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List of events named massacres

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Title: List of events named massacres  
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Subject: Jedwabne pogrom, Massacres, Massacre, Ararat rebellion, List of wars and anthropogenic disasters by death toll
Collection: Lists of Massacres, Massacres, Murder
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List of events named massacres

This is a list of events for which one of the commonly accepted names includes the word "massacre".[1] Massacre is defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as "the indiscriminate and brutal slaughter of people or (less commonly) animals; carnage, butchery, slaughter in numbers". It also states that the term is used "in the names of certain massacres of history".[2] The first recorded use in English of the word massacre in the name of an event is "Marlowe (c. 1600) (title) The massacre at Paris",[2] (a reference to the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre). Massacre can also be used as a verb, as "To kill (people or, less commonly, animals) in numbers, esp. brutally and indiscriminately".[3] The first usage of which was "(c. 1588) Men which make no conscience for gaine sake, to breake the law of the æternall, and massaker soules (...) are dangerous subjects",[3] and this usage is not recorded in this list.

Massacre is also used figuratively and idiomatically for events that do not involve any deaths, such as the Saturday Night Massacre, which refers to the firing and resignations of political appointees during the Watergate scandal. Such events are not listed in the table below.


  • List of events 1
  • See also 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4

List of events

Note: the location column will sort by the following sub regions: Eastern Africa, Southern Africa, Central America, North America, South America, Eastern Asia, South-eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, and Oceania
Date Location Name Deaths Description
61 Anglesey, Britannia Menai massacre 0,000,001unknown Gaius Suetonius Paulinus ordered the Roman army to destroy the Celtic Druid stronghold on Anglesey in Britain, sacking Druidic colleges and sacred groves. The massacre helped impose Roman religion on Britain and sent Druidism into a decline from which it never recovered.[4][5]
627 Fortress of Banu Qurayza, Saudi Arabia Massacre of Banu Qurayza[6] 0,00600600-900 Muhammad ordered his followers to attack the Banu Qurayza because according to Muslim tradition he had been ordered to do so by the angel Gabriel.[7][8][9][10][11][12] Muhammad had a treaty with the tribe which was betrayed. 600-900 members of the Banu Qurayza (all males old enough to have pubic hair, all of whom were non-combatants) were beheaded, while the women and children of the tribe were sold into slavery (Tabari, Ibn Ishaq).[10][11][13] Al Waqidi influence is in Ibn Ishaqs biography. Stillman and Watt deny the authenticity of al-Waqidi.[14] Al-Waqidi has been frequently criticized by Muslim Ulama, who claim that he is unreliable.[15][16] A reliable source says all the warriors were killed based on Sa'd ibn Mu'adh judgement whom was appointed by Banu Qurzaya for arbitration.[17][18][19] 2 Muslim's were killed[10]
390 Thessaloniki, Macedonia Massacre of Thessaloniki 0,007,0007,000 Emperor Theodosius I of Rome ordered the executions after the citizens of Thessaloniki murdered a top-level military commander during a violent protest against the arrest of a popular charioteer.[20][21]
782 Verden, Lower Saxony, Germany Massacre of Verden 0,004,5004,500 Charlemagne ordered the massacre of 4,500 imprisoned rebel pagan Saxons in response to losing two envoys, four counts, and twenty nobles in battle with the Saxons during his campaign to conquer and Christianize the Saxons during the Saxon Wars.[22]
November 13, 1002 various cities, England St. Brice's Day massacre 0,000,001unknown King Ethelred II of England ordered all Danes living in England killed. The Danes were accused of aiding Viking raiders. The King of Denmark, Swein Forkbeard, invaded England and deposed King Ethelred.[23][24][25]
December 30, 1066 Granada, Al-Andalus Granada massacre 0,004,0004,000 Apparently angered by a rumour that Jewish vizier Joseph ibn Naghrela intended to assassinate the king and take the throne for himself, a Muslim mob killed him and hung his body on a cross. The mob went on to kill the Jewish population of the city.[26][27][28][29]
May 1182 Constantinople, Byzantine Empire Massacre of the Latins[30] 0,060,00060,000–80,000 Wholesale massacre of all Latin (Western European) inhabitants of Constantinople by a mob.
1209 France Massacre at Béziers 0,060,00015,000+ First major military action of the Albigensian Crusade
1325 Crow Creek Site, Great Plains, North America Crow Creek massacre[31][32] 0,000,500500[33] Native Americans indigenous to the area that is now South Dakota killed Central Plains villagers.[33][34]
November 8, 1520 Stockholm, Sweden Stockholm massacre
(Stockholm Bloodbath)
0,000,08080–90[35] Days after his coronation in Stockholm, King Christian II of Denmark – trying to maintain the personal union between Sweden, Norway and Denmark, and thus keep up his claims to the Swedish throne – liquidated nobles and bishops who earlier had opposed him, or who might stir up fresh opposition.[36][37][38]
March 1, 1563 Wassy, France Massacre of Vassy 0,000,06363 The murder of Huguenot worshipers and citizens in an armed action by troops of Francis, Duke of Guise.
1570 Cyprus Cyprus massacre 0,030,00030,000–50,000[39][40][41][42] Ottoman forces capturing Cyprus killed mostly Greek and Armenian Christian inhabitants.
August 23, 1572 Paris, France St. Bartholomew's Day massacre[43][44] 0,070,0005,000 - 70,000[45] A wave of Catholic mob violence against the Huguenots.[45][46][47]
October 10, 1580 Kerry, Ireland Smerwick (Dun an Oir) massacre 0,000,600c600 English troops commanded by Grey de Wilton massacre Papal invasion forces at Dun an Oir in West Kerry[48]
March 22, 1622 Jamestown, Virginia Jamestown massacre[49][50] 0,000,347347 The Powhatans killed 347 settlers, almost one-third of the English population of the Virginia colony.
May 26, 1637 Mystic, Connecticut Mystic Massacre[51] 0,000,400400-700 English settlers under Captain John Mason and Narragansett and Mohegan allies set fire to a fortified Pequot village near the Mystic River.
1641 Ulster, Ireland Ulster Massacres 0,000,100~4,000 - ~12,000 The Ulster Massacres were a series of massacres and resulting deaths amongst the ~40,000 Protestant settlers which took place in 1641 during the Irish Rebellion.[52][53][54]
November 1641 Portadown, Ireland Portadown Massacre 0,000,100~100 The Portadown Massacre took place in November 1641 at what is now Portadown, County Armagh. Up to 100 mostly English Protestants were killed in the River Bann by a group of armed Irishmen. This was the biggest massacre of Protestant colonists during the 1641–42 uprising.[55]
May 28, 1644 Bolton, England Bolton Massacre 0,000,200200–1,600 Royalist forces killed many of the town's defenders and citizens.[56][57][58]
1645 Yangzhou, China Yangzhou massacre 0,800,000Up to 800,000 Qing troops killed residents of Yangzhou as punishment for resistance[59][60]
February 13, 1692 Scotland Massacre of Glencoe[61] 0,000,03838[62] Government soldiers, mainly from Clan Campbell, killed members of the Clan MacDonald of Glencoe.[62]
October 16, 1755 Snyder County, Pennsylvania Penn's Creek massacre 0,000,1414[63] A group of Indians attacked settlers on Penn's Creek
May 10, 1768 Southwark in South London 7 0,000,007 British troops fired at a mob that was protesting at the imprisonment of King George III.
March 5, 1770 Boston, Province of Massachusetts Bay Boston Massacre 0,000,0055[64] British troops fired at a mob of colonists. This helped spark the American Revolution even though an all-colonist jury found the soldiers innocent.[65][66]
July 17, 1771 Kugluktuk, Nunavut Bloody Falls Massacre 0,000,02020[67] Chipewyan warriors attacked an Inuit camp, killing men, women and children.[68][69][70]
September 28, 1778 River Vale, New Jersey Baylor Massacre 0,000,01515[71] British infantry troops attacked sleeping Continental Light Dragoons using bayonets.[71]
