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List of national parks of Croatia

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List of national parks of Croatia

The main protected areas of Croatia are national parks, nature parks and strict reserves. There are 444 protected areas of Croatia, encompassing 9% of the country. Those include 8 national parks in Croatia, 2 strict reserves and 10 nature parks. The most famous protected area and the oldest national park in Croatia is the Plitvice Lakes National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Velebit Nature Park is a part of the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Programme. The strict and special reserves, as well as the national and nature parks, are managed and protected by the central government, while other protected areas are managed by counties. In 2005, the National Ecological Network was set up, as the first step in preparation of the EU accession and joining of the Natura 2000 network.[1]

The total area of all national parks in the country is 994 km2 (384 sq mi), of which 235 km2 (91 sq mi) is sea surface.

Each of the national parks is maintained by a separate institution, overseen and funded by the government ministry of nature conservation and spatial development. The State Institute for Nature Protection provides centralized oversight and expertise.

National parks

All eight national parks are located in karst area.

 #  Name Image Area Website Established in
 1  Plitvice Lakes 296.9 km2 (114.6 sq mi)[2] http://www.np-plitvicka-jezera.hr 1949
 2  Paklenica 95.0 km2 (36.7 sq mi)[3] http://www.paklenica.hr 1949
 3  Risnjak 63.5 km2 (24.5 sq mi)[4] http://risnjak.hr 1953
 4  Mljet 5.4 km2 (2.1 sq mi)[5] http://www.np-mljet.hr 1960
 5  Kornati 49.7 km2 (19.2 sq mi)[6] http://www.np-kornati.htnet.hr 1964
 6  Brijuni 33.9 km2 (13.1 sq mi)[7] http://www.brijuni.hr 1983
 7  Krka 109 km2 (42 sq mi)[8] http://www.npkrka.hr 1985
 8  Sjeverni Velebit 109.0 km2 (42.1 sq mi)[9] http://www.np-sjeverni-velebit.hr 1999

Nature parks

 #  Name Image Established in Website
1. Kopački rit 1967 http://www.kopacki-rit.com/
2. Papuk 1999 http://www.pp-papuk.hr
3. Lonjsko polje 1990 http://www.pp-lonjsko-polje.hr/
4. Medvednica 1981 http://www.pp-medvednica.hr
5. Žumberak-Samoborsko gorje 1999 http://www.sutla-zumberak.hr/hr/klaster/samouprava/zumberak/
6. Učka 1999 http://www.pp-ucka.hr/
7. Velebit 1981 http://www.pp-velebit.hr/
8. Vrana lake 1999 http://vransko-jezero.hr/cms/
9. Telašćica 1988 http://www.telascica.hr/
10. Biokovo 1981 http://www.biokovo.com/
11. Lastovsko otočje 100px 2006 http://pp-lastovo.hr/

Strict reserves

  • Bijele and Samarske stijene
  • Hajdučki and Rožanski kukovi

Special reserves

There are 80 special reserves in Croatia:[10]

  • 37 forest vegetation reserves
  • 22 ornithological reserves
  • 9 botanical reserves
  • 2 ichthyological reserves
  • 2 ichthyological and ornithological reserves
  • 2 zoological reserves
  • 2 sea reserves
  • 1 geological and paleontological reserve
  • 1 paleontological reserve
  • 1 geographical and botanical reserve
  • 1 botanical and zoological reserve

See also

  • Register of Protected Natural Values of the Republic of Croatia
  • Natural and Cultural Heritage of Croatia

References

External links

  • Croatia - National parks

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