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List of Prime Ministers of Syria

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Title: List of Prime Ministers of Syria  
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Subject: Sabri al-Asali, Saadallah al-Jabiri, Said al-Ghazzi, Government ministries of Syria, Adel Safar
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List of Prime Ministers of Syria

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Syria

This is a list of Prime Ministers of Syria since 1920.

Keys

Meaning
Acting president.
National Bloc
Syrian Social Nationalist Party
Military
Arab Liberation Movement
National Union
People's Party
Syrian Regional Branch (Ba'ath Party)
Syrian Regional Branch (Syrian Ba'ath Party)

Prime Ministers

Kingdom of Syria (1920)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Political party Note(s)
1 Rida Pasha al-Rikabi
(1864–1943)
March 1920 May 1920 Independent
Hashim al-Atassi
(1875–1960)
May 1920 28 July 1920 Independent
2
Alaa al-Din al-Durubi
(died 1920)
28 July 1920 21 August 1920 Independent
3 Jamil al-Ulshi
(1883–1951)
6 September 1920 30 November 1920 Independent

State of Syria, part of the French Mandate (1924–1930)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Political party Note(s)
4 Subhi Barakat
(1883–1939)
26 January 1925 21 December 1925 Independent
Taj al-Din al-Hasani
(1885–1943)
29 December 1925 6 January 1926 Independent
5
Ahmad Nami
(1878–1962)
27 April 1926 9 February 1928 Independent
6 Taj al-Din al-Hasani
(1885–1943)
15 April 1928 14 May 1930 Independent

Syrian Republic, part of the French Mandate (1930–1946)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Political party Note(s)
6 Taj al-Din al-Hasani
(1885–1943)
14 May 1930 19 November 1931 Independent
7 Haqqi al-Azm
(1864–1955)
7 June 1932 16 March 1934 Independent
8 Taj al-Din al-Hasani
(1885–1943)
16 March 1934 22 February 1936 Independent
9 Ata al-Ayyubi
(1877–1951)
22 February 1936 21 December 1936 Independent
10 Jamil Mardam Bey
(1894–1960)
21 December 1936 18 February 1939 National Bloc
11
Lutfi al-Haffar
(1885–1968)
23 February 1939 13 March 1939 National Bloc
12
Nasuhi al-Bukhari
(1881–1961)
6 April 1939 9 July 1939 Independent
13 Khalid al-Azm
(1903–1965)
4 April 1941 21 September 1941 Independent
14
Hassan al-Hakim
(1886–1988)
21 September 1941 19 April 1942 Independent
15
Husni al-Barazi
(1895–1975)
19 April 1942 10 January 1943 Independent
16 Jamil al-Ulshi
(1883–1951)
10 January 1943 25 March 1943 Independent
17 Ata al-Ayyubi
(1877–1951)
25 March 1943 17 August 1943 Independent
18 Saadallah al-Jabiri
(1891–1948)
19 August 1943 14 October 1944 National Bloc
19 Faris al-Khoury
(1877–1962)
14 October 1944 1 October 1945 National Bloc
20 Saadallah al-Jabiri
(1891–1948)
1 October 1945 17 April 1946 National Bloc

Syrian Republic (1946–1958)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Political party Note(s)
20 Saadallah al-Jabiri
(1891–1948)
17 April 1946 16 December 1946 National Bloc
Khalid al-Azm
(1903–1965)
16 December 1946 29 December 1946 Independent
21 Jamil Mardam Bey
(1894–1960)
17 December 1946 29 December 1948 National Bloc
22 Khalid al-Azm
(1903–1965)
17 December 1948 30 March 1949 Independent
23 Husni al-Za'im
(1897–1949)
17 April 1949 26 June 1949 Syrian Social Nationalist Party
24 Muhsin al-Barazi
(1904–1949)
26 June 1949 14 August 1949 Independent
25 Hashim al-Atassi
(1875–1960)
17 August 1949 24 December 1949 National Party
26 Nazim al-Kudsi
(1906–1998)
24 December 1949 27 December 1949 People's Party
27 Khalid al-Azm
(1903–1965)
27 December 1949 4 June 1950 Independent
28 Nazim al-Kudsi
(1906–1998)
4 June 1950 27 March 1951 People's Party
29 Khalid al-Azm
(1903–1965)
27 March 1951 9 August 1951 Independent
30
Hassan al-Hakim
(1886–1988)
9 August 1951 13 November 1951 Independent
Zaki al-Khatib
(1887–1961)
13 November 1951 28 November 1951 People's Party
31
Maarouf al-Dawalibi
(1909–2004)
28 November 1951 29 November 1951 People's Party
32 Fawzi Selu
(1905–1972)
3 December 1951 19 July 1953 Military Selu had no power, real power laid in the hands of Adib Shishakli.[1]
33 Adib Shishakli
(1909–1964)
19 July 1953 25 February 1954 Arab Liberation Movement Shishakli resigned from office because of threats of a coup in 1954.[2] He fled the country, claiming that he did not want the country to fall into a civil war.[2]
34 Sabri al-Asali
(1903–1976)
1 March 1954 19 June 1954 National Party
35 Said al-Ghazzi
(1893–1967)
19 June 1954 3 November 1954 Independent
36 Faris al-Khoury
(1877–1962)
3 November 1954 13 February 1955 People's Party
37 Sabri al-Asali
(1903–1976)
13 February 1955 13 September 1955 National Party
38 Said al-Ghazzi
(1893–1967)
13 September 1955 14 June 1956 Independent
39 Sabri al-Asali
(1903–1976)
14 June 1956 22 February 1958 National Party

