World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of car-free places

Article Id: WHEBN0000948716
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of car-free places  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pedestrian zone, Transport lists, Discovery Bay Tunnel, World Carfree Network, Gulangyu Island
Collection: Car-Free Zones, Transport Lists
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

List of car-free places

The main square of Siena, Italy

The areas in this List of car-free places make up a sizeable fraction of a city, town, or island; Public transport connections do not in themselves constitute a car free area.

Color-coding is used as follows:

Place name Most or all of the area is essentially car free
Place name Large area that is nearly car free
Place name A limited number of vehicles intrude


  • Europe 1
    • Austria 1.1
    • Belgium 1.2
    • Bulgaria 1.3
    • Croatia 1.4
    • Denmark 1.5
    • Finland 1.6
    • France 1.7
    • Germany 1.8
      • German islands and resorts 1.8.1
    • Greece 1.9
    • Hungary 1.10
    • Italy 1.11
    • The Netherlands 1.12
    • Poland 1.13
    • Portugal 1.14
    • Russia 1.15
    • Serbia 1.16
    • Spain 1.17
    • Sweden 1.18
    • Switzerland 1.19
    • UK and Channel Islands 1.20
    • Ukraine 1.21
    • Baltic and Balkans 1.22
  • North America 2
    • Canada 2.1
    • Mexico 2.2
    • United States 2.3
      • Puerto Rico 2.3.1
  • Caribbean 3
  • Central America 4
  • South America 5
  • Africa 6
  • Asia 7
  • Oceania 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10



Location Area Population Character
Vienna Autofreie Mustersiedlung Floridsdorf housing project 250 units New car free residential project, organized by Green party
Vienna Innere Stadt is a sizable car free zone around St. Stephens Cathedral 16 944 people The historic center of Vienna including the main shopping streets, Graben and Kärntner Straße. Stephansplatz, Freyung, Minoritenplatz and Judenplatz are among the most important medieval squares of the area.
Graz Several streets in the old town Significant pedestrian zones and car free shopping areas
Feldkirch Historic center Oldest part of Feldkirch bordering the Ill river includes hotels, shopping, St. Nikolas Cathedral, City Hall, the Katzenturm, and the historic castle Schattenburg
Salzburg A number of streets in the medieval center are car free Lovely old town with significant car free shopping areas


Location Area Population Character
Antwerp Some of historic centre Shopping district in historic centre is car free; see Meir (Antwerp)
Brussels Most of historic centre Second largest car free area in Europe; most streets surrounding Grand Place and Brussels Stock Exchange area are car free, as well as major shopping street Rue Neuve
Louvain-la-Neuve Most or all of the city University town; surface is car free; streets and parking are below pedestrian streets
Ghent Entire city heart Second largest car free area in Belgium; Public transport, taxis and permit holders may enter but not exceed 5 km/h
Hasselt City Stadspark Car free; although threatened by recent City Council decisions
Kortrijk Shopping area First car free shopping street in Belgium; nowadays extended with parts of the centre


Location Area Population Character
Blagoevgrad Downtown This small university town of 60,000 contains a quite substantial pedestrian area, with one long walking street and several smaller ones, in addition to two large and one extremely large car free squares.
Pazardzhik Downtown A medium-sized Bulgarian city (roughly 80,000 inhabitants) contains a proportionately large pedestrian network, where in one instance five different pedestrian streets intersect.


Location Area Population Character
Dubrovnik Old City 100% of the Old City is entirely free of motorized vehicles.
Split Old City Diocletian's Palace and adjoining areas to the west are free of cars.
Zlarin Entire island (8.19 km2) 276 Only service vehicles and tractors are allowed.[1] Several electrically powered golf carts are also used.[1]
Prvić Entire island (2.37 km2) 453 Only service vehicles and tractors are allowed. Approximately two electrically powered golf carts are also used.
Koločep Entire island (2.3 km2) 120-200 Approximately two electrically powered golf carts are used apart from a few mopeds.
Silba Entire island (15 km2) 292 Only service vehicles and tractors are allowed. Mailman also uses a moped.[2]


Location Area Population Character
Strøget, Copenhagen Large downtown car free shopping area Central Copenhagen is one of the largest and oldest examples of auto-free zones, heavily used, much tourist traffic. Street lights are hung from cables attached to building walls which leaves the walks unimpeded by obstructing posts. The city's bicycle paths are extensive and well-used.
Christiania community, Copenhagen former Bådsmandsstræde barracks and part of city ramparts 850 Several streets with recycled and ad-hoc buildings.
Ertholmene, Bornholm Entire island is car free 96 Easy for walking. Passenger car-free-ferry arrive to there, from Bornholm.


Location Area Population Character
Suomenlinna 0.8 km² island 850 car free fortress in Helsinki, service traffic allowed.
Turku Several streets in the heart of the city Shopping street Yliopistonkatu and large parts of the streets siding the Aura River are only for pedestrians and bicycles, service traffic allowed during low-traffic hours. Riversides connected with several pedestrian-only bridges and the free-of-charge pedestrian-only ferry Föri.


Location Area Population Character
Avoriaz Car free ski resort
Mont Saint-Michel 4 km² island about 60 Car free fortress/abbey
Île-d'Aix Entire island (1.19 km²) is car-free. 219 Easy for walking/biking[3]
Île de Porquerolles, near Toulon Entire island is car-lite and many areas car free. 5000 (summers) Resort. Non-residents are not allowed to have cars.
Île de Sein, Bretagne Entire island (0.58 km²) is car free 214 (summer:1.500) Easy for walking[4]
Île de Bréhat, Bretagne Entire island (3.09 km²) is car free 444 (summer:10000) Easy for walking/biking[5]
Île de Hoedic, Bretagne Entire island (2.08 km²) is car free 111 Easy for walking/biking[6]
Île de Houat, Bretagne Entire island (2.91 km²) is car free 311 Easy for walking/biking[7]
Île de Batz, Bretagne Entire island (3.05 km²) is car free 594 Easy for walking/biking
Île-Molène, Bretagne Entire island (0.75 km²) is car free 211 Easy for walking[8]
Archipel du Frioul, near Marseille All four islands (400 ha) are car free 86 Easy for walking[9]
Île d'Yeu, Vendée Large car free center 5000 (summer:40000) Easy for walking/biking
Lille Area near the Grand Place Shopping district
Lyon Rue de la République, Rue Victor Hugo, and side streets Metro area is about 1.7 million; car free area unknown 17th-18th-century mixed-use 6-story area
Lyon Part of Vieux Lyon Medieval quarter
Port Grimaud Large car free center Resort
Pompidou Center, Paris Modern large-scale development
Les Halles, Paris Redeveloped market area
Quartier Montorgueil, Paris
Dijon Small car free center Old buildings on narrow streets
Strasbourg Part of the old town Medieval core
Colmar Town Center Large historic pedestrian area in center of town
Chambéry Significant car free area Medieval quarter
Montpellier Many car free streets 11,000 in the medieval quarter Center of medieval university town
La Rochelle car free area and anti-car policies 80,000 (entire city)
Tours Several blocks of the medieval old town are restricted to pedestrians only Old medieval center
Bordeaux 4 km of streets Unknown; morning truck deliveries permitted; limited car access for residents
Sarlat Old part of city Reportedly car free and pedestrian friendly except for central main street
Lauzerte Place des Cornieres Car free; Bike & pedestrian only
Yvoire Old part of city Medieval quarter