May 29, 1780 Lancaster, South Carolina Waxhaw Massacre 0,000,113113[72] Loyalist troops under the command of British Colonel Banastre Tarleton slashed and bayoneted fallen American troops during the late stages of the Battle of Waxhaws. Conflicting contemporary accounts claim violation of an American white flag by one or the other of the sides involved.[73]
September 11, 1780 Luzerne County, Pennsylvania Sugarloaf massacre 0,000,1515[74] A group of loyalists and Indians during the American Revolutionary War led by Roland Montour attacked a group of American soldiers.
February 24, 1781 Alamance County, North Carolina Pyle's Massacre 0,000,09393 Patriot militia leader Colonel Henry Lee deceived Loyalist militia under Dr. John Pyle into thinking he was British commander Banastre Tarleton sent to meet them. Lee's men then opened fire, surprising and scattering Pyle's force.
March 8, 1782 Gnadenhutten, Ohio Gnadenhutten massacre[75]
(Moravian massacre)
0,000,09696 Pennsylvania militia men attacked a Moravian mission and killed 96 peaceful Christian American Indians there in retaliation for unrelated deaths of several white Pennsylvanians.[75][76]
1792 France September Massacres[77][78] 0,001,440~1440 Popular courts in the French Revolution sentenced prisoners to death, including around 240 priests.[79]
1794 Warsaw, Poland Massacre of Praga 0,020,00020,000 Inhabitants of the Warsaw district Praga were massacred by pillaging Russian troops following the Battle of Praga.
December 1809 Whangaroa, New Zealand Boyd massacre 0,000,06666 Whangaroa Māori killed and ate 66 crew and passengers on ship The Boyd.[80]
December 9, 1817 Madulla, Central Province, Sri Lanka Madulla massacre 0,000,02222 British troops killed 22 unarmed native civilians who were hiding in a cave.[81][82]
1818 Uva Province, Sri Lanka Uva-Wellassa Massacre Male population above the age of 18 in the Uva ProvinceMale population above the age of 18[83][84] The 1818 Uva-Wellassa Uprising also known as the Great Rebellion resulted in multiple atrocities against the local Sri Lankans by the British imperialists, including razing and annihilation of villages. The entire Uva region male population above the age of 18 years were killed in revenge for resistance against the British imperialist occupation.[83][84]
August 16, 1819 Manchester, England Peterloo Massacre 0,000,01111[80] Armed cavalry charged a peaceful pro-democracy meeting of 60,000 people.[80]
March 1821 Constantinople Massacre of Constaninopolitan Greeks See Constantinople Massacre of 1821 Hundreds of Greeks were massacred by the Ottomans, including the Greek patriarch, bishops and officials.
August 19, 1821 Navarino, Peloponnese, Greece Navarino Massacre 0,003,0003,000[85] The whole Turkish population of Navarino, which was around 3000, were killed by Greeks.[85]
September 1821 Peloponnese, Greece Tripolitsa Massacre 0,035,00035,000[86] Up to 30,000 Turks were killed in Tripolitsa and the whole Jewish population was wiped out.[80]
1822 Chios, Greece Chios massacre 0,020,000about 20,000 Tens of thousands of Greeks on the island of Chios were slaughtered by Ottoman troops in 1822.
January 1838 Waterloo Creek, Australia Waterloo Creek massacre[87] 0,000,100100–300 Aboriginal Australians killed by a force of colonial mounted police.[88]
June 10, 1838 Myall Creek, Australia Myall Creek massacre[87] 0,000,02828 A mainly white posse (one of whom was a black African) killed Aboriginal Australians. The perpetrators were convicted and sentenced to death.[89]
October 5, 1838 Cherokee County, Republic of Texas Killough massacre[90] 0,000,01818 In the largest attack by Native Americans on white settlers in Texas, a disaffected band of Cherokee, Caddo, Coushatta, and perhaps other ethnicities formed a war party and killed 18 members of the extended Killough family, who had settled in the area after the Senate of the Republic of Texas nullified the (land) treaty which President Sam Houston had negotiated with the Cherokee.
October 30, 1838 Caldwell County, Missouri, United States Haun's Mill massacre[91] 0,000,01919 About 240 Livingston County Missouri Regulators militiamen and volunteers killed 18 Mormons and one non-Mormon friend.[92][93]
1840 Gippsland, Australia Gippsland massacres[94] 0,000,450~450[95] A series of massacres spanning several years: 1840 – Nuntin, 1840 – Boney Point, 1841 – Butchers Creek – 30–35, 1841 – [95] See also Angus McMillan.
January 6, 1842 Afghanistan Massacre of Elphinstone's Army 0,016,00016,000 Afghan tribes massacred Elphinstone's British army including some 12,000 civilians.[96][97][98]
April 8, 1857 Caborca, Sonora, Mexico Crabb Massacre 0,000,08484 Mexican rebels fight American rebels at Caborca, Sonora. Out of less than ninety Americans, about thirty were killed in battle and the rest were executed by the Mexicans.
September 11, 1857 Mountain Meadows, Utah, United States Mountain Meadows massacre 0,000,120120–140[99][100] Mormon militia, some dressed as Indians, and Paiute tribesmen killed and plundered unarmed members of the Baker-Fancher emigrant wagon train.[101]
January 18, 1863 Madison County, North Carolina, United States Shelton Laurel Massacre 0,000,01313 Thirteen boys and men, accused of being Union sympathizers and spies, were summarily executed by members of the 64th North Carolina Regiment of the Confederate Army.[102]
January 29, 1863 Washington Territory near present day Preston, Idaho United States Bear River massacre 0,000,225~225[103] 3rd Regiment California Volunteer Infantry destroyed a village of Shoshone in southeastern Idaho.[104]
August 21, 1863 Lawrence, Kansas, United States Lawrence massacre 0,000,150~150[105][106] Pro-Confederate bushwhackers attacked the town of Lawrence, Kansas during the American Civil War in retaliation for the Union attack on Osceola, Missouri.[107][108]
April 12, 1864 Henning, Tennessee, United States Fort Pillow massacre 0,000,350350[109] After their surrender following the Battle of Fort Pillow, most of the Union garrison – consisting primarily of Black troops – as well as civilians, including women and children, were massacred by Confederate forces under the command of General Nathan Bedford Forrest.[110][111][112][113]
November 29, 1864 Kiowa County, Colorado, United States Sand Creek massacre 0,000,200~200[114] Colorado Territory 90-day militia destroyed a peaceful village of Cheyenne and Arapaho on the eastern plains.[115][116]
November 27, 1868 Indian Territory, United States Washita Massacre
(Battle of Washita River)
0,000,02929–150 Lt. Col. G.A.Custer's 7th cavalry attacked a village of sleeping Cheyenne led by Black Kettle. Custer reported 103 – later revised to 140 – warriors, "some" women and "few" children killed, and 53 women and children taken hostage. Other casualty estimates by cavalry members, scouts and Indians vary widely, with the number of men killed ranging as low as 11 and the numbers of women and children ranging as high as 75. Before returning to their base, the cavalry killed several hundred Indian ponies and burned the village.[117][118][119][120][121][122][123][124][125][126][127]
October 24, 1871 Los Angeles California, United States Chinese massacre of 1871[128] 0,003,00018 A mob of over 500 men entered Chinatown in Los Angeles, rioted, ransacked, then tortured and killed 18 Chinese-Americans, making this the largest mass lynching in American history.[129]
April 30, 1876 Batak Ottoman Empire Batak massacre[130][131][132] 0,003,0003,000–5,000 Ottoman army irregulars killed Bulgarian civilians barricaded in Batak's church.[133]
April 2, 1885 Frog Lake, North-West Territories, Canada Frog Lake Massacre 0,000,0099 Cree warriors, dissatisfied with the lack of support from the Canadian Government for Treaty Indians, and exacerbated by food shortages resulting from the near-extinction of bison, killed nine white settlers, including Indian agent Thomas Quinn.[134][135]
September 2, 1885 Rock Springs, Wyoming, United States Rock Springs massacre 0,000,02828 Rioting white immigrant miners killed 28 Chinese miners, wounded 15, and 75 Chinese homes burned.[136][137][138]
December 29, 1890 Wounded Knee, South Dakota, United States Wounded Knee Massacre 0,000,200200–300[139] The U.S. 7th Cavalry intercepted a band of Lakota people on their way to the Pine Ridge Reservation for shelter from the winter; as they were disarming them, a gun was fired, and the soldiers turned their artillery on the Lakota, killing men women and children.[140][141]
1894–1896 Anatolia, Ottoman Empire Hamidian massacres 0,100,000100,000–300,000[142]

