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List of amphibians and reptiles of Gibraltar


List of amphibians and reptiles of Gibraltar

This is a list of the amphibian and reptile species recorded in Gibraltar. There are 5 amphibian and 25 reptile species in Gibraltar, of which 1 is critically endangered, 2 are endangered, 1 is vulnerable, and 3 are near-threatened.[1]

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:
EX Extinct No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died.
EW Extinct in the wild Known only to survive in captivity or as a naturalized populations well outside its previous range.
CR Critically Endangered The species is in imminent risk of extinction in the wild.
EN Endangered The species is facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
VU Vulnerable The species is facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.
NT Near Threatened The species does not meet any of the criteria that would categorise it as risking extinction but it is likely to do so in the future.
LC Least Concern There are no current identifiable risks to the species.
DD Data Deficient There is inadequate information to make an assessment of the risks to this species.
Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories:
LR/cd Lower Risk/conservation dependent Species which were the focus of conservation programmes and may have moved into a higher risk category if that programme was discontinued.
LR/nt Lower Risk/near threatened Species which are close to being classified as Vulnerable but are not the subject of conservation programmes.
LR/lc Lower Risk/least concern Species for which there are no identifiable risks.


  • Class: Amphibia 1
    • Order: Caudata (salamanders) 1.1
    • Order: Anura (frogs and toads) 1.2
  • Class: Reptilia 2
    • Order: Testudines (turtles, tortoises and terrapins) 2.1
    • Order: Squamata (scaled reptiles) 2.2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Class: Amphibia

Order: Caudata (salamanders)

An Iberian Ribbed Newt.

Order: Anura (frogs and toads)

A pair of Common Toads.
A Mediterranean Tree Frog.
Perez's Frog in a pond.

Class: Reptilia

Order: Testudines (turtles, tortoises and terrapins)

A Green Turtle.
A Leatherback Turtle.
A Red-eared Slider.
A Spur-thighed Tortoise.

Order: Squamata (scaled reptiles)

A Common Chameleon.
A Moorish Gecko.
An Ocellated Lizard.
An Iberian Wall Lizard.
A Montpellier Snake.
A Grass Snake.
A Lataste's Viper.

See also


  1. ^ "Reptiles and Amphibians in Gibraltar and its waters". Gibraltar Ornithological and Natural History Society. Retrieved 21 November 2007. 
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