 October 1902 People's Radical Party
58   Petar Velimirović 1848–1921 20 October 1902 20 November 1902 People's Radical Party First term
59   Dimitrije Cincar-Marković 1849–1903 20 November 1902 11 June 1903 Independent Military officer (general).
Assassinated during the May Overthrow.
Presidents of the Ministerial Council
1903 – 1918
60   Jovan Avakumović 1841–1928 11 June 1903 4 October 1903 Liberal Party Second term
61   Sava Grujić 1840–1913 4 October 1903 10 December 1904 People's Radical Party Fourth term
62   Nikola Pašić 1845–1926 10 December 1904 28 May 1905 People's Radical Party Second term
63   Ljubomir Stojanović 1860–1930 28 May 1905 7 March 1906 Independent Radical Party
64   Sava Grujić 1840–1913 7 March 1906 29 April 1906 People's Radical Party Fifth term
65   Nikola Pašić 1845–1926 29 April 1906 20 July 1908 People's Radical Party Third term
66   Petar Velimirović 1848–1921 20 July 1908 22 February 1909 People's Radical Party Second term
67   Stojan Novaković 1842–1915 22 February 1909 24 October 1909 Serbian Progressive Party Second term
68   Nikola Pašić 1845–1926 24 October 1909 4 July 1911 People's Radical Party Fourth term
69   Milovan Milovanović 1863–1912 4 July 1911 18 June 1912 People's Radical Party Died in office of natural causes.
70   Marko Trifković 1864–1928 18 June 1912 12 September 1912 People's Radical Party
71   Nikola Pašić 1845–1926 12 September 1912 1 December 1918 People's Radical Party Fifth term.
Became acting Prime Minister of Yugoslavia on 1 December 1918.

Republic

      League of Communists of Yugoslavia       Socialist Party of Serbia       Democratic Party       Democratic Alternative       Social Democratic Union       Democratic Party of Serbia       Independent

Order Head of Government Lifespan Term of office

Electoral
mandates
Party Notes
President of the Executive Council of the Supreme National Liberation Council
1941 – 1945
N/A   Petar Stambolić 1912–2007 September
1941
7 March
1945
Communist Party of Yugoslavia
 —
Minister for Serbia
1945
N/A   Jaša Prodanović 1867–1948 7 March
1945
9 April
1945
Communist Party of Yugoslavia
 —
Prime Ministers
1945 – 1953
1 (72)   Blagoje Nešković 1907–1984 9 April
1945
5 September
1948
Communist Party of Yugoslavia
 —
2 (73)   Petar Stambolić 1912–2007 5 September
1948
5 February
1953
Communist Party of Yugoslavia
(renamed in 1952)
 — League of Communists of Yugoslavia
(renamed in 1952)
Presidents of the Executive Council
1953 – 1991
3 (74)   Petar Stambolić 1912–2007 5 February
1953
16 December
1953
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 —
4 (75)   Jovan Veselinov 1906–1982 16 December
1953
6 April
1957
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 —
5 (76)   Miloš Minić 1914–2003 6 April
1957
9 June
1962
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 —
6 (77)   Slobodan Penezić Krcun 1918–1964 9 June
1962
6 November
1964
League of Communists of Yugoslavia Killed in a suspicious traffic accident.
 —
N/A   Stevan Doronjski 1919–1981 6 November
1964
17 November
1964
League of Communists of Yugoslavia Acting
(after Penezić's death)
 —
7 (78)   Dragi Stamenković 1920–2004 17 November
1964
6 June
1967
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 —
8 (79)   Đurica Jojkić 1914–1981 6 June
1967
7 May
1969
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 —
9 (80)   Milenko Bojanić 1924–1987 7 May
1969
6 May
1974
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 —
10 (81)   Dušan Čkrebić 1927– 6 May
1974
6 May
1978
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 —
11 (82)   Ivan Stambolić 1936–2000 6 May
1978
5 May
1982
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 —
12 (83)   Branislav Ikonić 1928–2002 5 May
1982
6 May
1986
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 —
13 (84)   Desimir Jeftić 1938– 6 May
1986
5 December
1989
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
 —
14 (85)   Stanko Radmilović 1936– 5 December
1989
15 January
1991
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
(until January 1990)
The pan-Yugoslav League of Communists of Yugoslavia was dissolved in January 1990 into six political parties (one for each republic), in Serbia that was the Socialist Party of Serbia.
 — Socialist Party of Serbia
(from January 1990)
Prime Ministers
1991 onwards
1 (86)   Dragutin Zelenović 1928– 15 January
1991
23 December
1991
Socialist Party of Serbia
1990
2 (87)   Radoman Božović 1953– 23 December
1991
10 February
1993
Socialist Party of Serbia On 28 April 1992 Yugoslavia dissolved entirely, Serbia and Montenegro entered into a new union, the FR Yugoslavia (in 2003 renamed into Serbia and Montenegro).
1992
3 (88)   Nikola Šainović 1948– 10 February
1993
18 March
1994
Socialist Party of Serbia
 —
4 (89)   Mirko Marjanović 1937–2006 18 March
1994
24 October
2000
Socialist Party of Serbia Forced to resign after the Bulldozer Revolution.
1993, 1997
5 (90)   Milomir Minić 1950– 24 October
2000
25 January
2001
Socialist Party of Serbia Interim
(after Marjanović's resignation)
 —
6 (91)   Zoran Đinđić 1952–2003 25 January
2001
12 March
2003
Democratic Party
(Democratic Opposition of Serbia)
Part of the Democratic Opposition of Serbia coalition. Assassinated by members of the Special Operations Unit (JSO) and the Serbian mafia.
2000
N/A   Nebojša Čović 1958– 12 March
2003
17 March
2003
Democratic Alternative
(Democratic Opposition of Serbia)
Acting. Part of the Democratic Opposition of Serbia coalition.
 —
N/A   Žarko Korać 1947– 17 March
2003
18 March
2003
Social Democratic Union
(Democratic Opposition of Serbia)
Acting. Part of the Democratic Opposition of Serbia coalition.
 —
7 (92)   Zoran Živković 1960– 18 March
2003
3 March
2004
Democratic Party
(Democratic Opposition of Serbia)
On 18 November 2003 the Democratic Opposition of Serbia coalition was disbanded, leading to new elections.
 —
8 (93)   Vojislav Koštunica 1944– 3 March
2004
7 July
2008
Democratic Party of Serbia On 5 June 2006 Serbia and Montenegro had dissolved, with Koštunica becoming the first Prime Minister of independent Serbia.
2003, 2007
9 (94)   Mirko Cvetković 1950– 7 July
2008
27 July
2012
Independent
(For a European Serbia)
Endorsed by the For a European Serbia coalition led by the Democratic Party.
2008
10 (95)   Ivica Dačić 1966– 27 July
2012
Incumbent Socialist Party of Serbia Endorsed by SNS, SPS, PUPS, JS, URS (until 2013), SDPS, SDA, NS and RS
2012

Living former Prime Ministers

Name Term Date of birth
Dušan Čkrebić 1974–1978 7 August 1927
Desimir Jeftić 1986–1989 16 December 1938
Stanko Radmilović 1989–1991 21 July 1936
Dragutin Zelenović
1991
19 May 1928
Radoman Božović 1991–1993 13 January 1953
Nikola Šainović 1993–1994 7 December 1948
Zoran Živković 2003–2004 22 December 1960
Vojislav Koštunica 2004–2008 24 March 1944
Mirko Cvetković 2008–2012 16 August 1950

See also

References

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