Sultan Abdul Hamid II ordered Ottoman forces to kill Armenians across the empire.[142][143][144]

September 10, 1897 Pennsylvania, United States Lattimer massacre 0,000,01919 Unarmed striking miners were shot in the back: many were wounded and 19 were killed.
January 18, 1900 Guaymas, Mexico Mazocoba Massacre 0,000,400~400 Mexican Army troops attack Yaqui hostiles west of Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico.
January 31, 1902 Leliefontein, Northern Cape, South Africa Leliefontein massacre[145] 0,000,03535 During the Second Boer War, Boer forces under Manie Maritz massacred 35 Khoikhoi for being British sympathisers.
March 10, 1906 Bud Dajo, Jolo Island, Philippines Moro Crater massacre[146][147] 0,000,800800–1,000 A U.S. Army force of 540 soldiers under the command of Major General Leonard Wood, accompanied by a naval detachment and with a detachment of native constabulary, armed with artillery and small firearms, attacked a Muslim village hidden in the crater of a dormant volcano.[148]
December 21, 1907 Chile Santa María School massacre 0,002,2002,200–3,600 Was a massacre of striking workers, mostly saltpeter (nitrate) miners, along with wives and children, committed by the Chilean Army in Iquique, Chile. It occurred during the peak of the nitrate mining era, which coincided with the Parliamentary Period in Chilean political history (1891–1925). With the massacre and an ensuing reign of terror, not only was the strike broken, but the workers' movement was thrown into limbo for over a decade.
April–May 1909 Adana Province, Anatolia, Ottoman Empire Adana massacre 0,015,00015,000–30,000 In April 1909, a religious-ethnic clash in the city of Adana, amidst governmental upheaval, resulted in a series of anti-Armenian pogroms throughout the district, resulting in an estimated 15,000 to 30,000 deaths.[149][150][151][152][153]
April 20, 1914 Ludlow, Colorado, United States Ludlow massacre 0,000,02020 Twenty people, 11 of them children, died during an attack by the Colorado National Guard on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colorado. The event led to wider conflict quelled only by Federal troops sent in by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson.[154][155][156]
April 13, 1919 Amritsar, India Jallianwala Bagh massacre 0,000,379379–1526[157][158][159] 90 British Indian Army soldiers, led by Brigadier Reginald Dyer, opened fire on an unarmed gathering of men, women and children. The firing lasted for 10 to 15 minutes, until they ran out of ammunition.[158][159]
November 21, 1920 Dublin, Ireland Croke Park Massacre 0,000,02323[160] British Auxiliary police and Black and Tans fired at Gaelic football spectators at Croke Park.[160][161]
January 1923 Rosewood, Florida, United States Rosewood Massacre 0,000,0088 Several days of violence by white mobs, ranging in size up to 400 people, resulted in the deaths of six blacks and two whites and the destruction of the town of Rosewood, which was abandoned after the incident.[162]
June 23, 1925 Eastern Jiaochang, China Shaji Massacre 0,000,50~50 A group of strikers in Canton, China, in support of a workers' strike in Hong Kong, were fired upon by British troops, who claimed to have been provoked by gunfire. Over 200 casualties resulted.
May 18, 1927 Bath Township, Michigan, United States Bath School massacre
(Bath School disaster)
0,000,4545 37 children and a 30-year-old teacher at Bathtown elementary school were killed by a major explosion set off by school board treasurer Andrew Kehoe. About a half hour after the explosion, Kehoe then detonated dynamite in his truck, killing himself and five others, including a fourth grader and four adults. Also, some hours before the event, Kehoe killed his wife at their Bath Township home. This event was the deadliest mass murder in a school in United States history.
August 14, 1928 Coniston, Northern Territory, Australia Coniston massacre 0,000,08531–170 The last known officially sanctioned massacre of indigenous Australians which took place in the vicinity of Coniston cattle station in Northern Territory, Australia in revenge for the death of a dingo hunter named Frederick Brooks.
December 6, 1928 Ciénaga, Magdalena, Colombia Banana massacre 0,000,047Unknown (estimated 47–2,000)[163] The Banana massacre was a massacre of workers for the union in order to secure better working conditions. The government of the United States of America had threatened to invade with the U.S. Marine Corps if the Colombian government did not act to protect United Fruit’s interests.
February 14, 1929 Chicago, United States Saint Valentine's Day massacre 0,000,0077[164] Al Capone's gang shot rival gang members and their associates.[165]
August 1929 Hebron, Mandatory Palestine 1929 Hebron massacre 0,000,06969[166] Arabs kill 69 Jews after being incited by religious leaders. Survivors were relocated to Jerusalem, "leaving Hebron barren of Jews for the first time in hundreds of years."[166]
August 1929 Safed, Mandatory Palestine 1929 Safed massacre 0,000,01818[167] Arabs killed 18 Jews, wounded around 40, and some 200 houses were burned and looted.[168]
April 23, 1930 Peshawar, British Raj Qissa Khwani bazaar massacre 0,000,200200–250[169][170] Soldiers of the British Raj fired on unarmed non-violent protestors of the Khudai Khidmatgar with machine guns during the Indian independence movement[169][170]
July 1930 Van Province, Turkey Zilan massacre 0,004,5004,500[171] - 47,000[172] Turkish troops massacred Kurdish residents during the Ararat rebellion.
August 1933 Iraq Simele massacre 0,003,0003,000[173] Iraqi Army killed 3,000 Assyrian men women and children.[173] The massacre amongst other things included rape, cars running over children and bayoneting pregnant women and children.[173]
March 21, 1937 Ponce, Puerto Rico Ponce massacre 0,000,01919[174] The Insular Police fired on unarmed Nationalist demonstrators peacefully marching to commemorate the ending of slavery in Puerto Rico.[174] It was the biggest massacre in Puerto Rican history.[175]
1937–1938 Tunceli Province, Turkey Dersim Massacre 0,013,16013,160[176]-70,000[177] Turkish troops massacred Alevi residents during the Dersim Rebellion.
December 1937 – January 1938 Nanjing, China Nanking Massacre[178][179]
0,260,000as many as if not more than 300,000[180] The Imperial Japanese Army pillaged and burned Nanking while, at the same time, murdering, enslaving, and torturing prisoners of war and civilians.[181]
April–May 1940 Katyn, Soviet Union Katyn massacre 0,022,00021,857–25,700[182][183][184] Soviet NKVD executed Polish intelligentsia, POWs and reserve officers.[185][186]
June–October 1941 Soviet Union, Baltic states NKVD prisoner massacres 0,09,0009,000–100,000[187] The Soviet People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del, or NKVD) executed thousands of political prisoners in the initial stages of Operation Barbarossa.[187][188]
September 29, 1941 Ukraine Babi Yar massacre 0,030,00130,000[189] Nazi Einsatzgruppen killed the Jewish population of Kiev.[189][190][191][192][193]
October 20–21, 1941 Serbia Kragujevac massacre 0,002,7962,796-5,000 Nazi soldiers massacred Serb and Roma hostages in retaliation for attacks on the occupying forces.
October 22–24, 1941 Odessa, Soviet Union Odessa Massacre 0,025,00025,000–34,000 Romanian and German troops, supported by local authorities, massacred Jews in Odessa and the surrounding towns in Transnistria after a bomb detonated in the Romanian HQ.[194]
November 25 and 29, 1941 Kaunas, Lithuania Ninth Fort massacres of November 1941 0,025,0004,934 The first systematic mass killings of German Jews during the Holocaust.
February 1942 Laha Airfield, Ambon Island Laha massacre 0,000,300~300[195] The Japanese killed surrendered Australian soldiers.[195][196]
June 10, 1942 Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia Lidice massacre 0,000,340340[197] Nazis killed 192 men, and sent the women and children to Nazi concentration camps where many died.[197][198][199]
September 21, 1943 Kefalonia, Greece Massacre of the Acqui Division 0,005,0005,000 Wehrmacht troops executed POWs from the Italian 33 Infantry Division Acqui.
October 7, 1943 Wake Island Wake Island massacre 0,000,9898 Japanese forces under Rear Admiral Shigematsu Sakaibara massacred the remaining 98 U.S. civilians in fear of the anticipation U.S. invasion of Wake Island two days after a U.S. air raid on the island.[200][201]
December 13, 1943 Kalavryta, Greece Massacre of Kalavryta 0,000,511511-1200 The extermination of the male population and the subsequent total destruction of the town of Kalavryta, in Greece, by German occupying forces during World War II on 13 December 1943. It is the most serious case of war crimes committed during the Axis occupation of Greece during World War II.
January 27, 1944 Chechnya, Soviet Union Khaibakh massacre 0,000,700700 The Khaibakh massacre refers to a report of mass execution of the ethnically Chechen population of the aul of Khaibakh, in the mountainous part of Chechnya, by Soviet forces under a NKVD colonel Mikhail Gveshiani.
April 1, 1944 Ascq, France Ascq massacre 0,000,08686 The Waffen-SS killed 86 men after a bomb attack in the gare d'Ascq.
June 10, 1944 Oradour-sur-Glane, France Oradour-sur-Glane massacre 0,000,642642[202] The Waffen-SS killed 642 men, women and children without giving any specific reasons for their actions.[202][203][204][205][206][207]
June 10, 1944 Distomo, Greece Distomo massacre 0,000,218218 Nazi war crime perpetrated by members of the Waffen-SS in the village of Distomo, Greece, during the Axis occupation of Greece during World War II.
August 8, 1944 Warsaw, Poland Wola massacre 0,040,00040,000–100,000 Special groups of SS and German soldiers of the Wehrmacht went from house to house in Warsaw district Wola, rounding-up and shooting all inhabitants.
August 12, 1944 Sant'Anna di Stazzema, Italy Sant'Anna di Stazzema massacre 0,000,560560 Retreating SS-men of the II Battallion of SS-PanzergrenadierRegiment 35 of 16th SS Panzergrenadier Division Reichsführer-SS, rounded up 560 villagers and refugees — mostly women, children and older men — shot them and then burned their bodies.
August 1944 Warsaw, Poland Ochota massacre 0,010,00010,000 Mass murders of citizens of Warsaw district Ochota in August 1944, committed by Waffen-SS.
August 26, 1944 Rüsselsheim, Germany Rüsselsheim massacre 0,000,66 The townspeople of Rüsselsheim killed six American POWs who were walking through the bombed-out town while escorted by two German guards.
October 1944 Italy Marzabotto massacre 0,000,700700–1,800[208] The SS killed Italian civilians in reprisal for support given to the resistance movement.[208][209]
December 1944 Malmedy, Belgium Malmedy massacre 0,000,08888 Nazi Waffen SS soldiers shot American POWs (43 escaped).[210][211]
January 1945 Chenogne, Belgium Chenogne massacre 0,000,06060 German prisoners of war were shot by American soldiers in an unauthorized retaliation for the Malmedy Massacre.
February 1945 Manila, Philippines Manila massacre 0,100,000100,000 Japanese occupying forces massacred an estimated 100,000 Filipino civilians during the Battle of Manila.
April 10, 1945 Celle, Germany Celler Hasenjagd 0,000,300300 The Celler Hasenjagd ("hare chase of Celle") was a massacre of concentration camp inmates that took place in Celle at the end of the Second World War.
May 15, 1945 Bleiburg, Austria Bleiburg massacre 0,050,000tens of thousands Fleeing Croatian soldiers, members of the Chetnik movement and Slovene Home Guard associated with the fascist Ustaše Regime of Croatia were apprehended by Yugoslav Partisans at the Austrian border. Among those killed were an unknown number of civilians.
May 1945 Sétif, Algeria Sétif massacre 0,006,0006,000 Muslim villages were bombed by French aircraft and the cruiser Duguay-Trouin standing off the coast, in the Gulf of Bougie, shelled Kerrata. Pied noir vigilantes lynched prisoners taken from local gaols or randomly shot Muslims[212][213][214]
July 31, 1945 Ústí nad Labem, today Czech republic Ústí massacre 0,006,00080-2700 The Ústí massacre (Czech: Ústecký masakr, German: Massaker von Aussig) was a lynching of ethnic Germans in Ústí nad Labem (German: Aussig an der Elbe), a largely ethnic German city in northern Bohemia ("Sudetenland") shortly after the end of the World War II, on July 31, 1945.


