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List of Sites of Special Scientific Interest on the Isle of Wight

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List of Sites of Special Scientific Interest on the Isle of Wight

The Needles, part of Headon Warren And West High Down SSSI

This is a list of the Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) on the Isle of Wight, England. The Isle of Wight is an island and county three miles off the south coast of England in the English Channel. Its geology is complex, with a chalk downland ridge running east to west through its centre and important fossil beds from the Lower Cretaceous to the Lower Tertiary around the coast.[1] This geology gives rise to many distinct habitats, with strong maritime influences, including chalk grassland, neutral meadows, and broad-leaved woodland.[1] The Isle of Wight has a population of 140,000, making it one of the country's smaller counties in terms of population.[2]

In England, the body responsible for designating SSSIs is Natural England, which chooses a site because of its fauna, flora, geological or physiographical features.[3] Natural England took over the role of designating and managing SSSIs from English Nature in October 2006, when it was formed from the amalgamation of English Nature, parts of the Countryside Agency, and the Rural Development Service. As of 2008, there are 41 sites designated in this Area of Search; of these, 26 have been designated for their biological interest, 4 for their geological interest, and 11 for both.[4]

The data in the table is taken from citation sheets for each SSSI, available at their website.[5]

Sites

Site name Reason for designation Area[A] Grid reference[B] Year in which notified Map[C]
Biological interest Geological interest Hectares Acres
Alverstone Marshes Y 83.8 207.0 1951  Map 
America Wood Y 21.4 52.9 1986  Map 
Arreton Down [D] Y 29.8 73.6 1979  Map 
Bembridge Down Y Y 56.3 139.0 1951  Map 
Bembridge School And Cliffs Y 12.6 31.1 1999  Map 
Bonchurch Landslips Y Y 28.2 69.7 1977  Map 
Bouldnor And Hamstead Cliffs Y Y 95.7 236.4 1951  Map 
Brading Marshes to St. Helen's Ledges Y Y 488.5 1,207.0 1951[E]  Map 
Briddlesford Copses Y 167.2 413.2 2003  Map 
Calbourne Down Y 15.4 38.1 1989  Map 
Colwell Bay Y 13.6 34.2 1959  Map 
Compton Chine to Steephill Cove Y Y 629.2 1,554.8 2003  Map 
Compton Down Y Y 196.3 484.9 1951  Map 
Cranmore Y 12.4 30.7 2002  Map 
Cridmore Bog Y 14.4 35.6 1985  Map 
Eaglehead and Bloodstone Copses Y 10.3 25.5 1987  Map 
Freshwater Marshes Y 23.3 57.6 1951  Map 
Garston's Down Y 20.3 50.2 1971  Map 
Greatwood And Cliff Copses Y 16.3 40.3 1986  Map 
Headon Warren And West High Down Y Y 276.3 682.6 1951  Map 
King's Quay Shore Y Y 97.2 240.1 1951  Map 
Lacey's Farm Quarry Y 0.1 0.3 1993  Map 
Lake Allotments Y 0.2 0.5 1988  Map 
Locks Farm Meadow Y 2.3 5.7 1988  Map 
Medina Estuary Y 100.5 248.3 1977  Map 
Mottistone Down Y 31.4 77.6 1971  Map 
Newtown Harbour[F] Y 619.3 1,530.3 1951  Map 
Northpark Copse Y 9.9 24.5 1986  Map 
Parkhurst Forest Y 183.5 453.3 1986  Map 
Priory Woods Y 2.9 7.3 1998  Map 
Prospect Quarry Y Y 4.3 10.6 1971  Map 
Rew Down Y 23.5 58.1 1977  Map 
Rowridge Valley Y 39.8 98.3 1951  Map 
Ryde Sands and Wootton Creek Y 424.4 1,048.7 1993  Map 
Shide Quarry Y 4.8 11.8 1971  Map 
St Lawrence Bank Y 0.5 1.2 1998  Map 
The Wilderness Y 12.6 31.1 1951  Map 
Thorness Bay[G] Y Y 86.2 213.0 1966  Map 
Ventnor Downs Y 162.6 401.8 1951  Map 
Whitecliff Bay And Bembridge Ledges Y Y 131.6 325.2 1955  Map 
Yar Estuary Y 132.4 327.2 1977  Map 

Notes

A Data rounded to one decimal place.
B Grid reference is based on the British national grid reference system, also known as OSGB36, and is the system used by the Ordnance Survey.[6]
C Link to maps using the Nature on the Map service provided by English Nature.
D Arreton Down was originally notified as a geological SSSI, but was then renotified in 1987 for its biological interest only.[5]
E This site includes three former SSSIs known as St Helen’s Duver, Brading Marshes and St. Helen’s Ledges. They were notified in 1951, 1971 and 1977 respectively.[5]
F This also includes the former SSSI, Hart’s Farm Meadows which was designated in 1986.[5]
G This site was formerly known as Gurnard Ledge to Saltmead Ledge SSSI and was extended in 1987.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b "Isle of Wight Natural Area". Natural England. Retrieved 16 January 2008. 
  2. ^ "Population Statistics". National Statistics. Archived from the original on 2 March 2009. Retrieved 16 January 2008. 
  3. ^ "Notification of SSSIs". Natural England. Retrieved 1 August 2006. 
  4. ^ "SSSIs on the Isle of Wight". Natural England. Retrieved 24 January 2008. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Natural England citation sheets for each SSSI (PDF files). Retrieved on 2006-07-07.
    • "Alverstone Marshes" (PDF). 
    • "America Wood" (PDF). 
    • "Arreton Down" (PDF). 
    • "Bembridge Down" (PDF). 
    • "Bembridge School And Cliffs" (PDF). 
    • "Bonchurch Landslips" (PDF). 
    • "Bouldnor And Hamstead Cliffs" (PDF). 
    • "Brading Marshes To St. Helen's Ledges" (PDF). 
    • "Briddlesford Copses" (PDF). 
    • "Calbourne Down" (PDF). 
    • "Colwell Bay" (PDF). 
    • "Compton Chine to Steephill Cove" (PDF). 
    • "Compton Down" (PDF). 
    • "Cranmore" (PDF). 
    • "Cridmore Bog" (PDF). 
    • "Eaglehead And Bloodstone Copses" (PDF). 
    • "Freshwater Marshes" (PDF). 
    • "Garston's Down" (PDF). 
    • "Greatwood And Cliff Copses" (PDF). 
    • "Headon Warren And West High Down" (PDF). 
    • "King's Quay Shore" (PDF). 
    • "Lacey's Farm Quarry" (PDF). 
    • "Lake Allotments" (PDF). 
    • "Locks Farm Meadow" (PDF). 
    • "Medina Estuary" (PDF). 
    • "Mottistone Down" (PDF). 
    • "Newtown Harbour" (PDF). 
    • "Northpark Copse" (PDF). 
    • "Parkhurst Forest" (PDF). 
    • "Priory Woods" (PDF). 
    • "Prospect Quarry" (PDF). 
    • "Rew Down" (PDF). 
    • "Rowridge Valley" (PDF). 
    • "Ryde Sands and Wootton Creek" (PDF). 
    • "Shide Quarry" (PDF). 
    • "St Lawrence Bank" (PDF). 
    • "The Wilderness" (PDF). 
    • "Thorness Bay" (PDF). 
    • "Ventnor Downs" (PDF). 
    • "Whitecliff Bay And Bembridge Ledges" (PDF). 
    • "Yar Estuary" (PDF). 
  6. ^ "Guide to National Grid". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 7 August 2006. 
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