Location Area Population Character
Freiburg im Breisgau Large car free center (610 x 720 m) City 200,000; car free areas perhaps 10,000 Medieval university town; a very small amount of car traffic is permitted on some streets; trams provide access. Progressively pedestrianised since 1971.[10] Widely seen as a pioneer of "car-free"/people oriented development.
Freiburg im Breisgau Vauban district 5,000 New district converted from a military base; car parking distributed, trams provide access
Freiburg im Breisgau Rieselfeld district 10,000 Car parking distributed, trams provide access
Erlangen Former US-Army area/Hartmannstrasse some 2.000 Car parking concentrated in some multi storey car parks
Erlangen Bonhoefferweg-Siedlung some 200 Car parking outside the residential area
Nürnberg 9 km of car free streets
Munich 7 km of car free streets
Stuttgart 6.9 km of car free streets
Lindau Historic center
Rothenburg ob der Tauber 13,000
Wittenberg (Gartenstadt Piesteritz) 1,200 Development c. 1915; newly carfree (1994—1999)
Nürnberg - Langwasser 3,180 New development (1978–1987)
Hamburg (Stadthaus Schlump) Small 45 dwelling units car free mixed-use conversion of an old hospital
Hamburg (Saarlandstraße) 210 dwellings New development (2000)
Bremen (Grünenstraße) 800 m² 23 dwellings New development
Tübingen (French Quarter) Some parts of redevelopment car free
Tübingen (converted military base) 6000 residents, 2000 jobs
Frauenchiemsee 15.5 ha 300 residents island in lake Chiemsee, historic abbey
Munich - Kolumbusplatz(Haidhausen) 40 dwellings New development (near downtown)
Munich (Messestadt Riem) 41 dwellings car free part of a larger new development
Münster (Geist) Gartensiedlung Weissenburg 184 dwellings New development (2001)
Hahnenklee-Bockswiese (Harz) Most of town 2,500 Town in the Harz mountain area

German islands and resorts

(Residents are allowed cars on some islands)

Location Area Population Character
Helgoland Entire island 1650 North Sea Island
Baltrum Entire island 510 North Sea Island
Spiekeroog Entire island 730 North Sea Island
Langeoog Entire island 1970 North Sea Island
Wangerooge Entire island 1180 North Sea Island
Juist Entire island 1790 North Sea Island
Hiddensee Entire island 1200 Baltic Sea Island
Rerik (Wustrow peninsula) 69 houses Largely undeveloped area on a Baltic Sea Peninsula; will probably become less car free as it develops
Niederrathen Entire village 500 Village in Saxony
Moritzdorf (Sellin) Entire village Village on the island of Rügen
Lechbruck am See resort facilities Small part of village in Bavaria (car allowed on Saturday)
Hayingen Entire village 105 houses Village in Swabia
Hallig Gröde and Hallig Nordstrandischmoor North sea islands total of 30 inhabitants


Location Area Population Character
Hydra Island Entire island (50 km²) 3,000 No motorized vehicles on the entire island
Lindos/Rhodes Entire Town Motorized traffic impossible due to narrow streets
Mount Athos Entire Peninsula 1,400 Motorized traffic of non residents is prohibited. Local traffic is extremely limited with only some vehicles used by the monastic community for essential communication, and transportation needs
Spetses Island Town only 4,000 (entire island) car free, possibly with some violations
Downtown Athens Historic centre c. 750,000 (whole municipality) While designated car free, the ban is apparently widely ignored
The city of Rhodes Medieval centre c. 50,000 (entire city) Motor traffic within the medieval city and mainly near the Knights Hospitaller Grand Master's palace is limited. Limitations are most often ignored, especially by youngsters on scooters.
Aristotle Street, Thessaloniki From Aristotle Square to Ancient Agora Square Car free except for cross streets, ignored by motorbikes.


Location Area Population Character
Budapest Margaret Island 3 Entry by cars forbidden except for a single bus line and taxis; service traffic of local stores and restaurants are allowed to enter
Budapest Váci Street and Vörösmarty Square The main shopping street of Budapest in the historic downtown of Pest together with the neighbouring streets and squares


Location Area Population Character
Venice Entire city, except at the bus station square Estimated at 70,000 Medieval city, today highly focused on tourism; transport on foot or by water
Capri Eastern part of the island, about 20% of overall area Island resort, car-free area includes the main city centre with shopping roads and major high-class hotels
Siena Entire city Perhaps 30,000 Not entirely car free but most streets have very little traffic
Cinque Terre
(5 towns on the Gulf of Genoa)
Most or all of each town Probably a few thousand each Some towns are car free, others highly car-moderated
Lipari Islands Stromboli, Ginostra, parts of Lipari village centre, other remote places
Chamois Entire village 96
Orta San Giulio Entire town is car free; visitors may park in lots above the town and continue down by foot 1177 Medieval village on the shore of Lake Orta in the Piedmont region
Monte Isola Entire village 1.768
Florence Many streets in the historic center of the city are now moderated or mostly car free, at least during the high season. Market area of the old city
Rome Many streets and squares in the historic center with limited or no traffic Areas of the historic center inside the walls, especially the medieval core with narrow lanes, pedestrianazed squares and archeological fields. Generally not enforced everywhere by local police. Delivery trucks and motorbikes are generally permitted.
Bologna Main square and many streets and squares in the historic center with limited or no traffic Areas of the historic center inside the walls, especially the medieval core with narrow lanes, pedestrianazed squares and archeological fields. Delivery trucks and motorbikes are generally permitted. Since 2013 the three most central streets are closed to motorized traffic on Saturday and Sundays (so called T-Days).
Turin Many streets and squares in the historic center with limited or no traffic Main piazzas in the city center and some shopping street
Parma Small area in the city center, probably 6 to 10 streets Unknown, probably a few thousand Probably some delivery trucks permitted during limited hours
Naples Small car free area at center Shopping area in downtown
Milan Big area near cathedral Wide streets completely filled with pedestrians after work
Ferrara The medieval center has car free streets and is over all "car-lite" Heavy bike use
Perugia While the town suffers heavily from cars and traffic, some areas are so narrow that they are car free Medieval hill town
Assisi Much of the town is highly car-moderated Visitors must park at the foot of the hill; some residents' cars are allowed in town
Spoleto Some parts of the upper old city are car free Pre-medieval hill town
Lucca Within the city walls mainly car free Medieval town

The Netherlands

Location Area Population Character
Amsterdam GWL project 600 unit car free residential area About 1,500 Modern architecture on the site of a disused waterworks; some car parking at the edge
Delft Most of the old center Medieval center
Giethoorn Entire town About 2,500 Transport by canal boat or by foot
Groningen Most of the old city center 16,551 within the City Centre[11] Much of the City Centre is pedestrianised. The City Centre has no through routes for motor traffic; much of it is pedestrianised
Houten Entire town designed to favour cyclists 38,062 Sustainable urban design encourages people to travel by bike and train. Chosen as Dutch "Bicycle-city 2008"
Kalverstraat/Nieuwendijk, Amsterdam Long main shopping street with many narrow side streets Unknown; primarily commercial Shopping district; delivery vehicles allowed in AM
Rotterdam Lijnbaan Built in 1953, the Lijnbaan is considered the first purpose-built car-free shopping street in the world Shopping area with separate streets for truck deliveries in back
Islands of Schiermonnikoog and Vlieland Entire islands About 1,000 residents on each plus lots of tourists in season Only residents are allowed to bring cars onto the islands


Location Area Population Character
Jelenia Góra Town center
Kraków A large area of the Old Town Square encircled by a park known as Planty is accessible by automobile only to residents, taxis, police, service vehicles, and delivery vehicles (so that, in fact, plenty of motor traffic occurs). 5,345 (Old Town in 1998), 780,000 (whole city - 2004) Old town
Łódź Almost 2 km long part of Piotrkowska Street, residents can still use cars, possible transportation via cycle rickshaws Part of city center
Poznań Sections of the Old Town
Toruń Old town Old town, a World Heritage Site, is mostly car free
Warsaw Old Town, New Town, Krakowskie Przedmieście, and Chmielna are largely closed to private cars (except for residents, for example)
Wrocław Sections of the Old Town
Zielona Góra


