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List of Prince Edward Island general elections

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List of Prince Edward Island general elections

This article provides a summary of results for the general elections to the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island's unicameral legislative body, the Prince Edward Island House of Assembly. The number of seats has varied over time, from a high of thirty-two between the 1960s and 1990s, to the current low of twenty-seven.


The chart on the right shows the information graphically, with the most recent elections on the right. It shows that Prince Edward Island has effectively a two-party system - the Liberal party (red) and Conservative party (blue). After the first two elections (when not all MLAs declared a party allegiance), only one MLA has been elected who has not been a member of these two parties. The Liberal party have won eighteen out of twenty-nine of the elections in the 20th century.

Prior to 1996, PEI used 16 dual-member ridings; the 32 members have sat together since the 1893 abolition of the Legislative Council. The boundaries for these ridings were drawn in 1893; a single change was made in 1966 (when the riding of Charlottetown, also known as 5th Queens, was split into two parts). In 1996, a court determined that the number of electors varied too much between ridings, and was therefore unconstitutional. This resulted in a new set of (single-member) ridings being created.

This article only covers elections since Prince Edward Island became part of the Canadian Confederation in 1873. Prior to that, Prince Edward Island was a British colony. The Prince Edward Island House of Assembly dates back to 1769.

Summary

The table below shows the total number of seats won by the major political parties at each election (if greater than zero). It also shows the percentage of the vote obtained by the major political parties at each election, if greater than 0.1%. The winning party's totals are shown in bold. To date, no party has formed a government that did not have the largest share of the vote. Full details on any election are linked via the year of the election at the start of the row.

Year Conservative[A] Liberal NDP[B] Other Total seats
Vote (%) Seats Vote (%) Seats Vote (%) Seats Vote (%) Seats Seat-winning party
2011 40.2 5 51.4 22 3.2   5.3     27
2007 41.4 4 52.9 23 2.0   3.8     27
2003 54.0 23 42.9 4 3.1 27
2000 57.9 26 33.7 1 8.4 27
1996 47.4 18 44.8 8 7.8 1 27
1993 39.5 1 55.1 31 5.4 32
1989 35.8 2 60.7 30 3.5 32
1986 45.6 11 50.4 21 4.0 32
1982 53.6 21 45.7 11 0.7 32
1979 53.2 21 45.3 11 1.3 0.2 32
1978 48.2 15 50.7 17 1.1 32
1974 40.2 6 53.9 26 5.9 32
1970 41.7 5 58.3 27 32
1966 49.5 15 50.5 17 32
1962 50.6 19 49.4 11 30
1959 50.9 22 49.1 8 30
1955 45.0 3 55.0 27 30
1951 46.7 6 51.6 24 1.7 30
1947 45.8 6 49.8 24 4.3 0.1 30
1943 46.1 10 51.3 20 2.1 0.5 30
1939 47.0 4 53.0 26 30
1935 42.0 58.0 30 30
1931 51.7 18 48.3 12 30
1927 46.9 6 53.1 24 30
1923 51.5 25 43.8 5 4.7[C] 30
1919 46.1 6 53.9 24 30
1915 50.1 17 49.9 13 30
1912 60.3 28 39.7 2 30
1908 48.4 13 51.6 17 30
1904 45.9 8 54.1 22 30
1900 46.5 9 53.5 21 30
1897 [D] 11 [D] 19 [D] [D] 30
1893 7 23 30
1890 15[E] 15[E] 30
1886 18 12 30
1883 21 9 30
1879 24 6 30
1876 15 7 8 Non-partisan 30
1873 15 10 5 Non-partisan 30

Notes

A Includes results for Progressive Conservatives.
B Includes results for the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation from 1943 to 1951.
C Includes 3.4% for the Progressive Party / United Farmers.
D Vote share not known for the elections in the 19th century.
E Tie between Conservatives and Liberals, resulting in the incumbent Conservatives remaining in power until losing a motion of confidence in 1891 after a series of by-election losses and the Liberals taking power for the remainder of the term.

Historical voter turnouts

Year Turnout (%)
1966 85.65
1970 87.32
1974 82.1
1978 86.3
1979 83.8
1982 78.2
1986 87.6
1989 80.8
1993 80.7
1996 85.48
2000 84.86
2003 83.27
2007 83.84

References

  • (Number of MLAs per party for all elections)
  • (Full results back to 1966)

See also

Template:Canelections

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