World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of endemic species of Taiwan

Article Id: WHEBN0001055486
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of endemic species of Taiwan  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 1933 in Louisiana, Endemism, Houtong Cat Village, Taiwan/Taiwan topics, LGBT history in Taiwan
Collection: Biota of Taiwan, Endemism, Lists of Biota of Taiwan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

List of endemic species of Taiwan

The endemic species of Taiwan are endemic to the island of Taiwan— that is, they occur nowhere else on Earth.

Percentages of endemic animals of all living species in Taiwan.

Category Total species Endemic species (& ssp.) Percentages
Mammals 70 45 64%
Birds 450 84 19%
Reptiles 85 27 32%
Amphibians 37 17 46%
Freshwater fishes 220 36 16%
Butterflies 400 50 13%
Total 1,257 252 20%

Percentages of endemic plants of all living species in Taiwan.[1]

Category Total (native) species Endemic species (& ssp.) Percentages
Pteridophytes 629 72 11%
Gymnosperms 28 18 64%
Dicotyledons 2,410 750 31%
Monocotyledons 1,010 227 23%
Total 4,077 1,067 26%

Contents

  • Endemic mammals 1
  • Endemic birds 2
  • Endemic reptiles 3
  • Endemic amphibians 4
  • Endemic freshwater fishes 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Endemic mammals

Formosan serow
Formosan macaque
  1. Formosan serowNaemorhedus swinhoei (Gray)
  1. Formosan shrewSoriculus fumidus Thomas
  2. Tada's shrewCrocidura tadae Tokuda & Kano
  3. Koshun shrewSoriculus sodalis Thomas
  1. Formosan field voleApodemus semotus Thomas
  2. Spinous country-ratNiviventer coxingi (Swinhoe)
  3. Formosan white-bellied ratNiviventer culturatus (Thomas)
  4. Kikuchi's field voleMicrotus kikuchii (Kuroda)
  1. Formosan macaqueMacaca cyclopis (Swinhoe)
  1. Formosan long-eared batPlecotus taivanus Yoshiyuki
  2. Formosan mouse-eared batMyotis taiwanensis Linde
  3. Formosan tube-nosed batMurina puta Kishida
  4. Yellow-necked batArielulus torquatus Gabor & Lee
  5. Formosan broad-muzzled batMyotis latirostris Kishida
  6. Formosan leaf-nosed batHipposideros terasensis Kisida
  7. Formosan greater horseshoe batRhinolophus formosae Sanborn
  8. Formosan lesser horseshoe batRhinolophus monoceros Andersen

Endemic birds

Taiwan blue magpie
Taiwan whistling thrush
Mikado pheasant

17 endemic bird species and another 60 endemic subspecies of Taiwan have been identified (out of a total of 569 bird species). The seventeen endemic speacies make up about 3% of all birds living in Taiwan.

  1. Yellow titParus holsti Seebohm
  2. White-whiskered laughingthrushGarrulax morrisonianus (Ogilvie-Grant)
  3. White-eared sibiaHeterophasia auricularis (Swinhoe)
  4. Taiwan yuhinaYuhina brunneiceps Ogilvie-Grant
  5. Taiwan barwingActinodura morrisoniana Ogilvie-Grant
  6. Steere's liocichlaLiocichla steerii Swinhoe
  7. Taiwan blue magpieUrocissa caerulea (Gould)
  8. Styan's bulbulPycnonotus taivanus Styan
  9. Taiwan whistling thrushMyiophoneus insularis Gould
  10. Collared bush robinLuscinia johnstoniae (Ogilvie-Grant)
  11. FlamecrestRegulus goodfellowi Ogilvie-Grant
  12. Taiwan bush warblerBradypterus alishanensis
  13. Taiwan hwameiGarrulax taewanus
  1. Taiwan hill partridgeArborophila crudigularis (Swinhoe)
  2. Mikado pheasantSyrmaticus mikado (Ogilivie-Grant)
  3. Swinhoe's pheasantLophura swinhoii (Gould)
  1. Taiwan barbetMegalaima nuchalis