Location Area Population Character
Óbidos Entire area of walled town Around 3,100 Medieval walled hill town (now tourist area); only residents permitted to drive into the town, although cars are a nuisance
Aveiro Many small streets 75,000 Praça do Peixe, a large pub area and the judicial city
Baixa, Lisbon One long shopping street, with a few side streets 18th-century 5-story mixed use
Santarém Most of the streets in the oldest part of town 64,124 3 story, old, mixed use area
Faro Some of the downtown area 50,000 (whole city) 6 to 8 old streets that form a small network in the center of town
Tavira Some of the old downtown 25,000 (whole city) Narrow, winding streets in the old part of town.
Évora Most of the old walled city 8500 (in the walled city) Some cars
Coimbra Many small streets Old medieval quarter
Viseu A number of narrow streets in the town center Largely intact medieval city; on Fridays, the entire old center is car free


Location Area Population Character
Moscow (Old) Arbat Street is a picturesque pedestrian street Tourist area
Moscow Luzhniki Olympic Complex about 10000 in non-transit area Three areas: walled pedestrian transit area nearby Luzhniki Metro Bridge (24 hours access except events), the another walled area open 10 to 22, access most times free of charge, authority area to cars northern to the stadium (northern border is transit road – Khamovnichesky Val) with public transport. In additional, there is a non-transit area nearby to the metro Sportivnaya
Moscow Moscow Kremlin - UNESCO World Heritage Site, Entire area of walled town N/A Cars are allowed only during parade
Moscow White House, Moscow - after 1993 building zone, pedestrian zone and car zone were divided, transit cars were diverted to embarks, local cars to adjustment streets N/A for pedastrian zone used impassable to most vehicles area and were walled
Yekaterinburg Weiner Street is a picturesque pedestrian street Shopping and tourist area


Location Area Population Character
Knez Mihajlova 1 km Knez Mihailova Street features a large number of impressive buildings and mansions built during the late 1870s. It was declared Spatial Cultural-Historical Units of Great Importance in 1979, and it is protected by Republic of Serbia. Location of Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, and numerous other institutions.
Tešnjar one street that follows the river course Kolubara and several smaller streets below the hill Old Serbian urban settlement, mostly originated in the 19th century. Unique example of old architecture in the interior of Serbia. Located on the right bank of Kolubara a long time was a trade center of Valjevo.
Tinkers Alley one short street in the city center Also known as Coppersmith alley (Serbian: Kazandžijsko sokače, Казанџијско сокаче). An old urban downtown which was built in the first half of 18th century. It was a street full of tinkers and other crafts, together with craftsmen houses deriving from Turkish period.[12]


Location Area Population Character
Málaga 3,900 m² car free and limited access streets Moorish and 19th-century historic center
Seville Santa Cruz district has many narrow, car free streets Medieval/Renaissance quarter
Bilbao Casco Viejo (Old Town) district has narrow streets with limited car access Medieval quarter
Vitoria Most of the old walled city, as well as most of the "Ensanche" streets Medieval quarter and 19th-century center
Madrid Puerta del Sol 6 blocks square (limited car access) Busy central area
Salamanca Entire Medieval city including old Roman bridges Plaza mayor and entire old city.
Segovia Large parts of the old, walled city Medieval area
Pontevedra Large central pedestrian zone Whole old town, narrow streets and small squares. Almost no cars.
Leon Large central pedestrian zone Whole old town, narrow streets and small squares. Almost no cars.
Burgos Large central pedestrian zone Most of the old town, narrow streets and some squares. The old town is entirely car-lite, and much of it is carfree except for deliveries
Santiago de Compostela Large central pedestrian zone
Ayamonte (in S.W. corner) Downtown commercial district Old medieval quarter with very narrow streets; river town on the flanks of a hill
Barri Gòtic, Barcelona A number of car free streets, others car-light 27,946[13] Medieval center
Girona Rambla (promenade and shopping street) and network of narrow residential streets Historic centre
Granada Albaicin neighborhood (limited car access on a few streets) Historic Moorish quarter
Laguardia (Biasteri) photos
Valladolid Central square and surrounding streets. Historic centre, although most buildings are now modern.


Location Area Population Character
Gamla stan, Stockholm (Old Town) Most of the old heart (c. 0.3 km²) 3000 Oldest part of the city; medieval area; low traffic in central parts of the Old Town during part of the day, AM deliveries allowed and taxis allowed 24 h; there is no supervision and no control, so in reality and for all practical considerations the area can't be considered car free.
Malmö Large pedestrian precinct City center; further expansion planned
Växjö, Sweden Entire city center car free district in fossil-fuel reduced city (external link)
Jakriborg Entire village 2000 - 5000 Newbuilt suburb/village in old style, connected to Malmö and Lund via rail.
Southern Göteborg Archipelago Archipelago including Vrångö, Brännö, Styrsö, and Vargö 5,000 permanent, another 6,000 summer West of Gothenburg


Location Area Population Character
Zermatt Entire town 5687 car free Alpine resort with prototype "Utility Area" at the entrance; slow electric taxis and freight vehicles used, although these are sometimes driven at higher speeds
Bettmeralp Entire town Alpine resort, sometimes considerable traffic of utility vehicles
Braunwald Entire town 398 Alpine resort
Riederalp Entire town 555 Alpine resort
Rigi Entire mountain Mountain resort, some utility vehicles
Saas-Fee Entire town 1607 Alpine resort; small electric utility vehicles
Stoos Entire town Alpine resort; small electric utility vehicles, mainly from the resorts hotels.
Wengen Entire town 1400 Alpine resort
Zürich Large parts of the old town Car free medieval urban core. (Taxis and cars with special permits are allowed)
Lausanne Large parts of the old town The lower mediaeval part of the old town is car free. Cars are allowed but uncommon in the upper ancient part. Taxis are allowed.
Geneva 10 streets 10,000 car free areas in the heart
Basel Parts of the medieval town are car free The city is heavily dependent on an excellent tram system and most of the center city is highly car moderated if not car free
St. Gallen Old center car free
Neuchâtel Old center car free
Appenzell Old center car free
Gstaad Village center car free
Gruyere Village center Reportedly significant car free area
Rapperswil Medieval center car free center
Brig Perhaps 10 blocks in downtown Old part of the city, mixed use
Winterthur Historic center
Lugano Most of the old quarter
Mürren Entire town 450 Alpine resort; some utility traffic
Gimmelwald Entire town 130 Small village
Bern - Halen 79 apartments Terraced neighborhood; built 1961; parking at edge
Siedlung Burgunder (german overview & ZDF-clip) 40 apartments housing estate, built until 2010
Boll-Sinneringen (Vechigen) - Wohnanlage Schloßpark 73 apartments Built 1996; parking at edge


The several Prince's Islands near Istanbul do not permit cars (aside from public service vehicles such as police, garbage, electricity etc.) Four of these islands can be reached by ferry from Istanbul, which takes about 1 hours.