February 28, 1947 Taiwan February 28 Incident 0,001,60018,000~28,000 It was an anti-government uprising in Taiwan, and was violently suppressed by the Kuomintang government.
May 1, 1947 Piana degli Albanesi, Italy Portella della Ginestra massacre 0,001,60011 11 people were killed and 27 wounded during May Day celebrations in Sicily on May 1, 1947, in the municipality of Piana degli Albanesi, by the bandit and separatist leader Salvatore Giuliano and his band.
December 30, 1947 Haifa, Mandatory Palestine Haifa Oil Refinery massacre 0,001,60045 Zionist group Irgun throws a bomb on a group of 100 Palestinian refinery workers, killing 6 and wounding 42. Palestinian workers then attack Jewish refinery workers in retaliation, resulting in 39 deaths and 49 injuries,[218]
December 31, 1947 Haifa, Mandatory Palestine Balad al-Shaykh massacre 0,001,60017-71 Haganah attacks residents of Palestinian Balad al-Shaykh village, killing 21 while residents were asleep.
April 3, 1948 Jeju island, South Korea Jeju massacre 0,014,00014,000[219]-60,000[220] Brutal suppression of an uprising. Many Communist sympathizer civilians were killed by South Korean troops whilst putting down the rebellion. Between 14,000 to 60,000 people died during the uprising.[220]
April 9, 1948 Deir Yassin, Mandatory Palestine Deir Yassin Massacre 0,000,107107 The Deir Yassin massacre took place when the Irgun and Lehi Zionist terrorist groups attacked the Palestinian Arab village of Deir Yassin near Jerusalem, population of 750. Villagers had signed an non-aggression pact with Zionist forces and were asleep at the time of the attack. Arab fatalities estimate 107 included civilian men, women, and children.[221]
April 13, 1948 Mount Scopus, Mandatory Palestine Hadassah medical convoy massacre 0,000,07979 Convoy, escorted by Haganah militia, bringing medical and fortification supplies and personnel to Hadassah Hospital on Mount Scopus was ambushed by Arab forces. 78 Jews, mainly doctors and nurses, were killed in the ambush.[222]
May 13, 1948 Kfar Etzion, Mandatory Palestine Kfar Etzion massacre 0,000,0157157 Arab armed forces attacked a Jewish kibbutz the day before the Declaration of Independence of the state of Israel[223][224]
July 11, 1948 Lydda, Mandatory Palestine Lydda massacre (Dahamsh Mosque massacre) 0,000,0250250-426 Over 150 Palestinian civilians had taken shelter in the Dahamsh Mosque during the Israeli conquest of Lydda (today's Lod) when an Israeli soldier dug a hole in the wall of the mosque and shot an anti-tank shell through it. All were crushed against the walls by the pressure from the blast and killed.[225] Also killed were 20 more after cleaning up the scene of the massacre. More civilians were killed as Israeli soldiers of the 89th Brigade, led by Moshe Dayan, throw grenades inside Palestinian houses, and those who fled to the streets were shot at by Zionist militants. Almost the entire population of Lydda, about 50,000 civilians at the time, which included many refugees, were then expelled and hundreds of men, women and children died due to dehydration, exhaustion and disease during a "death march" to the Arab front lines.[226]
November 28, 1948 Al-Dawayima, Mandatory Palestine Al-Dawayima massacre 0,000,14080 - 200 The killing of civilians by the Israeli army (IDF) that took place in the Palestinian Arab town of al-Dawayima on during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.[227][228]
October 30, 1948 Eilabun, Israel Eilabun massacre 0,000,01414 Israeli army kills 14 Palestinian Christians from the Eilaboun village, in north Israel, and expels the rest of the residents to Lebanon. Part of the community returns some months thereafter, due to pressure from the United Nations and the Vatican.
October 31 – November 1, 1948 Hula, Lebanon Hula massacre 0,000,03535-58 The Hula massacre took place October 31 – November 1, 1948. Hula is a Lebanese Shi'a Muslim village near the Lebanese Litani River. It was captured by the Carmeli Brigade of the Israel Defense Forces without any resistance. 35–58 captured men were reportedly shot down in a house which was later blown up on top of them. Two officers were responsible for the massacre; one served a one-year prison sentence and later received presidential amnesty. Shmuel Lahis was later to become Director General of the Jewish Agency.[229][230]
Saliha, Mandatory Palestine Saliha massacre 0,000,09494 94 Palestinian villagers are packed inside an abode, which was then blown up over their heads by the Zionist Seventh Brigade.[231]
December 12, 1948 Batang Kali, Malaya Batang Kali massacre 0,000,02424 Villagers were purportedly shot by British troops before the village was burnt.[232][233][234]
December 24, 1949 Mungyeong, South Korea Mungyeong massacre 0,000,08686-88[235][236] Communist sympathizer civilians were killed by South Korean troops.
June 28, 1950 South Korea Bodo League massacre 0,004,934 4,934[237] During the Korean War, communist sympathizer civilians or prisoners were killed by South Korean troops. Some scholars insist that the number of victims is between 100,000 and 200,000,[238] but the confirmed number by Truth and Reconciliation Commission(2005) is 4,934.
June 28, 1950 Seoul, South Korea Seoul National University Hospital Massacre 0,000,900900[239] During the Korean War, medical personnels, inpatients and wounded soldiers were killed by North Korean troops. The victims were 900[239]
July 26–29, 1950 No Gun Ri, South Korea No Gun Ri Massacre 0,000,100163-400 Early in the Korean War, South Korean refugees trying to cross U.S. lines at No Gun Ri were killed by U.S. troops fearing North Korean infiltrators. In 2005, the South Korean government certified the names of 150 dead, 13 missing and 55 wounded, some of whom died of wounds, and said reports on many more victims were not filed.[240] Survivors estimated 400 dead.[241]
August 14, 1950 Waegwan, South Korea Hill 303 massacre 0,000,04141[242] During the Korean War, American POWs were massacred by North Korean Army on August 14, 1950.[242]
October 1950 – early 1951 Namyangju, North Korea Namyangju Massacre 0,000,460460[243] During the Korean War, South Korean citizens were massacred by South Korean Police between October 1950[244] to early 1951.[245]
October 9–31, 1950 Goyang, South Korea Goyang Geumjeong Cave Massacre 0,000,153153[246] During the Korean War, South Korean civilians were massacred by South Korean police between October 9 to October 31, 1950.[246]
October 17 – December 7, 1950 Sinchon, North Korea Sinchon Massacre 0,030,00030,000[243] The North Korean government claims that North Korean citizens were massacred by United States forces between October 17 to December 7, 1950.[243] This is widely disputed.
January 6–9, 1951 Ganghwa, South Korea Ganghwa massacre 0,000,212212[247]-1,300[248] During the Korean War, Communist collabolator civilians were massacred by South Korean forces, South Korean Police forces and pro-South Korea forces Militia.
February 7, 1951 Sancheong and Hamyang, South Korea Sancheong and Hamyang massacre 0,000,705705[249] During the Korean War, Communist sympathizer civilians were massacred by South Korean Army on February 7, 1951.[249]
February 9–11, 1951 Geochang, South Korea Geochang massacre 0,000,719719[250] During the Korean War, Communist sympathizer civilians were massacred by South Korean Army between February 9 and February 11, 1951.[250]
March 26, 1953 Lari near Nairobi, Kenya Lari Massacre 0,000,150~150 About 150 Kikuyu were killed by fellow tribesmen.[251][252]
October 29, 1956 Kafr Qasim, Israel Kafr Qasim massacre 0,000,04848-49 Israeli Border Police shoot Israeli Arab farmers returning to their village from work, unaware of a curfew imposed on it. The police command ordered that civilians caught disobeying the curfew be shot. Over half the casualties were women and children.
March 21, 1960 Sharpeville, South Africa Sharpeville massacre 0,000,07272–90[253] South African police shot down black protesters.[254]
June 16, 1960 Mueda, Mozambique Mueda massacre 0,000,200200–325 Makonde nationalists organized a demonstration in front of the Mueda District headquarters on the Mueda town square demanding independence from Portugal, apparently the district administrator had invited them to present their grievances.[255] The administrator ordered the leaders arrested, and the crowd protested.[256] The Portuguese administrator ordered his pre-assembled troops to fire on the crowd,[257] and then many more were thrown to their death into a ravine.[258] The number of dead is in dispute.[259] However, resentment generated by these events led ultimately to independentist guerrilla FRELIMO gaining needed momentum in the outset of the Mozambican War of Independence.[256][257]
October 17, 1961 Paris, France Paris massacre of 1961 0,000,200200–325 French police, commanded by Maurice Papon, crushed a pacific demonstration of Algerians independentists.
June 2, 1962 Novocherkassk, Soviet Union Novocherkassk massacre 0,000,02323–70[260][261] The MVD open fire on a crowd of protesters demonstrating against inflation.[262]
July 5, 1962 Oran, Algeria Oran massacre of 1962 0,000,20095–548 Massacre of European, mostly French—civilians by the Algerian FLN, at the end of the Algerian War (1954–62).
January 18–21, 1964 Zanzibar Massacres during the Zanzibar Revolution 0,008,0008,000–17,000[263][264] Following the overthrow of the Sultan, thousands of Arabs and Indians were massacred by John Okello's forces.[265][266][267]
February 12 – March 17, 1966 Tay Vinh massacre village in Tây Sơn District
of Bình Định Province, South Vietnam
Tay Vinh massacre 0,001,2001,200[268] South Korean soldiers killed 1,200 South Vietnamese villagers.[268]
February 26, 1966 Gò Dài hamlet, Binh An village in Tây Sơn District
of Bình Định Province, South Vietnam
Gò Dài massacre 0,000,380380[268] South Korean soldiers killed 380 unarmed South Vietnamese villagers.[268]
August 1, 1966 Austin, Texas, United States University of Texas massacre 0,000,1616 University of Texas at Austin was the site of a massacre by Charles Whitman, who killed his mother and wife at their homes before killing 15 and wounding 32 others at the University atop the university tower before the police killed him.
October 9, 1966 Binh Tai village in Phước Bình District of Sông Bé Province, South Vietnam Binh Tai Massacre 0,000,06868[269] South Korean soldiers killed 68 South Vietnamese villagers.[269]
October 9–10, 1966 Tinh Son village, Quảng Ngãi Province, South Vietnam Diên Niên - Phước Bình massacre 0,000,280280[270] South Korean soldiers killed 280 South Vietnamese villagers.[270]
December 3–6, 1966 Binh Hoa village in Quảng Ngãi Province, South Vietnam Bình Hòa massacre 0,000,422422-430[271][272] South Korean soldiers killed South Vietnamese villagers.[271]
January 31 – February 28, 1968 Huế, South Vietnam Huế massacre 0,002,8002,800–6,000[273] During the 1968 Tet Offensive in the Vietnam War, unarmed South Vietnamese civilians were massacred by North Vietnamese Army and Vietcong. Numerous mass graves were discovered in and around Huế after the Offensive. Victims included women, men, children, and infants.[274] Estimated death toll was between 2,800 - 6,000 civilians and POWs.[275] The Republic of Vietnam released a list of 4,062 victims identified as having been either murdered or abducted.[276][277] Victims were found bound, tortured, and often buried alive.[278][279][280] Many victims were also clubbed to death.[281]
1968 Corregidor, Philippines Jabidah Massacre 11-200 [282][283][284]
February 12, 1968 Phong Nhi and Phong Nhat hamlets,
Dien Ban District of Quảng Nam Province, South Vietnam
Phong Nhi and Phong Nhat massacre 0,000,07979[285] South Korean soldiers killed unarmed South Vietnamese villagers.
February 25, 1968 Hà My village, Quảng Nam Province, South Vietnam Hà My massacre 0,000,135135[286] South Korean soldiers killed unarmed South Vietnamese villagers.
March 16, 1968 Mỹ Lai and Mỹ Khê hamlets,
Sơn Mỹ, Quảng Ngãi, South Vietnam
My Lai Massacre 0,000,504504[287] U.S. soldiers murdered, tortured and assaulted 347–504 unarmed South Vietnamese villagers–suspected of aiding Vietcong–ranging in ages from 1 to 81 years, mostly women and children.[287][288]
October 2, 1968 Mexico City, Mexico Tlatelolco massacre 0,000,02525–250[289][290] Government troops massacred between 25 (officially) and 250 (according to human rights activists, CIA documents[291] and independent investigations) students 10 days before the 1968 Summer Olympics taking place in Mexico City, and then tried to wash the blood away, along with evidence of the massacre.[290][292]
May 4, 1970 Kent State University, Ohio, United States Kent State massacre 0,000,0044[293] 29 members of the Ohio National Guard opened fire on unarmed students protesting the expansion of the Vietnam War into Cambodia on the Kent State University college campus, killing 4 and wounding 9, one of whom was permanently paralyzed.[293][294][295]
May 15, 1971 Barisal District, East Pakistan Ketnar Bil massacre 0,000,120More than 500 Massacre of unarmed Bengali Hindus in Ketnar Bil region of Barisal District by the Pakistan Occupation Army.
June 10, 1971 Mexico City, Mexico Corpus Christi massacre 0,000,120? (officially)-120 (according to independent investigations) Similar to the Tlatelolco Massacre, the Corpus Christi Massacre took place on Thursday, June 10, 1971 when a student march got brutally attacked by a shock group called Los Halcones.