United Arab Republic (1958–1961)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Political party Note(s)
40 Nur al-Din Kahala
(born 1910)
7 October 1958 20 September 1960 National Union
41 Abdel Hamid al-Sarraj
(1925–2013)
20 September 1960 16 August 1961 National Union

Syrian Arab Republic (1961–present)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Political party Note(s)
42 Maamun al-Kuzbari
(1914–1998)
29 September 1961 20 November 1961 Independent
43
Izzat al-Nuss
(1900–1972)
20 November 1961 14 December 1961 Military
44
Maarouf al-Dawalibi
(1909–2004)
22 December 1961 28 March 1962 People's Party
45 Bashir al-Azma
(1910–1992)
16 April 1962 14 September 1962 Independent
46 Khalid al-Azm
(1903–1965)
17 September 1962 9 March 1963 Independent The [3]
47 Salah al-Din al-Bitar
(1912–1980)
9 March 1963 11 November 1963 Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
48 Amin al-Hafiz
(1921–2009)
12 November 1963 13 May 1964 Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
49 Salah al-Din al-Bitar
(1912–1980)
14 May 1964 3 October 1964 Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
50 Amin al-Hafiz
(1921–2009)
4 October 1964 22 September 1965 Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
51 Yusuf Zu'ayyin
(born 1931)
22 September 1965 21 December 1965 Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
52 Salah al-Din al-Bitar
(1912–1980)
1 January 1966 23 February 1966 Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Salah al-Din al-Bitar was overthrown by the Military Committee because of his support for Michel Aflaq and the National Command of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party.[4]
53 Yusuf Zu'ayyin
(born 1931)
1 March 1966 29 October 1968 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
54 Nureddin al-Atassi
(1929–1992)
29 October 1968 18 November 1970 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Nureddin al-Atassi was overthrown when a falling out occurred between Salah Jadid, the real ruler of Syria from 1966 to 1970, and Hafez al-Assad, the Minister of Defense.[5] Assad initiated a coup in 1970.[6]
55 Hafez al-Assad
(1930–2000)
21 November 1970 3 April 1971 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
56
Abdul Rahman Khleifawi
(1930–2009)
3 April 1971 21 December 1972 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
57
Mahmoud al-Ayyubi
(born 1932)
21 December 1972 7 August 1976 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
58
Abdul Rahman Khleifawi
(1930–2009)
7 August 1976 27 March 1978 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
59
Muhammad Ali al-Halabi
(born 1937)
27 March 1978 9 January 1980 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
60
Abdul Rauf al-Kasm
(born 1932)
9 January 1980 1 November 1987 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
61
Mahmoud Zuabi
(1935–2000)
1 November 1987 13 March 2000 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
62
Muhammad Mustafa Mero
(born 1941)
13 March 2000 10 September 2003 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
63 Muhammad Naji al-Otari
(born 1944)
10 September 2003 14 April 2011 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
64
Adel Safar
(born 1953)
14 April 2011 23 June 2012 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
65
Riyad Farid Hijab
(born 1966)
23 June 2012 6 August 2012 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Omar Ibrahim Ghalawanji
(born 1954)
6 August 2012 11 August 2012 Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
66
Wael Nader al-Halqi
(born 1964)
11 August 2012 Incumbent Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)

See also

References

General
  1. ^ Moubayed 2006, p. 85.
  2. ^ a b Moubayed 2006, p. 339.
  3. ^ Moubayed 2006, p. 133.
  4. ^ Seale 1990, pp. 99–101.
  5. ^ Seale 1990, pp. 142–144.
  6. ^ Seale 1990, pp. 162–163.
Bibliography
  • Moubayed, Sami M. (2006). Steel & Silk: Men and Women who shaped Syria 1900–2000. Cune Press.  
  •  
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