UK and Channel Islands

Location Area Population Character
Island of Sark (Channel Islands) Whole island 560 Entirely car free (only motorized vehicles are tractors)
Island of Herm (Channel Islands) Whole island 60 Cars and bicycles are both banned (quad bikes are allowed, but only for maintenance)
Birmingham City core New Street, High Street, Needless Alley, Cannon Street and Temple Row are car-free.
Cambridge City centre and university campus Several thousand University town with heavy tourism; cars banned most of the day from centre
Oxford Some areas in city centre Medieval university town with heavy traffic through it. Cornmarket Street, Radliffe Square surrounding the Radcliffe Camera and University Church of St Mary the Virgin, and Brasenose Lane are pedestrian only; Queen Street is bus only; many surrounding streets have restricted vehicular access. Pedestrian streets are surrounded by heavy traffic, including many buses, and pavements are at times no wider than a metre.
Salisbury City centre and cathedral close 40,302 Parts of the town centre are car free, including some of the Cathedral Close
Canterbury Centre centre (approx. historic, walled city area) around 160,000 (district total), several thousand (historic centre) Canterbury's historic city centre has been closed to most motor vehicle traffic for several decades. A ring road which was built in the 1960s, when Canterbury saw rapid growth in buildings and population, is used as the perimeter for the boundary. Cars are allowed only during certain times of the day and the city's road system is designed to discourage "rat runs".
Edinburgh Slateford Green car free development, High street on the South Bridge. Rose Street is also pedestrianized.
York Part of the city centre is carfree (approx 400 x 400 m) during the day 198,800 (2009) Restricted access for deliveries; disabled car access and parking is maintained.
Leeds Entire city centre shopping district centred on Briggate (approx 400 x 400 m) 770,800 Pedestrian precinct (access for delivery to some areas allowed between 23:00 and 06:00 hours).
Lincoln Several cobbled streets around Lincoln Cathedral 86,000 car free area near the centre
Isles of Scilly Group of islands off Land's End Combined population of 2000 Island of Tresco is car free
Clovelly Village in North Devon 1600 Entirely car-free
Shrewsbury Several streets in town centre 72,000 Medieval town enclosed within loop of River Severn. Pride Hill entirely motor-vehicle free except limited access for loading in mornings. The Square, Fish St (2m width restriction), Butcher Row allowed for access and delivery only. 2009 closure of Music Hall removed much access/delivery traffic from The Square. Grope Lane and the "shuts" too narrow for traffic.
Easdale Whole island 59 Entirely car-free


Location Area Population Character
Lviv Old town Old town, a World Heritage Site, is mostly car free

Baltic and Balkans

Location Area Population Character
Prague, Czech Republic Large car free area starting at Old Town Square and extending across the river Medieval quarter
Tábor, Czech Republic "Modest network of car free streets" Old town
Poděbrady, Czech Republic "Town center is free of cars and bicycles" Spa town with mineral water
Dubrovnik, Croatia The old walled city Nearly car free
Rovinj, Croatia The old town is reported to be largely or entirely car free Undoubtedly medieval
Vilnius, Lithuania Large car free area reported One of the largest surviving medieval quarters in Europe
Kaunas, Lithuania Laisves Aleja A double tree lined five block pedestrian shopping street car free other than intersections
Riga, Latvia Old town The walled old town is nearly car free, requiring enough permits and entrance fees for motor vehicles that cars are seldom seen
Tallinn, Estonia "Modest network of car free streets" Old town
Kotor, Montenegro The old town is car free. 23,481 The old Mediterranean port of Kotor, surrounded by an impressive city wall, is very well preserved and protected by UNESCO.
Mamaia, Romania About 5 km car free esplanade on the Black Sea shore. The biggest beach summer resort on Romanian Black Sea shore featuring shops, art galleries, cafes, festivals, restaurants, beach bars, night clubs, pools.
Belgrade, Serbia Knez Mihajlova street, Kalemegdan and Ada ciganlija

North America


NB: Much of Canada's near north (the subarctic or boreal forest) and virtually all of the area north of the tree line is trackless, containing no roads. However, there are few large settlements in this area. In the towns and villages which do exist, motorized vehicles, in the form of ATVs and snowmobiles are commonplace. There are also isolated fishing villages on the North Atlantic coast called Newfoundland outports which are mostly car-free.

Location Area Population Character
Calgary, Alberta 7th & 8th Avenue Malls Non-Residential 7th Ave. is a transit mall; 8th Ave. is a pedestrian mall for several blocks that offers some retailers selling coffee, food, drinks and tourist merchandise.
Toronto Islands Several car free islands just off downtown 700 Urban park, neighbourhoods, and ecological community. Accessible by ferry or private boat from downtown Toronto. Bicycles are permitted on ferries.
Victoria Beach, Manitoba Restricted area of resort municipality 450 permanent. 16,000 summer. Cottage lined sand streets (paths, actually) connect beaches, sailing club, tennis courts, golf course, grassy central square with adjacent bakery. The restricted area can only be used by pedestrians and cyclists during the summer months (from the week before Canada Day until Labour Day).
Toronto, Ontario Distillery District Historic industrial district; red brick streets and architecture, art galleries, shops, cafes, residences, various festivals, breweries, distilleries, winemaking, pubs, fresh beer, bicycle parking, adjacent to Don Valley bicycle trail network through the city.
Toronto, Ontario Leslie Street Spit 0 Wilderness on a 5 km-long man-made peninsula area near downtown. Access by bicycle, pedestrian or boat.
Ottawa, Ontario Sparks Street Non-residential 6-block shopping street 1 block south of Canadian Parliament Building.
Montreal, Quebec Rue Prince-Arthur Pedestrian street lined with restaurants and cafés located west of Montreal in the borough of Plateau Mont-Royal.
Montreal, Quebec Gay Village The main artery of St. Catherine Street, from Berri in the west to Papineau in the east is car free from May 26 to September 13.
Montreal, Quebec McTavish Street Lower part of the street, on McGill University campus.
Mont-Tremblant, Quebec Ski resort built as an Auto-Free European-style village.
Quebec City, Quebec Vieux-Québec 528,595 Many streets in the oldest part of Quebec City are car free as is Rue Saint-Jean for most of the day during the tourist season. Arguably the most extensive and most attractive carfree area in North America.
Digby Island, British Columbia Dodge Cove 50 Artisan and commuter community on an island near Prince Rupert, BC. Accessible by ferry.
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador George Street Historic street dotted with pubs, car free every night after 8:00 pm with the exception of taxis and emergency vehicles.
Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island Victoria Row One block section of Richmond Street adjacent to Confederation Centre of the Arts, fronting on cafes, restaurants and artisan shops, pedestrianized during the summer months. Street remains open for emergency vehicles, as well as delivery vehicles which operate outside of heavy pedestrian activity.
Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island Victoria Park Section of the Park Driveway permanently converted to pedestrian use; remains accessible for emergency vehicles. The inside lane of another street in the park—the Park Roadway, which follows the shoreline of Charlottetown Harbour—is converted to a bicycle and roller blading path during the summer months.
Halifax, Nova Scotia Granville Street Pedestrian Mall One block section at the north end of Granville Street converted to pedestrian use, fronting on NSCAD University studios, cafes, restaurants and artisan shops. Pedestrianized year-round, remains accessible for emergency vehicles.


Location Area Population Character
Holbox The whole island 1,486 Only sand roads with golf carts and very few cars
Guanajuato, Guanajuato Most of the historic town 70,798 One main narrow street running through town; the few remaining streets run underground
Guadalajara, Jalisco Zona Peatonal, Downtown 4,000,000 15 streets dedicated to pedestrians. Surrounded by civic, touristic and commercial areas
Mexcaltitán de Uribe One large island in a lagoon in Nayarit 818 The island is completely car-free. Access is by small boats.
Historic center of Mexico City Madero, Moneda, Motolinía, Gante, Alhóndiga, Roldán, Talavera, and Regina Streets [14] 61,229 in Colonia Centro Large areas are car free except for cross streets. Several other streets are transit and parking only.
Xochimilco Dozens of islands, some densely urbanized, in Laguna del Toro, San Lorenzo, La Santísima, and Xaltocan 415,000 in Delegación Xochimilco but only a few of the urbanized islands are completely car-free There is no access to most islands of Xochimilco by car, though pedestrian bridges or informal ferry services exist to most of the urbanized islands.