January 30, 1972 Derry, Northern Ireland Bogside Massacre
(Bloody Sunday)[296]
0,000,01414[297] British paratroopers fired on unarmed civil rights protesters, killing 14.[298] The government sponsored Saville Report, released in June 2010, found all those killed were innocent civil rights demonstrators, prompting an apology by UK Prime Minister David Cameron. As of that time, no one had been prosecuted for the killings.[299]
May 30, 1972 Lod, Israel Lod Airport massacre 0,000,02626[300] Three members of the Japanese Red Army, on behalf of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, killed 26 people and injured 80 others at Tel Aviv's Lod airport (now Ben Gurion International Airport).[300][301][302][303][304]
September 5, 1972 Munich, Germany Munich Massacre[305] 0,000,01212[306] Members of the Israeli Olympic team were taken hostage and killed by the Palestinian Black September group. A West German police officer was also killed.
May 25, 1973 Ezeiza, Argentina Ezeiza Massacre[307] 0,000,01313[307] Members of the right wing of the Peronist party shot and killed at least 13 after Peron's return to Argentina.
May 15, 1974 Ma'alot, Israel Ma'alot massacre[308][309] 0,000,02929[309] Members of the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine infiltrate Israel from Lebanon, shoot and kill a Christian Arab woman and a Jewish couple and their 4-year-old son, and then take hostage and kill 22 high school students and three of their adult escorts.[309]
August 14, 1974 Maratha, Santalaris and Aloda, Cyprus Maratha, Santalaris and Aloda massacre[310][311][312] 0,000,126126[313] EOKA-B gunmen massacred the Turkish Cypriot inhabitants of the villages of Maratha, Santalaris and Aloda.[310][313]
July 31, 1975 Northern Ireland Miami Showband massacre 0,000,0055 Members of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) killed three members of pop group the Miami Showband in a gun and bomb attack. Two UVF members also died when the bomb exploded prematurely.[314][315][316][317][318]
January 5, 1976 Northern Ireland Kingsmill massacre 0,000,01010[319] Irish republicans shot ten Protestant workers dead outside the village of Kingsmill in County Armagh, Northern Ireland.[319][320]
January 18, 1976 Lebanon Karantina massacre 0,001,5001,500 Lebanese Christian militias overrun the Karantina district in East Beirut and kill up to 1,500 Palestinians and Muslims during the Lebanese Civil War.[321]
January 20, 1976 Lebanon Damour massacre 0,000,582582[322] Palestinian militia aligned with the Lebanese National Movement kill 150 to 582 Christian civilians in the village of Damour during the Lebanese Civil War, in retaliation for the Karantina massacre.[322]
August 12, 1976 Lebanon Tel al-Zaatar massacre 0,001,5001,500 to 3000 Lebanese Christian militias enter the Tel al-Zaatar refugee camp and kill up to 3,000 people during the Lebanese Civil War.[323][324]
March 11, 1978 Israel Coastal Road massacre 0,000,03535[325] Palestinian Fatah members based in Lebanon land on a beach north of Tel Aviv, kill an American photographer, and hijack an inter-city bus driving along Israel's Coastal Highway. 35 civilians are killed and 80 wounded.[325][326][327][328]
January 31, 1979 Marichjhapi, West Bengal, India Marichjhapi massacre 0,015,00050-1000[329] Marichjhapi massacre refers to the forcible eviction of Bangladeshi refugees and their subsequent death by starvation, exhaustion and police firing in the period between January to June, 1979.
May 18, 1980 South Korea Gwangju massacre 0,002,000165 An escalated popular uprising in the city of Gwangju, South Korea during which some of the civilian protesters armed themselves by raiding police stations and military depots led to the South Korean army violently ending the protests, causing 165(maximum estimated)of deaths(including 24 soldiers, 4 policemen).
June 27, 1980 Palmyra, Syria Tadmor Prison massacre 0,001,000about 1,000 The massacre occurred the day after a failed attempt to assassinate Syrian president Hafez el-Assad. Members of the units of the Defence Brigades, under the command of Rifaat El Assad, brother of the president, entered in Tadmor Prison and assassinated about a thousand prisoners in the cells and the dormitories.
December 11, 1981 El Salvador El Mozote Massacre 0,001,0011,000 The El Mozote Massacre took place in the village of El Mozote, in Morazán department, El Salvador, on December 11, 1981, when Salvadoran armed forces trained by the United States military killed at least 1000 civilians in an anti-guerrilla campaign.[330]
January 14, 1982 Mexico Tula Massacre 0,000,01313 13 tortured bodies were found at Tula, Hidalgo, Mexico at the time of Arturo Durazo Moreno Administration
February 2, 1982 Syria Hama massacre 0,007,0007,000–35,000[331] The Syrian Army killed an estimated 30,000 people in the city of Hama. Instances of mass execution and torture by the Syrian military were documented during the attacks.[332]
September 16–18, 1982 Lebanon Sabra and Shatila massacre 0,000,700700–3,500 Residents of Sabra and Shatila, mostly Palestinian refugees and Lebanese Shia, are killed by the Christian Lebanese Forces militia in the refugee camps, with the help of Israeli forces that encircled the area. The United Nations General Assembly condemned the massacre and declared it to be an act of genocide.[333][334][335]
April 3, 1983 Peru Lucanamarca massacre 0,000,06969 Maoist Shining Path guerrillas massacre 69 men, women and children with axes, machetes and guns in and around the town of Lucanamarca, Peru.[336]
July 24, 1983 Sri Lanka Black July 0,00,0693000 Sri Lankan mobs and armed gangs supported partially by the Government of Sri Lanka massacre thousands of Tamils all over the country.[337]
February 10, 1984 Kenya Wagalla massacre 0,005,000~5000 a massacre of ethnic Somalis by Kenyan security forces who first gathered them at the Wagalla Airstrip, Wajir County, Kenya.
July 18, 1984 San Diego, United States San Ysidro McDonald's Massacre 0,000,02121 Gunman James Oliver Huberty killed 21 people in a McDonald's restaurant before being fatally shot by a SWAT team sniper.[338][339][340]
October 31–November 3, 1984 India 1984 Sikh Massacre 0,000,0212,700–20,000 Mobs composed primarily of Indian National Congress workers and local hoodlums chase down and lynch Sikhs in northern India following the assassination of India PM, Indira Gandhi, at the hands of her Sikh guards.
March 23, 1985 Iraq Dujail Massacre 0,000,129129[341]
(33 died in detention before trial)
Dujail was the site of an unsuccessful assassination attempt against then Iraqi president, Saddam Hussein by the Shiite Dawa Party, on July 8, 1982. Saddam Hussein ordered his special security and military forces to arrest all Dawa members and their families, imprisoning 787 men, women and children. In March 1985, 96 of the 148 who had confessed to having taken part in the assassination attempt were executed.[341][342][343][344]
May 14, 1985 Sri Lanka Anuradhapura massacre 0,000,047146[345] Tamil Tiger gunmen shoot dead 146 Sinhalese civilians including Buddhist nuns and monks and injure 85 others as they were praying at Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi, a sacred Buddhist shrine in Anuradhapura.[346]
August 14, 1985 Peru Accomarca massacre 0,000,04747–74[347][348][349] An army massacre of campesinos (including six children) in Accomarca, Ayacucho.[348]
March 7, 1987 Donggang, Lieyu, Kinmen, Fujian, China Lieyu Massacre (Donggang Incident) 0,000,04719 or more Republic of China Army executed all the unarmed Vietnamese refugees in a disoriented fishing boat seeking for political asylum at Donggang beach of Lieyu, Kinmen on March 7–8, 1987.[350]
June 2, 1987 Sri Lanka Aranthalawa Massacre 0,000,04732 Tamil Tigers stop a bus carrying Buddhist monks in Arantalawa and massacre all except of one monk. Killed in the massacre are Chief Priest Ven. Hegoda Indrasara and several novice monks (under the age of 18)[351]
August 9, 1987 Clifton Hill, Victoria, Australia Hoddle Street massacre 0,000,077[352] The Hoddle Street massacre of 9 August 1987 was a killing spree which claimed the lives of 7 people and wounded 19 others at Hoddle Street in Clifton Hill in north-eastern Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.[353]
August 19, 1987 Hungerford, England Hungerford massacre 0,000,01616[354] A gunman armed with semi-automatic rifles and a handgun killed 16 people before committing suicide.[355]
November 8, 1987 Enniskillen, Northern Ireland Remembrance Day bombing
(Poppy Day Massacre)
0,000,01212 Provisional IRA bombing at the town's cenotaph on Remembrance Sunday.[356]
December 8, 1987 Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Queen Street massacre 0,000,088[352] The Queen Street massacre of 8 December 1987 was a killing spree which claimed the lives of 8 people and wounded 5 others in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.[353]
March 16, 1988 Belfast, Northern Ireland Milltown massacre 0,000,0033 Ulster Defence Association (UDA) member Michael Stone kills three people and injures 60 others in a gun and grenade attack at the funeral of three IRA members being held in Milltown Cemetery, Belfast.[357][358]
June 4, 1989 Beijing, China Tiananmen Square Massacre 0,000,400400–3,000[359] The mourning of Hu Yaobang eventually evolved into a large-scale anti-corruption and democratic demonstration, which was ended in a violent suppression by state-controlled army. The actual number of deaths is still unknown. The massacre did not occur within Tiananmen Square, but in the surrounding areas of the square.[360][361]
December 6, 1989 École Polytechnique, Montreal, Canada École Polytechnique massacre[362] 0,000,01414 Marc Lépine, a misogynist and anti-feminist, shot and killed 14 female students of the École Polytechnique de Montréal and wounded 14 other people before turning his gun on himself. The event led to stricter gun control laws[363] and changes in police tactical response to shootings in Canada.[364]
September 5, 1990 Batticaloa District, Sri Lanka Eastern University massacre, 0,000,158158[365] Eastern University massacre is the massacre of 158 minority Sri Lankan Tamil civilians by the Sri Lankan Army in the eastern Batticaloa District, Sri Lanka.[365][366][367]
January 20, 1990 Srinagar, Kashmir Gawkadal massacre, 0,000,050>50 Indian paramilitary troops of the Central Reserve Police Force opened fire on Kashmiri protesters
September 9, 1990 Batticaloa District, Sri Lanka Sathurukondan massacre 0,000,184184[368][369] Sathurukondan massacre, also known as the 1990 Batticaloa massacre is the massacre of 184 minority Sri Lankan Tamil civilians by the Sri Lankan Army in the eastern Batticaloa District, Sri Lanka.[368][369][370][371][372]
November 13, 1990 Aramoana, New Zealand Aramoana massacre 0,000,01313 Lone gunman David Malcolm Gray began shooting indiscriminately at people, killing 13 people before being killed by police himself, allegedly after a dispute with his next door neighbor. It remains New Zealand's deadliest criminal shooting.[373][374][375][376]
October 16, 1991 Killeen, Texas, United States Luby's shooting 0,000,02222 George Jo Hennard drove his pickup truck into a Luby's Cafeteria and shot and killed 22 people, wounded another 20 and then committed suicide by shooting himself.[377][378][379][380][381]
November 3, 1991 Lima, Peru Barrios Altos massacre 0,000,02222 Fifteen people were killed and four injured when Grupo Colina, the anticommunist paramilitary squad, opened fire on a neighborhood barbecue which they had mistaken for a gathering of Maoist Shining Path rebels.[382]
November 18–21, 1991 Vukovar, Croatia Vukovar massacre 0,000,264264 Members of the Serb militias, aided by the Yugoslav People's Army, killed Croat civilians and POWs.[383][384][385][386]
February 26, 1992 Khojaly, Nagorno-Karabakh, Azerbaijan Khojaly Massacre 0,000,613613[387] Armenian armed forces, reportedly with help of the Russian 366th Motor Rifle Regiment, raided the town of Khojaly and massacred its Muslim civilian population. The death toll according to the Government of Azerbaijan was 613 civilians, of whom 106 were women and 83 were children.[388][389][390]
June 17, 1992 Boipatong, South Africa Boipatong massacre 0,000,04545[391] 45 African National Congress (ANC) supporters were killed by members of the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP).
July 18, 1992 Lima, Peru La Cantuta massacre 0,000,04545[392] 9 students and a professor on La Cantuta University were kidnapped and killed by Grupo Colina, an anticommunist paramilitary group.
September 7, 1992 Bisho, Ciskei/South Africa Bisho massacre 0,000,02929 28 African National Congress (ANC) supporters and one soldier were shot dead by the Ciskei Defence Force during a protest march.
October 2, 1992 São Paulo, Brazil Carandiru massacre 0,000,111111 The massacre was triggered by a prisoner revolt within the prison. The police made little if any effort to negotiate with the prisoners before the military police stormed the building, as the prison riot became more difficult for prison guards to control. The resulting casualties were of 111 prisoners killed.
January 8, 1993 Palatine, Illinois, United States Brown's Chicken massacre 0,000,0077 Seven people were murdered at the Brown's Chicken and Pasta in Palatine[393]
1992-1993 Autonomous republic of Abkhazia, Georgia Ethnic cleansing of Georgians 0,000,11117,000-22,000 The ethnic cleansing of Georgians in Abkhazia',[394][395][396][397]