Endemic reptiles

  1. Formosan smooth skinkScincella formosensis (Van Denburgh)
  2. Taiwan forest skinkSphenomorphus taiwanensis Chen & Lue
  3. Lanyu scaly-toed geckoLepidodactylus yami Ota
  4. Kikuchi's geckoGekko kikuchii (Oshima)
  5. Lue's japaluraJapalura luei Ota, Chen & Shang
  6. Maki's japaluraJapalura makii Ota
  7. Swinhoe's japaluraJapalura swinhonis Gunther
  8. Short-legged japaluraJapalura brevipes Gressitt
  9. Formosan legless lizardOphisaurus formosensis Kishida
  10. Formosan grass lizardTakydromus formosanus Boulenger
  11. Sauteri grass lizardTakydromus sauteri Van Denburgh
  12. Hsuehshan grass lizardTakydromus hsueshanesis Lin & Cheng
  13. Stejneger's grass lizardTakydromus stejnegeri Van Denburgh
  14. Hengchun blind snakeTyphlops koshunensis Oshima
  15. Taiwan slug-eating snakePareas formosensis (Van Dengurgh)
  16. Formosa odd-scaled snakeAchalinus formosanus Boulenger
  17. Black odd-scaled snakeAchalinus niger Maki
  18. Maki's keelbackAmphiesma miyajimae Maki
  19. Swinhoe's grass snakePhabdophis swinhonis (Gunther)
  20. Formosa coral snakeHemibungarus sauteri (Steindachner)
  21. Taiwan pit viperTrimeresurus gracilis Oshima

Endemic amphibians

  • Order Anura (frogs and toads)
  1. Central Formosan toadBufo bankorensis
  2. Stejneger's narrow-mouthed toad – Micryletta steinegeri
  3. Swinhoe's brown frog — Odorrana swinhoana
  4. Taipa frog — Rana longicrus
  5. Sauter's brown frog — Rana sauteri
  6. Robust Buerger's frogBuergeria robusta
  7. Temple treefrogKurixalus idiootocus
  8. Farmland green treefrogRhacophorus arvalis
  9. Orange-belly treefrogRhacophorus aurantiventris
  10. Moltrecht's green treefrogRhacophorus moltrechti
  11. Emerald green treefrogRhacophorus prasinatus
  12. Taipei green treefrogRhacophorus taipeianus
  • Order Urodela (salamanders and newts)
  1. Alishan salamanderHynobius arisanensis
  2. Formosan salamanderHynobius formosanus
  3. Taiwan lesser salamanderHynobius fuca
  4. Nanhu salamanderHynobius glacialis
  5. Sonani's salamanderHynobius sonani

Endemic freshwater fishes

Formosan landlocked salmon
  1. Taitung river loachHemimyzon taitungensis Tzeng et Shen
  2. Formosan river loachHemimyzon formosanus (Boulenger)
  3. Shen's river loach – Hemimyzon sheni Chen et Fang
  4. River loach – Formosania lacustris (Steindachner)
  5. Pulin river loachSinogastromyzon puliensis Liang
  6. Rasborinus macrolepis (Regan) (extinct)
  7. Pararasbora moltrechti Regan
  8. Acrossocheilus paradoxus (Günther)
  9. Lake Candidus daceCandidia barbata (Regan)
  10. Microphysogobio alticorpus Banarescu et Nalbant
  11. Taiwan ku fish – Onychostoma alticorpus (Oshima)
  12. Freshwater minnow – Opsariichthys pachycephalus Günther
  13. Gobiobotia cheni Banarescu et Nalbant
  14. Microphysogobio brevirostris (Günther)
  15. Aphyocypris kikuchii (Oshima)
  16. Squalidus iijimae (Oshima)
  1. Goby – Rhinogobius gigas Aonuma et Chen
  2. Goby – Rhinogobius formosanus Oshima
  3. Goby – Cryptocentrus yatsui Tomiyama
  4. Goby – Rhinogobius nantaiensis Aonuma et Chen
  5. Goby – Rhinogobius henchuenensis Chen et Shao
  6. Goby – Rhinogobius delicatus Chen et Shao
  7. Goby – Rhinogobius maculafasciatus Chen et Shao
  8. Goby – Rhinogobius rubromaculatus Lee et Chang
  9. Goby – Myersina yangii (Chen) (extinct)
  10. Goby – Rhinogobius lanyuensis Chen, Miller et Fang
  1. Formosan trooent catfishLiobagrus formosanus Regan
  2. Bagrid catfish – Pseudobagrus adiposalis Oshima
  3. Bagrid catfish – Pseudobagrus brevianalis Regan
  1. Ariake icefishSalanx acuticeps Regan (extinct)
  1. Formosan landlocked salmonOncorhynchus formosanus (Jordan et Oshima)

See also

References

  1. ^ Hsieh, C. F. (2002) Composition, endemism and phytogeographical affinities of the Taiwan Flora. Taiwania 47(4): 298-310.

External links

  • Taiwan Endemic Species Research Institute
  • Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
  • Taiwan Ecological Research Network
  • Ecogrid project
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.