United States

This is a list of populated car-free areas. For uninhabited car-free area in the US, see inventoried roadless area. With a few notable exceptions, most US cities have only relatively small car free zones.

State Location Area Population Character
Alaska Halibut Cove entire Town 35 Originally a fishing village, Halibut Cove, located inside Kachemak Bay State Park, is now home to several art studios/galleries and businesses. One of the world's only floating towns, it is a popular tourist destination. Only way to get around the cove is by boat. Outside access is by water taxis from Homer, 6 miles away.
Arkansas Little Rock/North Little Rock 17-mile (27 km) Arkansas River Trail 272,000 (LR/NLR) 17-mile (27 km) pedestrian use only loop that runs parallel to both sides of the Arkansas River. It cuts through the Little Rock and North Little Rock downtown areas and crosses over the United States longest pedestrian-only bridge, the Big Dam Bridge. There are businesses and residences that connect to the loop on both sides of the river.
Arizona Arcosanti entire town 100 Arcology being built by Paolo Soleri
Arizona Phantom Ranch entire village 100 Tourist village on the Colorado River inside Grand Canyon National Park ten miles (plus one vertical mile) from nearest road with access by foot, raft, or mule.
Arizona Supai, Arizona entire town 500 In the Havasupai Nation, the capital of Supai is eight miles from the nearest road. The town has refused all offers to extend the road. Access is by foot, mule, or helicopter. Supai is probably the largest not completely tourism dependent absolutely car-free town in the contiguous USA.
California Catalina Island most of Island 3,696 car free except for gasoline-powered golf carts, Smart Fortwos, Minis, and buses in the town of Avalon.
California Columbia Pedestrian mall Small car free district at the center
California Davis University of California Campus Extensive bicycle path network linking all points into a regional bicycle transportation system. Large areas of the city are "bicycle only".
California Riverside Downtown Main Street Riverside's Main Street Pedestrian Mall is car free from 10th Street to 6th Street in downtown Riverside with traffic crossing points at 9th Street, University Ave, and Mission Inn Ave. Notable sites include; the historic Mission Inn, the California Museum of Photography, and statues of Martin Luther King, Mahatma Gandhi, and An Chang-ho. Small boutiques, antique stores, and restaurants are mixed with business and government offices, including Riverside's City Hall, and the State's 11-story California Tower.
California Sacramento 'K' Street Mall Covers 12 blocks (1 mile) of 'K' Street, including an outdoor shopping mall, a pedestrian freeway underpass to the city's historic district, shopping, entertainment, and a business and mixed-use residential district.
California Santa Monica Third Street Promenade, 1/2 mile (800 m) of 3rd Street car free shopping district, with further expansion planned
California Venice Venice Canals 30,000 (pop. of Venice) A small portion of a large canal system created by Abbot Kinney to be the 'Venice of America' still exists. A majority of the canals were filled in 1929 to make way for the automobile. A square roughly 300 meters on a side.
Colorado Aspen Pedestrian malls Three blocks of E. Hyman Ave., S. Mill St., and E. Cooper Ave. in downtown, adjacent to Wagner Park, have been pedestrianized.
Colorado Boulder Pedestrian mall At the city center; there is some debate as to whether this really is a car free area or not. The Pearl Street Mall is absolutely car free, and extends through several blocks of the center of the city.
Colorado Denver 16th Street Mall, about a mile (1.6 km) long Transit mall with pedestrian-only extensions. However, electric buses and police cars drive throughout the area at all times, alongside pedicabs and horse-drawn carriages. It is forbidden to ride ordinary bicycles along the mall except on Sundays, and bicycles parked on the mall are impounded by police after a few hours' notice.
Colorado Fort Collins 1 street City population 115,000 Old Town Square commercial district
Colorado Fort Collins Colorado State University, 4 long streets 25,000 students car free area of university campus, to be expanded
Florida Miami Beach Lincoln Road Mall, 7 blocks or 0.5 mile (800 m) Shopping, socializing, cafes, dining al fresco in the heart of the Art Deco district
Florida St. Augustine St. George Street, 4 blocks or 0.4 mile (600 m) Pedestrian only street, historic structure, shopping, dining, attractions,
Georgia Metro Atlanta East Lake Commons, 67 dwellings planned Probably 200 Parking will be located on the perimeter of the village. Access within the village core will be by walking, carts, and bicycles
Indiana Indianapolis Canal Walk One-and-a-half mile section of the Indiana Central Canal through downtown Indianapolis. Features sidewalks on either side and is lined by apartments, museums (with cafes), hotels, and the White River State Park. Opportunity to rent kayaks, Segways, bicycles, paddleboats, etc. Completely car-free.[15]
Iowa Iowa City Pedestrian mall Several blocks of the Iowa City-Ped Mall, located near the University of Iowa campus in the Old Capital district, are completely car free.
Louisiana New Orleans Several blocks between the French Quarter and the river Car free mixed use area served by Vintage Streetcar Line.
Louisiana Marsh Island Entire island (99 square miles) Wildlife refuge off the coast of Louisiana that is car free.
Maine Monhegan Island entire Island 75 permanent residents Car free except for a fleet of pick-up trucks for utility purposes.
Massachusetts Boston Downtown Crossing, several car free streets Heart of the commercial district in old downtown Boston
Massachusetts Cambridge Memorial Drive Closed to cars on Sundays (11 am-7 pm) starting the last Sunday of April until the 2nd Sunday of November. See
Michigan Mackinac Island entire Island 600 permanent residents Resort island; bicycle and horse-and-buggy transport
Michigan Isle Royale entire Island no permanent residents National Park; wheelchair only
Michigan Russell Island entire Island 150 cottages Car free resort community accessible only by boat; only bikes and golf carts are allowed on the island
Minnesota Minneapolis Nicollet Mall Central E/W downtown street; access to motor-vehicles limited to Metro Transit busses Wide street level sidewalks give access to popular retail and dining establishments as well as many of downtown Minneapolis's office towers. There is a Hiawatha Line light rail station.
Minnesota Minneapolis skyway 5 miles (8.0 km) of enclosed overhead passageways 1,500 residences; 4,000 hotel rooms Commercial/retail heart of the city. 200 million square feet (19 km²) of office space, and 2.5 million square feet (230,000 m²) of retail space.
Minnesota Saint Paul skyway a grid of enclosed overhead and underground passageways Commercial/retail heart of the city.
Missouri Branson Branson Landing district car-free riverfront condos, shopping, dining, and nightlife
New Jersey Cape May Washington Street from Ocean Street to Perry Street (pedestrian mall) 3,607 (entire city of Cape May) Downtown car free area of 1 street, 4 blocks long
New York Buffalo Main Street Mall (Buffalo), Downtown light-rail "main street" mall Theater district, retail, restaurants, pedestrian/LRV mall
New York Fire Island most of Island 491 permanent; summer peak estimated at 15,000 Most of the island is accessible only by passenger ferries, or by foot or bicycle from the parking lot at the western end (which is reachable by a cars-only bridge); wagons used for transport. Residents can get car access permits for non-summer months. The community of Cherry Grove has boardwalk streets only five feet wide and is completely inaccessible to conventional motor vehicles. It may be the largest truly carfree area by population in the USA.
New York Ithaca Ithaca Commons (pedestrian mall) 30,000 (entire city of Ithaca) Downtown car free area of 1 street, 2 blocks long
New York New York City Broadway in Times and Herald Squares 8,175,133 (entire New York City area)
New York Governors Island
(New York City)
entire Island 0 Cars and trucks are only allowed for specific purposes. Electric golf carts and minibuses are in limited use by park staff and contractors. Bicycles and human-powered quad vehicles are allowed and available for rent. Access is via ferry or private, human-powered boat.
New York Roosevelt Island
(New York City)
most of Island 9,500 Cars are allowed on one bridge and on spine road, but long-term parking is only available at one central parking garage. Access is via subway, tram, or riverfront footpaths.
Nevada Las Vegas Fremont Street Experience 6,489 hotel rooms Car free 5+ block pedestrian mall with 60 restaurants, 10 casinos, 2 stages, overhead light show and a brewery. Pedestrian 'friendly' 3 block extension with extra wide sidewalks and lots of small clubs. The main casino strip also has pedestrian bridges over the streets. Room numbers for FSE only.
North Carolina Bald Head Island entire Island 173 Exclusive, golf-cart-based community
Ohio Cleveland E. 4th Street Approximately 350 along the street (several thousand in adjacent streets) Public street about 170 m long, entirely car-free; Mixed use historic conversion of five- to eight-story buildings, primarily into upscale restaurants and apartments. E. 4th Street has developed into a noteworthy culinary district; among others, the street is home to Iron Chef Michael Symon's restaurant Lola.
Oregon Portland Portland Center, two pedestrian streets run parallel through the development, which includes two parks (car free streets total about 1-mile (1,600 m) length) 1200 Mixed-use development with apartments, retail, and offices
Oregon Portland RiverPlace. pedestrian promenade about 1/2 mile (800 m) long (the only large car free area); pedestrian alleys connect other buildings to the promenade; the site is 73-acre (30 ha) 1,200 Mixed-use development along the riverfront including apartments, retail, restaurants, a small market, and a waterfront pedestrian promenade
South Carolina Daufuskie Island part of Island & Haig Point 429 Car free resort development of the 1980s, only accessible by ferry. Private residential golf development on an island adjacent to Hilton Head Island, South Carolina. Golf carts allowed. Other areas of the island have limited cars.
South Carolina Harbour Town, Hilton Head, South Carolina Artificial harbor with promenade and shops Few hundred Car free resort community from the 1960s and 70s
South Carolina Shelter Cove Harbor, Hilton Head, South Carolina Artificial harbor with promenade and shops, larger than Harbour Town Several hundred Car free resort community 1980s
Tennessee Knoxville Market Square, (150 m) One-block pedestrian mall in Knoxville's historic downtown, surrounded by shops and restaurants and used year-round for various outdoor events
Tennessee Memphis Main Street Mall, 3/4 of a mile (1200 m) 5000 Car free mixed-use district in the heart of the city
Texas San Antonio River Walk 1,296,682 Mixed-use development along the riverfront including apartments, retail, restaurants, a small market, and a waterfront pedestrian promenade; Entertainment and shopping district (similar to Venice, Italy-tourist boats)
Vermont Burlington Church Street Marketplace 38,889 Burlington proper (2000 Census) Pedestrianized main downtown shopping street, 4 car free blocks. Bicycles must be walked.
Virginia Charlottesville Pedestrian mall 120 shops, 30 restaurants, outdoor concert space in historic brick paved downtown area, free Trolley to University of Virginia grounds
Virginia Colonial Williamsburg 5 blocks plus side streets (from 09:00 to 17:00) 100 families of workers Restored Colonial-era village
Virginia Tangier Island entire Island 604 car free fishing & tourism community
Wisconsin Madison State Street 200,000 (approx) 6 block car free retail street connecting the university and the capitol. Traditional street & sidewalk layout; the street is used by buses, bicycles, police cars, taxicabs, and numerous delivery (motor) vehicles; pedestrians and the occasional delivery vehicle (parked) on the sidewalks.
Wisconsin Rock Island entire Island 0 State park, ferry access from nearby Washington Island. No cars or bicycles allowed.