[398][399][400][401][402][403][404][405] also known as the "massacres of Georgians in Abkhazia"[406][407] and "genocide of Georgians in Abkhazia"[408] — refers to Georgians.

April 19, 1993 Waco, Texas, United States Waco massacre 0,000,08282 Seventy-six members of the Branch Davidian church died after a 51 day siege in a fire started either accidentally or by church members after a Federal Bureau of Investigation tank attack upon the main building. Earlier, on February 28, 1993, six others died by gunfire after the original Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms raid.[411]
June – July 1993 Brazil Yanomami or Haximu massacre 0,000,01616–73[412][413] Garimpeiros (illegal gold miners) killed Yanomami people.
July 2, 1993 Sivas, Turkey Sivas massacre 0,000,03333 33 Alevi intellectuals were killed when a mob of radical Islamists set fire to the hotel where the group had assembled.[414][415][416]
July 25, 1993 Cape Town, South Africa St James Church massacre 0,000,01111 11 People were killed during a church service by Azanian People's Liberation Army (APLA) armed with assault rifles and grenades.
October 30, 1993 Greysteel, Northern Ireland Greysteel massacre 0,000,0088 Ulster Defence Association (UDA) opened fire in a crowded bar using an AK-47 and automatic pistol. Eight civilians were killed and thirteen wounded.[417][418][419][420][421][422][423][424]
February 25, 1994 West Bank Cave of the Patriarchs massacre[425][426]
(Ibrahimi Mosque massacre)[427]
0,000,02929 Israeli settler Baruch Goldstein opens fire with an assault rifle against Palestinian Muslims, killing 29 and wounding 150 at prayer in the Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron before being subdued and beaten to death by survivors.[428][429]
1994 et seq. Algeria Algerian Village Massacres of the 1990s 0,010,00110,000[430][431] During the 1990s, many large-scale massacres of villagers in Algeria were perpetrated by groups attacking villages at night and cutting the throats of the inhabitants. The Armed Islamic Group (GIA) has avowed its responsibility for many of them. The massacres peaked in 1997 (with a smaller peak in 1994). According to a few reports former Algerian army officer, Habib Souaidia testified to his government's involvement in the massacres. The differing accounts are not yet reconciled.[430][432][433][434] The academic consensus is that at least the majority of the massacres were carried out by Islamist radicals, however, the government notably failed to intervene in a number of these massacres.[435]
March 28, 1994 Johannesburg, South Africa Shell House massacre 0,000,01919 Security guards of the African National Congress (ANC) fired on 20,000 Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) marchers.[436][437][438]
June 18, 1994 Loughinisland, Northern Ireland Loughinisland massacre 0,000,0066 Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) opened fire in a crowded bar using assault rifles, killing six civilians and wounding five.[439][440][441][442][443][444][445]
January 22, 1995 Israel Beit Lid massacre 0,000,02222[446] First suicide attack by Palestinian Islamic Jihad, killing 22 and wounding 69. Carried out by two bombers; the second waited until emergency crews arrived to assist the wounded and dying before detonating his bomb.[447][448][449][450]
July 1995 Bosnia and Herzegovina Srebrenica massacre 8,372 The Srebrenica massacre involved the genocidal killing, in July 1995, of 8,372 Bosniaks, mainly men and boys, in and around the town of Srebrenica during the Bosnian War.
March 13, 1996 Scotland Dunblane massacre 0,000,01717[451] A gunman opened fire in a primary school, killing sixteen children and one teacher before killing himself.[452][453][454]
April 29, 1996 Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia Port Arthur massacre 0,000,03535[352] The Port Arthur massacre of 28 April 1996 was a killing spree which claimed the lives of 35 people and wounded 21 others mainly at the historic tourist site Port Arthur in south-eastern Tasmania, Australia. It later emerged that the gunman had severe intellectual disability.[455] The massacre remains Australia's deadliest mass killing spree and remains one of the deadliest such incidents worldwide in recent times.[353]
April 18, 1996 Lebanon First Qana massacre[456][457] 0,000,106106 Israeli artillery struck the Unifil Headquarters in Qana which was providing shelter to approximately two hundred Lebanese civilians. The Israeli military said the strike was in error and that they were not targeting the UN shelter. An amateur film was released showing that, contrary to Israeli assertions, an Israeli drone was spying on the UN compound just before it was shelling.[458] The UN concluded that the attack was intentional. Amnesty International also concluded, "the IDF intentionally attacked the UN compound.[459][460][461][462][463][464]
February 5, 1997 Ghulja, China Ghulja Incident 0,000,0099 After two days of protests during which the protesters had marched shouting "God is great" and "independence for Xinjiang" the demonstrations were crushed by the People's Liberation Army. Official reports put the death toll at 9 while dissident reports estimated the number killed at more than 100.[465][466][467][468][469][470]
November 17, 1997 Luxor, Egypt Luxor massacre 0,000,06464 Massacre carried out by Egyptian Islamist militants, in which 64 people (including 59 visiting tourists) were killed using automatic weapons and machetes.[471][472][473]
December 22, 1997 Acteal, Mexico Acteal massacre 0,000,04545 Massacre carried out by paramilitary forces of 45 people attending a prayer meeting of indigenous townspeople, who were members of the pacifist group Las Abejas ("The Bees"), in the village of Acteal, municipality of Chenalhó, in the Mexican state of Chiapas.[474][475][476]
August 15, 1998 Omagh, Northern Ireland Omagh bombing 0,000,02929 The Omagh bombing was a car bomb attack carried out by the Real Irish Republican Army, a splinter group of former Provisional Irish Republican Army members opposed to the Good Friday Agreement. Twenty-nine people died and approximately 220 people were injured.The attack was described by the BBC as "Northern Ireland's worst single terrorist atrocity".[477][478][479][480][481][482][483]
April 20, 1999 Littleton, Colorado, United States Columbine High School massacre 0,000,01515[484] Two teenagers, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold open fire on their classmates on April 20, 1999 at Columbine High School, killing 12 students and a teacher and injuring 21 others before committing suicide in the schools library.
July 27, 2000 West Bengal, India Nanoor massacre 0,000,01111 Killing of 11 landless labourers allegedly by activists of Communist Party of India (Marxist), a political party in India, in Suchpur, near Nanoor and under Nanoor police station, in Birbhum district in the Indian state of West Bengal.[485][486][487]
January 17, 2002 Hadera, Israel Bat Mitzvah massacre 0,000,0066 An attack carried out in January 2002 by al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades in which a Palestinian gunman hurling grenades killed six and wounded 33 in a Bat Mitzvah celebration, a traditional Jewish celebration held for a 12-year-old girl.[488][489]
March 27, 2002 Netanya, Israel Passover massacre 0,000,03030[490] Killing of 30 guests at the Park Hotel in Netanya, Israel, sitting down to the traditional Passover Seder meal. Another 143 were injured. Hamas claimed responsibility.[490][491][492][493][494]
February 28, 2002 Ahmedabad, India Gulbarg Society massacre 0,000,06969 During the 2002 Gujarat riots, a mob attacked the Gulbarg Society, a lower middle-class Muslim neighbourhood in Chamanpura, Ahmedabad. Most of the houses were burnt, and at least 35 victims including a former Congress, Member of Parliament, Ehsan Jafri, were burnt alive, while 31 others went missing after the incident, later presumed dead, bringing the total of the dead to 69.[495][496][497]
September 1, 2004 Beslan, Russian Federation Beslan school hostage crisis 0,000,334334 Armed Chechen separatists[498] took more than 1,200 people hostage at a school. 334 civilians were killed, including 186 school children, and hundreds wounded.[499][500][501]
March 5, 2005 near Rehoboth, Namibia Kareeboomvloer massacre 0,000,0088 Brothers Sylvester and Gavin Beukes murder the owners' couple of farm Kareeboomvloer and execute all witnesses, including two children.[502] The motive was revenge for a previous theft charge laid by the farm owner.[503]
May 13, 2005 Andijan, Uzbekistan Andijan massacre 0,003,000187–1,500 Uzbek Interior Ministry and National Security Service troops fired into a crowd of protesters.[504][505]
August 4, 2005 Shefa-Amr, Israel Shefa-Amr massacre[506] 0,000,0044 In protest of Ariel Sharon's government evacuation of Gaza colonies, Jewish IDF soldier Eden Natan-Zada travels to Israeli Arab city Shefa-Amr and unloads his gun against residents of a Druze neighborhood.
November 19, 2005 Haditha, Iraq Haditha massacre 0,000,00624 US Marines slaughter 24 unarmed Iraqi civilians, among whom numerous children and the elderly. Though the unit's commander, Staff Sgt Frank Wuterich, claimed his forces came under attack just before the rampage, no weapons were found in the area.[507]
March 25, 2006 Seattle, Washington, United States Capitol Hill massacre 0,000,0066 28-year-old Kyle Aaron Huff entered a rave afterparty in the southeast part of Seattle's Capitol Hill neighborhood and opened fire, killing six and wounding two, before committing suicide.[508]
July 30, 2006 Lebanon Qana airstrike 0,000,02828 Airstrike by the Israeli Air Forces on three-storey kill 28 civilians, including 16 children. The Israeli military alleged the compound was used by Hezbollah to store weapons but international observers and journalists denied military equipment was found on the rubble of the building from where the bodies of the victims, civilians in their pajamas were taken.[509]
April 16, 2007 Blacksburg, Virginia, United States Virginia Tech massacre 0,000,03233 Gunman Seung-Hui Cho, killed 32 people and wounded many others[510] before committing suicide. The massacre is the deadliest peacetime shooting incident by a single gunman in United States history, on or off a school campus.[511]
April 30, 2009 Apeldoorn, Netherlands 2009 attack on the Dutch Royal Family 0,000,0068 38-year-old Karst Tates drove his car at high speed into a parade including members of the Dutch Royal Family, killing 7 people lining the street watching the parade, as well as himself.[512]
September 28, 2009 Conakry, Guinea 28 September massacre 0,000,157157 Guinean uniformed security forces opened fire on a political rally trapped in the 28 September Stadium.[513]
November 5, 2009 Ft. Hood, Texas, United States Fort Hood shooting 0,000,01313 Gunman Malik Nadal Hasan, a Major in the U.S. Army, killed 12 soldiers and one civilian, and wounded at least 30 on the base at Ft. Hood. Initial reports indicate Hassan was upset at being deployed to Iraq.[514][515][516][517][518][519]
November 23, 2009 Ampatuan, Maguindanao, Philippines Maguindanao massacre 0,000,05757 A group of 100 armed men, alleged to include police and private militia led by Andal Ampatuan, Jr., stopped a convoy of five cars transporting Genalyn Tiamzon-Mangudadatu, the wife of Esmael Mangudadatu, who is running for provincial governor in the 2010 Philippine elections. She was en route to the town of Shariff Aguak to file a certificate of candidacy for her husband, accompanied by his sisters, other supporters, and members of the press. The attackers kidnapped and later killed all members of the Mangudadatu group; reports state that women in the group were raped before being killed. Five other people not part of the group, in a car behind the convoy, were also kidnapped and killed.[520][521][522][523][524]
January 8, 2011 Tucson, Arizona, United States 2011 Tucson shooting 0,000,0066 One man, Jared Lee Loughner, attacked a group of people outside a supermarket in Tucson, Arizona. His intent was to kill U.S. Representative Gabrielle Giffords only, but he ended up killing 6 and wounding 19 – though grievously wounded (and despite initial reports to the contrary), Giffords herself survived. Those killed in the incident included United States District Court for the District of Arizona Chief Judge John Roll and one of Gifford's staffers.[525]
April 9, 2011 Alphen aan den Rijn, Netherlands Alphen aan den Rijn shopping mall shooting 0,000,0067 24-year-old Tristan van der Vlis entered a shopping mall and opened fire, killing six and wounding 17, before committing suicide.[526]
July 22, 2011 Utøya, Buskerud, Norway 2011 Utøya shooting 0,000,06969 One man, Anders Behring Breivik, went to the island of Utøya on July 22, 2011, right after the devastating bomb in Oslo. Wearing a fake police uniform, he shot and killed 69 youths at the annual labour youth party, and injured several more. It is still unknown how long the massacre lasted. According to police logs, it took an hour from the first calls until the response team arrested him. The defenseless people had nowhere to run. Many tried to swim away from the island to shore, some made it, and some did not.[527]
October 5, 2011 Chiang Khong, Chiang Rai, Thailand Mekong River massacre 0,000,01313 Two Chinese cargo ships were attacked on a stretch of the Mekong River in the Golden Triangle area. All 13 crew members were killed and dumped in the river.[528] It is the deadliest assault on Chinese nationals abroad in modern times.[529]
March 11, 2012 Kandahar, Afghanistan Kandahar massacre 0,000,01617 17 Afghan civilians were killed by U.S. Army Soldier Robert Bales.[530] Some witnesses have indicated more than one person was involved.[531]
May 25, 2012 Houla, Syria Houla massacre 0,000,108108 Approximately 108 people were killed with knives in the Syrian town of Houla. Approximately 25 men, 49 children and 34 women were among the victims.[532]
December 14, 2012 Newtown, Connecticut, United States Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting 0,000,02828 On December 14, 2012, in Newtown, Connecticut, 20-year-old Adam Lanza fatally shot 20 children and 6 adult staff members.[533]
June 17, 2015 Charleston, South Carolina, United States Charleston Church Shooting ,0,000,0289 On June 17, 2015, 21-year-old Dylann Roof shot 10 people in the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church, with 9 fatally dead with 1 injured.