Puerto Rico

Location Area Population Character
Río Piedras Zona Peatonal Paseo de Diego 1,000,000 / Part of city Working-class neighbourhood, about 1 km dedicated to pedestrians, commercial areas, served by new automated Tren Urbano nearby University of Puerto Rico and Botanical Gardens.
Old San Juan, Puerto Rico (In planning stages) large portion of historic district Approx. 7,000 Narrow cobblestone streets, buildings and numerous public plazas and churches which date back to the 16th and 17th century. A modern tramway line to serve the area is in the planning stages.


Location Area Population Character
Havana Havana Central and parts of Old Havana 2.1 million (Capital) Parts of Old Havana are car free. Large swaths of Central Havana are devoid of cars. The population, is not yet a car culture. The cars in use are mostly taxis taking multiple passengers. In Central Havana, cars generally stick to just a few thoroughfares. In other parts of Cuba, in many small towns, bicycles and pedicabs are the main source of transportation.

Central America

Costa Rica
Location Area Population Character
Parismina, Limón Entire Village 600 Small coastal village has no paved roads and one tractor for trash collection.
Tortuguero, Limón Entire Island 500 A small village located near the Tortuguero National Park, it is located on a small "island" that is bordered on one side by the ocean and on the other by a river canal. The island is only accessible by boat or airplane.
Location Area Population Character
Little Corn Island Entire Island 495 Small Caribbean island with no roads, only footpaths. The island is accessible by taking a motorboat at Big Corn Island.

South America

Location Area Population Character
Buenos Aires Downtown pedestrian circuit [Microcentro] 2.9 million (Capital) The pedestrian circuit in the city centre is composed by Florida Street, about 12 blocks, 5 blocks of Lavalle Street, one block of Diagonal Norte, two blocks Tres Sargentos Street and one block of the Pasaje Carlos Discepolo, very vibrant area with many restaurants, theatres, shopping, etc., a short walk from the obelisk, people throng here, streets are entirely car free, but crossing streets are not. Access by bus and the Metro (subte) Line C. Buenos Aires, for the most part, is a very walkable city.
Puerto Madero, Buenos Aires City centre waterfront Part of city Very successful waterfront redevelopment area. Highly pedestrianized and car free mixed use district which includes corporate headquarters, luxury condos, residential and business lofts, five star hotels, exclusive restaurants, parks and an ecological reserve. A recently inaugurated 2 kilometre modern tramway (Tranvía del Este) line serves the area.
La Boca, Buenos Aires Several blocks of main street Part of city Barrio La Boca is a colourful working-class neighbourhood where descendants of Italian immigrants once settled, El Caminito, its main street, is pedestrianized and touristy. An extension of Puerto Madero's light rail tram system to Retiro Station and Barrio La Boca is contemplated.
Greater Buenos Aires Tren de la Costa, car free artery 12.4 million A unique suburban modern leisure tramway artery that stretches for 15 kilometres by the River Plate from Olivos to the village of Tigre, each of its eleven "turn of the [19th to 20th] century" picturesque stations have a charm of its own with its plazas, cafes, antique shops, movie theatres, boutiques, restaurants and regional product markets. You can get on and off during the day as many times as you wish. Good sample of Transit-oriented development. Tren de la Costa website.
Tigre, Buenos Aires Delta Several thousand The village of Tigre is the starting point of the magnificent Delta where commuter mahogany launches reminiscent of the roaring twenties travel its web of connecting rivers and streams dotted with week-end homes, English style rowing clubs, countless marinas, large mansions from the Belle Époque and a variety of recreational complexes which offer food, lodging and entertainment. Total absence of cars.
Mendoza Several blocks, centre of town 111,000 Wide tree-lined streets, many parks and plazas, ceramic-tiled sidewalks, pedestrianised "Peatonal Sarmiento" adjacent to Plaza Independencia features many outdoor cafe's, restaurants, wine bars and shops. City is served by antiquated trolleybus lines. Mendoza is the capital of the wine producing Mendoza Province.
Rosario Central business district 1.2 million Almost 2 kilometre of retail area, system of parks that line the riverfront area.
Córdoba various pedestrian circuits 120.000 people The city's downtown includes 2 kilometres of pedestrianized areas with theatres, shops, outdoor cafes, restaurants, parks and plazas, and an active nightlife. Trolleybus and bus provide access.
La Cumbrecita, Córdoba First pedestrian village in Argentina Several hundred A beautiful small picturesque secluded alpine-like village in Córdoba Province settled by central Europeans. Focused on eco-tourism, no paved roads, transport on foot. Excursions to La Cumbrecita can be taken from nearby Villa General Belgrano, not car free but pedestrian friendly.
Location Area Population Character
Curitiba, Brazil car free area in downtown, 24 linear blocks 2.7 million (2000 census) Twenty blocks in the heart of the city are paved with decorative tile in which vehicular traffic is restricted to delivery trucks at set hours, part of this area was pedestrianized in the 70's. It includes much of the historic district. photos Much of the pedestrianized space permits the passage of cross traffic at each block. Its served by a unique bus system running on dedicated streets and providing excellent, low-cost service. [2]
Ilha do Mel, Paraná, Brazil Small Island offshore of Paranaguá The Island has two small fishing villages The entire Island is car free, and even cattle free. All goods and materials are carted around by big wheel barrows. Economy is traditionally fishing but Ecotourism is now a big part of economy. 95% of Island is now an ecological reserve. Villages are connected by 2 meter wide sandy walking paths
Ilha Grande, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Entire island 177,832[16] Large car-free island off the coast of the state, part of Angra dos Reis municipality. Only allowed vehicles are bicycles, tractors and rentable jeeps.
Paquetá Island, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Entire island About 7000 Extremely peaceful, car-free island in Guanabara Bay, an hour by ferry from downtown Rio. The place is as quiet as Eden. Residents ride bikes, which they park neatly along the curbs of the island's tamped sand streets. Bikes are never locked and tend to congregate on downtown streets or at the foot of the stairs leading to the hillside slums. Not as popular with city residents and tourists as it used to be, you can still rent bikes from a handful of bike shops. In the south portion of the island, Danke de Mattos Park is cycle-free.
Location Area Population Character
Santiago, Chile Three interconnected streets in downtown square 5.4 million Ahumada, Huerfanos & Estado Streets around Plaza de Armas, the city's main square and historical centre. Shopping, office and cultural activities. Santiagos ultra modern line 5 metro station is located under the plaza.
Location Area Population Character
Bogotá, Colombia The Ciclovía, 110 kilometers of roads throughout the city 6.5 million The Ciclovía roads are closed to traffic Sundays and holidays for 7 hours, from 0700 to 1400, when more than 1.5 million people practice various sports, visit the recreational facilities, or go to cycle-mass. The city also plans to become largely car free during rush hour by the year 2015.[17][18]


Location Area Population Character
Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso City center 960,100 Until very recently (2004), most of the city saw very little cars on the street, and transport within the city basically consisted of the bicycle or by foot. This was because of the cities' urban planning (mostly boulevards planted on both sides with green trees or baobabs), yet presumably also because of the villager's low income. At present, more mechanized transport is seen on the streets such as motorcycles and small cars.[19]
Lamu, Kenya Entire Island Several thousand but exact population unknown. Lamu town is an old, Swahili settlement where only foot, cycle and donkey traffic is allowed.
Fes el Bali, Morocco The Medina of Fes-el-Bali 156,000 (2002), making it the most populated car free district in the world Fes-el-Bali, the larger of the two medinas of Fes, is a nearly intact medieval city. The entire medina was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1981, with 13,380 historic buildings since enumerated in the course of a thorough GIS survey of the medina. There are reputed to be 10,539 retail businesses in the medina, which remains a prime commercial center of the city of Fes (population about 1,000,000). Fes-el-Bali's medieval streets are entirely inaccessible by automobile. Only foot, cycle, donkey and cart traffic is even possible. A few access streets for emergency vehicles are being built.
Tripoli, Libya Old City The old city is the most popular tourist destination in Libya, it consists of large number of traditional shops, and a national museum.