July 23, 2015 Lafayette, Louisiana, United States 2015 Lafayette shooting ,0,000,0283 On July 23, 2015, a shooting occurred at the Grand 16 movie theater in Lafayette, Louisiana. John Russell Houser, age 59, opened fire during a showing of the film Trainwreck, killing two people and injuring nine others before he committed suicide.[535]

See also


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  18. ^ Sunan Abu Dawood, 14:2665
  19. ^ Sahih al-Bukhari, 4:52:280
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  21. ^
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  25. ^ "Saint Brices Day massacre", Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved December 26. 2007.
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  27. ^ "Assuming that he was at least ten years old, however, it is again surprising that no more personal recollection of the Granada massacre is found in his writing..." (Page 110)
  28. ^ "More than 1,500 Jewish families, numbering 4,000 persons, fell in one day, Ṭebet 9 (December 30), 1066."
  29. ^ He was proud to his own hurt, and the Berber princes were jealous of him, with the result that on the Sabbath, on the 9th of Tebet in the year 4827 (Saturday, December 30, 1066), he and the Community of Granada were murdered.
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  234. ^ Only one reference names this as "the Batang Massacre" rather than just a massacre at Batang
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  259. ^ West, Harry G. (2003) "'Who Rules Us Now?' Identity Tokens, Sorcery, and Other Metaphors in the 1994 Mozambican Elections" pp. 92-124 In West, Harry G. (editor) (2003) Transparency and Conspiracy: Ethnographies of suspicion in the new world order Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, page 120, note 31, ISBN 0-8223-3036-9 "The number of casualties is disputed. Nationalists suggested that as many a six hundred were killed, while Portuguese accounts sometimes place the number of casualties in the single digits."
  260. ^ Alessandra Stanley, Russian General Campaigns On Old-Time Soviet Values The New York Times, October 13, 1995
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  279. ^ Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: Ethnic and National Groups around the World, edited by James Minahan, vol. 4 (Greenwood, 2002), p. 1761.
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  288. ^ "The My Lai Massacre", Public Broadcasting Service, March 29, 2005
  289. ^ "Former Mexican president sheds light on 1968 massacre", CNN, February 4, 1998
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  291. ^ "Tlatelolco: las Claves de la Masacre", "in a CIA document it reads 'As is typical in Mexico, accurate statistics concerning the number of casualties in the 2 October battle cannot be found. Reports have been received of as high as 350 killed. The best Embassy estimate is that this figure is between 150 and 200.'".
  292. ^
  293. ^ a b
  294. ^
  295. ^
  296. ^
  297. ^
  298. ^
  299. ^
  300. ^ a b "In what became known as the Lod Airport Massacre three members of the terrorist group, Japanese Red Army, arrived at the airport aboard an Air France flight from Paris. Once inside the airport they grabbed automatic firearms from their carry-on cases and fired at airport staff and visitors. In the end, 26 people died and 80 people were injured." CBC News, The Fifth Estate, "Fasten Your Seatbelts: Ben Gurion Airport in Israel", 2007. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
  301. ^ "The short-term impact of the Lod Airport massacre as a precursor to Munich..." Stephen Sloan, John C. Bersia, J. B. Hill. Terrorism: The Present Threat in Context, Berg Publisher, 2006, p. 50. ISBN 1-84520-344-5
  302. ^ "Two years later, just before the Lod Airport massacre, authorities uncovered the bodies of 14 young men and women on remote Mount Haruna, 70 miles northwest of Tokyo." "Again the Red Army", Time, August 18, 1975.
  303. ^ "Those named by Lebanese officials as having been arrested included at least three Red Army members who have been wanted for years by Japanese authorities, most notably Kozo Okamoto, 49, the only member of the attacking group who survived the Lod Airport massacre." "Lebanon Seizes Japanese Radicals Sought in Terror Attacks", The New York Times, February 19, 1997.
  304. ^ "They were responsible for the Lod Airport massacre in Israel in 1972, which was committed on behalf of the PFLP." Jeffrey D. Simon, The Terrorist Trap: America's Experience with Terrorism, Indiana University Press, p. 324. ISBN 0-253-21477-7
  305. ^
  306. ^
  307. ^ a b
  308. ^ Sources describing the event as a "massacre":
    • "The day after the Ma'alot massacre, condemned by Pope Paul VI and most Western leaders as "an evil outrage", ..." Frank Gervasi. Thunder Over the Mediterranean, McKay, 1975, p. 443.
    • "The previous day Israel had been traumatized by the Ma'alot massacre, which had resulted in the deaths of numerous schoolchildren." William B. Quandt. Peace Process: American Diplomacy and the Arab-Israeli Conflict Since 1967, Brookings Institution Press, 2001, p. 432.
    • "Faced with a public outcry over the Ma'alot massacre, they demanded of Syria a pledge to forbid terrorist to cross the Golan into Israel." Milton Viorst. Sands of Sorrow: Israel's Journey from Independence, I.B.Tauris, 1987, p. 192.
    • "...Organization (PLO) crimes, like the massacre of Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympic Games in 1972 and the Ma'alot massacre of children in 1974." Richard J. Chasdi. Tapestry of Terror: A Portrait of Middle East Terrorism, 1994–1999, Lexington Books, 2002, p. 6.
    • "The PFLP was responsible for the Ma'alot massacre on May IS, 1974 during which 22 Israeli children were killed." Alex Peter Schmid, A. J. Jongman, Michael Stohl. Political Terrorism: A New Guide to Actors, Authors, Concepts, Data Bases, Theories, & Literature, Transaction Publishers, 2005, p. 639.
    • "On 22 November 1974, six months after the Ma'alot massacre, the United Nations General Assembly voted to accept the Palestine Liberation Organisation as an..." Martin Gilbert. The Jews in the Twentieth Century: An Illustrated History, Schocken Books, 2001, p. 327.
  309. ^ a b c Khoury, Jack. "U.S. filmmakers plan documentary on Ma'alot massacre", Haaretz, March 07, 2007.
  310. ^ a b Oberling, Pierre. The road to Bellapais: the Turkish Cypriot exodus to northern Cyprus (1982), Social Science Monographs, p. 185
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  319. ^ a b "1976: Ten dead in Northern Ireland ambush", BBC, On this days series (5 January) . Retrieved December 23, 2007.
  320. ^ Sam Knight, "Ulster lukewarm about unsolved murders probe", The Times (London), January 20, 2006
  321. ^ Kissinger, Henry (1999) Years of Renewal Simon Schuster, ISBN 1-84212-042-5 p 1022
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  323. ^ Cobban, Helena (1984), The Palestinian Liberation Organisation: People, Power, and Politics, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-27216-5 p 73
  324. ^ Price, Daniel E. (1999). Islamic Political Culture, Democracy, and Human Rights: A Comparative Study. Greenwood Publishing Company, ISBN 978-0-275-96187-9, p. 68.
  325. ^ a b "Among the most notorious attacks was the coastal road massacre in Israel in March 1978. The attack left 35 civilians dead and 80 wounded." Ben Gad, Yitschak. Politics, Lies, and Videotape, Shapolsky Publishers, 1991, ISBN 1-56171-015-6, p. 94.
  326. ^ "1978, March 11. The Coastal Road Massacre" Richard Ernest Dupuy, Trevor Nevitt Dupuy. The Encyclopedia of Military History from 3500 B.C. to the Present, Harper & Row, 1986, ISBN 0-06-181235-8, p. 1362.
  327. ^ "Operation Litani is launched in retaliation for that month's Coastal Road massacre." Gregory S. Mahler. Politics and Government in Israel: The Maturation of a Modern State, Rowman & Littlefield, 2004, ISBN 0-7425-1611-3, p. 259.
  328. ^ "So did the Coastal Road massacre of 1978, in which a POLO hijacking of an intercity bus ended with the deaths of thirty-five Israeli hostages." Binyamin Netanyahu. A Durable Peace: Israel and Its Place Among the Nations, Warner Books, 2000, ISBN 0-446-52306-2, p. 218.
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  330. ^ The New York Times > International > Americas > O.A.S. to Reopen Inquiry Into Massacre in El Salvador in 1981
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  332. ^ Friedman, Thomas L., From Beirut to Jerusalem, (Macmillan, 1991), 76–105.
  333. ^ Robert Fisk Another war on terror. Another proxy army. Another mysterious massacre. And now, after 19 years, perhaps the truth at last..., The Independent 28 November 2001
  334. ^ Cilina Nasser. Sharon role in massacre remembered, Al Jazeera, 5 March 2006
  335. ^ Amal Hamdan Remembering Sabra and Shatila, Al Jazeera, 16 September 2003
  336. ^ Peru: The killings of Lucanamarca BBC, 09-14-06
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  351. ^ Elmo Fernando: LTTE massacre site is haven for Tamil victims, BBC Sinhala, January 28, 2005
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  354. ^ "1987: Gunman kills 14 in Hungerford rampage", On this day August 19. BBC, Retrieved August 6, 2008
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  356. ^ , "The most dreadful of all the IRA errors came first with the Remembrance Day bombing in Enniskillen in November 1987: the Poppy Day Massacre" (Page 591)
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  359. ^ CSN warns Americans about the AP's "climb down" on Tiananmen numbers, CSN, 18 May 2004
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  375. ^ "Aramoana movie will bring back the tears". Wairarapa Times-Age.
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  379. ^ Memories of Luby's massacre in wake of Fort Hood shooting
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  384. ^ Vukovar massacre: What happened", BBC News, 13 June 2003
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  386. ^ New York Times: Serbian Court Finds 14 Guilty in '91 Massacre of Croatians
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  388. ^ Human Rights Watch / Helsinki. Azerbaijan: Seven Years of Conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. New York. 1994.
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  394. ^ Budapest Declaration and Geneva Declaration on Ethnic Cleansing of Georgians in Abkhazia between 1992–1993 adopted by the OSCE and recognized as ethnic cleansing in 1994 and 1999
  395. ^ The Guns of August 2008, Russia's War in Georgia, Svante Cornell & Frederick Starr, p 27
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  397. ^ In Georgia, Tales of Atrocities Lee Hockstander, International Herald Tribune, 22 October 1993
  398. ^ The Human Rights Field Operation: Law, Theory and Practice, Abkhazia Case, Michael O'Flaherty
  399. ^ The Politics of Religion in Russia and the New States of Eurasia, Michael Bourdeaux, p. 237
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  401. ^ On Ruins of Empire: Ethnicity and Nationalism in the Former Soviet Union Georgiy I. Mirsky, p. 72
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  403. ^ Freedom in the World: The Annual Survey of Political Rights and Civil Liberties by Roger Kaplan, p 564
  404. ^ Small Nations and Great Powers: A Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict in the Caucasus, p 174
  405. ^ The Politics of Religion in Russia and the New States of Eurasia, by Michael Bourdeaux, p. 238
  406. ^ Chervonnaia, Svetlana Mikhailovna. Conflict in the Caucasus: Georgia, Abkhazia, and the Russian Shadow. Gothic Image Publications, 1994.
  407. ^ Small Nations and Great Powers: A Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict in the Soviet Union, Svante E. Cornell
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  410. ^ Crossroads and Conflict: Security and Foreign Policy in the Caucasus and Central Asia, Gary K. Bertsch, Page 161
  411. ^ Clifford L. Linedecker, Massacre at Waco: The Shocking True Story of Cult Leader David Koresh and the Branch Davidians, St. Martin's Press, 1993.
    • Brad Bailey and Bob Darden, Mad Man in Waco: The Complete Story of the Davidian Cult, David Koresh and the Waco Massacre, WRS Publishing, 1993.
    • James R. Lewis, From the Ashes: Making Sense of Waco, Rowman & Littlefield, 1994, p.3.
    • Dick J. Reavis, The Ashes of Waco: An Investigation, Syracuse University Press, 1998, p. 14.
    • James McEnteer, Deep in the Heart: The Texas Tendency in American Politics, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004, p. 165.
  412. ^ Tom Hennigan, Tribe flees to escape contact with world, The Times, May 18, 2005
  413. ^ James Brooke, Brazil's Outrage Intensifies As Toll in Massacre Hits 73, The New York Times, August 23, 1993
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  426. ^ United Nations Report of the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories, 23 September 2002
  427. ^ February 15, 2005
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  430. ^ a b "An Anatomy of the Massacres", Ait-Larbi, Ait-Belkacem, Belaid, Nait-Redjam, and Soltani, in An Inquiry into the Algerian Massacres, ed. Bedjaoui, Aroua, and Ait-Larbi, Hoggar: Geneva 1999.
  431. ^ "Wanton and Senseless? The Logic of Massacres in Algeria", Stathis N. Kalyvas, Rationality and Society, Vol. 11, No. 3, 243–285 (1999)
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  434. ^ [2] Archived January 4, 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  435. ^ Kalyvas, Stathis N. "Wanton and Senseless?: The Logic of Massacres in Algeria" Rationality and Society 1999; 11: "The most important evidence comes from testimonies of survivors who were able to identify local Islamists among the attackers (see below). In fact, survivors who openly accuse the army for its failure to intervene also expressed no doubt about the identity of the killers, pointing to the Islamist guerrillas (e.g. Tuquoi 1997). Moreover, some of the troubling aspects of this story can be explained without reference to an army conspiracy. For example, in civil wars prisoners tend to be killed on the spot rather than taken prisoner (Laqueur 1998).11 Militiamen, the most likely to capture guerrillas, have openly stated that they took no prisoners (AI 1997b: 17). Journalists working in the field have found credible testimonies in support of the thesis that most massacres are organized by the rebels (Leclère 1997; Tuquoi 1997 among others). European foreign ministries believe that it is Islamist guerrillas who are responsible for the massacres (Observer 9 February 1998). Although, it is impossible to know the full truth at this point (see Charef 1998), the assumption that many massacres were committed by the Islamist guerrillas seems plausible and is widely adopted by area experts (Addi 1998: 44) and other authors (Smith 1998: 27). Likewise, the reluctance of the army to intervene and stop some of these massacres is also beyond doubt."
  436. ^ [3] Archived February 17, 2005 at the Wayback Machine
  437. ^ [4] Archived April 20, 2012 at the Wayback Machine
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  439. ^ O'Brien, Brendan. The Long War: The IRA and Sinn Féin. Syracuse University Press, 1999. Page 314.
  440. ^ Elliott, Sydney. Conflict in Northern Ireland: an encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO, 1999. Page 350.
  441. ^ Sluka, Jeffry. Death Squad: The Anthropology of State Terror. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2000. Page 141.
  442. ^ Cusack, Jim. UVF. Poolbeg, 1997. Page 317.
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  444. ^ The Economist newspaper, 25 June 1994, Pages 25-26
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  446. ^ "Members of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad Arrested, Charged with Racketeering and Conspiracy to Provide Support to Terrorists", United States Department of Justice, February 20, 2003. "...1995 murder of 22 people in a double suicide bombing at Beit Lid, Israel...".
  447. ^ "But after the Beit Lid massacre, the government approved the construction and sale of 4000 units in occupied land around Jerusalem." Beyer, Lisa. "Can Peace Survive", Time, February 06, 1995.
  448. ^ "When Arafat called Rabin to express his condolences on the Beit Lid massacre, the prime minister was understandably furious." Karsh, Efraim, Arafat's War: The Man and His Battle for Israeli Conquest, Grove Press, 2003, p. 116. ISBN 0-8021-1758-9
  449. ^ "The reaction of peace processors in Jerusalem and Washington to the Beit Lid massacre, in which Islamic suicide bombers wiped out a score of Israelis, has been shock, anger, sorrow – but a determination that terrorist attacks not be allowed to stop the peace process." Safire, William. "Essay; Responding to Terror", The New York Times, January 26, 1995.
  450. ^ "President Ezer Weizman, a super-dove who initially supported the agreement wholeheartedly, called for a temporary suspension of talks following the Beit Lid massacre on January 22 and again after the February 6 killing in Gaza." Bar-Ilan, David. "Rain of terror – Israeli politics", National Review, March 6, 1995, p. 2.
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  456. ^ BBC News 31 July 2006
  457. ^ The Massacre at Qana, report by Omar Barghouti, Counterpunch, 1 August 2006
  458. ^
  459. ^ The growing political ties with Israel Lebanon Daily Mirror
  460. ^ Dignitaries, officials mark 12th anniversary of Qana massacre Sri Lanka Daily Star
  461. ^ Gaza media: It's Palestine's Qana massacre
  462. ^ "Middle East History of Israel's role in Lebanon" BBC, April 1, 1998
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  464. ^
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  466. ^
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  471. ^ "Solidly ahead of oil, Suez Canal revenues, and remittances, tourism is Egypt's main hard currency earner at $6.5 billion per year." (in 2005) ... concerns over tourism's future . Retrieved 27 September 2007.
  472. ^ Alan Cowell, `At Swiss Airport, 36 Dead, Home from Luxor,` New York Times, November 20, 1997,
  473. ^ Douglas Jehl, `At Ancient Site Along the Nile, Modern Horror, New York Times, November 19, 1997
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  477. ^ "Our twin-track move to brand new lives" The Belfast Telegraph, 2008-01-25.
  478. ^ Unsolved Omagh Massacre Case Remembered 4NI, 2008-08-15.
  479. ^ "Anonymous caller warned of blast 11 days earlier, says Ombudsman; OMAGH MASSACRE: Report finds details of warning did not emerge for almost two years and that police investigation into killings had serious shortcomings" "Western Mail", 2001-12-07. Retrieved: 2012-05-07. Via HighBeam Research (subscription required).
  480. ^ "MASSACRE AT OMAGH: A pathetic excuse for an apology" The Mirror, 1998-08-19. Retrieved: 2012-05-07. Via HighBeam Research (subscription required).
  481. ^ "Omagh massacre film to be premiered" Belfast Telegraph, 2004-05-07. Retrieved: 2012-05-07. Via HighBeam Research (subscription required).
  482. ^
  483. ^ Omagh bomb attack 'was massacre' BBC News, 2008-04-07.
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  485. ^
  486. ^
  487. ^
  488. ^ Bat mitzvah massacre in Israel leaves seven dead, By Phil Reeves, 18 January 2002
  489. ^ [5] Archived June 1, 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  490. ^ a b "Alleged Passover massacre plotter arrested", CNN, March 26, 2008.
  491. ^ Ohad Gozani, "Hotel blast survivors relive the Passover massacre", The Daily Telegraph, 29/03/2002.
  492. ^ "This reached a peak following the Passover massacre in the seaside resort of Netanya..." David Newman, "The consequence or the cause? Impact on the Israel-Palestine Peace Process", in Mary E. A. Buckley, Mary Buckley, Rick Fawn. Global Responses to Terrorism: 9/11, the War in Afghanistan, and Beyond, Routledge, 2003, ISBN 0-415-31429-1, p. 158.
  493. ^ "They faced stiff resistance from Palestinian gunmen who began preparing the camp's defenses as early as the Passover massacre in Netanya..." Todd C. Helmus, Russell W. Glenn. Steeling the Mind: Combat Stress Reactions and Their Implications for Urban Warfare Rand Corporation, 2005, ISBN 0-8330-3702-1, p. 58.
  494. ^ "It can therefore be asked whether the 'human bomb' offensive starting with the Passover massacre on 27 March 2002..." Brigitte L. Nacos, "The Terrorist Calculus Behind 9-11: A Model for Future Terrorism?" in Gus Martin. The New Era of Terrorism: Selected Readings, Sage Publications Inc, 2004, ISBN 0-7619-8873-4, p. 176.
  495. ^
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  497. ^
  498. ^ A Desperate Beslan mum pleaded in the name of Islam for her children's lives – SAM Magazine Archived September 12, 2011 at the Wayback Machine
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  504. ^ Preliminary findings on the events in Andijan Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe, June 2005
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  507. ^
  508. ^
  509. ^ "Israel/Lebanon: Qana Death Toll at 28", Human Rights Watch, 2 August 2006. 1 September 2006.
  510. ^ Cho shot and wounded a further 17 people and caused injury to 6 others as they tried to flee.
  511. ^ Note: there have been several deadlier shootings in U.S. history, but not by a single gunman, and not on a school campus.
  512. ^
  513. ^
  514. ^ "After the Fort Hood Massacre". The Wall Street Journal.
  515. ^ "Was Fort Hood Massacre a Terrorist Act or a Man Who Snapped?". The O'Reilly Factor. FOX News.
  516. ^ "Fort Hood Shooter Tried to Contact al Qaeda Terrorists, Officials Say". ABC News.
  517. ^ "Sen. Joe Lieberman calls Fort Hood massacre a 'terrorist' act". Daily News (New York).
  518. ^ "Fort Hood massacre: Barack Obama would have to sign death warrant" Daily Telegraph.
  519. ^ "Massacre shocks those who knew the shooter" at the Wayback Machine (archived November 17, 2009). Vancouver Sun.
  520. ^ Maguindanao massacre, The Philippine Star, November 24, 2009
  521. ^ Death toll in Maguindanao massacre now 57, GMANews.TV, November 25, 2009
  522. ^ Toll Rising in Philippines Massacre,, November 25, 2009
  523. ^ Clan allied to Philippine president suspected of being behind massacre,, November 25, 2009
  524. ^ Innocent motorists among Ampatuan massacre victims, GMANews.TV, November 25, 2009
  525. ^
  526. ^
  527. ^
  528. ^
  529. ^
  530. ^
  531. ^
  532. ^
  533. ^ Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting
  534. ^ Charleston church shooting
  535. ^ 2015 Lafayette shooting


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