Location Area Population Character
Tripoli, Lebanon Old City 100,000 The old city of Tripoli consists of narrow alleys and stairs that do not accommodate cars. In addition to the old city, a group of activists has launched a campaign "Towards a CAR-FREE city in Mina Tripoli".
Phú Quốc, off the town of Hà Tiên in Vietnam entire island 90,000 (2013)[20] largest island in the Gulf of Thailand. Officially car-free, and the regulation is largely respected.[21]
Islands in the Gulf of Thailand and Andaman Sea (Thailand) Several large and smaller island Thousands Several island are not accessible to cars, but the large ones may have motorbike tracks.
Perhentian Islands, Malaysia two inhabited islands several thousand popular tourist destination
Gili Islands, off Lombok, Indonesia three inhabited islands several thousand popular tourist destination
Büyükada, Istanbul, Turkey Largest of the Princes' Islands in the Sea of Marmara, part of Istanbul 7,320 Almost entirely car free. To prevent the island from becoming polluted, the only motorized vehicles permitted on the island are service vehicles (ambulance, fire, police, and the like), the only forms of transport are by foot, bike, or horse carriages. Passenger ferries take residents and visitors to and from mainland Istanbul.
Heybeliada, Istanbul, Turkey Second largest of the Princes' Islands in the Sea of Marmara, part of Istanbul 3,000 Almost entirely car free. To prevent the island from becoming polluted, the only motorized vehicles permitted on the island are service vehicles (ambulance, fire, police, and the like), the only forms of transport are by foot, bike, or horse carriages. Passenger ferries take residents and visitors to and from mainland Istanbul.
Burgazada, Istanbul, Turkey Third largest of the Princes' Islands in the Sea of Marmara, part of Istanbul 1,500 Almost entirely car free. To prevent the island from becoming polluted, the only motorized vehicles permitted on the island are service vehicles (ambulance, fire, police, and the like), the only forms of transport are by foot, bike, or horse carriages. Passenger ferries take residents and visitors to and from mainland Istanbul.
Kınalıada, Istanbul, Turkey Fourth largest of the Princes' Islands in the Sea of Marmara, part of Istanbul 1,500 Almost entirely car free. To prevent the island from becoming polluted, the only motorized vehicles permitted on the island are service vehicles (ambulance, fire, police, and the like), the only forms of transport are by foot or bike. Passenger ferries take residents and visitors to and from mainland Istanbul.
Discovery Bay, Hong Kong Modern residential development set on the northeastern coast of Lantau Island 14,300 Private cars are prohibited on the road network in Discovery Bay; however buses and delivery vehicles as well as vehicles owned by the developer are allowed. Residents travel internally via the bus network or a controlled number of private golf carts; and commute externally via the ferry or external bus service which connects with the mass transit systems in Hong Kong.
Ma Wan, Hong Kong Entire island dominated by Park Island residential development 15,700 Private cars are prohibited on the island, which has road connections to the Lantau Link; however buses and delivery vehicles as well as vehicles owned by the developer are allowed. Residents commute externally via the ferry or external bus service which connects with the mass transit systems in Hong Kong.
Cheung Chau, Hong Kong Entire island 30,000 No full size automobiles allowed. A few miniature emergency vehicles exist as do small utilitarian vehicles. Residents walk, via an extensive and well-maintained network of trails. Ferries take residents to the rest of Hong Kong.
Lamma Island, Hong Kong Third largest island in Hong Kong 6,000 No full size automobiles allowed, except for the area within the Hong Kong Electricity power station. A few miniature emergency vehicles exist as do small utilitarian vehicles. Residents walk, via an extensive and well-maintained network of trails. Ferries take residents to and from the two largest settlements to the rest of Hong Kong.
Dayan Old Town, Lijiang City, Yunnan, China Tourist area of Lijiang City ? Cars are prohibited in this section of Lijiang; however, given the cobblestone paths, bridges and network of waterways, driving would be impossible anyway. Though tourism is the dominant economic activity, the residents here rely on foot, basket, and trike to keep the area functioning. Called the "Venice of the East" by some.
Gulangyu, Xiamen, Fujian, China Small Island near Xiamen 16000 All vehicles, including bicycles, are banned on the island, with some electric vehicles circulating for tourist transit and emergency services.
Pontocho & Nishiki Market, Kyoto, Japan Central market district ? Three covered pedestrian streets (Nishiki, Teramachi, Shinkyogoku) and several open-air, pedestrian-only streets, including main food market and shopping streets.
Heiwa Dori, Naha, Japan Off Kokusai Dori 300,000 Network of open-air, pedestrian-only streets, featuring restaurants, bargain shops aimed at locals as well as tourist-oriented shops.
Tokyo, Japan Asakusa, Sensō-ji, Nakamise-dōri ? Pedestrian only shopping area in front of Sensoji temple.
Tokyo, Japan Harajuku, Takeshita Street ? Pedestrian only shopping district near Meiji Shrine and Harajuku station.
Kyoto, Japan Higashiyama District ? Preserved historic district near Kiyomizu-dera.
Fazilka,[22] India City Centre Clock Tower 90,000 Established in the year 1844, Punjab State's First Planned town on Grid Iron Pattern, has a City Centre Clock Tower. In the year 2008, the city center main commercial area declared 'Car Free Zone'". Fazilka got the status of India's First Car Free City.
Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India Mall Road ? Automobiles, except emergency vehicles are not allowed on this road. Mall road is the main street of Shimla, a popular tourist spot in the town with a number of stores, cafes and restaurants.
Matheran, Maharashtra, India Hill Station ? Automobiles are not allowed to keep the area pollution free.Residents and tourinst both rely on horses or have to walk by foot. However the paths for walking being as wide as roads emergency vehicles like police cars, ambulances etc. are allowed.
East Jerusalem Old City 35,000 Most of the old walled city is a maze of interesting alleys and narrow streets accessible only to foot traffic. Small motorised "mini-tractors" are permitted for goods delivery. Previously the area was truly car-free when donkeys were used for goods delivery, but they are now banned because of the associated hygiene problems.
Jerusalem, Israel Ben Yehuda Street N/A Part of this central thoroughfare was pedestrianized in the 1980s and has since become a major commercial center.
Tel Aviv, Israel Nahalat Binyamin 404,400 This is a pedestrianized street lined by shops and cafes, which hosts a weekly arts fair.
Tel Aviv, Israel Shenkin Street from Allenby Street to Ahed HaAm 404,400 This is a pedestrianized street lined by shops and cafes, was closed to vehicular traffic in November 2011 and a Pedestrian Mall is under construction. Completion is expect by the Summer of 2012.
Beirut, Lebanon Downtown Beirut N/A The area is filled with shops, restaurants and cafes.
Masdar City, Abu Dhabi New, purpose-built sustainable city 75,000 Under construction in 2010, due to open in 2016. Home to the nation's new sustainability institute.
Bhaktapur, Nepal Entire town Around 70,000 A brick-paved historical culture town and a UNESCO World Heritage site. Formally, motorized traffic is banned, but the law is not enforced. As a result, motorcycles and (to a lesser extent) larger vehicles are seen along the main streets.


Pacific Islands
Location Area Population Character
Tokelau Pacific Island Nation 1466 permanent residents Although cars are allowed on the islands, due to its limited development, only 4 cars are present on the whole of the 4 islands.[23]
Location Area Population Character
Rundle Mall, Adelaide Section of Rundle Street, 320m long, in the heart of Adelaide's CBD. Largest urban pedestrian area in the southern hemisphere. No private or transit vehicles allowed, only the emergency or construction vehicles.
Rottnest Island, Western Australia Tourist island 300 permanent residents No cars allowed on island, all transport is on foot, bicycle or the regular bus service.
French Island, Victoria Island 70 permanent residents No cars allowed on island, all transport is on foot or bicycles. Most of island is national park.
Maria Island, Tasmania Tourist island 15 permanent residents No cars allowed on island, all transport is on foot or bicycles. Park rangers are only permanent residents.
Elizabeth Street Mall, Hobart, Tasmania Shopping area. No cars allowed, all transport is on foot.
Brisbane Street Mall, Launceston, Tasmania Shopping area. No cars allowed, all transport is on foot.
Rooke Street Mall, Devonport, Tasmania Shopping area. No cars allowed, all transport is on foot.
Lord Howe Island, New South Wales Tourist island 350 permanent residents A small number of resident permits, however most transport is on foot or bicycles.
Melbourne city centre (some areas) Bourke Street Mall and large number of city laneways including Block Arcade, Royal Arcade, Degraves Lane, QV, City Square and Federation Square. Home to growing residential population. Entire length of Swanston Street soon to become car free.[24][25] 20,000 permanent residents. Thousands of workers and tourists. No private cars, some exemptions for Swanston Street. Bicycles not allowed on Bourke Street Mall.
Civic Square, Canberra ACT Central shopping area from Civic Bus Interchange, all the way down to Glebe Park, Canberra. Includes Garema Place and Petrie Plaza. Until recently, Civic Bus Interchange was also a Shared Zone, however shared zone signs have now been removed and replaced with standard 20 km/h speed limit signs, thus removing right of way for pedestrians. No private cars. An area frequented by tourists, students and shoppers. Plenty of bike parking exists.
Queen Street Mall, Brisbane Queensland Central shopping area, connects with King George Square No private cars. Underground busway.
Sydney central business district (some areas) Central shopping area. Pitt Street Mall Sydney and tourist precinct Darling Harbour, New South Wales Some ferries, trams and monorail
Falls Creek, Victoria (winter only) Snowsports resort 252 Roads in the town area are closed to cars during the snow season, but open to snowmobiles and snowcats. Snowsport riders often use the roads to access pistes.

See also


  1. ^ a b "Urbanistički plan uređenja Zlarina" (PDF) (in Croatian). City of Šibenik. April 2009. Retrieved 2013-06-05. 
  2. ^ "" (in Croatian). Retrieved 2014-05-29. 
  3. ^ Carfree France
  4. ^ Carfree France
  5. ^ Carfree France
  6. ^ Carfree France
  7. ^ Carfree France
  8. ^ Carfree France
  9. ^ Carfree islands
  10. ^ Monheim, R. (1997). "The Evolution from Pedestrian Areas to 'Car-free' City Centres in Germany". In Tolley, R. The greening of urban transport : planning for walking and cycling in Western cities. (2nd ed.). Chichester: Wiley. pp. 253–265. 
  11. ^ Gemeente Groningen, 2008. Statistisch Jaarboek
  12. ^ Kazandžijsko sokače
  13. ^ Barcelona city council webpage - data from 2007
  14. ^
  15. ^ "Canal Walk". Visit Indy. Retrieved 2014-08-20. 
  16. ^ Mapa Turístico - Ilha Grande
  17. ^ Bogotá's green revolution
  18. ^ The Politics of Happiness
  19. ^ The book of cities by Philip Dodd
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^ "Tokelau looks to independence".  
  24. ^ "Melbourne: A Pedestrian Paradise".  
  25. ^ The Age, January 27, 2010
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.